Visual Dictionary- P09Quarry

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Visual Dictionary- P09Quarry

  1. 1. Visual Dictionary Quarry<br />
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper<br />Air Barrier Paper- a sheet of material used as a barrier to keep conditioned air inside the building and outside air from intruding<br />
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation<br />Soffit Vent- used to vent air in and out of the attic to prevent rot<br />
  4. 4. Ridge Vent<br />Ridge Vent- used to vent air from the attic to help prevent rot<br />
  5. 5. Attic Ventilation<br />Gable Vent- used to vent air from the attic to prevent rot<br />
  6. 6. Attic Ventilation<br />Roof Turbine- A turbine on top of the roof of a house used to vent the attic to prevent rot<br />
  7. 7. Backhoe<br />Backhoe- Hydraulic machine with an attached arm and bucket used to move earth and other small materials. Bucket width- 17 inches<br />
  8. 8. Batter Boards<br />Horizontal boards attached level to stakes, used to mark out the boundary of a construction and establish the levels and building line<br />
  9. 9. Brick arch<br />Segmental Arch<br />
  10. 10. Brick Arch<br />Roman Arch<br />
  11. 11. Brick Arch<br />Arch with a Keystone<br />
  12. 12. Brick Arches<br />Centering-arch support to lay brick<br />
  13. 13. Brick Bonds<br />Running Brick Bond<br />
  14. 14. Brick Bonds<br />Common brick bond<br />
  15. 15. Brick Bonds<br />Rowlock Brick pattern<br />
  16. 16. Brick Bonds<br />Header Row <br />
  17. 17. Brick Bonds<br />Soldier Course<br />
  18. 18. Brick Bonds<br />Sailor Course<br />
  19. 19. Brick Bonds<br />Stretcher Rowlocks<br />
  20. 20. Brick Sizes<br />Modular Brick 3 ½ x 7 ½ x 2 1/4<br />
  21. 21. Brick Sizes<br />Norman Brick 5 1/2 x 11 5/8 x 2 1/4<br />
  22. 22. Bulldozer<br />Bulldozer- Large track machine used to clear land<br />
  23. 23. Cladding<br />Brick Clad structure<br />
  24. 24. Cladding<br />EIFS<br />
  25. 25. Cladding<br />Random Ashler stone cladding<br />
  26. 26. Cladding<br />Wood Board Cladding<br />
  27. 27. Cladding<br />Wood Shake Cladding<br />Wood Shingle- a wood shingle that has been cut to have a smooth shape and texture<br />Wood Shake- a shingle cut to have a rough shape and texture<br />
  28. 28. Code Requirements<br />Ceiling Height must be at least 7’-6”<br />Opening Height must be at least 24”<br />Opening Width must be at least 20”<br />Minimum net clearing of 5.7 sq ft<br />Bottom of opening must be within 44” of floor<br />Window is 34” wide and 46” tall<br />35” AFF and 11 sq ft<br />
  29. 29. Code Requirements<br />10” tread 6” rise. Code requires a minimum of 10” tread and 7 ¾” rise with ¾” nose. Stair dimensions meet code.<br />
  30. 30. Concrete Joints<br />Control joint- an intentional, linear discontinuity in a structure or component, designed to form a plane of weakness where cracking can occur.<br />
  31. 31. Concrete Joints<br />Isolation joint are used to relieve flexural stresses due to vertical movement of slab-on-grade applications that adjoin fixed foundation elements such as columns, building or machinery foundations, etc. Here the joint adjoins a sidewalk to the slab of a building.<br />
  32. 32. Concrete Masonry Unit<br />1 CMU (8x8x16)= 3 bricks. <br />CMU- a block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores, designed to be laid in the same manner as brick or stone. <br />
  33. 33. Concrete Masonry Unit<br />6” and 12” CMU blocks<br />
  34. 34. Decorative Concrete Masonry Units<br />Ribbed Block<br />Split Block<br />
  35. 35. Doors<br />Exterior flush door<br />
  36. 36. Doors<br />Top Rail<br />Panel<br />Stile<br />Lock Rail<br />Bottom Rail<br />
  37. 37. Doors<br />Transom- a window sash above a door<br />Sidelights- a strip of vertical glass running alongside a door<br />
  38. 38. Electrical Components<br />Transformer- a device that transfers electrical energy from one circuit to another through inductively coupled conductors—the transformer&apos;s coils.<br />
  39. 39. Electrical Components<br />Service Head-is a weatherproof entry point for above-ground electrical wiring or telephone lines into a home or business<br />
  40. 40. Electrical Components<br />Meter- a device that measures the amount of electrical energy supplied to or produced by the residence<br />
  41. 41. Electrical Components<br />Service Panel-is a component of an electricity supply system which divides an electrical power feed into subsidiary circuits, while providing a protective fuse or circuit breaker for each circuit, in a common enclosure<br />
  42. 42. Electrical Components<br />Duplex Receptacle-are AC power plugs, that is connectors used for mains electricity (in North America and other countries) that conform to the standards set by the U.S. National Electrical Manufacturers Association <br />
  43. 43. Framing Elements<br />1.)Anchor Bolt<br />2.) Sill Plate<br />3.)Floor Joist<br />4.) Subflooring<br />
  44. 44. Framing Elements<br />5.) Sole Plate<br />6.) Stud<br />7.) Top Plate<br />8.) Ceiling Joist<br />
  45. 45. Framing Elements<br />9.) Rafter<br />10.) Roof Decking<br />11.) Sheathing<br />12.) Stringer<br />
  46. 46. Front End Loader<br />It that has a front mounted square wide bucket connected to the end of two booms (arms) to scoop up loose material from the ground, such as dirt, sand or gravel, and move it from one place to another without pushing the material across the ground<br />
  47. 47. Gypsum Board<br />Gypsum Board-gypsum plaster pressed between two thick sheets of paper, then kiln dried<br />
  48. 48. Heat Pump<br />Advantage- More even temperatures<br />Disadvantage-Very expensive upfront cost<br />Air Compressor- cools outside air down to desirable inside temperature<br />
  49. 49. Insulation<br />Batt Insulation<br />Foamed Insulation<br />
  50. 50. Insulation<br />Loose Fill<br />Rigid Board<br />
  51. 51. Lintel<br />A horizontal beam supported by two vertical posts. This painted one supports the CMU blocks above it<br />
  52. 52. Mortar<br />Mortar Joint #1<br />Trowled Joint<br />5/8 inch width<br />Apartment complex<br />N- Grade<br />
  53. 53. Mortar<br />Mortar Joint 2<br />Trowled Joint<br />½ inch width<br />Insurance Building<br />N- Grade<br />
  54. 54. Oriented Strand Board<br />It is an engineered wood product formed by layering strands (flakes) of wood in specific orientations. In appearance, it may have a rough and variegated surface with the individual strips (around 2.5 by 15 cm (approx. 1 in by 6 in) each) lying unevenly across each other. It is a nonveneered panel product. It is manufactured in wide mats from cross-oriented layers of thin, rectangular wooden strips compressed and bonded together with wax and resin adhesives (95% wood, 5% wax and resin)<br />
  55. 55. Plumbing<br />Lavatory- 1 1/2” drain pipe<br />
  56. 56. Plumbing<br />Water Closet- 3” waste pipe<br />
  57. 57. Plumbing<br />Vent Through Roofing- it is letting gas escape from the bathroom through the roof instead of letting them stay trapped inside the building<br />Drop In Sink<br />
  58. 58. Plywood<br />A veneer is a thin covering over another surface<br />Plywood is a type of Manufactured Wood made from thin sheets of wood, called plies or wood veneers. The layers are glued together so that adjacent plies have their wood grain at right angles to each other for greater strength. There are usually an odd number of plies, as the symmetry makes the board less prone to warping.<br />
  59. 59. Radiant Barrier<br /> A radiant barrier inhibits heat transfer by thermal radiation.<br />
  60. 60. Rebar<br />½” diameter #8 rebar<br />The deformation pattern is rolled onto them which helps the concrete get a grip on the bar.<br />
  61. 61. Steep Roof Drainage<br />Gutter-A narrow channel which collects rainwater from the roof of a building and diverts it away from the structure, typically into a drain<br />Downspout-a vertical pipe for carrying rainwater from a rain gutter gutter to ground level<br />Splash block-positioned beneath your downspouts, help direct and distribute that rainwater away from the foundation, to help minimize erosion<br />
  62. 62. Steep Roof Materials<br />Underlayment is used to act as a secondary defense against leakage, and has recently become an essential part of building practices<br />Clay Tile Roof<br />
  63. 63. Steep Roof Materials<br />Wood Shingle<br />Shingle-a roof covering consisting of individual overlapping elements<br />Typically galvanized steel. Like here.<br />
  64. 64. Steep Roof Shapes<br />Gable Roof<br />Hip Roof<br />
  65. 65. Steep Roof Shapes<br />Mansard Roof<br />Gambrel Roof<br />
  66. 66. Steep Roof Terms<br />Ridge-The uppermost, horizontal external angle formed by the intersection of two sloping roof planes.<br />Valley-The internal angle formed by the intersection of two sloping roof planes to provide water runoff<br />Eave-The horizontal, lower edge of a sloped roof<br />Rake-The inclined edge of a sloped roof over a wall from the eave to the ridge.<br />Soffit- The finished underside of the eaves<br />Fascia-Horizontal trim at the eaves that covers the rafter ends<br />
  67. 67. Stone<br />Random Rubble<br />Coursed Rubble<br />
  68. 68. Coursed Ashlar<br />Random Ashlar<br />
  69. 69. Vapor Retarder<br />Vapor Retarder is hindering water or condensation from passing through the roof to the insulation. Typically put on the back side.<br />
  70. 70. Waterproofing<br />Silicone Sealant- used to seal piping and anything else that water isn’t intended to reach. This is liquid applied.<br />
  71. 71. Weep Hole<br />Weep Holes are small openings left in the outer wall of masonry construction as an outlet for water inside a building to move outside the wall and evaporate<br />
  72. 72. Welded Wire Fabric<br />Me<br />Could not find a slab being poured in or around Auburn in the past few weeks so here’s the best I can do. I’m going to call it a 4’x4’ grid<br />
  73. 73. Windows<br />Double Hung Window. The bottom can open but the top cannot. The window slides up on a track<br />
  74. 74. Windows<br />Horizontal Slider. The window moves on a horizontal track opening on one side.<br />

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