Estrategias para la Sostenibilidad de los Servicios Ambientales

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MARCELO MONTEIRO DA COSTA - Secretaria de Agricultura de Rio de Janeiro – Brasil – Proyecto Río Rural …

MARCELO MONTEIRO DA COSTA - Secretaria de Agricultura de Rio de Janeiro – Brasil – Proyecto Río Rural

Ponencia realizada durante el seminario internacional “Manejo de Cuencas Hidrográficas y Cambio Climático”, desarrollado en Neiva-Huila, Colombia, desde el 4 al 6 de Diciembre de 2012

http://www.fao.org/alc/u/mg

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  • PROGRAMA DE DESENVOLVIMENTO RURAL SUSTENTÁVEL EM MICROBACIAS HIDROGRÁFICAS
  • PROGRAMA DE DESENVOLVIMENTO RURAL SUSTENTÁVEL EM MICROBACIAS HIDROGRÁFICAS
  • Melhorar a Visão Integrada PROGRAMA DE DESENVOLVIMENTO RURAL SUSTENTÁVEL EM MICROBACIAS HIDROGRÁFICAS

Transcript

  • 1. GOVERNO DO ESTADO DO RIO DE JANEIRO SECRETARIA DE AGRICULTURA E PECUÁRIA SUPERINTENDÊNCIA DE DESENVOLVIMENTO SUSTENTÁVEL Rio de Janeiro - Brasil ESTRATEGIAS PARA LA SOSTENIBILIDAD DE LOSSERVICIOS AMBIENTALES EM EL PROGRAMA RIO RURAL MARCELO MONTEIRO DA COSTA Coordinador en Gestión de Información y Monitoreo Dec, 2012
  • 2. MISSION: PROMOTE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR OF THE STATE OF RIO DE JANEIROObjective: Promote sustainable development of the agricultural sector of the stateof Rio de Janeiro, using the micro-watersheds methodology to identify and supportlocal initiatives and arrangements that enable construction of a continuous andevolutionary process of income generation, environmental respectability and socialequity, thus providing improved life quality of the whole society and especially ofthose who live of family farming.Micro-watershed as a PLANNING, INTERVETION, MONITORINGAND EVALUATION UNIT.
  • 3. RIO DE JANEIRO STATE – BRIEF OVERVIEWTotal Population: 15,989,929Urban Population: 96,7%Rural Population Population: 3,3%GDP: US$704 billionAgricultural GDP: 1,2%92 municipalitiesSecond ConsumerMarket of the Country8 watershedsCommittees20,33% of the original Total Area: 43.864,3 Km2 Fonts: IBGE, 2010 / INEAAtlantic Forest exchange R$/US$ = 1 p/ 1,99
  • 4. RIO DE JANEIRO STATE LAND USE FAMILY FARMING NON FAMILY FARMING Establishments: 44,145 Establishments: 14,335 Area: 470,221 ha Area: 1,575,646 ha MAIN RJ AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS: - VEGETABLES & FRUITS - MILK - SUGAR & BIOFUEL/ALCOHOL - COFFEEFont: IBGE - Agricultural Census 2006
  • 5. MICRO-WATERSHEDS’ APPROACH A WAY TO PROMOTE SUSTAINABLE RURAL DEVELOPMENTSOCIAL ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICAL
  • 6. MICROWATERSHED APPROACH – RESULTS AND LESSONS LEARNED PEGATHERING EXPERIENCEFOR MORE THAN 30 YEARS BA- more than 500.000 farmers- 5.500 micro-watersheds MG- 14,000,000 ha under conservation MS- 5,000,000 ha under no-tillage system SP ES- 300,000 ha under green manure RJ PR- 50.000 Km of rural roads improved- Improve water quality by: SC reduction of 50% of water turbidity level RS reduction of 50% of water treatment costs
  • 7. COMMUNITY SELF MANAGEMENT GOVERNANCE IMPROVEMENT PARTICIPATORY DIAGNOSIS & PLANNING PAYMENT OFCONSERVATON OF ENVIRONMENT AL SERVICESNATURAL RESOURCES PRODUCTIVITY OF FOOD SECURITY AND FAMILY FARMING SOLIDARITY ECONOMY SYSTEMIC VISION INTEGRATION OF PUBLIC AND TERRITORIAL APPROACH PRIVATED FUNDS PHISICAL INTERVENTION UNITY CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION EASY MONITORING
  • 8. STRATEGIES FOR SMALL FARMER’S INCLUSION IN KEY ISSUES Integration ofCommunity management Microwatersheds’ multisectoral public of natural resources simulator policies FECAM Inclusion of biodiversityCommunity Code of Conduct Bees pollinating crops Muriqui
  • 9. STRATEGIES FOR SMALL FARMER’S INCLUSION IN KEY ISSUESMicrowatersheds’ methodology as Integration an environmental project Local planning – Watersheds’ Planning Financial Sustainability System CDM of family farming
  • 10. IMPROVING MICRO-WATERSHEDS’ METHODOLOGY10 Governance improvement Intersectoral Sectoral Articulation Institutional Articulation Sustainability Plan Fragmented aActions Incentive of productive chains’ sustainability SOCIAL INCLUSION PROJECTS Rural Network for Social Inclusion
  • 11. PARTICIPATORY MANAGEMENT AND SOCIAL CONTROL COORDINATION EXECUTIO N EXECUTIVECENTRAL SRD STATE COUNCIL SECRETARY REGIONAL REGIONAL EXECUTIVEREGIONAL MICROWATERSHED SECRETARIES COMITEE SRD MUNICIPAL EXTENSON AGENCYMUNICIPAL COUNCILS AND CITY HALLLOCAL MICRO-WATERSHED TECHNICAL AGENTSWATERSHE COMITEED
  • 12. 1st STEP - GEF 2nd. STEP - BIRD EMERGENCY BIRD - RESTRUCTURED ADITIONAL FUND (2006-2011) (2010-2016) (2011) (2011) (2012-2018) US$14 million US$79 million US$18,7 million US$79 million US$140 million 24 municipalities 59 municipalities 10 municipalities 59 municipalities 72 municipalities 48 micro-watersheds 270 micro-watersheds 62 micro-watersheds 138 + 62 = 200 micro- 366 micro-watersheds watersheds 1.580.000 ha (36%) 386.000 ha (8,8%) 1.200.000 ha 25.000 families (26,7%) 78.000 families 4.000 families 37.000 families Fase 1 (GEF)UPSCALLING RIO RURAL PROGRAM Fase 2 (BIRD)INVESTMENTS, COVERAGE, BENEFICIARIESFROM PILOT TO POLICY
  • 13. MICRO-WATERSHEDS METHODOLOGY - RIO RURAL Local Planning Farm DevelopmentParticipatory RuralDiagnosis Executive Plans of Micro- Plans Content: Adequate on farmInvolves all interest groups, watersheds production systems, based on aorganized in the local micro- Local participatory development action long term development visionwatersheds committees, discussing plan based on a previous rural diagnosissocial, economical, environmental Negotiated with the farmerissues and priorities Content: Strategies related to actions’ (incentive + counterpart) implementation, financingConsolidate the local development Must contribute to the arrangements, targets, time table andissues – priority problems and community development plan of potential beneficiaries are negotiatedpotentials are negotiated amongst each micro-watershed among members of the micro-the several groups watershed committee and validated with the community AFTER BEFORE Microwatersheds simulator PEM fundraising folder
  • 14. SELECTION OF BENEFICIARIES AND INVESTMENTS PRIORIZATION15 Local Planning Aleatory Selection - Local participation - Transparency - Democratic - No political interference - Commitment among executors, beneficiaries and stakeholders with project implementation
  • 15. FINANCIAL INCENTIVE TO SUSTAINABLE PRACTICES• Increase income and farm sustainability• Introduce animals and crops in adequate areas, in order to increase efficiency (sustainable agriculture and livestock)• Integrate practices, in order to optimize results and productivity• Protect forest fragments to biodiversity conservation
  • 16. EXAMPLES OF INTEGRATED SUSTAINABLE PRACTICES ce Practi ice Pract COUNTRY CHICKEN PrAGROFORESTAL SYSTEM od Recover degraded area od uc in PPA or Legal Reserve l fo ma e Pr i od An e uc uc e od Pr Healthy Food d Human Foo MANURE rity Food Secu st po C om Selling products with added value COMPOST
  • 17. EXAMPLES OF INTEGRATED SUSTAINABLE PRACTICES + Animal food for dry periods (resilience) Produces manure ROTATIONAL GRAZING Increase of productivity Releases areas for protection Eg: Springs and SUGAR CANE PRODUCTION recharge areas Irri g a pine tion of appl e cro Incre p ased COMPOST prod uctio st n m po CoSPRING PROTECTION Increase of water Selling products with supplying added value
  • 18. Farm Development Plan Previous Situation SUSTAINABLE PLANNING Pasture Rotational Grass Erosion Protected GrazingCoffee Erosion Recharge Spring Control Area Spring
  • 19. 20 Financial strategy: Grants + beneficiaries counterpart + Co-Financing Basket of financing options to promote rural development FIBRIA Native trees seedlings: Municipalities Beneficiaries U$13.300 Materials transport, soil preparation: Counterpart 20% U$5.300 Federal Program on Landtenure Credit: U$3.880 FUNASA PRONAF (National Family National Sanitation Fundation Farmer´s Support Sanitation unit: Program) Credit: U$1.880 66.000 FUNCAFÉ RJ State Agriculture Credits Support Program 13.600 Credit: U$6.270
  • 20. PARTICIPATORY MONITORING Water Springs protection - Recovery of native vegetation and local biodiversity - Increase in water availability - Use for irrigation of crops - Approximately 12% increase of productivity (pineapple) Local economy Rotational Grazing - Increase of milk productivity -Increase of organic matter content (66.6%) - 1,5 ha released for reforestation (per project) - Carbon storage (28 T for each R$1.000 invested)
  • 21. COLLECTIVE INCENTIVES - INCUBATION OF RURAL ENTERPRISESAgroindustry Collective buying cooperatives Sustainable craft production
  • 22. CAPACITY-DEVELOPMENT AND DISSEMINATION Training Executors Stakeholders Farmers Communitieswww.microbacias.rj.gov.br Schools – Springs protection Visit of Senegal’s researchers Field Day – ParticipatoryField Day – Agroecology to participatory reasearch plots water monitoring campaign (South-South Cooperation)
  • 23. RESULTS - RIO RURAL GEF• 1,325 farming families adopting sustainable practices• 6,433 beneficiaries, 481 technicians and 2.050 actors trained• 47 Micro-watersheds’ Plans designed• 48 Micro-watersheds’ Management Committees established• 231 identity groups formed• 43 business groups formed•18,000 ha of lands with sustainable agricultural practices• 1,240 ha of riparian and native forests rehabilitated• 800 ha of biodiversity conservation-friendly land use mosaics established• US$10 million on co-investment projects approved• 23 Participatory Research Units implemented• Multisectoral integration (Education, Health, Environment, Culture)
  • 24. RESULTS - RIO RURAL BIRD25 • 407 micro-watersheds ranked • 37,000 family farmers benefited • 51 subprojects executed • 8,519 farmes, 277 technicians and 2,044 actors trained • 132 Watershed Management Committee established, with 1,131 members • 339 identity groups formed • 52 Micro-watershed’s Executive Plans (PEM) designed • 23 Participatory Research Units implemented • 114 potential business gropus, with 913 members • 997 sanitation projects execution • 21 mechanized patrols • 3.020 km of roads rehabilitated, benefiting 12.844 farmers
  • 25. Natural Disaster – SERRANA REGION – Emergency actions • 1.365 subprojectsBEFORE RAINSTORM • 1.321 beneficiaries • 13.627 beneficiaries trained in key-words • 889 km of roads rehabilitated, benefiting 10,000 farmers • 1.677 ha of productive lands recovered, benefiting 8.854 farmers • 26 machneries and equipment BEFORE BEFOREAFTER RAINSTORM AFTER AFTER
  • 26. ADDITIONAL FINANCINGStructural actions, risk management and significant landscapechanges to mitigate climate changes effects - Adaptation of rural population to climate changes - Soil Conservation - Rehabilitation of roads, bridges and draining - Terrace - Level Planting
  • 27. AF:APPROCHING SMALL FARMERS TO NEW MARKET OPPORTUNITIES Economical and environmental opportunities in the State of RJ - Macroinvestments – US$122 billionDPL – Development Politics Loan Logistic 1 billion Plataform 2,5 billion 9,8 billionAçu Port Complex2 billion 43 billionAçu Termeletric4,7 billion Angra 3 Nuclear Industrial PlantSoutheast Port CSA Plant0,9 billion 0,7 billion 7,3 billion 4 billion Font: Decisão Rio - FIRJAN
  • 28. IMPROVING TERRITORIAL APPROACH STATE REGIONAL/ WATERSHEDS Group of municipalities and CLUSTERS micro-watersheds MUNICIPAL MICRO- WATERSHEDS FARMS
  • 29. IMPROVING TERRITORIAL APPROACH30 Micro-watersheds Clusters Structuring Logistics projects Improvement Local group Focus on Intensification of productive enterprises professionalization Risk of the systems analysis investments Lower resources Market demands Multiple businessSupport to Individual Simultaneous plans specifical and group support toagricultural demands multiple Specialized chains chains technical assistence Technological Landscape innovation management Environmental Territorial Formation of Natural supplying chains resources adequacy and custers’ Micro- sanitation planning management watersheds’ planning
  • 30. www.microbacias.rj.gov.br
  • 31. ¡MUCHAS GRACIAS!www.microbacias.rj.gov.br
  • 32.  ¡MUCHAS GRACIAS!