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Desert Locust economics: 2003-05 case study

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A brief overview of the economic impact of Desert Locust in W and NW Africa, 2003-05 compared to preventive control

A brief overview of the economic impact of Desert Locust in W and NW Africa, 2003-05 compared to preventive control

Published in: Travel, News & Politics

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  • 1. Desert Locust economics A CASE STUDY: 2003-2005Keith CressmanSenior Locust Forecasting OfficerFAO, Rome
  • 2. 1,100 = 35,000 20 6a1 km2 Desert Locust swarmeats the same food in 1 day as ...
  • 3. 35,000 20 a 1 km2 Desert Locust swarm eats the same food in 1 day as ... 6 8.5 million half the populationa swarm the size of Niamey (or Bamako) of Nigerconsumes the same amount of food in 1 day as ... (or Mali)
  • 4. PARIS 38 million/day France/2 days NEW YORK CITY 42 million/day USA/1 week SYDNEY 422 million/day Australia/1.5 hours
  • 5. Control ops in 23 countries October 2003 - November 2005 Israel Lebanon Ethiopia Cyprus Cape Verde JordanGuinea Bissau 13 million hectares Gambia Eritrea Chad Guinea Burkina Faso Sudan Tunisia Egypt Saudi Arabia Libya Niger Mali Senegal Mauritania Algeria Morocco 0 1,250,000 2,500,000 3,750,000 5,000,000 ha
  • 6. Emergency funding delay US$ million100 FAO appeal $74.8m75 4 months 5050 funds received25 7 months 9 FAO TCP 0 Jan Apr Jul Oct Jan Apr 2004 2005
  • 7. $13 - 200 control / ha millions spent by320 + 80 affected countries + FAO/donors 100 millions spent on food aid
  • 8. 8.4 millionpeople affected in West Africa80-100 % cereal loss 85-90 % legume loss 33-85 % pasture loss
  • 9. Debthousehold heads became indebted 60 % mauritania 45 % mali 33 % burkina faso
  • 10. $90 millionfood aid in West Africa, 2004 90 % burkina faso 75 % mali 65 % mauritania households receiving aid
  • 11. $1 MILLION SAVES $100 MILLION Million $100M$100 after 12 months 80 $50M after 60 10 months $10M after 40 $5M 7 months $1M after 4 months THE LAST PLAGUE after 20 1 month IN WEST AFRICA Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug 2003 2004
  • 12. $ 570 MILLION CONTROL OPERATIONS (2003-2005)$ 3.3 MILLION ANNUAL COST PREVENTIVE CONTROL (10 COUNTRIES W+NW AFRICA)170 YEARS OF PREVENTIVE CONTROL