Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
English tenses
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Saving this for later?

Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime - even offline.

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

English tenses

2,367
views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
2,367
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
177
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Present Simple TensePresent Continous TensePresent Perfect TensePresent Perfect Continous TensePast Simple TensePast Continous TensePast Perfect TensePast Perfect Continous TenseFuture Simple TenseFuture Continous TenseFuture Perfect TenseFuture Perfect Continous TensePast Future Simple TensePast Future Continous TensePast Future Perfect Tense
  • 2. Present Simple Tense is used to :a. Express the activities that always repeated/habitual action.Example : -I always get up at 5 o’ clock every morning.-We go to school on foot everyday.-They study for two hours every night.b.Express an action which tell us a general truth.Example : -The sun rises in the east.-The earth goes around the sun.-The world is round.c. An events that are scheduled at times that will come.Example :-The festival starts at seven o’ clock next Sunday.-What time do you go to Japan?
  • 3. • First Formula :a.Positive (+): Subject + Base verb (s/es) + Object/Complementb.Negative (-) : Subject + Do/Does + Not + Base verb + Object/Complementc.Interrogative (?) : Do/Does + Subject + Base verb + Object/Complement*Example : (+) He speaks English every day.(-) He does not speak English every day.(?) Does he speak English every day?• Second Formula :a.Positive (+) : Subject + Is/Am/Are + Object/Complementb.Negative (-) : Subject + Is/Am/Are + Not + Object/Complementc.Interrogative (?) : Is/Am/Are + Subject + Object/Complement*Example : (+) You are a high school student.(-) You are not a high school student.(?) Are you a high school student?NOTE! Subject Plural : (I,You,They,We) We used base verb without adding s/es. Subject Singular : (He,She,It) We used base verb with adding s/es. He = Boy, She = Girl, It =Things and animals.FORMULA AND NOTE
  • 4. Present Continous Tense is used to :a.Express the events that was taking place at this time.Example : -They are playing chess now.-She is reading a novel at the moment.b. Talk activities or used to express something definitely and clearly be done in thefuture time.Example : -I am going to enter college next year.-We are waiting for you tomorrow.c. Declare events that are being developed at the time and the event is unlimited.Example : -The prices are going up.-The weather is getting warmer.
  • 5. • Formula:a.Positive (+) : Subject + Is/Am/Are + Present participle + Object/Complementb.Negative (-) : Subject + Is/Am/Are + Present participle + Object/Complementc.Interrogative (?) : Is/Am/Are + Subject + Present participle +Object/Complement*Example : (+) I am speaking Mandarin.(-) I am not speaking Mandarin.(?) Am i speaking Mandarin?NOTE! Present participle is :Base verb + ingExample : Jump – JumpingPlay – PlayingTalk –Talking For I used am For He,She,It used is For You,We,They used areExample : I am a girl.He is naughty.We are twins.FORMULA AND NOTE
  • 6. Present perfect Tense is used to :a.Declare an activities that have been completed within the time is not specified in thepast and it is still felt to this day.Example : -I have finished my work and now i am very tired.-She has lost her book and she hasn’t bought it yet.b. Declare the activity or event that started in the past and still continues to this dayby using the information of the time that tell the activity begin.Example : -They have lived in Padang since 1998.-He has been in the bus station for half an hour.c. Declare the activity or event that started in the past time and ended speaking nowby using time information.Example : -We have already finished the painting.-You have just completed the assignment.
  • 7. FORMULA AND NOTE• First Formulaa.Positive (+) : Subject + Have/Has + Past participle + Object/Complementb.Negative (-) : Subject + Have/Has + Not + Past pariciple + Object/Complementc.Interrogative (?) : Have/Has + Subject + Past participle + Object/Complement*Example : (+) She has written a novel.(-) She has not written a novel.(?) Has she witten a novel?• Second Formulaa.Positive (+) : Subject + Have/Has + Been + Object/Complementb.Negative (-) : Subject + Have/Has + Not + Been + Object/Complementc.Interrogative (?) : Have/Has + Subject + Been + Object/Complement*Example : (+) You have been in college since last year.(-) You have not been in college since last year.(?) Have you been in college since last year?• NOTE! Subject Plural : (I,You,We,They) used Have Subject Singular : (He,She,It) used Has
  • 8. Present Perfect Continous Tense is used to:a. Declare the activity that started in the past and still continues to this day byusing time information.Example : -We have been studying English since last semester up to now.-She has been writting letter for an hour.b. Declare an event which has been going on by using time information.Example : -They have been living in Denpasar since 1999.-Allan has been washing the car for quarter an hour.-How long have we been practicing the dialogue?
  • 9. FORMULA AND NOTE• Formulaa.Positive (+) : Subject + Have/Has + been + Present participle + Object/Complementb.Negative (-) : Subject + Have/Has + Not + Been + Present participle + Object/Complementc.Interrogative (?) : Have/Has + Subject + Been + Present participle + Object/Complement*Example : (+) She has been playing chess for half an hour.(-) She has not been playing chess for half an hour.(?) Has she been playing chess for half an hour?NOTE!Subject Plural : (I,You,We,They) used HaveSubject Singular : (He,She,It) used Has
  • 10. Past Simple Tense is used to :a. Express the activities or events that occurred duringthe past time by using the time information.Example : -We played basketball last week.-She wrote a letter an hour ago.b. Express the activity that occurred during past timewithout a clear description of time.Example : -We did not play chess.-She wrote a novel.
  • 11. FORMULA AND NOTE• First Formulaa.Positive (+) : Subject + Past verb + Object/Complementb.Negative (-) : Subject + Did+ Not + Base verb + Object/Complementc.Interrogative (?) : Did + Subject + Base verb + Object/Complement*Example : (+) I bought a bike yesterday.(-) I did not buy a bike yesterday.(?) Did i buy a bike yesterday?• Second Formulaa.Positive (+) : Subject + Was/Were + Object/Complementb.Negative (-) : Subject + Was/Were + Not + Object/Complementc.Interrogative (?) : Was/Were + Subject + Object/Complement*Example : (+) We were high school students last year.(-) We were not high school students last year.(?) Were we high school students last year?NOTE! I can be used Was or Were He,She itu used Was You,We,They used Were
  • 12. Past Continous Tense is used to :a. Declare the ongoing activity when another activity occurs in time past byusing time information.Example : -We were playing football when we saw our new English teacherlast week-She felt asleep while she was doing her homework last night.b. Declare the ongoing activity in the past by using information that is not atime specific.Example : -We were painting the fence at this time last week.-He was washing his car at the moment.
  • 13. FORMULA AND NOTE• Formulaa.Positive (+) : Subject + Was/Were + Present participle + Object/Complementb.Negative (-) : Subject + Was/Were + Not + Present participle +Object/Complementc.Interrogative (?) : Was/Were + Subject + Present participle +Object/Complement*Example : (+) He was reading a magazine.(-) He was not reading a magazine.(?) Was he reading a magazine?NOTE!Subject Plural : (I,You,We,They) used WereSubject Singular : (He,She,It) used Was
  • 14. Past Perfect Tense is used to :a. Declare activities that have been completedbefore another activity that takes place in thepast by using time information.Example : -We had gone to the cinema whenDanish won the game.-Syifa had finished her exam at the timeI left the classroom.
  • 15. FORMULA• First Formulaa.Positive (+) : Subject + Had + Past pasrticiple + Object/Complementb.Negative (-) : Subject + Had + Not + Past participle + Object/Complementc.Interrogative (?) : Had + Subject + Past participle + Object/Complement*Example : (+) They had graduated from high school when their friend got married.(-) They had not graduated from high school when their friend got married.(?) Had they graduated from high school when their friend got married?• Second Formulaa.Positive (+) : Subject + Had + Been + Object/Complementb.Negative (-) : Subject + Had + Not + Been + Object/Complementc.Interrogative (?) : Had + Subject + Been + Object/Complement*Example : (+) It had been in the pond when i found it.(-) It had not been in the pond when i found it.(?) Had it been in the pond when i found it?
  • 16. Past Perfect Continous Tense is used to :a. State how long an activity that has beengoing on before the other activities goingon in the past by using time information.Example : -We had been processing the faximilewhen the telephone rang.-I had been Completing my applicationby the time i saw my uncle.
  • 17. FORMULA• Formulaa.Positive (+) = Subject + Had + Been + Present participle +Object/Complementb.Negative (-) = Subject + Had + Not + Been + Present participle +Objejct/Complementc.Interrogative (?) = Had + Subject + Been + Present participle +Object/Complement*Example : (+) I had been living in Medan for three month.(-) I had not been living in Medan for three month.(?) Had i been living in Medan for three month?
  • 18. Future Simple Tense is used to :a. Declare activities planned or intended to be done in the future by using time information.Example : -My pen is broken. I will buy another pen this afternoon.-They will be on holiday next week.b. Express the expectation that something will happen on the activity of the future.Example : -He will understand her reason for leaving him next Sunday.-She will not be at Prof.March office today.c. Make a polite request for a sentence or a willingness to ask someone to do something.Example : -Will you put me the book,Please?-Will you buy me a kilogram of sugar,Please? I’m very buy it by myself.d. Make a conditional sentenceExample : -I will visit her if her parents allow me.-You will pass the exam if you study hard.
  • 19. FORMULA• First Formulaa.Positive (+) : Subject + Shall/Will + Base verb + Object/Complementb.Negative (-) : Subject + Shall/Will + Not + Base verb + Object/Complementc.Interrogative (?) : Shall/Will + Subject + Base verb + Object/Complement*Example : (+) He will clean his bedroom.(-) He will not clean his bedroom.(?) Will he clean his bedroom?• Second Formulaa.Positive (+) : Subject + Shall/Will + Be + Object/Complementb.Negative (-) : Subject + Shall/Will + Not + Be + Object/Complementc.Interrogative (?) : Shall/Will + Subject + Be + Object/Complement*Example : (+) They will be in the office this morning.(-) They will not be in the office this morning.(?) Will they be in the office this morning?
  • 20. Future Continous Tense is used to :a. Declare the ongoing activity in a certain time in the futureby using time information.Example : -My father will be coming by this timenext Thursday.-She will be getting married a week fromtoday.b. Declare activities that have been planned to be done in thefuture.Example : -Yasmin will be buying a bunch of longans. Wecan ask her to buy a kilogram of orange.
  • 21. • Formulaa.Positive (+): Subject + Shall/Will + Be + Present participle+ Object/Complementb.Negative (-) : Subject + Shall/Will + Not + Be + Presentparticiple + Object/Complementc.Interrogative (?) : Shall/Will + Subject + Be + Presentparticiple + Object/Complement*Example : (+) They will be cleaning the bedroom at six o’clock this afternoon.(-) They will not be cleaning the bedroom atsix o’ clock this afternoon.(?) Will they be cleaning the bedroom at six o’ clockthis afternoon?FORMULA
  • 22. Future perfect tense is used to:a. Declare a planned activities to be completed before a certaintime in the future by using time information.Example : -Maulidya will have copied all the documents byMonday-By the time we get the station, the train will have left.
  • 23. • First Formulaa.Postive (+) : Subject + Shall/Will + Have + Past participle + Object/Complementb.Negative (-) : Subject + Shall/Will + Not + Have + Past participle +Object/Complementc.Interrogative (?) : Will/Shall + Subject + Have + Past participle + Object/Complement*Example : (+) He will have studied English for three years by the end of this semester.(-) He will not have studied English for three years by the end of thissemester.(?) Will he have studied English for three years by the end of thissemester?• Second Formulaa.Postive (+) : Subject + Shall/Will + Have + Been + Object/Complementb.Negative (-) : Subject + Shall/Will + Not + Have + Been + Object/Complementc.Interrogative (?) : Will/Shall + Subject + Have + Been + Object/Complement*Example : (+) He will have been in the cinema for two hours by then.(-) He will not have been in the cinema for two hours by then.(?) Will he have been in the cinema for two hours by then?FORMULA
  • 24. Future perfect continous tense is used to :a. Declare activities that has been going on for sometime in the future and still in progress when anotheractivity occurs by using time information.Example : -He will have been working in the drugstore for ten years by this time nextTuesday.-By the end of the month, we will havebeen living here for two years.
  • 25. • Formula :a.Positive (+) : Subject +Shall/Will + Have + Been + Present participle +Object/Complementb.Negative (-) : Subject + Shall/Will + not + Have + Been + Present participle +Object/Complementc. Interrogative (?) : Shall/Will + Subject + Have + Been +Present participle +Object/Complement*Example : (+) I shall have been riding this car for six years by the end of thismonth.(-) I shall not have been riding this car for years by the end of thismonth.(?) Shall I have been riding this car for six years by the end of thismonth?
  • 26. Past future simple tense is used to:a.Declare the activities to be carried out in the past but it does not happen,by using time information.Example : -I shoukd help her if she ask me last semester.-They would come to the party if they have time lastweekend.-He would be in the post office at eleven o’clockyesterday.b. Declare a bid that is more polite.Example : -Would you like to borrow me a raincoat?-Should I write the paper by myself?c. Likely presupposes something difficult done as opposed to reality now.Example : -They would pass the interview if they tried harder than before.(The real is that they don’t pass the interview)
  • 27. • First Formulaa.Positive (+) : Subject + Would/Should + Base verb + Object/Complementb.Negative (-) : Subject + Would/Should + Base verb + Object/Complementc.Interrogative (?) : Would/Should + Subject + Base verb + Object/Complement*Example : (+) I should go to Medan yesterday.(-) I should not go to Medan yesterday.(?) Should i go to Medan yesterday?• Second Formulaa.Positive (+) : Subject + Would/Should + Be + Object/Complementb.Negative (-) : Subject + Would/Should + Be + Object/Complementc.Interrogative (?) : Would/Should + Subject + Be + Object/complement*Example : (+) He would be here last Wednesday.(-) He would not be here last Wednesday.(?) Would he be here last Wednesday
  • 28. Past future continous tense is used to :a. Declare the ongoing activity at certain timesin the past by using time information.Example : -Mr.Freddy would be speaking at theconfrence last Friday.-She would be walking from her officeat one o’ clock yesterday.
  • 29. • Formula :a.Positive (+) : Subject + Would/Should + Be + Present participle +Object/Complementb.Negative (-) : Subject + Would/Should + Not + Be + Present participle +Object/Complementc.Interrogative (?) : Would/Should + Subject + Be + Present participle +Object/Complement*Example : (+) You should be finding the lost document before eleven o’clock yesterday.(-) You should not be finding the lost document before eleven o’clock yesterday.(?) Should You be finding the lost document before eleven o’clock yesterday?FORMULA
  • 30. Past Future Perfect Tense is used to :a.Declare the activity or event that should have been completed in thepast.Example : -He would have done his homework before he went toschool yesterday.-Lidya would have written the whole paper last Tuesday.b. Express a supposition which is impossible because the conditionsare not met.Example : -He would have done his homework before he went toschool.-If you had gone to Yogyakarta last week, you would havemet our president.
  • 31. • First Formulaa.Positive (+) : Subject + Would/Should + Have + Past participle + Object/Complementb.Negative (-) : Subject + Would/Should + Not + Have + Past particple + Object/Complementc.Interrogative (?) : Would/Should + Subject + Have + Past participle + Object/Complement*Example : (+) He would have gone before Mr.Budy arrived.(-) He would not have gone before Mr.Budy arrived.(?) Would he have gone before Mr.Budy arrived?• Second Formula :a.Positive (+) : Subject + Would/Should + Have + Been + Object/Complementb.Negative (-) : Subject + Would/Should + Not + Have + Been + Object/Complementc.Interrogative (?): Would/Should + Subject + Have + Been + Object/Complement*Example : (+) It would have been in the cage last night.(-) It would not have been in the cage last night.(?) Would It have been in the cage last night?
  • 32. Past Future Perfect Continous Tense is used to :a. Declare activities or events that are supposed to lastfor a certain period in the past by using timeinformation.Definite Time : Last week, yesterday, last month,etc.Example : -My mother would have been cooking foran hour yesterday.-She would have been searching for her catthree days.
  • 33. • Formula :a.Positive (+) : Subject + Should/Would + Have + Been + Present participle +Object/Complementb.Negative (-) : Subject + Should/Would + Not + Have + Been + Present participle +Object/Complementc.Interrogative (?) : Should/Would + Subject + Have + Been + Present participle +Object/Complement*Example: (+) You would have been completing the work by ten o’ clock last night.(-) You would not have been completing the work by ten o’ clock last night.(?) Would you have been completing the work by ten o’ clock last night.
  • 34. Thank you for watchingMy powerpointPresentation. I hope thatthe information is usefulto you and others.