An October 2011 academic paper by University of Malaya and Universiti Tun Abdul Razak. It calls for improvement of present system and increased federal funding. But it is ignored by the government in favour of 1Care's model.
The arguments obviously call for Government funding of healthcare in Malaysia to be raised to around 10 per cent of overall government expenditure so that public hospitals will enjoy enough resources to provide service comparable to developed countries.
These resources should be targeted at raising remuneration of personnel, more medical equipment, greater access to pharmaceutical drugs and materials, as well as quality building support. In addition, the government should introduce and implement merit-based promotion personnel policies in public hospitals.