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Sustainable Intensification Integration of crops and Livestock: Context and future perspectives
 

Sustainable Intensification Integration of crops and Livestock: Context and future perspectives

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Presentación de Paulo César de Faccio Carvalho, Caterina Batello y Eric Kueneman, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, durante la X Reunión de la CODEGALAC, Capítulo Cono Sur, ...

Presentación de Paulo César de Faccio Carvalho, Caterina Batello y Eric Kueneman, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, durante la X Reunión de la CODEGALAC, Capítulo Cono Sur, realizada en Brasilia del 17 al 19 de septiembre de 2008.

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    Sustainable Intensification Integration of crops and Livestock: Context and future perspectives Sustainable Intensification Integration of crops and Livestock: Context and future perspectives Presentation Transcript

    • Integrated Crop-Livestock Farming Systems Sustainable Intensification Integration of Crops and Livestock: Context and future perspectives Paulo César de Faccio Carvalho, Caterina Batello & Eric Kueneman
    • New Challenges for Agriculture • Huge global demands for food, feed, fiber and fuels • Global soaring food prices crisis is part of the symptomology of neglected agriculture • Addressing climate change adaptation and mitigation
    • Production Increases through Good Farming Practices • The new production technologies must address: – Productivity – Environmental Care and Ecosystem Services – Social Issues and Concerns – Food Safety – Economic viability
    • Renewed pasture after crop phase Pasture degradation (high stocking rate x no fertilization) Central Brazil: ICLS to renew pastures in degradation and produce biomass for no-tilled systems
    • The effects of grazing in no-tillage systems: is grazing deleterious? 11,4 kg 3,0 kg 0,6 kg 0,6 kg 6,0 kg 0,6 kg N P K S Ca Mg Nutrient extraction by a 450 kg beef cattle (Ball et al. (1991) Grazing animals recycle most of the nutrients
    • How animals should be managed in these systems?
    • High grazing intensityHigh grazing intensity Moderate grazing intensityModerate grazing intensity Low grazing intensityLow grazing intensity Very low grazing intensityVery low grazing intensity Swards maintained atSwards maintained at 10 cm10 cm heightheight Swards maintained atSwards maintained at 20 cm20 cm heightheight Swards maintained atSwards maintained at 40 cm40 cm heightheightSwards maintained atSwards maintained at 30 cm30 cm heightheight
    • Rotation scheme of 5 years (2.5 years Agriculture & 2.5 Liv.) Esquema de rotação Ano 1 Ano 2 Ano 3 Ano 4 Ano 5 Ano 6 Verão Milho+Braq. Pasto Pasto Soja Arroz Milho+Braq. Inverno Pasto Pasto Pasto Sorgo Pastejo Sorgo Pastejo Pasto Esquema de ocupação da área do PILP Ano 1 Pasto Pasto Pasto Soja Arroz M ilho + Braq. Verão 50 %Lavoura 50 %Pecuária Pasto Pasto Pasto Sorgo Pastejo Sorgo Pastejo Pasto Inverno 100%Pecuária Esquema de ocupação da área do PILP Ano 2 Pasto Pasto Soja Arroz M ilho+Br aq Pato Verão 50%Pecuária 50 %Lavoura Pasto Pasto Sorgo Pastejo Sorgo Pastejo Pasto Pato Inverno 100%Pecuária Embrapa Arroz e Feijão, 2004
    • Infiltration speedInfiltration speed 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 Very high Moderate Low Very low Grazing Intensity mmofwaterinfiltrated/ha
    • An established pasture (no cost!) 50 days latter 12 years: soybean & italian ryegrass in succession
    • SERVICE DELIVERY OF AGRICULTURE FORSERVICE DELIVERY OF AGRICULTURE FOR LIVESTOCKLIVESTOCK D.L. BrochD.L. Broch –– FMS, 2005FMS, 2005 Fertilization supply Land value enhancement Fast return from the investment
    • D. L. BrochD. L. Broch –– FMS, 2005FMS, 2005 Improve Cash Flow Restoration of soil physical qualities Soil cover that can allow no-tillage Pest and weed control Enhancement of grain and beef production SERVICE DELIVERY OF LIVESTOCK FORSERVICE DELIVERY OF LIVESTOCK FOR AGRICULTUREAGRICULTURE
    • FAO Facilitation • Monitoring innovations and constraints in agriculture and food systems globally • Awareness raising for better strategies and policies • Networking and coalition building • Information flow, and knowledge management
    • PROJECTS AND NORMATIVE WORK++ • Development of field activities for pilot-testing cropping systems and integration of crop and livestock production in selected ecologies • Support to FAO member countries for the development of policies and agreements related to best agricultural practices
    • Integrated production systems in West Africa (oncho-freed ecosystems) (RAF)
    • Better agriculture in Latin America contributes to global food security Gracias Obrigado Thank you