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Immigration
 

Immigration

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    Immigration Immigration Presentation Transcript

    • Immigration to the D.C. Area By Esther, Adam, Lucía, and Rosemary
    • Immigrants to Washington D.C. • Since the 2000 Census, D.C has increased it’s percentages of Caucasians, Asians, and Hispanics while the African American population has decreased. This is due to many African Americans moving to the suburbs and more Caucasians moving to the city due to much gentrification of traditionally African American neighborhoods. This is evident in a 7.3% decrease in the African-American population, and a 17.8% increase in the Caucasian population since 2000 . • Although the Caucasian population is increasing, in the past 20 years, D.C has become a major destination for immigrants , adding 575,000 residents who were born outside the United States. • Although there has been a great increase in immigrants to D.C, the majority of them settle in the suburbs around Washington (Montgomery, Fairfax, and Prince George's County). • In 2010 the population distribution was 50.7% African American, 38.5% Caucasian, 9.1% Hispanic (of any race), 4.4% other (including Native Americans, Alaskans, Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders), 3.5% Asian, and 1.6% mixed.
    • Educated Immigrants • Out of all of the post-World War II immigration gateways, the D.C.-area is the only one with a high immigrant skills ratio.( there are189 high-skilled immigrants for every 100 low-skilled immigrants • 46% of D.C. residents 25 and older have at least a four-year college degree, and 25% have a graduate or professional degree. This may be due to the recent immigrants to Washington tending to be good English speakers, with 62% saying they speak English well or very well. • However, having more skills doesn’t always translate into higher wages. Many of these high-skilled immigrant workers are overqualified for the jobs they hold. • Although many are overqualified, only around 10% of immigrant households live in poverty, compared to 6.8% for the D.C region as a whole. This is a much lower percentage in poverty than other major metropolitan areas’, where around double the number of immigrants are found to be living in poverty.
    • Who Are the Immigrants? Why Did They Come? • The largest immigrant population is from El Salvador, a small Central American country that went through a harsh civil war. • Mexico, Peru, Guatemala and Bolivia are among the top 10 places of origin for immigrants while the top Asian countries include Korea, China, India, The Philippines and Vietnam. The next largest group comes from the UK, the largest group from Europe. • Washington's immigrant community first began to grow in the l970s with the increasing numbers immigrants who worked for international organizations or came as students and decided to stay. Also, its recent expansion of high-tech and bio-tech firms has been a major factor in attracting immigrants. (This is also portrayed in our school survey where many people moved here in their college years and stayed. Also the survey also shows how many people moved to the D.C area because of jobs, many of them being international organizations and highly-skilled jobs.)
    • 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Highest Level of Education of Immigrants to the DC are Number of People 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 job schools family other Reasons for migration to DC area number of people
    • Population Of Foreigners in Maryland. Total Population in DC Population, 2012 estimate: 632,323people White: 42.4% Black: 50.7% American Indian and Alaska Native: 0.6% Asian: 3.7% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander: 0.1% Persons of Hispanic or Latino Origin: 9.5% Total Population in Montgomery County
    • Population of Foreigners in W.J.
    • Where do the immigrants live? • Some immigrants have blended in with existing citizens • Many (Asian, Hispanic, and African) live in clustered areas • Example: Wheaton ▫ 51.4% Hispanic ▫ Hispanic population has increased by 61% in the last 10 years
    • Cultural Elements of Immigrants • Latino Immigrants ▫ Latino markets ▫ pupuserias ▫ Peruvian restaurants • Asian Immigrants: ▫ Large vegetable super markets
    • Immigration Reform in Congress • Democrats: ▫ For a path to citizenship ▫ Looser immigration laws • Republicans: ▫ Against a path to citizenship ▫ Stricter immigration laws Status of Immigration Reform Bill • Bill passed in the Senate Judiciary Committee (now on the Senate floor) • Likely die in the House of Representatives Components of the Immigration Reform Bill • Tightening of border • Adjustment of status of illegal immigrants • Improvement of temporary worker application programs
    • Accommodation of the Foreign-Born Population • Many directions, signs, and other materials are found in multiple languages • Public schools offer aid to new immigrant students to help learn the language and adjust
    • Groups for Immigration • Heritage groups (Chinese, Pilipino, and Vietnamese, etc..) often meet weekly and host large cultural gatherings • Maryland Immigration Rights Coalition- Provide low-cost and pro bono legal representation to low-income immigrants
    • Groups Against Immigration • Anti-immigrant group FAIR (Federation of American Immigration Reform) have launched multiple smear campaigns against local immigrant rights groups