In 1911, Elpidio Quirino graduated from high school and also passed the civil service exam, first grade. After graduating from the College of Law, UP, he served as a clerk in the Philippine Commission and then as secretary to Senate president Manuel Quezon.
In 1919 , Quirino won the post of congressional representative from the first district of Ilocos Sur. In 1925 , he was elected Senate. Quezon appointed him chairman of the Committee on Accounts and Claims and to other important congressional bodies.
In 1931 , he was reelected Senate. He became secretary of finance. And then became the secretary of interior. In 1941 , he was elected Senator-at-large.
When WW II broke out, Quirino refused to join the puppet government of Jose Laurel and became an underground leader of the Filipino resistance movement against the Japanese. He was captured and imprisoned by the Japanese military police in Fort Santiago, and his wife, two daughters, and a son were murdered by the Japanese forces.
On the inauguration of the Philippine Republic in 1946 , he occupied the post vice president and first secretary of foreign affairs. In 1947 , Quirino urged the adoption of the anomalous ( irregular, strange, abnormal, inconsistent, unusual) “party amendment” (adjustment, improvement, correction, change) imposed by the U.S. government in the exchange of independence, war damage payments, and other loans.
When President Manuel Roxas died on April 15, 1948 , Quirino succeeded him as president of the republic. For his weakness in tolerating in rampant graft and corruption in his party, permitting immortality in the armed forces, and neglecting the improvised plight of the majority of Filipinos, he was very unpopular, and in 1953 he was defeated by Ramon Magsaysay.
As president, he was accused by many Filipinos for being extremely pro-American and even subservient (obedient, compliant) to alien economic interests. To maintain peace and order for the sake of national unity, he granted amnesty (official pardon, general pardon, forgiveness) to the Huk guerillas on June 21, 1948 ; but this measured proved futile (useless, ineffective, fruitless) in solving deep-rooted social injustice and exploitation inherent in the country’s semifeudal economy .
Although Quirino saw the need for increasing the appeal for loans from the United States and establishing controls to protect local Filipino industries and conserve natural resources, he failed to act vigorously and sincerely in implementing drastic agrarian reforms. Quirino was elected president in 1949, when, according to historians and news reports, widespread terrorism and violation of legal electrocal processes occurred.
Supported the establishments of several industrial plants and projects at strategic point all over the country, thereby mobilizing its economic resources and ushering in an era of industrialization.
Burgos irrigation project in Zambales
Hydroelectric project in Lanao
Roads all over Mindanao
The cement factory in Bacnotan and La Union
Other new necessary industries which provided employment to thousands