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E The E Bookof Technical Market Indicators
 

E The E Bookof Technical Market Indicators

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Technical Indicators for traders.

Technical Indicators for traders.

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    E The E Bookof Technical Market Indicators E The E Bookof Technical Market Indicators Document Transcript

    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators by Wall Street Courier Version 1.1 office@wallstreetcourier.com www.wallstreetcourier.com Page 1
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com Preface The transparency of the American markets offers an array of indicators and allows deep insights of prevailing sentiment. You find the activities of NYSE members like specialists and floor traders, public and odd lot short sales, the Short Interest Ratio as well as the large block transactions of the institutional investors published every week. Other tools for technical analysis include trend indicators, daily advances and declines, daily new highs and lows, volume, indices, put/call ratios and other useful information like Stochastics, RSI, MACD, TICK and more. The problem is only that all these indicators contradict each other most of the time. Countless books have been written on this subject, and no matter how many will be written in the future: always be aware that there is no such thing as the Holy Grail of the stock market. But some people are more successful than others and the answer is quite simple: No indicator is right all the time and you don't have to be right all the time. Just be right a higher percentage of the time than wrong. Choose some reliable indicators and stick to them. Don't follow some indicators for a while and switch to some others if they fail. Don't be a technician in the first half of the year and a fundamentalist the next half. Be consistent and disciplined in your approach. Don't abandon a good indicator because you think this time everything is different. It takes of course a lot of guts because the opinions of the most widely quoted gurus of Wall Street are usually contrary to your indicators at that time. This is much easier if you don't use margin. You will sleep a lot better if you buy fifty shares of IBM with the money you can spare than two hundred shares on credit. Happy Trading Wall Street Courier www.wallstreetcourier.com Page 2
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com Table of Content Advance-Decline Indicators ...................................................................................................5 Advance-Decline Line ........................................................................................................5 Advance-Decline Ratio.......................................................................................................7 Upside-Downside Volume Ratio ........................................................................................8 Upside-Downside Volume Line ..........................................................................................9 Upside-Downside Volume Net Difference ........................................................................11 Advance-Decline Net Difference ......................................................................................12 Global Futures Advance-Decline Index............................................................................13 Global Futures Upside-Downside Volume Index..............................................................13 Market Indicators .................................................................................................................14 High-Low Differential Index ..............................................................................................14 High-Low Ratio ................................................................................................................15 Global Futures High-Low Index........................................................................................16 Global Futures Bottom Indicator ......................................................................................16 Cycles ..............................................................................................................................19 Large Block Index ............................................................................................................19 Short Term Trading Index (ARMS Index or TRIN) ...........................................................20 Trend Indicator .................................................................................................................22 CBOE Volatility Index (VIX)..............................................................................................23 Index Options Put/Call Ratio ............................................................................................23 Call/Put Ratio ...................................................................................................................24 Global Futures Put/Volume Ratio.....................................................................................25 Smart Money Flow Index .................................................................................................26 Global Futures Timing Indicator .......................................................................................27 Global Futures Market Timer Index..................................................................................28 Global Futures Fear Indicator ..........................................................................................29 Wall Street Courier Index .................................................................................................29 Global Futures Trading Index...........................................................................................30 Global Futures Speculation Index ....................................................................................31 Program Trading ..............................................................................................................32 Calendar Spread ..............................................................................................................33 Odd-Lot Differential Index ................................................................................................34 Page 3
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com Short Sales Statistics...........................................................................................................35 The NYSE Short Interest Ratio ........................................................................................35 Odd-Lot Short Sales Ratio ...............................................................................................36 Floor Traders Short Sales Ratio.......................................................................................36 Specialist Short Sales Ratio.............................................................................................37 NYSE Member Short Sales Ratio ....................................................................................38 Public Short Sales Ratio ..................................................................................................38 Odd-Lot Balance Index ....................................................................................................39 Odd-Lot/Floor Trader Short Sales Ratio...........................................................................40 Global Futures Odd-Lot/Specialist Short Sales Ratio.......................................................40 Global Futures Public/Member Short Sales Ratio ............................................................41 Public/Specialists Short Sales Ratio ................................................................................42 High readings indicate heavy shorting by the public (the so called crowd) and therefore bottoms, low readings indicate tops. ................................................................................42 Global Futures NYSE Member Trading Indicator .............................................................43 Sentiment Indicators............................................................................................................44 Investor Sentiment ...........................................................................................................44 Commitments of Traders Report ......................................................................................46 Appendix..............................................................................................................................48 Dow Jones Industrial........................................................................................................48 S&P 500...........................................................................................................................48 Risk Statement ....................................................................................................................49 Page 4
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com Advance-Decline Indicators Advance-Decline Line The Advance-Decline Line is a market breadth indicator and should be compared to the other market indices like the Dow Jones or S&P 500. Daily or weekly NYSE data is used in the calculation. Because the Advance-Decline Line reflects the action of the general market, any divergences are watched closely by market technicians. As long as the Dow and the Advance-Decline Line are moving in the same direction the trend will continue. If the Dow makes a new high which is not confirmed by a high of the Advance-Decline Line, caution is warranted. Vice versa, if the Dow makes a new low and the Advance-Decline Line doesn't you should cover your short sales. © WallStreetCourier.com ADVANCE - DECLINE LINE WEEKLY 160000 140000 120000 100000 96-01-05 96-03-01 96-04-26 96-06-21 96-08-16 96-10-11 96-12-06 97-01-31 97-03-28 97-05-23 97-07-18 97-09-12 97-11-07 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-10-09 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-11-05 99-12-31 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-05-18 To calculate your own weekly Advance-Decline Line is very simple and you can begin your calculations at any time. Just pick a large enough base number like 100000. Then you calculate each week (or day) the difference between advances and declines by adding the advances and subtracting the declines. If you have 1269 advances and 1457 declines on your first week, the reading of your newly created weekly Advance-Decline Line would be 99812 (example below). Page 5
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com Date Advances Declines A-D Line 100000 09.06.95 1269 1457 99812 16.06.95 1714 975 100551 23.06.95 1591 1148 100994 30.06.95 1346 1348 100992 07.07.95 2032 692 102332 14.07.95 1507 1191 102648 21.07.95 894 1875 101667 28.07.95 1891 845 102713 04.08.95 1404 1291 102826 11.08.95 1187 1489 102524 18.08.95 1624 1043 103105 25.08.95 1486 1176 103415 01.09.95 1656 1011 104060 08.09.95 1903 759 105204 The Advance-Decline Line gave a useful example in 1999. During the strong bull market the advance was quite broad and the A/D Line moved in tandem with the Dow. But when the Dow made new highs in the beginning of 1999 the A/D Line was already lagging behind, indicating a weakening of the general market. Internet mania and technology craze kept the market going for a while. Page 6
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com Advance-Decline Ratio The Advance-Decline Ratio is also market breadth indicator. It is calculated by dividing the number of advancing issues by the number of declining issues using daily or weekly NYSE data. It works very well as an overbought/oversold indicator and as a momentum indicator. A moving average should be used to smooth out the swings. Date Advances Declines A/D * 100 10-Week MA 09.06.95 1269 1457 87 16.06.95 1714 975 176 23.06.95 1591 1148 139 30.06.95 1346 1348 100 07.07.95 2032 692 294 14.07.95 1507 1191 127 21.07.95 894 1875 48 28.07.95 1891 845 224 04.08.95 1404 1291 109 11.08.95 1187 1489 80 138 18.08.95 1624 1043 156 145 25.08.95 1486 1176 126 140 01.09.95 1656 1011 164 143 08.09.95 1903 759 251 158 This chart shows you the weekly NYSE Advance-Decline Ratio on a 10-week moving average. Readings below 90 indicate intermediate bottoms and readings above 170 tops. © WallStreetCourier.com 2,40 ADVANCE-DECLINE RATIO 10-DAY MOVING AVERAGE 2,00 1,60 1,20 0,80 0,40 95-08-11 95-10-06 95-12-01 96-01-26 96-03-22 96-05-17 96-07-12 96-09-06 96-11-01 96-12-27 97-02-21 97-04-18 97-06-13 97-08-08 97-10-03 97-11-28 98-01-23 98-03-20 98-05-15 98-07-10 98-09-04 98-10-30 98-12-25 99-02-19 99-04-16 99-06-11 99-08-06 99-10-01 99-11-26 00-01-21 00-03-17 00-05-12 00-07-07 00-09-01 00-10-27 00-12-22 01-02-16 01-04-13 01-06-08 Page 7
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com Upside-Downside Volume Ratio The Upside-Downside Volume Ratio is also market breadth indicator. It is calculated by dividing the volume of advancing issues by the volume of declining issues, using daily or weekly NYSE data. It works very well as an overbought/oversold indicator and as well as a momentum indicator. A moving average should be used to smooth out the swings. Date Adv. Volume Decl. Volume AV/DV*100 10-Week MA 09.06.95 673210 732827 92 16.06.95 943121 565840 167 23.06.95 964871 666807 145 30.06.95 674725 765076 88 07.07.95 867512 353025 246 14.07.95 945574 756197 125 21.07.95 755969 1027248 74 28.07.95 1008468 584579 173 04.08.95 733204 703285 104 11.08.95 565588 669580 84 130 18.08.95 796723 615752 129 133 25.08.95 629338 603130 104 127 01.09.95 727349 553140 131 126 08.09.95 746298 418632 178 135 © WallStreetCourier.com UPSIDE/DOWNSIDE VOLUME RATIO 180 160 140 120 100 80 96-01-05 96-03-01 96-04-26 96-06-21 96-08-16 96-10-11 96-12-06 97-01-31 97-03-28 97-05-23 97-07-18 97-09-12 97-11-07 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-10-09 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-11-05 99-12-31 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-05-18 Page 8
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com Upside-Downside Volume Line The Upside-Downside Volume Line is a market breadth indicator and should be compared to the other market indices like the Dow Jones or S&P 500. Daily or weekly NYSE data is used in the calculation. Because the Upside-Downside Volume Line reflects the action of the general market, any divergences are watched closely by market technicians. As long as the Dow and the Upside-Downside Volume Line are moving in the same direction the trend will continue. If the Dow makes a new high which is not confirmed by a high of the Upside-Downside Volume Line, caution is warranted. It is more affirmative than the Advance-Decline Line and it gave a perfect sell signal in January 2000, when the Dow made a new high and the Upside-Downside Volume Line lagged behind (charts below). Vice versa, if the Dow makes a new low and the Upside-Downside Volume Line doesn't, you should cover your short sales. To calculate your own weekly Upside-Downside Volume Line is very simple and you can begin your calculations at any time. Just pick a large enough base number like 1000000. Then you calculate each week (or day) the difference between the upside volume and downside volume by adding the volume of advancing issues and subtracting the volume of declining issues. If you have an upside volume of 673210 and a downside volume of 732827 on your first week, the reading of your newly created weekly Upside-Downside Volume Line would be 940383 (example below). Date Upside Volume Downside Volume U-D Volume Line 1000000 09.06.95 673210 732827 940383 16.06.95 943121 565840 1317664 23.06.95 964871 666807 1615728 30.06.95 674725 765076 1525377 07.07.95 867512 353025 2039864 14.07.95 945574 756197 2229241 21.07.95 755969 1027248 1957962 28.07.95 1008468 584579 2381851 04.08.95 733204 703285 2411770 11.08.95 565588 669580 2307778 18.08.95 796723 615752 2488749 25.08.95 629338 603130 2514957 01.09.95 727349 553140 2689166 08.09.95 746298 418632 3016832 Page 9
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com Here is a beautiful example of the Upside-Downside Volume Line. Volume moves the markets and this indicator gave a perfect sell signal in December 1999, when the Dow made a new high and the Upside-Downside Volume Line didn't. It would have kept you also on the right side of the market right to the top. © WallStreetCourier.com ADVANCE - DECLINE VOLUME LINE 25000000 23000000 21000000 19000000 17000000 15000000 13000000 11000000 DIVERGENCE 9000000 7000000 5000000 3000000 1000000 96-01-05 96-03-01 96-04-26 96-06-21 96-08-16 96-10-11 96-12-06 97-01-31 97-03-28 97-05-23 97-07-18 97-09-12 97-11-07 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-10-09 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-11-05 99-12-31 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-05-18 © WallStreetCourier.com 12000 DOW JONES WEEKLY CLOSE 11000 10000 9000 8000 DIVERGENCE 7000 6000 5000 96-01-05 96-03-01 96-04-26 96-06-21 96-08-16 96-10-11 96-12-06 97-01-31 97-03-28 97-05-23 97-07-18 97-09-12 97-11-07 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-10-09 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-11-05 99-12-31 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-05-18 Page 10
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com Upside-Downside Volume Net Difference Another method used by market technicians is to calculate the net difference between the upside- and downside volume. Daily or weekly data can be used. The net difference between upside- and downside volume is calculated weekly and the result is added. To smooth out the swings, a 10-week moving average should be applied. Below there is an example for weekly calculations: Date Adv. Volume Decl. Volume Net Difference Cumulative 0 09.06.95 673210 732827 -59617 -59617 16.06.95 943121 565840 377281 317664 23.06.95 964871 666807 298064 615728 30.06.95 674725 765076 -90351 525377 07.07.95 867512 353025 514487 1039864 14.07.95 945574 756197 189377 1229241 21.07.95 755969 1027248 -271279 957962 28.07.95 1008468 584579 423889 1381851 04.08.95 733204 703285 29919 1411770 11.08.95 565588 669580 -103992 1307778 18.08.95 796723 615752 180971 1488749 25.08.95 629338 603130 26208 1514957 01.09.95 727349 553140 174209 1689166 08.09.95 746298 418632 327666 2016832 © WallStreetCourier.com UP - DOWNVOLUME NET DIFFERENCE 1000000 500000 0 -500000 -1000000 96-01-05 96-03-01 96-04-26 96-06-21 96-08-16 96-10-11 96-12-06 97-01-31 97-03-28 97-05-23 97-07-18 97-09-12 97-11-07 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-10-09 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-11-05 99-12-31 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-05-18 Page 11
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com Advance-Decline Net Difference Another method used by market technicians is to calculate the net difference between advances and declines. Daily or weekly data can be used. The net difference between advances and declines is calculated weekly and the result is added. To smooth out the swings, a 10-week moving average is applied. Below there is an example for weekly calculations: Date Advances Declines Net Differ. Cumulative 10-Week MA 09.06.95 1269 1457 -188 -188 16.06.95 1714 975 739 551 23.06.95 1591 1148 443 1182 30.06.95 1346 1348 -2 441 07.07.95 2032 692 1340 1338 14.07.95 1507 1191 316 1656 21.07.95 894 1875 -981 -665 28.07.95 1891 845 1046 65 04.08.95 1404 1291 113 1159 11.08.95 1187 1489 -302 -189 535,0 18.08.95 1624 1043 581 279 581,7 25.08.95 1486 1176 310 891 615,7 01.09.95 1656 1011 645 955 593,0 08.09.95 1903 759 1144 1789 727,8 The chart went from extremely overbought in July 1997 to heavily oversold in September 1998: © 2000 ADVANCE - DECLINE NET DIFFERENCE 1500 1000 500 0 -500 -1000 -1500 96-01-05 96-03-01 96-04-26 96-06-21 96-08-16 96-10-11 96-12-06 97-01-31 97-03-28 97-05-23 97-07-18 97-09-12 97-11-07 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-10-09 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-11-05 99-12-31 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-05-18 Page 12
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com Global Futures Advance-Decline Index This indicator is calculated by dividing the weekly number of advances and declines by the number of total issues traded. A 10-week moving average is applied to smooth out the swings. © WallStreetCourier.com ADVANCE - DECLINE INDEX WEEKLY 0,60 0,55 ADVANCES 0,50 0,45 0,40 0,35 DECLINES 0,30 96-01-05 96-03-01 96-04-26 96-06-21 96-08-16 96-10-11 96-12-06 97-01-31 97-03-28 97-05-23 97-07-18 97-09-12 97-11-07 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-10-09 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-11-05 99-12-31 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-05-18 Global Futures Upside-Downside Volume Index This indicator is calculated by dividing the weekly upside and downside volumes by the weekly total volume. A 10-week moving average is applied to smooth out the swings. © WallStreetCourier.com UPSIDE - DOWNSIDE VOLUME INDEX WEEKLY 0,56 0,54 UPSIDE VOLUME 0,52 0,50 0,48 0,46 0,44 y 0,42 0,40 0,38 DOWNSIDE VOLUME 0,36 96-01-05 96-03-01 96-04-26 96-06-21 96-08-16 96-10-11 96-12-06 97-01-31 97-03-28 97-05-23 97-07-18 97-09-12 97-11-07 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-10-09 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-11-05 99-12-31 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-05-18 Page 13
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com Market Indicators High-Low Differential Index Like the advance-decline line, the high-low indicators produce signals when they diverge from the action of the indices like the Dow Jones or the S&P 500. It is considered unhealthy for the market climate if the indices make new highs without many stocks reaching new highs at the same time. Chart technicians use various methods to spot divergences from the major market indices. The High-Low Differential Index produces good longer term signals when it diverges from the action of the Dow over a prolonged period of time. Daily or weekly data may be used and the calculation of this indicator is very simple; just subtract the daily or weekly new lows from the new highs to get the differential and apply a moving average to smooth out the swings. If you have 479 new highs and 31 new lows on your first week, the reading of your newly created weekly High-Low Differential Index would be 448 (example below). Date Highs Lows Differential 10-week MA 09.06.95 479 31 448 16.06.95 371 42 329 23.06.95 491 56 435 30.06.95 292 42 250 07.07.95 485 29 456 14.07.95 635 36 599 21.07.95 331 50 281 28.07.95 464 43 421 04.08.95 402 42 360 11.08.95 337 47 290 387 18.08.95 338 53 285 371 25.08.95 336 46 290 367 01.09.95 397 50 347 358 08.09.95 530 31 499 383 15.09.95 664 43 621 399 Page 14
    • 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 96-01-05 -1500 -1000 -500 0 500 1000 1500 96-03-01 96-01-05 96-04-26 96-03-01 96-06-21 96-04-26 96-08-16 96-06-21 96-10-11 96-08-16 High-Low Ratio 96-12-06 96-10-11 © WallStreetCourier.com © WallStreetCourier.com 97-01-31 96-12-06 97-03-28 97-01-31 97-05-23 97-03-28 97-07-18 97-05-23 97-09-12 97-07-18 97-11-07 97-09-12 98-01-02 97-11-07 The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators 98-02-27 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-04-24 98-06-19 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-08-14 moving average should therefore be applied. 98-10-09 98-10-09 98-12-04 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-09-10 99-11-05 HIGH-LOW RATIO WEEKLY 99-11-05 99-12-31 99-12-31 HIGH-LOW DIFFERENTIAL INDEX 00-02-25 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-04-21 00-06-16 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-10-06 00-12-01 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-03-23 01-05-18 01-05-18 www.wallstreetcourier.com Page 15 there are for instance about 600 new highs and 5 new lows or vice versa. A long-period or weekly data may be used in the calculation. Readings do get sometimes very distorted if The High-Low Ratio is the number of new highs divided by the numbers of new lows. Daily
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com Global Futures High-Low Index This indicator is calculated by dividing the weekly number of highs and lows by the number of total issues traded. A 10-week moving average is applied to smooth out the swings. Like the advance-decline line, this indicator produces signals when it diverges from the action of the indices like the Dow Jones or the S&P 500. It is considered unhealthy for the market climate if the indices make new highs without many stocks reaching new highs at the same time. © WallStreetCourier.com HIGH -LOW INDEX 0,25 0,23 10- WEEK MOVING AVERAGE 0,21 0,19 HIGHS LOWS 0,17 0,15 0,13 0,11 0,09 0,07 0,05 0,03 0,01 96-01-05 96-03-01 96-04-26 96-06-21 96-08-16 96-10-11 96-12-06 97-01-31 97-03-28 97-05-23 97-07-18 97-09-12 97-11-07 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-10-09 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-11-05 99-12-31 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-05-18 Global Futures Bottom Indicator The Global Futures Bottom Indicator was developed by R. Koch of Wall Street Courier. To our knowledge there is no previous mentioning of this indicator in any financial publication. It does not appear very often but it is extremely reliable when the market is at a turning point. It prevents long-term investors from buying at the wrong time and works especially well for option traders because of its incredibly perfect timing. Unfortunately this indicator does not tell you when to sell. Set yourself a limit if you trade options, or use trailing stop-loss orders if you are a long-term investor. Page 16
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com Check BARRON`S every Monday for the weekly: • CALLS ADVANCES • CALLS DECLINES • PUTS ADVANCES • PUTS DECLINES • (CBOE MARKET REPORT) It takes you only five minutes every week to calculate the Global Futures Bottom Indicator: • Divide the number of calls advancing by the number of calls declining • Divide the number of puts declining by the number of puts advancing • Subtract the result of calls adv./decl. from the result of puts decl./adv. • Plot the difference on a chart and ignore the decimal. Example Calls Adv. Calls Decl. Unch. Puts Adv. Puts Decl. Unch. Prev.Week 23000 11000 8000 7000 25000 10000 This Week 9000 26000 6000 24000 8000 7000 You calculate as follows: 23000 : 11000 = 2,09 25000 : 7000 = 3,57 Difference = 148 (357 minus 209) 9000 : 26000 = 0,34 8000 : 24000 = 0,33 Difference = - 1 ( 33 minus 34) Date Calls Calls Calls A/D Puts Puts Puts D/A Bottom Adv. Decl. Adv. Decl. Indicator 09.06.95 12656 14215 0,89 9590 13879 1,45 56 16.06.95 17696 9818 1,80 5647 18431 3,26 146 23.06.95 14390 8550 1,68 6014 13839 2,30 62 30.06.95 10933 17902 0,61 12571 11735 0,93 32 07.07.95 21611 7779 2,78 4894 20146 4,12 134 14.07.95 17819 12190 1,46 8627 15531 1,80 34 21.07.95 9071 22844 0,40 15943 9405 0,59 19 28.07.95 18152 7554 2,40 4748 17237 3,63 123 04.08.95 11159 21092 0,53 14649 11905 0,81 28 11.08.95 13081 19336 0,68 12100 14522 1,20 52 18.08.95 19594 12741 1,54 6930 20184 2,91 137 25.08.95 9760 16547 0,59 10368 11238 1,08 49 Page 17
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com © WallStreetCourier.com THE GLOBAL FUTURES BOTTOM INDICATOR 475 425 375 325 275 225 175 125 75 25 -25 96-01-05 96-03-01 96-04-26 96-06-21 96-08-16 96-10-11 96-12-06 97-01-31 97-03-28 97-05-23 97-07-18 97-09-12 97-11-07 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-10-09 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-11-05 99-12-31 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-05-18 © WallStreetCourier.com THE GLOBAL FUTURES BOTTOM INDICATOR 50,00 40,00 30,00 20,00 BUY 10,00 0,00 -10,00 BOTTOM -20,00 96-01-05 96-03-01 96-04-26 96-06-21 96-08-16 96-10-11 96-12-06 97-01-31 97-03-28 97-05-23 97-07-18 97-09-12 97-11-07 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-10-09 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-11-05 99-12-31 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-05-18 Any zero or minus reading indicates a bottom. Since this indicator was invented and developed it only failed twice on a minus reading if compared to the Dow Jones. This was due to panic selling on August 3rd and August 24th 1990 when Saddam invaded Kuwait. • Readings between 1 and 5 are also very reliable and indicate intermediate bottoms in bull markets. • Readings up to 25 may work but should be counterchecked with other indicators such as the Global Futures Market Timing Indicator. • Readings above 600 are good breadth indicators and show you that a powerful market move on the upside is to be expected. • Ignore all other readings. Page 18
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com For your convenience there is a track record attached (377 kb) back to 1985 for you to check the value of this indicator. Plot the numbers on a chart and compare it with previous market action. Feel free to make use of our indicator if you find it useful. Feel also free to publish it as long as you mention the source and call it the Global Futures Bottom Indicator. Download the track record at http://www.wallstreetcourier.com/technician/timing- indicators/track-record.htm Cycles Cycle analysis has a long history and is also part of technical analysis. All markets appear to be subject to cyclical patterns and forces caused by economic influences and countless other factors. Stock market movements seem to take place with cyclical regularity and timing your trades to coincide with anticipated cyclical movements can be very rewarding. Wall Street Courier offers some very reliable cycles for subscribers. Large Block Index The Large Block Index is calculated from the number of upticks and downticks in large block transactions of single trades of 10 000 shares and over. An uptick is at a price higher than the last previous trade and initiated by a buyer. A downtick is at a price lower than the previous trade and initiated by a seller. The rationale behind the Large Block Index is quite simple. It measures activities and extremes in institutional sentiment and behavior. When the ratio of upticks rises to very high levels, it indicates that the institutions are buying heavily, reaching a fully invested position and therefore lowering their cash reserves. Conversely, when the ratio of downticks rises to high levels, it indicates that the institutions are selling and are raising cash. When the institutional behaviour reaches extremes, the market will turn in a contrary direction. This indicator has often signaled major reversals and has also prevented investors from plunging into the market at the wrong time. The chart below shows you this indicator on a 10-day moving average. Page 19
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com © WallStreetCourier.com THE GLOBAL FUTURES LARGE BLOCK INDEX 1,50 1,45 10-DAY MOVING AVERAGE 1,40 1,35 1,30 1,25 SELL 1,20 1,15 1,10 1,05 1,00 0,95 BUY 0,90 0,85 0,80 98-08-14 98-09-11 98-10-09 98-11-06 98-12-04 99-01-01 99-01-29 99-02-26 99-03-26 99-04-23 99-05-21 99-06-18 99-07-16 99-08-13 99-09-10 99-10-08 99-11-05 99-12-03 99-12-31 00-01-28 00-02-25 00-03-24 00-04-21 00-05-19 00-06-16 00-07-14 00-08-11 00-09-08 00-10-06 00-11-03 00-12-01 00-12-29 01-01-26 01-02-23 01-03-23 01-04-20 01-05-18 01-06-15 Short Term Trading Index (ARMS Index or TRIN) The Short Term Trading Index was invented over 30 years ago by Richard Arms and is also known as ARMS Index. It is calculated by dividing advancing issues by declining issues and advancing volume by declining volume. The first result is then divided by the latter and the result is the TRIN. If the index is above one, the average volume of stocks that fell on the NYSE was greater than the average volume of stocks that rose and vice versa. But it is most confirmative when it reaches extremes. This indicator rises sharply when the market is most depressed and selling is climaxing, and falls to very low levels during buying frenzies. Date Adv. Decl. A/D Upvol. Downvol. U/D Vol. TRIN 10- MA 13.06.01 1521 1561 0,97 384035 657357 0,58 1,67 14.06.01 927 2150 0,43 218634 997425 0,22 1,97 15.06.01 1437 1588 0,90 649006 904083 0,72 1,26 18.06.01 1309 1776 0,74 408501 682268 0,60 1,23 19.06.01 1498 1541 0,97 543321 615409 0,88 1,10 20.06.01 1823 1269 1,44 716273 610436 1,17 1,22 21.06.01 1738 1352 1,29 905813 547728 1,65 0,78 22.06.01 1243 1814 0,69 439011 722679 0,61 1,13 25.06.01 1301 1777 0,73 332607 682239 0,49 1,50 26.06.01 1778 1294 1,37 577414 605567 0,95 1,44 1,33 27.06.01 1811 1268 1,43 462680 657256 0,70 2,03 1,37 Page 20
    • 0,70 0,90 1,10 1,30 0,70 0,95 1,20 1,45 1,70 96-01-02 96-01-05 03.07.01 02.07.01 29.06.01 28.06.01 96-02-27 96-03-01 96-04-26 BUY 96-04-23 BUY 96-06-18 96-06-21 96-08-13 96-08-16 1592 1598 1938 1882 96-10-11 SELL 96-10-08 © WallStreetCourier.com © WallStreetCourier.com 96-12-03 96-12-06 97-01-28 97-01-31 97-03-25 97-03-28 97-05-20 97-05-23 1349 1468 1141 1211 97-07-15 97-07-18 97-09-09 97-09-12 97-11-04 97-11-07 SELL The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators 97-12-30 98-01-02 98-02-24 98-02-27 1,18 1,09 1,70 1,55 98-04-21 98-04-24 98-06-16 98-06-19 98-08-11 98-08-14 98-10-06 98-10-09 98-12-04 307258 694667 964950 877241 98-12-01 99-01-29 TRIN DAILY 99-01-26 99-03-23 99-03-26 99-05-21 10-DAY MOVING AVERAGE 4-WEEK MOVING AVERAGE 99-05-18 99-07-13 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-09-07 304648 399965 759013 423609 99-11-05 99-11-02 99-12-31 99-12-28 00-02-25 00-02-22 00-04-21 00-04-18 00-06-16 SHORT TERM TRADING INDEX WEEKLY (TRIN) 1,01 1,74 1,27 2,07 00-06-13 00-08-11 00-08-08 00-10-06 00-10-03 00-12-01 00-11-28 01-01-26 01-01-23 1,17 0,63 1,34 0,75 01-03-23 01-03-20 01-05-18 01-05-15 www.wallstreetcourier.com Page 21 1,20 1,19 1,25 1,24
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com Trend Indicator Why are some traders more successful than others? There are probably as many answers as there are traders out there. But you will undoubtedly agree that most of the money is being made in a trend, especially as far as options and futures are concerned. In options trading your biggest enemy by far is time. You need to have the patience and discipline to wait for a trend in the market in order to succeed on the long run. The same rule applies to any short-term oriented trader. The Global Futures Trend Index shows you clearly when to enter the market. This index is computed by dividing the daily highs by the sum of the daily highs and lows. A 10-week moving average is applied to smooth out the swings. As long as the readings of this index stay above the 80%-level there is a solid bullish trend in progress. Any weakness should be used to go long or to buy call options, preferably of stocks which are in a clear uptrend, or stock index options. Readings below 20 indicate a bearish trend. Strong days should be used to short stocks which are already weak, or to buy put options. As long as this indicator is in neutral territory don't do anything unless you are a savvy stockpicker, insider or a long-term value investor. © WallStreetCourier.com THE GLOBAL FUTURES TREND INDEX 1,00 BULLISH TREND 0,90 0,80 0,70 0,60 TRADING RANGE MARKET 0,50 0,40 0,30 0,20 BEARISH TREND 0,10 0,00 96-01-02 96-02-27 96-04-23 96-06-18 96-08-13 96-10-08 96-12-03 97-01-28 97-03-25 97-05-20 97-07-15 97-09-09 97-11-04 97-12-30 98-02-24 98-04-21 98-06-16 98-08-11 98-10-06 98-12-01 99-01-26 99-03-23 99-05-18 99-07-13 99-09-07 99-11-02 99-12-28 00-02-22 00-04-18 00-06-13 00-08-08 00-10-03 00-11-28 01-01-23 01-03-20 01-05-15 Page 22
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com CBOE Volatility Index (VIX) VIX computes volatility of four OEX contracts in two nearby months and is published daily by the CBOE. Options selected for this index are one call and one put just out of the money, and one call and one put just in the money, for each of the two front months of the OEX (S&P 100). Extremely high readings of VIX indicate bottoms and low readings tops. © VOLATILITY INDEX (VIX) WEEKLY 50 40 30 20 10 0 96-01-05 96-03-01 96-04-26 96-06-21 96-08-16 96-10-11 96-12-06 97-01-31 97-03-28 97-05-23 97-07-18 97-09-12 97-11-07 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-10-09 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-11-05 99-12-31 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-05-18 Index Options Put/Call Ratio This indicator is calculated by dividing the weekly volume of S&P 100 call options by the weekly volume of S&P 100 put options. Big call volume appears at market tops and big put volume at bottoms. But call/put ratios of the indices like OEX and SPX are distorted and clouded by arbitrage and hedging and do therefore not always reflect true investor sentiment. Page 23
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com © WallStreetCourier.com CALL/PUT RATIO OEX 4-WEEK MOVING AVERAGE 1,15 SELL 0,95 0,75 BUY 0,55 0,35 96-01-05 96-03-01 96-04-26 96-06-21 96-08-16 96-10-11 96-12-06 97-01-31 97-03-28 97-05-23 97-07-18 97-09-12 97-11-07 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-10-09 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-11-05 99-12-31 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-05-18 Call/Put Ratio This indicator is calculated by dividing the daily or weekly volume of call options by the daily or weekly volume of put options. Big call volume appears at market tops and big put volume at bottoms. Only CBOE equity options or all CBOE options should be used for this indicator. Call/put ratios of the indices like OEX and SPX are distorted and clouded by arbitrage and hedging and do therefore not always reflect true investor sentiment. The chart below shows you the weekly call/put ratio on a 4-week moving average to smooth out the swings. © WallStreetCourier.com CALL/PUT RATIO ALL CBOE OPTIONS 2,50 4-WEEK MOVING AVERAGE 2,25 SELL 2,00 1,75 1,50 1,25 BUY 1,00 96-01-05 96-03-01 96-04-26 96-06-21 96-08-16 96-10-11 96-12-06 97-01-31 97-03-28 97-05-23 97-07-18 97-09-12 97-11-07 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-10-09 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-11-05 99-12-31 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-05-18 Page 24
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com © WallStreetCourier.com CALL/PUT RATIO EQUITY OPTIONS 3,00 4-WEEK MOVING AVERAGE SELL 2,50 2,00 BUY 1,50 96-01-05 96-03-01 96-04-26 96-06-21 96-08-16 96-10-11 96-12-06 97-01-31 97-03-28 97-05-23 97-07-18 97-09-12 97-11-07 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-10-09 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-11-05 99-12-31 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-05-18 Global Futures Put/Volume Ratio The Global Futures Put/Volume Ratio is a market sentiment indicator. It is calculated by dividing the volume of CBOE equity put options by the NYSE volume on a weekly basis and is interpreted in a contrary fashion. High readings signify extreme pessimism and fear, sometimes outright panic and indicate very often bottoms. Low readings of this indicator result from the anticipation of higher prices ahead and are therefore considered bearish. It is in our opinion more affirmative than the widely used put/call ratio which has gained widespread notice. © WallStreetCourier.com THE GLOBAL FUTURES PUT/VOLUME RATIO 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 96-01-05 96-03-01 96-04-26 96-06-21 96-08-16 96-10-11 96-12-06 97-01-31 97-03-28 97-05-23 97-07-18 97-09-12 97-11-07 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-10-09 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-11-05 99-12-31 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-05-18 Page 25
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com Smart Money Flow Index The Smart Money Flow Index has long been one of the best kept secrets of Wall Street. Everybody knows the importance of a closing price and other last hour indicators like the Closing Tick, which we publish daily for free on our portal. The Smart Money Flow Index is therefore calculated by taking the action of the Dow in two time periods: the first 30 minutes and the close. The first 30 minutes represent emotional buying, driven by greed and fear of the crowd based on good and bad news. There is also a lot of buying on market orders and short covering at the opening. Smart money waits until the end and they very often test the market before by shorting heavily just to see how the market reacts. Then they move in the big way. These heavy hitters also have the best possible information available to them and they do have the edge on all the other market participants. The Smart Money Indicator is calculated like the Advance-Decline Line. You can easily do it yourself if you don't want to pay our subscription rate of $1.50 weekly (based on a 6-month membership). Just start at any given day, subtract the price of the Dow at 10 AM from the previous day's close and add today's closing price. The result is plotted on a chart, together with the closing price of the Dow only. Whenever the Dow makes a high which is not confirmed by the SMI there is trouble ahead (chart below). Watch the divergence around June 1998, February 2000 and September 2000. Watching this indicator is like being on a plane and see the pilots jumping off with parachutes. This indicator is suitable only for investors with a longer time horizon. Such investors should buy blue chips when the indicator gives a buy signal, and sell and sell short on a divergence. © WallStreetCourier.com SMART MONEY FLOW INDEX 12000 DOW JONES CLOSE Bearish Divergence 10000 Bearish Divergence 8000 SMART MONEY FLOW INDEX Bullish Divergence 6000 98-01-02 98-01-30 98-02-27 98-03-27 98-04-24 98-05-22 98-06-19 98-07-17 98-08-14 98-09-11 98-10-09 98-11-06 98-12-04 99-01-01 99-01-29 99-02-26 99-03-26 99-04-23 99-05-21 99-06-18 99-07-16 99-08-13 99-09-10 99-10-08 99-11-05 99-12-03 99-12-31 00-01-28 00-02-25 00-03-24 00-04-21 00-05-19 00-06-16 00-07-14 00-08-11 00-09-08 00-10-06 00-11-03 00-12-01 00-12-29 01-01-26 01-02-23 01-03-23 01-04-20 01-05-18 01-06-15 Page 26
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com Global Futures Timing Indicator This indicator, like the Global Futures Bottom Indicator, is unknown until now to the investment community and is not available anywhere else. To our knowledge there is no previous mentioning of this indicator in any financial publication. It was also developed by R. Koch of Wall Street Courier. The Global Futures Timing Indicator gives buy signals more often and is an excellent supplement to the Global Futures Bottom Indicator, especially when this one has readings between 6 and 25. It prevents investors from buying at the wrong time and it works also very well for option speculators and position traders because of its expert timing. Both indicators together should improve your trading substantially and will build you an estate in the years ahead. Just start buying good value stocks whenever the readings of the Global Futures Timing Indicator shrink to single digit numbers. This takes of course a lot of guts because the opinions of the widely quoted gurus are usually contrary at this time. Minus readings indicate an intermediate bottom. © WallStreetCourier.com THE GLOBAL FUTURES TIMING INDICATOR 80,00 70,00 60,00 50,00 40,00 30,00 20,00 10,00 START BUYING 0,00 INTERMEDIATE BOTTOM -10,00 -20,00 96-01-12 96-02-23 96-04-05 96-05-17 96-06-28 96-08-09 96-09-20 96-11-01 96-12-13 97-01-24 97-03-07 97-04-18 97-05-30 97-07-11 97-08-22 97-10-03 97-11-14 97-12-26 98-02-06 98-03-20 98-05-01 98-06-12 98-07-24 98-09-04 98-10-16 98-11-27 99-01-08 99-02-19 99-04-02 99-05-14 99-06-25 99-08-06 99-09-17 99-10-29 99-12-10 00-01-21 00-03-03 00-04-14 00-05-26 00-07-07 00-08-18 00-09-29 00-11-10 00-12-22 01-02-02 01-03-16 01-04-27 01-06-08 Page 27
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com Global Futures Market Timer Index The Global Futures Market Timer Index is a proprietary indicator of Global Futures and not available anywhere else. It was unknown until now to the investment community and to our knowledge there is no previous mentioning of this indicator in any financial publication. The Global Futures Market Timer Index gives buy signals when it has readings below 1,00 and sell signals above 1,20. Start buying good value stocks whenever the readings of this index fall below 1,00. This takes of course a lot of guts because the opinions of the widely quoted gurus are usually contrary at this time. Place close stops when readings go above 1,20. © THE GLOBAL FUTURES MARKET TIMER INDEX 1,40 SELL 1,20 1,00 BUY 0,80 96-01-05 96-03-01 96-04-26 96-06-21 96-08-16 96-10-11 96-12-06 97-01-31 97-03-28 97-05-23 97-07-18 97-09-12 97-11-07 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-10-09 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-11-05 99-12-31 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-05-18 Page 28
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com Global Futures Fear Indicator The Global Futures Fear Indicator is a proprietary indicator of Global Futures and not available anywhere else. It was unknown until now to the investment community and to our knowledge there is no previous mentioning of this indicator in any financial publication. The Global Futures Indicator gives buy signals when it has readings between 0 and 10. Start buying good value stocks whenever the readings of this index fall below 0. This takes of course a lot of guts because the opinions of the widely quoted gurus are usually contrary at this time. Unfortunately this indicator does not tell you when to sell. Set yourself a limit if you trade options or use trailing stop-loss orders if you are a long-term investor. © WallStreetCourier.com THE GLOBAL FUTURES FEAR INDICATOR 40,00 35,00 30,00 25,00 20,00 15,00 10,00 5,00 BUY 0,00 PANIC -5,00 96-01-05 96-03-01 96-04-26 96-06-21 96-08-16 96-10-11 96-12-06 97-01-31 97-03-28 97-05-23 97-07-18 97-09-12 97-11-07 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-10-09 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-11-05 99-12-31 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-05-18 Wall Street Courier Index The Wall Street Courier Index gives you a longer term picture of the stock market. Readings below 40 indicate a heavily oversold market which is ripe for an upturn. Readings above 50 flash a warning signal and you should use trailing stop-loss orders to protect your profits. This index serves longer-term oriented position traders very well. It is also a contrarian indicator and once again we would like to remind you that charts usually look most bullish at tops and most bearish at bottoms.This indicator has an excellent track record as you can see. Page 29
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com © WallStreetCourier.com THE WALL STREET COURIER INDEX 0,60 0,55 SELL 0,50 0,45 BUY 0,40 0,35 96-01-05 96-03-01 96-04-26 96-06-21 96-08-16 96-10-11 96-12-06 97-01-31 97-03-28 97-05-23 97-07-18 97-09-12 97-11-07 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-10-09 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-11-05 99-12-31 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-05-18 Global Futures Trading Index The Global Futures Trading Index is a proprietary indicator of Global Futures. It shows bottoms and tops in trends and should be used together with the Global Futures Trend Index for exact timing. If the market is in a clear uptrend according to our trend index, go long if the Global Futures Trading Index shows a reading below 35. The reverse is true in a downtrend. Go short or buy puts if the index gives readings of 55 or above when the Global Futures Trend Index is below 20. Cover all your shorts if the index trades below 35 in a bearish trend. Please bear in mind that this index is a contrary indicator and therefore when these signals are given, they will be most likely contrary to most of the news of the moment and the opinions of the well known and most widely quoted gurus of Wall Street. Page 30
    • 0,60 0,80 1,00 1,20 1,40 0,25 0,30 0,35 0,40 0,45 0,50 0,55 0,60 0,65 0,70 0,75 96-01-05 96-01-05 96-03-01 96-03-01 BUY SELL 96-04-26 96-04-26 96-06-21 96-06-21 96-08-16 96-08-16 96-10-11 96-10-11 © WallStreetCourier.com © WallStreetCourier.com 96-12-06 96-12-06 97-01-31 97-01-31 97-03-28 97-03-28 97-05-23 97-05-23 97-07-18 97-07-18 97-09-12 97-09-12 97-11-07 97-11-07 The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators 98-01-02 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-04-24 Global Futures Speculation Index 98-06-19 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-08-14 98-10-09 98-10-09 98-12-04 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-09-10 99-11-05 99-11-05 99-12-31 99-12-31 THE GLOBAL FUTURES TRADING INDEX 00-02-25 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-04-21 00-06-16 THE GLOBAL FUTURES SPECULATION INDEX and puts together and dividing the result by the weekly NYSE volume. 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-10-06 00-12-01 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-03-23 01-05-18 01-05-18 www.wallstreetcourier.com Page 31 This indicator is calculated by simply adding the number of the weekly CBOE equity calls
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com Program Trading Program trading is the purchase or sale of at least 15 different stocks with a total value of $1 million or more. Some of Wall Streets biggest names are the players in this game and they are among others: Merrill Lynch, Bear Stearns, First Boston, Morgan Stanley, Deutsche Bank Sec, and Nomura. There is a bullish tendency in the market whenever the Buy/Sell Ratio of program traders rises above 1,20 on a 4-week moving average. When program trading becomes excessive and accounts for more than about 25% of total volume on a 4-week moving average, the market became vulnerable in the past. © WallStreetCourier.com NYSE PROGRAM TRADING - BUY/SELL RATIO 1,80 4 - WEEK MOVING AVERAGE 1,60 1,40 1,20 1,00 0,80 0,60 96-01-05 96-03-01 96-04-26 96-06-21 96-08-16 96-10-11 96-12-06 97-01-31 97-03-28 97-05-23 97-07-18 97-09-12 97-11-07 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-10-09 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-11-05 99-12-31 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-05-18 © WallStreetCourier.com PROGRAM TRADING IN % OF NYSE VOLUME 32 4- WEEK MOVING AVERAGE 26 20 14 8 96-01-05 96-03-01 96-04-26 96-06-21 96-08-16 96-10-11 96-12-06 97-01-31 97-03-28 97-05-23 97-07-18 97-09-12 97-11-07 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-10-09 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-11-05 99-12-31 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-05-18 Page 32
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com Global Futures Time Premium Index The Global Futures Time Premium Index is a sentiment indicator. The spread between the S&P 500 cash index and the S&P futures contracts (premium) shows high readings near market tops and low readings near market bottoms. The bold red lines on the chart below show you the futures contracts with the highest and lowest premiums of the last years on a 5-day moving average for comparison (6 months until expiration). If the index (premium of the nearby S&P 500 futures contract on a 5-day moving average) moves close to the upper line or above, bullish sentiment is prevailing which is a bearish indicator. The reverse is true if the index moves near or below the lower line; it shows extreme pessimism by futures traders and indicates bottoms. © WallStreetCourier.com GLOBAL FUTURES TIME PREMIUM INDEX 50 40 30 20 10 SP U1 0 114 112 110 108 106 104 102 100 98 96 94 92 90 88 86 84 82 80 78 76 74 72 70 68 66 64 62 60 58 56 54 52 50 48 46 44 42 40 38 36 34 32 30 28 26 24 22 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 Calendar Spread A good sentiment indicator in the past has been the Calendar Spread . This is the premium spread of the two nearby S&P 500 futures contracts (for instance the difference between the June SP and September SP contracts on a 5- day moving average). It shows if futures traders are extremely bearish or bullish. When speculation peaked in June 2000 and everybody was bullish, this indicator was as high as 23! Page 33
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com © WallStreetCourier.com DAILY CALENDAR SPREAD 5- DAY MOVING AVERAGE 23 19 15 11 7 99-01-06 99-02-03 99-03-03 99-03-31 99-04-28 99-05-26 99-06-23 99-07-21 99-08-18 99-09-15 99-10-13 99-11-10 99-12-08 00-01-05 00-02-02 00-03-01 00-03-29 00-04-26 00-05-24 00-06-21 00-07-19 00-08-16 00-09-13 00-10-11 00-11-08 00-12-06 01-01-03 01-01-31 01-02-28 01-03-28 01-04-25 01-05-23 01-06-20 01-07-18 Odd-Lot Differential Index This index is simply calculated by subtracting the daily or weekly odd-lot sales from the daily or weekly odd-lot purchases. A 10-period moving average is applied to smooth out the swings. High readings appear near market tops and minus readings near bottoms. Introduced by Wall Street Courier, the Odd -Lot Differential Index indicates the market sentiment of small investors who purchase less than 100 shares of a stock. These market participants are usually wrong about the direction of the market and this indicator is therefore considered to be a contrary opinion sentiment indicator. © WallStreetCourier.com ODD-LOT DIFFERENTIAL INDEX DAILY 3000 10-DAY MOVING AVERAGE 2000 1000 0 -1000 02.01.2001 05.01.2001 10.01.2001 16.01.2001 19.01.2001 24.01.2001 29.01.2001 01.02.2001 06.02.2001 09.02.2001 14.02.2001 20.02.2001 23.02.2001 28.02.2001 05.03.2001 08.03.2001 13.03.2001 16.03.2001 21.03.2001 26.03.2001 29.03.2001 03.04.2001 06.04.2001 11.04.2001 17.04.2001 20.04.2001 25.04.2001 30.04.2001 03.05.2001 08.05.2001 11.05.2001 16.05.2001 21.05.2001 24.05.2001 30.05.2001 04.06.2001 07.06.2001 12.06.2001 15.06.2001 20.06.2001 25.06.2001 28.06.2001 Page 34
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com Short Sales Statistics The NYSE Short Interest Ratio Every short seller anticipates a declining stock market. Investors sell short stock when they anticipate its price going lower. Sooner or later they must cover their short sales by buying back the stock. A profit is made if the stock is bought back at a lower price than when it was sold short. Indicators based on short selling statistics are an important part of technical analysis. Daily and weekly short sales are reported by the NYSE and published by financial sites all over the Internet. Market technicians watch the short selling activities of all the market participants very carefully. They distinguish between the odd-lots and the general public, the so called crowd, and the well informed NYSE members, specialists, floor traders and corporate insiders. When a large amount of short selling activity is occurring, market participants obviously expect prices to head lower. The NYSE Short Interest Ratio is therefore a long-term contrary opinion sentiment indicator. It is calculated by dividing the monthly short interest figure released by the New York Stock Exchange by the average volume of trading per day. These numbers get sometimes distorted by arbitrage transactions, but the short interest ratio is nevertheless a good indicator of optimism or pessimism in the market. Short sellers are potential buyers sooner or later and represent a lot of buying power when they have to scramble for cover in a sudden market turn. Contrary indicators require at least some degree of pessimism in order to function and therefore you should watch this ratio very carefully. © WallStreetCourier.com THE NYSE SHORT INTEREST RATIO 8 6 4 2 Jan96 Mar96 May96 Jul.96 Sep.96 Nov.96 Jan97 Mar97 May97 Jul.97 Sep.97 Nov.97 Jan98 Mar98 May98 Jul.98 Sep.98 Nov.98 Jan99 Mar99 May99 Jul.99 Sep.99 Nov.99 Jan00 Mar00 May00 Jul.00 Sep.00 Nov.00 Jan01 Mar 01 May 01 Page 35
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com Odd-Lot Short Sales Ratio The Odd-Lot Short Sales Ratio is calculated by dividing odd-lot short sales by the total number of short sales. For stocks, the generally accepted unit of trading is 100 shares (round lot). The Odd -Lot Short Ratio indicates the market sentiment of small investors who purchase less than 100 shares of a stock (odd-lot). These market participants are usually wrong about the direction of the market and this indicator is therefore considered to be a contrary opinion sentiment indicator. © WallStreetCourier.com ODD-LOT SHORT SALES RATIO 0,00045 0,0004 BUY 0,00035 0,0003 0,00025 0,0002 SELL 0,00015 96-01-05 96-03-01 96-04-26 96-06-21 96-08-16 96-10-11 96-12-06 97-01-31 97-03-28 97-05-23 97-07-18 97-09-12 97-11-07 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-10-09 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-11-05 99-12-31 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-05-18 01-07-13 Floor Traders Short Sales Ratio The Floor Traders Short Sales Ratio is computed by dividing the total floor traders short sales by total short sales. A moving average should be applied to smooth out the swings. Floor traders are normally right about the trend of the market and if they are shorting heavily the market is usually ripe for a correction. On the other hand, if they are doing relatively little shorting it is most likely that the market has hit bottom, especially if public- and odd-lot short sales increase at the same time. Page 36
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com © WallStreetCourier.com FLOOR TRADERS SHORT SALES RATIO 0,00165 0,00145 0,00125 0,00105 0,00085 0,00065 0,00045 0,00025 96-01-05 96-03-01 96-04-26 96-06-21 96-08-16 96-10-11 96-12-06 97-01-31 97-03-28 97-05-23 97-07-18 97-09-12 97-11-07 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-10-09 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-11-05 99-12-31 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-05-18 Specialist Short Sales Ratio Specialists are responsible for balancing incoming buy and sell orders to maintain orderly markets in the stocks in which they specialize. The Specialist Short Sales Ratio is computed by dividing the total specialist short sales by total short sales. A moving average should be applied to smooth out the swings. Specialists are normally right about the trend of the market and if they are shorting heavily the market is usually ripe for a correction. On the other hand, if they are doing relatively little shorting it is most likely that the market has hit bottom, especially if public- and odd-lot short sales increase at the same time. © WallStreetCourier.com SPECIALISTS SHORT SALES RATIO 0,60 0,55 0,50 0,45 0,40 0,35 0,30 96-01-05 96-03-01 96-04-26 96-06-21 96-08-16 96-10-11 96-12-06 97-01-31 97-03-28 97-05-23 97-07-18 97-09-12 97-11-07 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-10-09 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-11-05 99-12-31 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-05-18 Page 37
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com NYSE Member Short Sales Ratio The NYSE Members Report is compiled by the SEC and issued about two weeks after the applicable date. This indicator is a useful tool to determine what the experts are doing. The NYSE Member Short Sales Ratio is computed by dividing the total member short sales by total short sales. A moving average should be applied to smooth out the swings. Members of the NYSE are professionals and normally right about the trend of the market. If they are shorting heavily the market is usually ripe for a correction. On the other hand, if they are doing relatively little shorting it is most likely that the market has hit bottom, especially if public- and odd-lot short sales increase at the same time. © WallStreetCourier.com NYSE MEMBER SHORT SALES RATIO 0,65 0,6 0,55 0,5 0,45 96-01-05 96-03-01 96-04-26 96-06-21 96-08-16 96-10-11 96-12-06 97-01-31 97-03-28 97-05-23 97-07-18 97-09-12 97-11-07 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-10-09 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-11-05 99-12-31 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-05-18 Public Short Sales Ratio The NYSE Members Report is compiled by the SEC and issued about two weeks after the applicable date. This indicator is a useful tool to determine what the public or the so called crowd is doing. The Public Short Sales Ratio is computed by dividing the total public short sales by total short sales. A moving average should be applied to smooth out the swings. The public is usually wrong about the trend of the market. If they are shorting heavily the market is usually ripe for an upturn. On the other hand, if they are doing relatively little shorting it is most likely that the market is near a correction, especially if specialists short sales increase at the same time. Page 38
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com © PUBLIC SHORT SALES RATIO 0,55 0,5 0,45 0,4 0,35 96-01-05 96-03-01 96-04-26 96-06-21 96-08-16 96-10-11 96-12-06 97-01-31 97-03-28 97-05-23 97-07-18 97-09-12 97-11-07 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-10-09 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-11-05 99-12-31 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-05-18 Odd-Lot Balance Index This index is calculated by dividing daily or weekly odd-lot purchases by odd-lot sales. For stocks, the generally accepted unit of trading is 100 shares (round lot). The Odd - Lot Balance Index indicates the market sentiment of small investors who purchase less than 100 shares of a stock (odd-lot). These market participants are usually wrong about the direction of the market and this indicator is therefore considered to be a contrary opinion sentiment indicator. © WallStreetCourier.com ODD-LOT BALANCE INDEX DAILY 1,80 10-DAY MOVING AVERAGE 1,60 SELL 1,40 1,20 1,00 BUY 0,80 31.10.2000 07.11.2000 14.11.2000 21.11.2000 29.11.2000 06.12.2000 13.12.2000 20.12.2000 28.12.2000 05.01.2001 12.01.2001 22.01.2001 29.01.2001 05.02.2001 12.02.2001 20.02.2001 27.02.2001 06.03.2001 13.03.2001 20.03.2001 27.03.2001 03.04.2001 10.04.2001 18.04.2001 25.04.2001 02.05.2001 09.05.2001 16.05.2001 23.05.2001 31.05.2001 07.06.2001 14.06.2001 21.06.2001 28.06.2001 06.07.2001 13.07.2001 20.07.2001 27.07.2001 03.08.2001 10.08.2001 17.08.2001 Page 39
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com Odd-Lot/Floor Trader Short Sales Ratio This index is calculated by dividing the weekly odd-lot short sales by the weekly short sales by floor traders for better comparison. Introduced by Wall Street Courier, the Odd -Lot Short/Floor Trader Short Ratio indicates the market sentiment of small investors who purchase less than 100 shares of a stock (odd-lot). Unlike the more sophisticated floor traders, the odd-lotters are usually wrong about the direction of the market and this indicator is therefore considered to be a contrary opinion sentiment indicator. © WallStreetCourier.com ODD-LOT /FLOOR TRADERS SHORT SALES RATIO 0,95 0,90 BUY 0,85 0,80 0,75 0,70 0,65 SELL 0,60 96-01-05 96-03-01 96-04-26 96-06-21 96-08-16 96-10-11 96-12-06 97-01-31 97-03-28 97-05-23 97-07-18 97-09-12 97-11-07 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-10-09 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-11-05 99-12-31 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-05-18 Global Futures Odd-Lot/Specialist Short Sales Ratio This index is calculated by dividing the weekly odd-lot short sales by the weekly specialists short sales for better comparison. A 4-week moving average is applied to smooth out the swings. Unlike the well informed specialists, the odd-lotters are usually wrong about the direction of the market and this indicator is therefore considered to be a contrary opinion sentiment indicator. High readings indicate heavy shorting by odd-lot investors and therefore bottoms, extremely low readings tops. Page 40
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com © WallStreetCourier.com ODD-LOT/SPECIALISTS SHORT SALES RATIO 0,0145 0,0115 BULLISH 0,0085 0,0055 BEARISH 0,0025 96-01-05 96-03-01 96-04-26 96-06-21 96-08-16 96-10-11 96-12-06 97-01-31 97-03-28 97-05-23 97-07-18 97-09-12 97-11-07 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-10-09 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-11-05 99-12-31 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-05-18 Global Futures Public/Member Short Sales Ratio This index is calculated by dividing the weekly public short sales by the weekly member short sales for better comparison. A 4-week moving average is applied to smooth out the swings. Members of the NYSE are professionals and normally right about the trend of the market. If they are doing relatively little shorting it is most likely that the market has hit bottom, especially if public short sales increase at the same time. High readings indicate heavy shorting by the public (the so called crowd) and therefore bottoms, low readings indicate tops. © WallStreetCourier.com PUBLIC/MEMBER SHORT SALES RATIO 1,20 1,00 BULLISH 0,80 BEARISH 0,60 96-01-05 96-03-01 96-04-26 96-06-21 96-08-16 96-10-11 96-12-06 97-01-31 97-03-28 97-05-23 97-07-18 97-09-12 97-11-07 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-10-09 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-11-05 99-12-31 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-05-18 Page 41
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com Public/Specialists Short Sales Ratio The Specialist/Public Short Sales Ratio is a market sentiment indicator. It is calculated by dividing the volume of the weekly short sales made by the public (non members) by the weekly short sales made by stock exchange specialists (members). A 4- week moving average is applied to smooth out the swings. The public is usually wrong about the trend of the market. If they are shorting heavily the market is usually ripe for an upturn. On the other hand, if they are doing relatively little shorting it is most likely that the market is near a correction, especially if specialists short sales increase at the same time. High readings indicate heavy shorting by the public (the so called crowd) and therefore bottoms, low readings indicate tops. © WallStreetCourier.com PUBLIC/SPECIALISTS SHORT SALES RATIO 1,90 1,50 BULLISH 1,10 BEARISH 0,70 96-01-05 96-03-01 96-04-26 96-06-21 96-08-16 96-10-11 96-12-06 97-01-31 97-03-28 97-05-23 97-07-18 97-09-12 97-11-07 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-10-09 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-11-05 99-12-31 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-05-18 Page 42
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com Global Futures NYSE Member Trading Indicator The NYSE Members Report is compiled by the SEC and issued about two weeks after the applicable date. This indicator is a useful tool to determine what the experts are doing. If specialists, floor traders and other members of the New York Stock Exchange are shorting heavily the market is usually ripe for a correction. On the other hand, if they are doing relatively little shorting it is most likely that the market has hit bottom, especially if public- and odd-lot short sales increase at the same time. Even if data are not quite up-to date, they are nevertheless an excellent indicator of the prevailing sentiment in the market. The formula of the Global Futures NYSE Member Trading Indicator is proprietary and we also use special moving averages to push the tops and bottoms forward an extra two weeks or so. © WallStreetCourier.com THE NYSE MEMBER TRADING INDICATOR 0,07 0,05 BEARISH 0,03 0,01 -0,01 -0,03 -0,05 BULLISH -0,07 -0,09 96-01-05 96-03-01 96-04-26 96-06-21 96-08-16 96-10-11 96-12-06 97-01-31 97-03-28 97-05-23 97-07-18 97-09-12 97-11-07 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-10-09 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-11-05 99-12-31 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-05-18 Page 43
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com Sentiment Indicators Investor Sentiment The principles of Contrarian Investing hold that when the vast majority of people agree on anything, they are generally wrong. Otherwise no market would function because there is simply no minority with money enough to make a majority rich. A true contrarian, therefore, will first try to determine what the majority are doing and then will act in the opposite direction. Market Vane, AAII and Investors Intelligence are all contrary opinion indicators. A unique feature of Market Vane's Bullish Consensus numbers is a weighting formula applied to the various market letters. More weight is given to letters with a larger following and less weight to those with fewer readers. Each week a poll of market letters is taken to determine the degree of bullishness or bearishness among futures professionals. The theory is that when a significant number of participants are bullish, they are already positioned on the long side and there is little potential buying power left. If most participants are bearish, selling pressure has reached an extreme and prices will reverse to the upside. © WallStreetCourier.com BULL/BEAR RATIO MARKET VANE 80 10-WEEK MOVING AVERAGE SELL 60 40 BUY 20 96-01-05 96-03-01 96-04-26 96-06-21 96-08-16 96-10-11 96-12-06 97-01-31 97-03-28 97-05-23 97-07-18 97-09-12 97-11-07 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-10-09 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-11-05 99-12-31 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-05-18 01-07-13 Thanks to the Internet, the American Association of Individual Investors (AAII) now polls its 170,000 members daily. Respondents indicate how they feel about the Page 44
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com market's performance in the next six months. The chart below shows the number of bulls divided by the number of bears. A 10-week moving average is applied to smooth out the swings. High readings appear near market tops and low readings near bottoms. © WallStreetCourier.com 4,10 BULL/BEAR RATIO AAII 10-WEEK MOVING AVERAGE 3,60 SELL 3,10 2,60 2,10 1,60 BUY 1,10 0,60 96-01-05 96-03-01 96-04-26 96-06-21 96-08-16 96-10-11 96-12-06 97-01-31 97-03-28 97-05-23 97-07-18 97-09-12 97-11-07 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-10-09 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-11-05 99-12-31 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-05-18 Since 1963, Investors Intelligence has been compiling data on the opinions of publishers of market letters. They conduct a weekly poll of about 130 market newsletter writers and calculate the percentage who are bullish, bearish or expecting a short-term correction. The resulting index shows that the advisory services follow the trend of equity prices by becoming most bullish near market tops and most bearish around market bottoms. © WallStreetCourier.com 2,40 BULL/BEAR RATIO INVESTORS INTELLIGENCE 10-WEEK MOVING AVERAGE SELL 2,00 1,60 1,20 BUY 0,80 96-01-05 96-03-01 96-04-26 96-06-21 96-08-16 96-10-11 96-12-06 97-01-31 97-03-28 97-05-23 97-07-18 97-09-12 97-11-07 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-10-09 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-09-10 99-11-05 99-12-31 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-05-18 Page 45
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com Commitments of Traders Report The Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) provides inside information about purchases and sales of futures contracts. The largest players in each market are required to disclose their positions to the CFTC on a daily basis and this report is released weekly on Friday afternoon (the reporting requirement varies by commodity). These traders are separated into Commercial Hedgers and Large Speculators. The positions of Small Traders are calculated by subtracting the total of contracts held by the reporting groups from all the contracts outstanding (Small Traders are not required to report their positions). Commercial Hedgers hold a significant informational edge over other traders as far as fundamental supply-and-demand statistics are concerned. They tend to be early, but they are usually right on the long run, quite contrary to the small traders. Extreme divergences in long and short positions of Small Traders, Large Speculators and Commercial Hedgers have proven to be reliable indicators of important trend changes. In such cases it is not advisable to bet against the Commercial Hedgers. All other patterns are meaningless. The following charts show you the positions of these three groups of market participants. A 10-week moving average is applied to smooth out the swings. Three different charts are available for each commodity: • Short positions of all market participants (Large Speculators, Commercial Hedgers, Small Traders) on a percentage basis. • Short positions of Small Traders only. Significant changes in those numbers give you an insight about prevailing sentiment.. • The Long/Short Ratio of Small Traders. This chart is computed by dividing the long and short positions of Small Traders. High readings indicate heavy buying by Small Traders which is bearish. Page 46
    • 0,60 0,80 1,00 1,20 1,40 1,60 1,80 2,00 0,15 0,20 0,25 0,30 0,35 0,40 0,00 0,10 0,20 0,30 0,40 0,50 0,60 0,70 96-01-02 96-01-02 96-11-26 96-02-27 96-02-27 97-01-21 96-04-23 96-04-23 BUY 97-03-18 SELL BUY SELL 96-06-18 96-06-18 97-05-13 96-08-13 96-08-13 96-10-08 96-10-08 97-07-08 © WallStreetCourier.com © WallStreetCourier.com © WallStreetCourier.com 96-12-03 96-12-03 97-09-02 97-01-28 97-01-28 97-10-28 97-03-25 97-03-25 97-12-23 97-05-20 97-05-20 98-02-17 LARGE SPECULATOR 97-07-15 97-07-15 97-09-09 97-09-09 98-04-14 97-11-04 97-11-04 98-06-09 The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators 97-12-30 97-12-30 98-08-04 98-02-24 98-02-24 98-09-29 98-04-21 98-04-21 98-11-24 98-06-16 98-06-16 98-08-11 98-08-11 99-01-19 SMALL TRADER 98-10-06 98-10-06 99-03-16 98-12-01 98-12-01 99-05-11 99-01-26 99-01-26 99-07-06 99-03-23 99-03-23 99-08-31 99-05-18 99-05-18 10-WEEK MOVING AVERAGE 99-07-13 99-07-13 99-10-26 COMMERCIAL HEDGER 99-09-07 99-09-07 99-12-21 99-11-02 99-11-02 00-02-15 SOYBEANS - SHORT POSITIONS 99-12-28 99-12-28 00-04-11 00-02-22 00-02-22 00-06-06 00-04-18 00-04-18 00-06-13 00-06-13 00-08-01 SOYBEANS - SMALL TRADERS SHORT POSITION 00-08-08 00-08-08 00-09-26 SOYBEANS - SMALL TRADERS LONG/SHORT RATIO 00-10-03 00-10-03 00-11-21 00-11-28 00-11-28 01-01-16 01-01-23 01-01-23 01-03-13 01-03-20 01-03-20 01-05-08 01-05-15 01-05-15 01-07-10 01-07-10 01-07-03 www.wallstreetcourier.com Page 47
    • 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000 11000 12000 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 96-01-05 96-01-05 96-03-01 96-03-01 96-04-26 96-04-26 Appendix 96-06-21 96-06-21 96-08-16 96-08-16 © WallStreetCourier.com 96-10-11 96-10-11 © WallStreetCourier.com 96-12-06 96-12-06 97-01-31 97-01-31 97-03-28 97-03-28 97-05-23 97-05-23 S&P 500 Weekly Close 97-07-18 97-07-18 97-09-12 Dow Jones Weekly Close 97-09-12 97-11-07 97-11-07 98-01-02 The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators 98-01-02 98-02-27 98-02-27 98-04-24 98-04-24 98-06-19 98-06-19 98-08-14 98-08-14 98-10-09 98-10-09 98-12-04 98-12-04 99-01-29 99-01-29 99-03-26 99-03-26 99-05-21 99-05-21 99-07-16 99-07-16 99-09-10 DOW JONES WEEKLY CLOSE S & P 500 WEEKLY CLOSE 99-09-10 99-11-05 99-11-05 99-12-31 99-12-31 00-02-25 00-02-25 00-04-21 00-04-21 00-06-16 00-06-16 00-08-11 00-08-11 00-10-06 00-10-06 00-12-01 00-12-01 01-01-26 01-01-26 01-03-23 01-03-23 01-05-18 01-05-18 www.wallstreetcourier.com Page 48 our e-book. You will therefore easily be able you to verify the reliability of each indicator. The enclosed charts of the indices have exactly the same time span as the charts in
    • The E-Book of Technical Market Indicators www.wallstreetcourier.com Risk Statement HYPOTHETICAL PERFORMANCE RESULTS HAVE MANY INHERENT LIMITATIONS, SOME OF WHICH ARE DESCRIBED BELOW. NO REPRESENTATION IS BEING MADE THAT ANY ACCOUNT WILL OR IS LIKELY TO ACHIEVE PROFITS OR LOSSES SIMILAR TO THOSE SHOWN. IN FACT, THERE ARE FREQUENTLY SHARP DIFFERENCES BETWEEN HYPOTHETICAL PERFORMANCE RESULTS AND THE ACTUAL RESULTS SUBSEQUENTLY ACHIEVED BY ANY PARTICULAR TRADING PROGRAM. ONE OF THE LIMITATIONS OF HYPOTHETICAL PERFORMANCE RESULTS IS THAT THEY ARE GENERALLY PREPARED WITH THE BENEFIT OF HINDSIGHT. IN ADDITION, HYPOTHETICAL TRADING DOES NOT INVOLVE FINANCIAL RISK, AND NO HYPOTHETICAL TRADING RECORD CAN COMPLETELY ACCOUNT FOR THE IMPACT OF FINANCIAL RISK IN ACTUAL TRADING. FOR EXAMPLE, THE ABILITY TO WITHSTAND LOSSES OR TO ADHERE TO A PARTICULAR TRADING PROGRAM IN SPITE OF TRADING LOSSES ARE MATERIAL POINTS WHICH CAN ALSO ADVERSELY AFFECT ACTUAL TRADING RESULTS. THERE ARE NUMEROUS OTHER FACTORS RELATED TO THE MARKETS IN GENERAL OR TO THE IMPLEMENTATION OF ANY SPECIFIC TRADING PROGRAM WHICH CANNOT BE FULLY ACCOUNTED FOR IN THE PREPARATION OF HYPOTHETICAL PERFORMANCE RESULTS AND ALL OF WHICH CAN ADVERSELY AFFECT ACTUAL TRADING RESULTS.” TRADING IN COMMODITY FUTURES OR OPTIONS INVOLVES SUBSTANTIAL RISK OF LOSS. THIS RISK STATEMENT APPLIES TO ANY ILLUSTRATION OF PROFIT AND LOSS CONTAINED WITHIN THIS PUBLICATION. IT SHOULD ALSO BE NOTED THAT STOP LOSS ORDERS DO NOT NECESSARILY LIMIT LOSSES OR LOCK IN PROFITS. DEPENDING UPON MARKET CONDITIONS, STOP LOSS ORDERS MAY BE EXECUTED AT PRICES SUBSTANTIALLY BELOW OR ABOVE THE SPECIFIED STOP PRICE. Page 49