Af & sd gs wca3 address feb 2014


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  • Over 17 countries across the African content, and many more around the world as you can hear about this week, have some form of EverGreen Agriculture present, be it from FMNR, planting or a mixture of both. Most of these countries also have the presence and collaboration of NGO’s and development organisations such as GIZ present.
    Accelerate the ongoing national scaling-up programmes in Malawi, Zambia, Burkina Faso and Niger
    National Agroforestry Food Security Programmes being developed for India, Senegal, Ethiopia, Rwanda, and Kenya
    Preparatory work for new programmes under way in Tanzania, Mali, and 12 other countries
    National policy commitments in Kenya - >10% tree cover on agricultural land
    Ethiopia – 100 mill Faidherbia trees in Ag land - National Faidherbia albida programme.
  • International and regional development organisations
    - While Worldvision is one of our most important partners, we are also speaking to the Catholic relief service amoung other organisations
    Governments and Policy
    International and Regional Research organisations
    Farmers and agricultural groups
    Private Sector
    Civil Society
  • Our approach to try to facilitate the removal of such barriers, and in so doing to allow the science to reach development outcomes, is through the EverGreen Agriclture Partnership. The Partnership involves working with a range of stakeholders from various different communities, from policy makers and national governments to farmer groups to the private sector. Each of these partners has their own contributions to make in supporting the scaling up of EverGreen Agriculture. As you can see the research community is also there, both as a partner to share technical advice and input with other development partners, but also to learn of the needs and questions that still exist.
    But what does this partnership actually do? Well, as part of the ITAACC pilot project, we have a range of activities underway, such as:
    the development of awareness raising and extension and training materials
    The development of models for youth based agribusinesses supporting EverGreen Agriculture (both at inputs and outputs)
    Providing training opportunities to government and non government extensionists working with farmers
    Liason with national governments on policies and strategies related to the use of trees on farms.
    Review of curriculum and development of teaching materials on EGA for use in university courses.
    Raising awareness and
  • Af & sd gs wca3 address feb 2014

    1. 1. Agroforestry in the Era of the Sustainable Development Goals…and Beyond Dennis Garrity
    2. 2. Sustainable Development Goals • Food security • Poverty eradication • Health • Gender equity • Universal Education • Reversing land degradation • Climate change resilience • Biodiversity conservation • Energy for all
    3. 3. Trend in non-climate related net primary productivity 1981–2006. Conijn et al 2013. New post-2015 Sustainable Development Goal: Zero Net Land Degradation by 2030
    4. 4. Five million hectares of croplands now dominated by fertilizer-fodder-fuewood trees in Niger
    5. 5. A Parkland Renaissance on Niger farmlands
    6. 6. A Desertifying Landscape Southern Niger in the 1980s
    7. 7. The albida halo effect • Microclimate buffering • Soil fertility improvement
    8. 8. Microclimatic variation: Crop Canopy Temperature
    9. 9. African farmers have shown us the way to successfully integrate trees into cropping systems: When will we catch up and fully deploy their insights?
    10. 10. Evergreen agriculture with Faidherbia albida in Zambia.
    11. 11. FaidherbiaGliricidia Maize stubble Faidherbi a Gliricidia Maize DRY SEASON WET SEASON Fertilizer-Fodder-Fuelwood Trees in Food Crop Production Systems
    12. 12. EverGreen Agriculture Connecting with the Hard-Core Aggies to Transform Food Crop Production Systems
    13. 13. Guess who said this: “Some people say ‘Give the customers what they want.’ But that’s not my approach. Our job is to figure out what they’re going to want before they do. “Henry Ford once said ‘If I’d asked customers what they wanted they would have said ‘A faster horse.’
    14. 14. “People don’t know what they want until you show it to them. “That’s why I never rely on market research. Our task is to read things thatn are not yet on the page.”
    15. 15. “People don’t know what they want until you show it to them. “That’s why I never rely on market research. Our task is to read things thatn are not yet on the page.” -- Steve Jobs
    16. 16. Wheat production with walnut trees France
    17. 17. Types of Evergreen Agriculture 1. Farmer-Managed Natural Regeneration (FMNR) on cropland 2. Conservation agriculture with trees (CAWT) 3. Conventional food crop production interplanted with trees
    18. 18. Major agroforestry regions in West Africa and directions of expansion
    19. 19. 17 Countries engaged in EverGreen Agriculture in Africa Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration Conservation Agriculture with trees Trees interplanted in conventional tilled cropland Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration + Trees interplanted in conventional tilled cropland
    20. 20. EverGreen Agriculture Partnership
    21. 21. What do we need to do to fully mobilize for the upcoming global revolution in agroforestry upscaling? • Urgent need to map agroforestry across the world at global, regional, and national scales • Create a Global Agroforestry Assessment based on national assessments • Develop a global plan to upscale agroforestry • Staff up in linking agroforestry science to
    22. 22. The Perennialization of Agriculture … at the heart of a truly sustainable planet.
    23. 23. The Holy Grail of Agroforestry Genomics: Identifying and Manipulating the Genes for Reverse Phenology
    24. 24. Total Global Emissions are accelerating …but land-based emissions are declining Land-use change black line: Includes management-climate interactions Source: Le Quéré et al. 2012; Global Carbon Project 2012
    25. 25. The Perennialization of Agriculture … at the heart of a truly sustainable planet.
    26. 26. The Perennialization of Agriculture … at the heart of a truly sustainable planet.
    27. 27. For More Information World Agroforestry Centre Evergreen Agriculture web site Email contacts:
    28. 28. Channels for Reducing Vulnerability 1. Buffer crop production from drought stress -- Sustain higher and more stable yields by more favorable microclimate -- Conserve and enhance soil organic matter, infiltration and water holding capacity 2. Tree crops generally less severely affected by drought, heat, excess water 3. Greater diversity of income sources
    29. 29. Farmer-Managed Natural Regeneration on crop fields: Initial Stages
    30. 30. A Parkland Renaissance on Niger farmlands
    31. 31. The albida halo effect • Microclimate buffering • Soil fertility improvement
    32. 32. Zero Net Land Degradation Classify all land into three categories: – Degrading – Regenerating – Stable Monitor land degradation and regeneration in terms of biomass production. Calculate the ratio: Regenerating/Degrading The target is a ratio exceeding 1.0
    33. 33. What is Evergreen Agriculture? A form of more intensive farming that integrates trees into crop and livestock production systems. Evergreen farming systems are ‘double- story’ systems that feature both perennial and annual species (food crops and trees), maintaining a green cover on the land throughout the year.
    34. 34. Wheat production with Paulownia trees > 3 m hectares in China
    35. 35. Training for farmer groups curricula material for universities and technical colleges improved Improved government policies Improved technical capacity of extension and government scaling up efforts Improved communications and awareness Provision of products and services by the Private sector Technical and institutional capacity built to support spread of EverGreen Agriculture Collaboration between organisations supporting EverGreen Agriculture EverGreen Agriculture PartnershipEverGreen Agriculture Partnership