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Information and list of vitamins

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Until the mid-1930s, when the first commercial yeast-extract vitamins B complex and semi-synthetic vitamin C supplement tablets were sold, vitamins were obtained solely through food intake, and …

Until the mid-1930s, when the first commercial yeast-extract vitamins B complex and semi-synthetic vitamin C supplement tablets were sold, vitamins were obtained solely through food intake, and changes in diet (which, for example, could occur during a particular growing season) usually greatly altered the types and amounts of vitamins ingested, however, they have been produced as commodity chemicals and made widely available as inexpensive semisynthetic and synthetic-source multivitamin dietary supplements and food supplements and additives, since the middle of the 20th century.

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  • 1. Information and List of Vitamins Until the mid-1930s, when the first commercial yeast-extract vitamins B complex and semi- synthetic vitamin C supplement tablets were sold, vitamins were obtained solely through food intake, and changes in diet (which, for example, could occur during a particular growing season) usually greatly altered the types and amounts of vitamins ingested, however, they have been produced as commodity chemicals and made widely available as inexpensive semisynthetic and synthetic-source multivitamin dietary supplements and food supplements and additives, since the middle of the 20th century. List of vitamins Each vitamin is typically used in multiple reactions, and, therefore, most have multiple functions. Vitamin generic descript or name Vitamer chemical name(s) (list not complete) Solubilit y Recommend ed dietary allowances (male, age 19–70)[6] Deficiency disease Upper Intake Level (UL/day)[ 6] Overdose disease Food sources Vitamin A Retinol, retinal, and four carotenoids including beta carotene Fat 900 µg Night- blindness, Hyperkeratosi s, and Keratomalacia [7] 3,000 µg Hypervitamino sis A Orange, ripe yellow fruits, leafy vegetables , carrots, pumpkin, squash, spinach, liver, soy milk, milk Vitamin B1 Thiamine Water 1.2 mg Beriberi, Wernicke- Korsakoff syndrome N/D[8] Drowsiness or muscle relaxation with large doses.[9] Pork, oatmeal, brown rice, vegetables , potatoes, liver, eggs
  • 2. Vitamin generic descript or name Vitamer chemical name(s) (list not complete) Solubilit y Recommend ed dietary allowances (male, age 19–70)[6] Deficiency disease Upper Intake Level (UL/day)[ 6] Overdose disease Food sources Vitamin B2 Riboflavin Water 1.3 mg Ariboflavinosi s N/D Dairy products, bananas, popcorn, green beans, asparagus Vitamin B3 Niacin, niacinamide Water 16.0 mg Pellagra 35.0 mg Liver damage (doses > 2g/day)[10] and other problems Meat, fish, eggs, many vegetables , mushroom s, tree nuts Vitamin B5 Pantothenic acid Water 5.0 mg[11] Paresthesia N/D Diarrhea; possibly nausea and heartburn.[12] Meat, broccoli, avocados Vitamin B6 Pyridoxine, pyridoxamine, pyridoxal Water 1.3–1.7 mg Anemia[13] peripheral neuropathy. 100 mg Impairment of proprioception , nerve damage (doses > 100 mg/day) Meat, vegetables , tree nuts, bananas Vitamin B7 Biotin Water 30.0 µg Dermatitis, enteritis N/D Raw egg yolk, liver, peanuts, certain
  • 3. Vitamin generic descript or name Vitamer chemical name(s) (list not complete) Solubilit y Recommend ed dietary allowances (male, age 19–70)[6] Deficiency disease Upper Intake Level (UL/day)[ 6] Overdose disease Food sources vegetables Vitamin B9 Folic acid, folinic acid Water 400 µg Megaloblastic anemia and Deficiency during pregnancy is associated with birth defects, such as neural tube defects 1,000 µg May mask symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency; other effects. Leafy vegetables , pasta, bread, cereal, liver Vitamin B12 Cyanocobalamin , hydroxycobalami n, methylcobalami n Water 2.4 µg Megaloblastic anemia[14] N/D Acne-like rash [causality is not conclusively established]. Meat and other animal products Vitamin C Ascorbic acid Water 90.0 mg Scurvy 2,000 mg Vitamin C megadosage Many fruits and vegetables , liver Vitamin D Cholecalciferol, Ergocalciferol Fat 10 µg[15] Rickets and Osteomalacia 50 µg Hypervitamino sis D Fish, eggs, liver, mushroom s
  • 4. Vitamin generic descript or name Vitamer chemical name(s) (list not complete) Solubilit y Recommend ed dietary allowances (male, age 19–70)[6] Deficiency disease Upper Intake Level (UL/day)[ 6] Overdose disease Food sources Vitamin E Tocopherols, tocotrienols Fat 15.0 mg Deficiency is very rare; mild hemolytic anemia in newborn infants.[16] 1,000 mg Increased congestive heart failure seen in one large randomized study.[17] Many fruits and vegetables , nuts and seeds Vitamin K phylloquinone, menaquinones Fat 120 µg Bleeding diathesis N/D Increases coagulation in patients taking warfarin.[18] Leafy green vegetables such as spinach, egg yolks, liver Vimacel™ is part of an Integrative Medicine approach to treating people naturally. Integrative Medicine combines alternative medicine with evidence based medicine.

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