The State of Food and Agriculture 2011
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The State of Food and Agriculture 2011

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More than 100 million people could be lifted out of poverty if women had the same access to productive resources as men. ...

More than 100 million people could be lifted out of poverty if women had the same access to productive resources as men.

New figures from this year's edition of the “State of Food and Agriculture” show how improving gender equality in agriculture would generate significant gains for the agricultural sector and society as a whole.

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  • 1. The State of Food and Agriculture Women in agriculture: Closing the gender gap for development Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Rome, March 2011 2010-11
  • 2. Women farmers produce less... Source: Udry et al. (1995), Gender differentials in farm productivity: implications for household efficiency and agricultural policy. Food Policy, 20(5): 407-423 .
  • 3. because they operate smaller farms… Source: FAO Rural Income Generating Activities Database (2010).
  • 4. … and use fewer inputs (e.g. fertilizer) Source: FAO Rural Income Generating Activities Database (2010).
  • 5. Gains from closing the gender gap
    • Productivity gains
      • 20 to 30 percent on women’s farms
      • 2.5 to 4 percent at national level
    • Food security gains
      • 12 to 17 percent reduction in the number of hungry
      • 100 to 150 million people lifted out of hunger
    • Broader economic and social gains
      • Better health, nutrition and education outcomes for children
      • Higher human capital, which promotes economic growth
  • 6. Gains from closing the gender gap
    • Productivity gains
      • 20 to 30 percent on women’s farms
      • 2.5 to 4 percent at national level
    • Food security gains
      • 12 to 17 percent reduction in the number of hungry
      • 100 to 150 million people lifted out of hunger
    • Broader economic and social gains
      • Better health, nutrition and education outcomes for children
      • Higher human capital, which promotes economic growth
  • 7. Gains from closing the gender gap
    • Productivity gains
      • 20 to 30 percent on women’s farms
      • 2.5 to 4 percent at national level
    • Food security gains
      • 12 to 17 percent reduction in the number of hungry
      • 100 to 150 million people lifted out of hunger
    • Broader economic and social gains
      • Better health, nutrition and education outcomes for children
      • Higher human capital, which promotes economic growth
  • 8. Gains from closing the gender gap
    • Productivity gains
      • 20 to 30 percent on women’s farms
      • 2.5 to 4 percent at national level
    • Food security gains
      • 12 to 17 percent reduction in the number of hungry
      • 100 to 150 million people lifted out of hunger
    • Broader economic and social gains
      • Better health, nutrition and education outcomes for children
      • Higher human capital, which promotes economic growth
  • 9. Steps to close the gender gap
    • Good agricultural policy must consider gender differences
    • Ensure equality for women under the law
    • Invest in the human capital of women and girls
    • Provide access to public services and technologies to free up women’s time
  • 10. Steps to close the gender gap
    • Good agricultural policy must consider gender differences
    • Ensure equality for women under the law
    • Invest in the human capital of women and girls
    • Provide access to public services and technologies to free up women’s time
  • 11. Steps to close the gender gap
    • Good agricultural policy must consider gender differences
    • Ensure equality for women under the law
    • Invest in the human capital of women and girls
    • Provide access to public services and technologies to free up women’s time
  • 12. Steps to close the gender gap
    • Good agricultural policy must consider gender differences
    • Ensure equality for women under the law
    • Invest in the human capital of women and girls
    • Provide access to public services and technologies to free up women’s time
  • 13. Steps to close the gender gap
    • Good agricultural policy must consider gender differences
    • Ensure equality for women under the law
    • Invest in the human capital of women and girls
    • Provide access to public services and technologies to free up women’s time
  • 14. Policies can make a difference
    • Gender is a social construct, and as such it can change
    • Address the multiple constraints of women in agriculture holistically
  • 15. Policies can make a difference
    • Gender is a social construct, and as such it can change
    • Address the multiple constraints of women in agriculture holistically
  • 16. For more information The State of Food and Agriculture Women in agriculture: Closing the gender gap for development FAO‘s major annual flagship publication Available in English, French, Spanish, Russian, Arabic and Chinese www.fao.org/publications/sofa