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  1. 1. As an open book A metaphorical approach to reading andresearching activities in network(ed) society. jalvarez@fsof.uned.es @alvarezuned #e2book
  2. 2. Three projects, three good news Paris Declaration on Open Educational Resources June 22, 2012 World Bank and Open Access July 1, 2012PEW Internet Pew Research Center June, 22, 2012A report on Libraries, patrons, and e-books
  3. 3. World Bank and Open Access effective July 1, 2012The World Bank approved recently a new Open Access policyfor its research outputs and knowledge products.In support of the new policy the Bank is consolidatingthousands of books, articles, reports and research papers in asearch-engine friendly Open Knowledge Repository, andallowing the public to distribute, reuse and build upon muchof its work
  4. 4. PEW Internet Pew Research CenterA report on Libraries, patrons, and e-books
  5. 5. PEW INTERNET• Released: June 22, 2012• Libraries, patrons, and e-books• Part 1: An introduction to the issues surrounding libraries and e-books• The emergence of digital content has disrupted industries and institutions that have enjoyed relatively stable practices, policies, and businesses for decades. News organizations, record companies, broadcast and movie producers, and book publishers have all been dramatically affected by the change.• So have libraries. Interest in e-books took off in late 2006 with the release of Sony Readers, and accelerated after Amazon’s Kindle was unveiled a year later. And this public interest prompted many libraries to offer e- books to borrow, and this patrons’ interest in e-books has only grown over time.
  6. 6. Pew Internet Imaging the future of libraries• Patrons and librarians were fairly uncertain about the exact way that libraries would function in the future. Overall, most librarians from our online panel thought that the evolution of e-book reading devices and digital content has been a good thing for libraries, and all but a few thought that the evolution of e-book reading devices and digital content has been a good thing for reading in general.• Still, there was a strong sense in answers from librarians and users that significant change was inevitable, even as readers’ romance with printed books persists. Some patrons talked about libraries with fewer printed books and more public meeting and learning spaces. Some librarians struggled to see past a murky transition. There was a combination of apprehension and excitement in their answers without a clear consensus about the structure and shape of the institution.
  7. 7. Another very good news for book worldThe Telegraph - 26 Jun 2012Inmates in four federal prisonsholding some of Brazils mostnotorious criminals will beable to read up to 12 works ofliterature, philosophy, scienceor classics to trim a maximum48 days off their sentenceeach year, the governmentannounced. Prisoners will have up to four weeks to read each book and write an essay which must "make correct use of paragraphs, be free of corrections, use margins and legible joined-up writing," said the notice published on Monday in the official gazette. A special panel will decide which inmates are eligible to participate in the program dubbed "Redemption through Reading".
  8. 8. The Triple RevolutionLee Raine and Barry Wellman , Networked: The NewSocial Operating System. MIT Press, 2012
  9. 9. Three revolutionary keys Internet Movil devices Social Networks
  10. 10. USER as a key• SOCIAL AND TECHNICAL ENHANCEMENT• A Technical enhancement offers new capacities from the device that are real affordances to social enhancement• Social enhancements appears as new capabilities that individuals are able to expand and transforms the object (book) itself
  11. 11. LibraryThingA Networked Library
  12. 12. https://booki.shABOUT BOOKI.SHBooki.sh is an immersive reading environment – like acomfortable chair under a nice lamp – designed for the purejoy of reading. Behind the scenes, Booki.sh is also a completeweb-based platform for distributing, selling and readingebooks that is simple to use on any device with a modern webbrowser. https://booki.sh
  13. 13. http://www.overdrive.com/ How do I access the books?
  14. 14. The Book as Ecosystem of Scholarly Dialogue• http://goo.gl/DJQ3kChristopher P. Long on June 25, 2012If, however, the book is not to be a mereabstract academic exercise, it will need to bepublished in a way that performs and enablesthe politics of collaborative reading for which itargues.
  15. 15. Scientific blogging• http://hypotheses.org/• Hypotheses is a publication platform for academic blogs. It enables researchers to provide real-time updates of developpements in their own research. Academic blogs can take numerous forms: accounts of archaeological excavations, current collective research or fieldwork; thematic research; books or periodicals reviews; newsletter etc. Hypotheses offers academic blogs the enhanced visibility of its humanities and social sciences platform. The Hypotheses team provides support and assistance to researchers for the technical and the editorial aspects of their project.
  16. 16. Google Scholar Citations• It allows for a researchers profile to be constructed with speed and simplicity, taking advantage of the search engines resources and allowing the researcher to interact with the system to finetune searches, improve reliability, etc• My profile as an example: already automatically includes a recent publication of mine which appeared in this month’s edition of Isegoría
  17. 17. E-book timeline 20 years ago e-book was a simple translation from analogical to digital support. Only a support change. It is more, much more.
  18. 18. INFORMATION• Knowledge• Pleasure• Enterteinement• Gift• Other things related with the format such as information is presented to human beings.
  19. 19. Openness is a Social property• Openness is a resource to think about book• All questions that openness shows in real society are now reconceptualized (open, clear, transparent, accessible.• Not enclosure from the agricultural society and medieval cities to modern ones, not walls.• Beginning new ways, roads, (data highways become opened and places to pass for everybody).
  20. 20. Open access libraries The better method of conservation is the use. The most used book is the best conserved… New bindings. User demands. NOW in a huge quantity of electronic data, the use is very important . More use, more preservation (v.g. Most used electronic archives are more changed to new support, new versions, etc., etc.
  21. 21. From data highways to informational society• Informational society• Network society• Networked society• Networked individualism• Everything is changing• Things/ Internet/Human being interwoven• Book Internet/but now appears as a new kind of object.
  22. 22. New habits to a new era• Networked reader• Networked researcher• Networked library• Networked librarians• Networked patrons• A NEW Set of affordances come with e2book
  23. 23. Seekings Seeking. Serendipity Silent Reader Learning of new abilities to expand the new capabilities. LIBRARIAN APPEARS AS A NEW CURATOR OF KNOWLEDGE. Reference, management, software are embedded in the real object v.g. CrossRef, DOI, identification of the electronic objects that offers. New literacy, e-competences.
  24. 24. Erasmus: reading, learning and researchingI consider as lovers of books not those who keep their bookshidden in their store-chests and never handle them, but thosewho, by nightly as well as daily use, thumb them, batterthem, wear them out, who fill up all the margins withannotations of many kinds, and who prefer the marks of afault they have erased to a neat copy full of faults.Letter to a friend (Steyn, 1489?), The Correspondence of Erasmus Letter 31, p. 58. University ofToronto Press.Do not be guilty of possession a library of learned books lackinglearning yourself .Letter of Erasmus to Christian Northoff (1497)
  25. 25. USER as a key• SOCIAL AND TECHNICAL ENHANCEMENT• A Technical enhancement offers new capacities from the device that are real affordances to social enhancement• Social enhancements appears as new capabilities that individuals are able to expand and transforms the object (book) itself
  26. 26. 3M Cloud Library
  28. 28. iTunesU
  29. 29. What is open in an open e-book• Knowledge as a public good• A New Communication Order: Researching Literacy Practices in the Network Society• DOI:10.1080/09500780108666805 Ilana Snyder pages 117-131• Available online: 29 Mar 2010
  30. 30. Open Educational Resources• OER-University• Drumbeat Festival• Badgets and other tools• New habits and new capabilities in network society
  31. 31. Books, libraries, patrons• A new approach to living library• A borgesian library in an Orwellian landscape Borgwell: From Borges to Orwell• Dreams, nightmares and others
  32. 32. Surrounding changes in scholarlycommunications
  33. 33. PeerJ Launching this Fall
  34. 34. • Bloch, William Goldbloom (2008) The Unimaginable Mathematics of Borges´ Library of Babel. Oxford: Oxford UP.• M. Van der Boomen et als (comps.) Digital material: Anchoring New Media in Daily Life and Technology. Pp. 95-106. Amsterdam Amsterdam UP• http://www.nextnature.net/about
  35. 35. • Zdravko Radman Corps, cerveau et beauté. La Place de L´Esthétique dans le domaine de L´Esprit pp. 50 73 diogene.
  36. 36. • Nathalie Casemajor Loustau (2012), “La participation culturelle sur Internet: encadrement et appropriations transgressives du patrimoine numérisé” en Communication & Langages 171, marzo 2012, pp 81- 98• Ver revista nueva Participations 1 (1) 2011• Articulo en linea en www.necplus.eu