BIM Building Information ModellingAn insight into the Process and Implicationsof the UK BIM journey so far……Developments and Why Fit for purpose ?Capability Professor Andrew Thomas
National BIM Survey for SME contractorsEarly results showing….Never used 3D, clash detection, integration or other BIM toolson a projectIs BIM perceived a core competency / skill in your business (now or in future)Not at all, or only vaguely, familiar with BIM levels https://www.surveymonkey.com/s/NFB_BIM_March12
Outstanding Industry performance ?National Audit Office Report and AnalysisUK construction spend £ 55 billion p.a.80% influenced by Public PursePerformance 1999On Budget 25%On Time 34%2011 KPI statistics – 56% of UK projects on Time and Budget
Sustainable Construction and Buildings• Buildings use 46% of all energy – up to 70% in major cities• Construction uses 53% of primary materials• Construction has second biggest environmental footprint after food• 13 million tonnes of materials delivered and not used• 90 million tonnes of waste – 3 times domestic output• 21% of all hazardous waste in UK is construction waste
Why accept this ?........92% of clients said that designers’ drawings are typically notsufficient for construction37% of materials used in construction become waste10% of the cost of a project is typically due to change orders38% of carbon emissions are from buildings not carsCMAA Owners survey 2005, CMAA Industry Report 2007, Economist Magazine 2002
“Insanity: Doing the same thing over and over again and expecting different results.“ Albert EinsteinSomeone thought it was time for change……
Clear Policy .... • No More RDA’s • Quangos ? • 25% budget cuts • £6bn efficiency savings • Austerity • Efficiency • “More for Less”
The Client’s Perspective
Bedding FM into Design, Construction and Operational phases DESIGN CONSTRUCTION OPERATEDesign Reviews FM Sub groups Mobilise FMTechnical Health Checks Prepare to receive building Contracts/SLAs hard and soft FMFM Sub Groups Familiarise team with environment Mobilise FMSustainability and energy Up skill / train team web based management systemsCatering Procure FM Contracts Support DLP processFire & Security Establish FM Management Systems ImplementPower & supply (pilot web based tools) Quality and performance reviewsMaterial and components Attend Fire risk assessmentsMaintenance and access commissioning Health and Safety managementWaste Training Risk / Business continuityRisk and business continuity Hand-over Asbestos Management plans End user readiness workshops
Hypothesis “Government as a client can derivesignificant improvements in cost, value and carbon performance through the use of open sharable asset information”
Push Me, Pull meLooking at both:• Supply chain “Push” – how to make easier for the supply chain to make use of BIM(M)• Client “Pull” and specifying a set of data to be provided by the supply chain to the client at specific times.
Hypothesis• Valuable: the overall aim is to maximise client value• Understandable: the approach is to be presented in an understandable learning package for all 44,000 government asset procurers.• General: the approach is equally applicable to buildings and infrastructure, whether large and small.• Non Proprietary: All requirements are non-proprietary as to applications and as to the required formats of the deliverables.• Competitive: Wherever possible there are at least two solutions or methods available so as to minimise market influence in terms of anti competitive clauses.• Open: Wherever possible, low-cost methods are to be made available to allow all stakeholders to participate, irrespective of size and experience, so as to minimise barriers to involvement.• Verifiable: all contractual expectations are documented with transparent and testable measurement of pass / fail.• Compliant: Measurement of WLC/Carbon/Sustainability/etc are to published GB, EU and ISO standards• Implementation: the approach is self funding by the industry• Timescale: the approach is phased in over 5 years
What is BIM ? Image by courtesy of Autodesk “An integrated digital process providing coordinated, reliableinformation about a project throughout all phases, from design through construction and into operation”
Paul Morrell – Government Chief Construction advisor• "We have commissioned a team...to prepare a route map that shows how we can make a progressive move to the routine use of BIM.• I am convinced that this is the way to unlock new ways of working that will reduce cost and add long-term value to the development and management of built assets in the public sector, but the move needs to be made on a basis that is secure, that works for Government clients and those who deliver services to them...• The team will report to the Construction Clients Board ...and I hope and believe it will mark the beginning of a commitment to a timed programme of transformation".
Working Group•The Working Group was set up in the spring of 2010 and is supportedjointly by Construction Sector Unit and Electronic and IT Services Unit atBIS.•Co-Chaired by Mark Bew (Scott Wilson and BuildingSMART) and JohnLorimer (Manchester City Council)•In September 2009 report on WG was presented to GovernmentConstruction Clients Board•The Board: - Endorsed progress to date - Agreed to adopt the working group and to receive its final report in March 2011
Govt seeks to be greenest thing since Kermit the Frog !Govt Construction Strategy launched 31st May20% savings to be achievedBIM named as essential to delivery and to be mandatedBIM strategy and report published June 2011BIM to be adopted on Govt projects - March 2016IGT Low Carbon Construction response June 2011Carbon reduction from sectorBIM named as essential to delivery and to be mandated
“Is our sector fit-for-purpose for a future low carbon economy?” BIS Innovation and Growth Team• Paul Morrell’s report published Nov 2010• Sector response to the UK’s low carbon transition strategy – “a road map for construction”• 26% carbon reduction by 2020, 80% by 2050 (1990 baseline)“integration [and collaborative working] is key”
Cash vs Carbon
“Government will requirefully collaborative 3DBIM….as a minimum by 2016”“A staged plan will bepublished with mandatedmilestones..”.“a phased process workingclosely with industrygroups…..“allow time for industry toprepare for the developmentof new standards and fortraining”
Tests and Pilot Schemes• MOJ – 4 key projects of 4 disciplines• MOD – 2 pilots – new and refurb• Manchester CC – adjacent projects Traditional and BIM• TFL – station pilots• HA – pilots identifiedLeverage of Framework arrangements
Current Reality ? or for some Recent Past.....
Traditional document/2D-based process Information is exchanged as documents - often even on paper - which causes non-value- adding work, friction, data losses and errors
Need to re-think the process ?Phases Tasks Problems: • process } 80% human issues • skills • technology } 20% technologyActors
BIM a 3D modelling system that involves data sharingbetween all the contractors on a project to create a digital model that can be used from a project’s early design stages through to completion and monitoring of subsequent performance.
Integrated BIM-based process Information is shared in an exploitable data format directly between different systems; BIM - Building Information Model
Different image: What if you are the only node? No information to import? With whom can you integrate? How to develop your systems and processes?
Maturing market...where are you
“Media” affects our thinkingDesign by experience - physical models Back to the illustrative Manual drafting and tracing, representation highly illustrative drawings Integrated BIM Requirement for building permit drawings in Finland Manual drafting, copying machines, simplified/abstract representation Early CAD = automated drafting Modelling Interoperability Simulation Collaboration platforms Future technologies 1775 1900 1985 2000 2010 2012
What BIM is not……BIM is not Panacea to all sector illsBIM is not 3D CADBIM is not a single building modelBIM is not a single software technologyBIM is……A tool to improve collaborationBIM needs rules and processes
BIM Execution PlanningWorkflows Level of Detail CompetencyDeliverables Project PhasesInteroperability TechnologiesQuality Management Responsibilities Model Naming Conventions
Manufacturers & Intelligent components
market transition Main stream Early market Chasm Market saturationForerunners Visionaries Pragmatists Conservatives Skeptics(Innovators) (Early adopters) (Early majority) (Late majority) (Laggards)
BIM market transition Expected situation in 5-10 years Current market situationEarly 1990s Main stream Early market Chasm Market saturationForerunners Visionaries Pragmatists Conservatives Skeptics(Innovators) (Early adopters) (Early majority) (Late majority) (Laggards)
Risks to avoid ?More BUM... Building Useless Models
Professor Andrew Thomas Chairperson & Director Room4 Consulting Limited6E Capenhurst Technology Park, Capenhurst, Chester, CH1 6EH Tel: ++44 (0)151 339 9355 Fax: ++44 (0)151 339 9020 Mobile: ++44 (0)7748 920078 firstname.lastname@example.orgWeb: www.room4consulting.co.uk