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Agricultural Innovation: Common understanding the upcoming SOFA 2014
Agricultural Innovation: Common understanding the upcoming SOFA 2014
Agricultural Innovation: Common understanding the upcoming SOFA 2014
Agricultural Innovation: Common understanding the upcoming SOFA 2014
Agricultural Innovation: Common understanding the upcoming SOFA 2014
Agricultural Innovation: Common understanding the upcoming SOFA 2014
Agricultural Innovation: Common understanding the upcoming SOFA 2014
Agricultural Innovation: Common understanding the upcoming SOFA 2014
Agricultural Innovation: Common understanding the upcoming SOFA 2014
Agricultural Innovation: Common understanding the upcoming SOFA 2014
Agricultural Innovation: Common understanding the upcoming SOFA 2014
Agricultural Innovation: Common understanding the upcoming SOFA 2014
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Agricultural Innovation: Common understanding the upcoming SOFA 2014

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http://www.fao.org/oek/research-extension-systems/ais-ff/en/ …

http://www.fao.org/oek/research-extension-systems/ais-ff/en/

The current presentation prepared for the session on Agricultural innovation systems for food security during FAO Investment Days (December 2012, Rome) addresses the definition and common understanding of Innovation in the agriculture and rural development field. At the same time it explains what innovation systems means and its analytical framework. Finally, OEKR key message in view of the SOFA 2014 is presented together with an example of a World Bank project in Bolivia which main objective is to strengthen the institutional capacity for innovation in the country to ensure profitable and sustainable family farming.

© FAO: http://www.fao.org

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  • Key pointL innovation is a process in which all types of knowledge (and not just scientific knowledge and technology) are applied to achieve desired social and economic outcomes. Innovation emerges from multiple interactions and joint learning among individuals and organisations possessing different types of knowledge within a particular social, political, policy, economic and institutional context. It is an iterative, evolving process with complex feedback mechanisms. Engel, 2009 definition that “innovation is the process by which social actors create value from knowledge” is a good way to start this presentation
  • To reinforce the first slide, this slide will put innovation in context of agriculture
  • We need to remind everybody that innovation is not something new it is something farmers have always done , not a fixed menu but a choice, not instruction on what to adopt, but ideas about what to try with support for their own trials and experimentation. Farmers have been innovating and adapting their practices since agriculture began. In modern times value chain actors and agricultural institutions started playing a role in innovation processes. Innovation processes take place in many different ways. They are complex and context-specific. Few innovations just appear. Mostly, innovations are evolving in iterative and longer-term processes, over several, sometimes, many years. Many innovation processes appear never completed. They consist in fact of a complex of many smaller and larger innovations - a sequence of change here and change there.
  • This conceptual framework will be introduced and explain shortly in the context of the evolution from AKIS to Innovation
  • This will need to be put in bullet points
  • Transcript

    • 1. Research and Extension BranchFood and AgricultureOrganization of theUnited Nations Agricultural Innovation: Common understanding the upcoming SOFA 2014 1
    • 2. Research and Extension Branch Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Content Definition and common understanding Conceptual and analytical frameworks Learning and change SOFA key message and examples 2
    • 3. Research and Extension BranchFood and AgricultureOrganization of theUnited Nations Innovation is the process bywhich social actors create value from knowledge Engel, 2009 3
    • 4. Research and Extension Branch Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Definition and common understanding Innovation: The process of creating and putting into use combinations of knowledge from many different sources This knowledge may be brand-new, but usually it is new combinations of existing knowledge. Process of constant learning and adaptation Occurs through interaction between multiple stakeholders. For an invention to become an innovation, it has to be used by farmers ! Hall, 2001 4
    • 5. Research and Extension Branch Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Farmers are innovators Small farmers are innovative, they cannot afford not to be From the 70s until now we gradually moved from • Production system approach to Farming system • From Farming system to farmers first and participatory approaches • From participatory to a broader knowledge system (AKIS) approach • From AKIS to innovation Each step acknowledges the complexity and non linear nature of the attempted change and introduced new factors (socio economic, cultural, institutional and political) to understanding the drivers of changes Farmers do not need a package of practices but a basket of choice 5
    • 6. Research and Extension Branch Food and Agriculture Organization of the United NationsFrom a “Linear” view of technical change “ Extension Farmer Research Technical package Enabling environment 6Source: Ekboir (2005). 6 6
    • 7. Research and Extension BranchFood and AgricultureOrganization of theUnited Nations ...to an innovation System Agricultural Innovation System Exporters Agro- Processors ResearchProducer SystemOrganizations ProducersInput Suppliers Farmers Advisory Education Credit Agencies Services System System Land Agencies Modified from: Government Policy & Regulatory Framework Birner et al. 2006 7
    • 8. Research and Extension BranchFood and AgricultureOrganization of theUnited Nations Analytical framework Enabling Environment Enabling Environment Developmental Technological, Infrastructural/ Economic, Bio-physical, Socio-political, Private sector Facilitation & coordination TRIGGERS Farmers bodies PPP Public sector Capacity development 8
    • 9. Research and Extension BranchFood and AgricultureOrganization of theUnited Nations Barriers to innovation Linkages Culture Policy and Knowledge bureaucracy Adverse deficiencies market conditions Capacity Resources Lack of Attitude and incentives Behavior Risk Infrastructure 9
    • 10. Research and Extension Branch Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Who has to change ? Realizing the potential for innovation in Family farms is not about changing farmers practices... It is about changing the behavior and attitude of the other actors in the system - us included – and how the enabling environment support farmers ability to innovate ! Innovation leads to things being done differently in unpredictable ways. 10
    • 11. Research and Extension Branch Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Key message SOFA 2014Capacity for agricultural innovation is vital to improve the livelihood andwell-being of family farmers and goes beyond technological developmentInnovation capacity can be collective and individual and has four elements1.Individual and organizational expertise2.Attitudes and routines developed through training and trial and error3.Communication and networks that allow individuals and organizations toaccess a wide array of ideas and expertise for innovation4.Policy environment and the way its shapes the first three elements ofcapacityThe challenge we face today is how to build the capacity for innovation toensure profitable and sustainable family farming. 11
    • 12. Research and Extension BranchFood and AgricultureOrganization of theUnited Nations PISA Bolivia Enabling Environment Enabling Environment Infrastructural/ Developmental political, Technological, Economic, Bio-physical, Socio-Privatesector coordination bodies Facilitation & TRIGGERS Farmers PPPPublicsector Capacity development 12

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