Transforming landscapes and food systems: Options for strengthening food security under climate change
Transforming landscapes and food systemsOptions for strengthening food security under climatechangeSourcebook on climate-smart agriculture, forestry and fisheriesLucia PalombiNatural Resources Officer, FAOSBSTA of UNFCCC, Bonn4 June 2013
How to address the multiple demandsplaced on agriculture• create synergies! between foodsecurity, climate changeadaptation and mitigationMain objective:• Pathway towards enhancedfood security and developmentgoals• ALL AGRICULTURAL SECTORSAdaptationMitigationSynergiesProductivity &income increaseCLIMATE-SMART AGRICULTUREEncompassing 3 pillars:
CSA - key features Strives to achieve multiple objectives• Addresses adaptation and builds resilience to shocks;• Considers climate change mitigation as a potential co-benefit; Is a location-specific and knowledge-intensive approach• Identifies integrated options that create synergies and reduce trade-offs;• Identifies barriers to adoption and provides appropriate solutions;• Strengthens livelihoods by improving access to services, knowledge and resources;• Integrates climate financing with traditional sources of agricultural investment.It brings together practices, policies and institutions that are not necessarilynew but are used in the context of climate changeWhat is new?Multiple challenges faced by agriculture and food systems areaddressed simultaneously and holistically
www.fao.org/climatechange/climatesmartOrigins of the sourcebook26-28 July 2011, FAO HQ, Rome, Italy100 experts/stakeholders3 main product recommendations:1. Sourcebook with principles for CSA implementation aimedat planning and project managers in the various fields2. A web platform to act as a central hub of technicalinformation, linked to existing resources3. CSA Partnership established (FAO/IFAD/WB/WFP/UNEP,GM and CCAFS/CGIAR)
Sourcebook purposeClearly define the concept of climate-smartagriculture, demonstrate its potential as well aslimitations and facilitate decision makers andpractitioners at a number of levels.The sourcebook aims to show how CSA could beachieved, and what it would take to achieve it.It analyses existing solutions and barriers anddemonstrates how they could be used to promote theuptake of CSA.
www.fao.org/climatechange/climatesmartSourcebook: structure and target audience1. Concept and scopeSection A: The case for Climate-Smart Agriculture2. Landscape approachSection B: Improved Technologies and Approaches for Sustainable Farm ManagementSection C: Enabling Frameworks4. Soils3. Water 5. Energy14. Finance13. Policies 15. DRR 18. Assessment16. Safety nets17. Capacitydevelopment12. InstitutionsTARGETAUDIENCEPLANNERSPRATICTIONERSPOLICYMAKERS6. Geneticresources7. Crops 8. Livestock 9. Forestry 10. Fisheries andaquaculture11. Food chains
PartnershipA partnership between FAO, IFAD, UNEP, WB, WFP, theGlobal Mechanism of UNCCD and CGIAR/CCAFS hasbeen created to address knowledge gaps and supportcountries in implementing CSA.
Implementation• It is a reference tool for planners, practitioners andpolicy makers working in agriculture, forestry andfisheries.• The CSA web platform facilitates stakeholders’ accessto additional information, case studies, manuals andpractices.www.fao.org/climatechange/climatesmart