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Sap training document_-_asset_depreciation_configuration_p_final

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  • 1. Asset Depreciation Configuration SAP FI Training Document
  • 2. SAP FI Training Document - Asset Depreciation ConfigurationTABLE OF CONTENTSTABLE OF SYMBOLS -3-TYPOGRAPHY -3-TRANSACTIONS USED -3-OVERVIEW -4-REQUIREMENTS -5- CONFIGURATION -5- MASTER DATA -5- ROLES -6-GLOSSARY -7-COURSE MATERIALS -9- 1. ASSET DEPRECIATION -9- 1.1. ORDINARY DEPRECIATION -9- 1.1.1. DETERMINE DEPRECIATION AREAS -9- 1.1.2. ASSIGN ACCOUNTS - 11 - 1.1.3. DEFINE UNIT-OF-PRODUCTION DEPRECIATION - 15 - 1.2. VALUATION METHODS - 19 - 1.2.1. DEFINE BASE METHODS - 19 - 1.2.2. DEFINE DECLINING-BALANCE METHODS - 21 - 1.2.3. DEFINE MAXIMUM AMOUNT METHODS - 23 - 1.2.3.1. MAXIMUM AMOUNTS - 25 - 1.2.4. MAINTAIN PERIOD CONTROL - 26 - 1.2.5. DEFINE CALENDAR ASSIGNMENTS - 28 - 1.2.6. DEFINE TIME-DEPENDENT PERIOD CONTROLS - 29 - 1.2.6.1. DEFINE DEPRECIATION KEYS TIME-DEPENDENT PERIOD CONTROL - 31 - 1.2.6.2. ASSIGN TIME-DEPENDENT PERIOD CONTROLS TO DEPRECIATION KEYS - 34 - 1.2.7. DEFINE THE CUTOFF VALUE KEY - 37 - 1.2.7.1. LEVELS - 39 - 1.2.8. DEFINE MAXIMUM BASE VALUE - 40 - -2-
  • 3. SAP FI Training Document - Asset Depreciation ConfigurationTABLE OF SYMBOLSIcon Meaning Path to find transaction in SAP Menu/SAP Customizing Note Example input data Prerequisites, configuration, master data or roles needed before working on a configuration transactionTYPOGRAPHYIcon MeaningExample text Words or characters that appear on screen. It includes screen names, field texts, button names, menu names and options. namesEx am pl e te x t Words or phrases that the user will type when required.TRANSACTIONS USEDTransaction NameAFAMD Define declining declining-balance methodsANHAL Define the cutoff value keyAO25 Define unit- -of-production depreciationAO93 Assign accounts (Ordinary depreciation)OABN Determine depreciation areas (Ordinary depreciation)OAVH Define calendar assignmentsOAVS Maintain period controlOAW2 Define maximum base valueS_ALR_87009140 Define time- -dependent period controlsS_ALR_87015147 Define base methodsS_ALR_87015161 Define maximum amount methods -3-
  • 4. SAP FI Training Document - Asset Depreciation ConfigurationOVERVIEWDepreciation is the gradual reduction of an assets value over time. In most countries,assets are determined by how much time they will useful economically for the company(useful life). During this period of time, assets are being used by the company makingtheir value reduce gradually along the way. This reduction is programmed based on theits economic life and in SAP it is called ordinary depreciation.At the end of this procedure, users will be able to classify assets in groups that canhave different ordinary depreciation calculations, its base values for calculations as wellas the minimum value that assets can have, and account determination for each typeasset classification. -4-
  • 5. SAP FI Training Document - Asset Depreciation ConfigurationREQUIREMENTSCONFIGURATIONProgram name LocationAssign chart of SPRO > Financial accounting (new) > Asset accounting > Asset accountingdepreciation to (Lean implementation) > Organization structures > Assign chart ofcompany code depreciation to company codeDefine asset classes SPRO > Financial accounting (new) > Asset accounting > Organizational structures > Asset classes > Define asset classesMaintain fiscal year SPRO > Financial accounting (new) > Ledgers > Fiscal year and postingvariant periods > Maintain fiscal year variantSet chart of SPRO > Financial accounting (new) > Asset accounting > Valuation > Setdepreciation chart of depreciationMASTER DATAData Type Use in Define depreciation keys time-001 Multilevel method dependent period control Define depreciation keys time-002 Period control method dependent period control01 Depreciation area Determine depreciation areas Define depreciation keys time-05 Period control dependent period control0IE Chart of depreciation Determine depreciation areas Define depreciation keys time-11 Period control dependent period control24 Fiscal year Define calendar assignments281315 G/L account Assign accounts4001 Asset class Define maximum base valueCAFR Chart of accounts Assign accountsFR01 Company code Define unit-of-production depreciationSTCK Depreciation key Define unit-of-production depreciationTR252 Account determination Assign accounts Define depreciation keys time-VLIN Depreciation key dependent period control -5-
  • 6. SAP FI Training Document - Asset Depreciation ConfigurationROLESBusiness Role Technical Name Function- - - -6-
  • 7. SAP FI Training Document - Asset Depreciation ConfigurationGLOSSARYAsset depreciation Reduction in the book value of an asset due to its use over time ordue to legal framework for taxation reporting.Calculation key Code used for calculation of depreciation amounts and controlsautomatic calculation of ordinary depreciation and maximum percentages of manualdepreciation.Calculation method The calculation methods are used to set the parameters of thedepreciation calculation program.Chart of depreciation Object that contains the defined depreciation areas, and therules for the evaluation of assets that are valid in a specific country or economic area. Itis independent from the chart of accounts.Cutoff value key Absolute or percentage value in which depreciation stops for anasset.Depreciation area An area showing the valuation of a fixed asset for a particularpurpose.Depreciation key Code used for calculating depreciation amounts, and is defined byspecifying calculation methods, interest calculation, cutoff values and other controlparameters.Maximum base value Base value used for the calculation of depreciation.Ordinary depreciation Depreciation calculation which brings down the value of theasset after every planned period until it is fully depreciated over its life period.Period control A function that determines the start or the end of depreciationcalculation at the time of a fixed asset acquisition or retirement. -7-
  • 8. SAP FI Training Document - Asset Depreciation ConfigurationUnit of production method depreciation Type of depreciation in which the asset ischarged according to the actual usage of it.Valuation method Flexible methods for depreciation calculation based on termsdefined in calculation keys and calculation methods. -8-
  • 9. SAP FI Training Document - Asset Depreciation ConfigurationCOURSE MATERIALS1. ASSET DEPRECIATION1.1. ORDINARY DEPRECIATION1.1.1. DETERMINE DEPRECIATION AREASDepreciation areas help you manage ordinary depreciation and if positive or negativevalues are accepted when postings are created. To configure depreciation areas, go to created.the following transaction: SPRO > Financial accounting (new) > Asset accounting > Menu Path Depreciation > Ordinary depreciation > Determine depreciation areas Transaction OABN Fig. 1 - Menu path for transaction OABN. -9-
  • 10. SAP FI Training Document - Asset Depreciation Configuration Configuration Assign chart of depreciation to company code Set chart of depreciation Master data 0IE 01A list of existing depreciation areas appear, as shown in Fig. 2. Fig. 2 - Overview screen of transaction OABN.To define which depreciation areas will be used for ordinary depreciation, the user willmark the desired entries in the Indicator: Management of ordinary depreciation field.Press Save to confirm c changes. Depreciation area 01 Indicator X - 10 -
  • 11. Preview Original paying document published on :http://expertplug.com/materials/training/sap-asset-depreciation-configurationYou can find many more full SAP training material and SAP jobs on http://expertplug.com/.ExpertPlug is an SAP marketplace for training materials and an online community of experts. Weoffer a simple way for the global SAP workforce, consulting companies and industry to market theirskills and find quality information.As an SAP Expert, you can also market your SAP skills and make extra revenue by publishing SAPdocuments on http://expertplug.com/.