European Identity

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European Identity

  1. 1. European Identity & Europeanization Jaime Miguel Nieman Gonzalez
  2. 2. Precursors <ul><li>EU has the dilemma of Italy </li></ul><ul><li>EU is first a economic union and second a political one </li></ul><ul><li>A static definition of Europe has never existed </li></ul><ul><li>Identity is based in relation to “the other” </li></ul><ul><li>What other defines what Europe is not?? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Political Identity <ul><li>Two Distinctions: </li></ul><ul><li>I. Political action & Institutions contribute to individual political identity </li></ul><ul><li>II. Process of identification provides the ground for political allegiance in a political community </li></ul>
  4. 4. Europeanization <ul><li>Integration of the diverse nations and communities into a common european culture. </li></ul><ul><li>1973- EU Commission </li></ul><ul><li>“ Declaration of a European Identity” </li></ul><ul><li>Culture is in Euro-centric and elitist terms </li></ul><ul><li>Includes: Arts, Entertainment industry, and Education. </li></ul><ul><li>Europe has become a “Master Symbol” </li></ul>
  5. 7. A common European past? <ul><li>Hellenism(7-8 th century B.C) in search of : </li></ul><ul><li>Dignity, Rationality, Perfection, Beauty , and Justice. </li></ul><ul><li>Roman Empire (27 B.C.- 476/ 1453- AD): </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional and Legal power structures </li></ul><ul><li>Latin </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity: </li></ul><ul><li>Revolution of Values and Beliefs by Oriental idea </li></ul><ul><li>Fills political vacuum- Feudalism- Crusades </li></ul>
  6. 8. <ul><li>Renaissance(XV-XVI century) </li></ul><ul><li>Commerce and establishment of European populace </li></ul><ul><li>Resurgence of Greco-Roman Values </li></ul><ul><li>Humanist Values </li></ul><ul><li>Enlightenment (XVII-XVIII century) </li></ul><ul><li>Science, Reason, Progress, Democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Lead to Modern Era´s ISMS </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalism, Socialism, Communism, Liberalism </li></ul>
  7. 9. Dialectics of Europe <ul><li>I. Civilization / Barbarians </li></ul><ul><li>II. Christianity / Islam </li></ul><ul><li>III. Freedom / Slavery </li></ul><ul><li>IV. External vision / Fortress Europe </li></ul>
  8. 10. Jurgen Habermas- New forms of Identity <ul><li>-Post-traditional society </li></ul><ul><li>-Transnational society needs new mechanisms other than nationalism to hold it together. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Constitutional Patriotism” </li></ul><ul><li>-relates to constitutional principles rather than nationalism </li></ul><ul><li>-Moral imperative dominant: Germany </li></ul>
  9. 11. EU Constitution/ Lisbon Treaty <ul><li>EU constitution signed in 2004 in Rome </li></ul><ul><li>2005 Process is halted by No votes in: </li></ul><ul><li>France: Economic & Sovereignty issues </li></ul><ul><li>Netherlands: Sovereignty concerns </li></ul><ul><li>Lisbon treaty 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>-Ireland´s No </li></ul><ul><li>-Became law on December 1 2009 </li></ul>
  10. 12. Towards an EU Citizenship? <ul><li>Citizenship based on polis and Roman Republic. </li></ul><ul><li>Citizenship guarantees: </li></ul><ul><li>-Internal rights </li></ul><ul><li>-Nationality or legal residence </li></ul><ul><li>-Civil, Political and Social rights </li></ul><ul><li>-Universal logic </li></ul><ul><li>1992 Maastricht treaty </li></ul>
  11. 13. <ul><li>-Lacks- </li></ul><ul><li>-Redistributive social rights </li></ul><ul><li>Justifications: </li></ul><ul><li>Free-market efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Solidarity- territorial, social and generational </li></ul>

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