Challenges and Outlookfor the CaribbeanSub-Region
Background• Small island and coastal states that is highly vulnerable to natural (climatic) and economic shocks.• Agriculture includes fisheries and forestry
ContextoHigh food import billoRising and volatility of the prices of foodoHigh levels of poverty, malnutrition and NCDsoIncreased intensity and frequency of natural disastersoClimate change
Policy Objectives of the CaribbeanTransformation of the sector towards market-oriented, internationally competitive and environmentally sound production of agriculture productsIncreased production, productivity and world market shareIncreased diversification of processed agriculture productsImproved food and nutrition security.
Main Challenges• We agree with the main challenges put forward, however the subregion identified what it considers the main constraints at present.
Subregional Constraints Inadequate Financing for and Investments in the Sector. Inefficient and Outdated Agricultural Health and Food Safety Regulation (Weak SPS Framework). Dificient and Uncoordinated Risk Management, including Praedial Larceny.
Subregional Challenges Ineffective Research and Development. Lack of Skilled Human Resources and absorptive capacity. Weak Marketing Systems, Linkages and Marketing Development. Fragmented and Unorganized Private Sector.
Sub-Regional Challenges Inadequate Land and Water Resources Distribution and Management Systems. Inadequate Transportation System. Inadequate focus on specific programmes for marginalized and vulnerable groups such as Youth, women and indigenous people.
Priority Areas of Intervention Food and Nutrition SecurityIncrease production and productivity levels of through promotion of sustainable agricultural systems and enterprises, post harvest technologies & storageImprove marketing and market access utilizing the value chain, land related marketing servicesDevelopment and implementation of early warning systems and for the monitoring of prices.Promotion of changes in consumption patterns and the right to food.
Priority Areas of InterventionDisaster Risk Management and Climate Change Strengthen cooperation, coordination and institutional capacities and capabilities for DRM & CCA based on a sound statistical and data management system.Promote Climate Smart Agriculture, fisheries and forestry best practices on a platform of South- South cooperationImprove disaster risk management systems through the use of early warning systems and disaster management plans.
Priority Areas of InterventionDisaster Risk Management and Climate Change Promote the development of risk transfer instruments for DRM, including insurance productsImprove systems and mechanisms to address Praedial Larceny Improve the data base system for information collection, processing and disseminationImprove natural resource management for sustainable use of land and water Promote the development of certified and quality germplasm and genetics.
Priority Areas of Intervention Small Scale AgriculturePromote institutional strengthening of producer organizations Improve productivity along the value chainPromote backyard gardeningImprove access to marketsPromote land reform mechanism to facilitate small producers
Priority Areas of Intervention Agricultural Health and Food SafetyImprove Animal and Plant Health and Food Safety Systems and infrastructure through: Institutional strengthening Capacity building Improved legal framework Enhance the capacity and capability to address Trans-boundary diseases and reduce threats of emerging and invasive speciesImprove information systems, education and communication
Cross cutting Issues• While we agree with the priorities as proposed we would like to highlight two important cross cutting issues: – Resource mobilization – Sustainability of the development efforts through involvement of youth and other mechanism such as new technologies such as ICT platforms