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The Politics of Uncertainty
The Politics of Uncertainty
The Politics of Uncertainty
The Politics of Uncertainty
The Politics of Uncertainty
The Politics of Uncertainty
The Politics of Uncertainty
The Politics of Uncertainty
The Politics of Uncertainty
The Politics of Uncertainty
The Politics of Uncertainty
The Politics of Uncertainty
The Politics of Uncertainty
The Politics of Uncertainty
The Politics of Uncertainty
The Politics of Uncertainty
The Politics of Uncertainty
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The Politics of Uncertainty

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  • 1. The Politics of Uncertainty
  • 2. The concept of modernity & modernization A specifically European concept and project.• Catalyst > Enlightenment (18th century)Replaced:nature/tradition/religion withculture/rationality/science
  • 3. Philisophically: Immanuel Kant“Enlightenment is mans emergence from hisself-imposed immaturity. Immaturity is theinability to use ones own understandingwithout the guidance of another. One isresponsible for this immaturity anddependence, if its cause is not a lack ofintelligence, but a lack of determination andcourage to think without the direction ofanother. The motto of enlightenment istherefore: Dare to know! Have courage to useyour own understanding!”
  • 4. Politically:American Revolution 1776-”Life, Liberty and thepursuit of Happiness”French Revolution 1789-“Liberté, égalité, fraternité”
  • 5. Scientifically: Breakthroughs in natural science Issac Newton“Initiator of scientific and industrial revolutions”
  • 6. Economically: Industrial Revolution Capitalist market economy
  • 7. KEY FEATURES of MODERNITY• Economic Production - industrial and capitalist society, with social class as the main form of social division...• Urbanization - the growth of cities...• A Bureaucratic State - with a powerful central government and administration...• Knowledge - is derived from scientific and rational thinking - NOT religious faith or superstition...• A Belief in PROGRESS - based on science and technology....
  • 8. Positive Negative Universal Values Colonization Rationalisation Regulation/Bureaucratization De-traditionalization Disorientation De-naturalization Ambiguity/Relativism Individualization Isolation/meaninglessness Differentiation Overcomplexity Monetarizaton Permeates everything/ Alienation
  • 9. The arrival of a radically new era? Empirical Indicators:Demographic shifts:Aging of population, decreasing birth rates, population increase in developing countriesEconomic shifts:Increase of wealth, redistribution of wealth, full—part-time employmentPolitical shifts:Decline of nation state, institutions, and political parties
  • 10. Ecological shifts:Finite resources, global warmingTechnological shifts:Transport revolution: goods, people, capital, and informationMilitary shifts:Functions being redefinedCultural shifts:Consumerism, ego-cultureTemporal shifts:Changed relationship of time
  • 11. Three Perspectives: Second Modernity (reflexive)-Anthony Giddens-belief in ongoing value of modernity-reflect on previous traditions and rationalize their existence (ex. natural labor…)-continuation and radicalization of modernity
  • 12. Postmodernity- One single rationality cannot exist- End of grand narratives- Plurality of rationalities and reasons- Individual as the highest value— self-realization/self-determination
  • 13. Pre-modernity/anti-modernity- Limit or restrict modernization process- Fundamentalism- religious/politicalEx: Radical Islamists & EcologistsAnti modern thinking makes nature responsible rather than society.Ex: Criminality & Homosexuality
  • 14. The Dissolution of Established Certainties United States of America:-ideological differences can be defined by left and right wing-economic growth brings employment-no clear distinction between public and private-deregulation and privatization are necessary and positive
  • 15. Spain:-Ethnicity, Language, and Culture provide the basis for social consensus-Nation state is a natural and appropriate form of social/political organization-Jobs are stable/permanent throughout working life
  • 16. EndismsThe End of….. Tradition Family Full employment Ideology Nature Nation State History
  • 17. Sociological LabelsPost-industrialConsumer societyInformation societyLeisure societyRisk society

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