0
Historical Background Main Events and Behavioral Legacies
History Timeline
Focus on Key Concepts to explain Behavioral Legacies <ul><li>Group Orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Individual Expression </l...
Group Orientation <ul><li>Kinship </li></ul><ul><li>Bureaucracy </li></ul><ul><li>Ie  (household) system </li></ul><ul><li...
Individual Expression <ul><li>Arts </li></ul><ul><li>Political and economic ambition </li></ul><ul><li>Private property </...
Universal Principles <ul><li>Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>Confucianism </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalism </li></ul><ul><li>Democ...
Historical Background I:  A Merging of Cultures Japanese family based organization Chinese bureaucratic administration Tim...
Introduction: A Merging of Cultures <ul><li>To what  extent did the Japanese adopt Chinese culture? </li></ul><ul><li>In w...
The Main Events <ul><li>The establishment of Japanese kinship organization </li></ul><ul><li>The adoption of Chinese cultu...
Behavioral Legacies <ul><li>Merging of family and bureaucratic organization </li></ul><ul><li>Figureheads and consensus ad...
The establishment of Japanese kinship organization <ul><li>Prehistoric Jomon and Yayoi cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Establis...
 
The adoption of Chinese culture and Administration <ul><li>The Buddhist vector </li></ul><ul><li>Writing, music, architect...
The rise  of the Samurai <ul><li>The breakdown of imperial administration and land control </li></ul><ul><li>The rise of t...
Genji Monogatari  vs.  Ran <ul><li>What are the values and interests of Prince Genji? Of the Women in his life? </li></ul>...
Behavioral Legacies <ul><li>Merging of family and bureaucratic organization </li></ul><ul><li>Figureheads and consensus ad...
Merging of family and bureaucratic organization <ul><li>Merging of informal and formal hierarchic organizations </li></ul>...
Figureheads and consensus administration <ul><li>Leader in name only, most decisions made by next  rank of advisors togeth...
Classical Expression <ul><li>Poetry, calligraphy, painting, perfumes, flowers, music, theatre, gardens, architecture. </li...
 
Cooperation amongst competitors: Buddhism and Shinto <ul><li>Competing for followers </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhism incorporat...
 
Samurai spirit:  loyalty & self-discipline <ul><li>Samurai expected to sacrifice himself for lord in battle and obedience ...
Summing Up: A Merging of Cultures <ul><li>To what  extent did the Japanese adopt Chinese culture? </li></ul><ul><li>In wha...
Historical Background II:  Feudalism to Modernism Hierarchic organization of society 1603-1868 The spread of individualism...
Introduction <ul><li>How did Japanese society become structured in the Tokugawa period? </li></ul><ul><li>What were the co...
Main Events <ul><li>Tokugawa Period </li></ul><ul><li>Unification and centralization </li></ul><ul><li>Social stratificati...
Behavioral Legacies <ul><li>The formalization of the Ie (household system) </li></ul><ul><li>The culture of the floating w...
Unification and Centralization <ul><li>Three Generals: Oda Nobunaga, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Tokugawa Ieyasu </li></ul><ul><li...
Transportation, Alternate Residence and the Creation of a System of Cities
 
Social Stratification <ul><li>Samurai and Nobility ( Shi ) </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers ( No ) </li></ul><ul><li>Craftsmen ( ...
“The Opening of Japan” <ul><li>The degradation of the Tokugawa system </li></ul><ul><li>The Black Ships </li></ul><ul><li>...
 
The Drive for Modernization <ul><li>“Rich country, strong army” </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign delegations and expertise </li><...
Behavioral Legacies <ul><li>Tokugawa </li></ul><ul><li>The formalization of the family system to the Ie (household system)...
Formalization of the Ie (household system) <ul><li>Samurai kinship became model for family and other organizations </li></...
The culture of the floating world <ul><li>Expression in wood block printing, bunraku, kabuki, sumo, haiku, netsuke, garden...
 
 
 
 
 
Private property and individualism <ul><li>The end of formal feudal stratification </li></ul><ul><li>Extension of private ...
Nationalism <ul><li>From preservation of Shogun lineage to preservation of nation </li></ul><ul><li>The Emperor as god and...
Summing Up <ul><li>How did Japanese society become structured in the Tokugawa period? </li></ul><ul><li>What were the conf...
Historical Background III:  Authoritarianism to Democracy The military takes control 1900-1945 Democracy becomes rooted 19...
Introduction <ul><li>How authoritarian was Japan before World War II? </li></ul><ul><li>What legacies of authoritarian Jap...
Main Events <ul><li>Fragile democracy crushed by militarism </li></ul><ul><li>Defeat in World War II </li></ul><ul><li>Ame...
Behavioral Legacies <ul><li>Entrenched authoritarianism and nationalism </li></ul><ul><li>Entrenched opposition to authori...
Fragile Democracy Crushed by Militarism <ul><li>The constitution and its weakness </li></ul><ul><li>The growth of party po...
 
 
Defeat in World War II <ul><li>American reaction to Japan’s expansion </li></ul><ul><li>Pearl Harbour, Hong Kong, and Sing...
 
American Occupation and Reforms <ul><li>Supreme Allied Command Pacific (SCAP) </li></ul><ul><li>Social, economic & politic...
The Political and Economic Miracles <ul><li>The solidification of democracy </li></ul><ul><li>The income doubling plan </l...
Behavioral Legacies <ul><li>Entrenched authoritarianism and nationalism </li></ul><ul><li>Entrenched opposition to authori...
Entrenched Authoritarianism & Nationalism <ul><li>American preservation of wartime bureaucracy </li></ul><ul><li>Recapture...
Entrenched Opposition to Authoritarianism & Nationalism <ul><li>Rejection of wartime values and support of democracy </li>...
Universal Expansion of Individual Rights <ul><li>Expansion of voting rights </li></ul><ul><li>End of family registration s...
Corporatism & Entrepreneurialism <ul><li>Development of Japanese management system </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of salaryman...
Summing Up <ul><li>How authoritarian was Japan before World War II? </li></ul><ul><li>What legacies of authoritarian Japan...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

3japan history

1,107

Published on

Let's Check out some Japanese history

0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,107
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
63
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "3japan history"

  1. 1. Historical Background Main Events and Behavioral Legacies
  2. 2. History Timeline
  3. 3. Focus on Key Concepts to explain Behavioral Legacies <ul><li>Group Orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Individual Expression </li></ul><ul><li>Universal Principles </li></ul>
  4. 4. Group Orientation <ul><li>Kinship </li></ul><ul><li>Bureaucracy </li></ul><ul><li>Ie (household) system </li></ul><ul><li>Group decision making </li></ul><ul><li>Samurai spirit (loyalty) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Individual Expression <ul><li>Arts </li></ul><ul><li>Political and economic ambition </li></ul><ul><li>Private property </li></ul><ul><li>Individual rights </li></ul><ul><li>Samurai spirit (self-discipline) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Universal Principles <ul><li>Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>Confucianism </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalism </li></ul><ul><li>Democracy </li></ul>
  7. 7. Historical Background I: A Merging of Cultures Japanese family based organization Chinese bureaucratic administration Time Period: 300-1456 AD Classical Period: 500-1192 Feudal Period: 1192-1456
  8. 8. Introduction: A Merging of Cultures <ul><li>To what extent did the Japanese adopt Chinese culture? </li></ul><ul><li>In what ways were the cultures compatible or incompatible? </li></ul><ul><li>What behavioral legacies have they left for today? </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Main Events <ul><li>The establishment of Japanese kinship organization </li></ul><ul><li>The adoption of Chinese culture and Administration </li></ul><ul><li>The rise of the Samurai </li></ul>
  10. 10. Behavioral Legacies <ul><li>Merging of family and bureaucratic organization </li></ul><ul><li>Figureheads and consensus administration </li></ul><ul><li>Classical Expression </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperation amongst competitors: Buddhism and Shinto </li></ul><ul><li>Samurai spirit: loyalty & self-discipline </li></ul>
  11. 11. The establishment of Japanese kinship organization <ul><li>Prehistoric Jomon and Yayoi cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Establishment of Uji (clan/family) based social and political organization </li></ul><ul><li>Yamato establishes first control over large area </li></ul><ul><li>Contact with Korea and China </li></ul>
  12. 13. The adoption of Chinese culture and Administration <ul><li>The Buddhist vector </li></ul><ul><li>Writing, music, architecture, technology </li></ul><ul><li>The Imperial system (with continuous succession) </li></ul><ul><li>Bureaucratic administration (with kinship based selection) </li></ul><ul><li>Idealized cities and land control </li></ul>
  13. 14. The rise of the Samurai <ul><li>The breakdown of imperial administration and land control </li></ul><ul><li>The rise of the warrior bands </li></ul><ul><li>The Kamakura Shogunate (1192) </li></ul><ul><li>The Ashikaga Shogunate (1368) </li></ul><ul><li>The Warring States (1467-1573) </li></ul>
  14. 15. Genji Monogatari vs. Ran <ul><li>What are the values and interests of Prince Genji? Of the Women in his life? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the values and interests of of the samurai and the women in Ran? </li></ul>
  15. 16. Behavioral Legacies <ul><li>Merging of family and bureaucratic organization </li></ul><ul><li>Figureheads and consensus administration </li></ul><ul><li>Classical Expression </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperation amongst competitors: Buddhism and Shinto </li></ul><ul><li>Samurai spirit: loyalty & self-discipline </li></ul>
  16. 17. Merging of family and bureaucratic organization <ul><li>Merging of informal and formal hierarchic organizations </li></ul><ul><li>A basis of parent-child (Oyabun-kobun) relations </li></ul><ul><li>Classical examples: Imperial family, Imperial administration, Shogunate </li></ul><ul><li>Present examples: corporations, political parties, arts, and sports. </li></ul><ul><li>Tension between promotion of relatives and opportunities for merit </li></ul>
  17. 18. Figureheads and consensus administration <ul><li>Leader in name only, most decisions made by next rank of advisors together </li></ul><ul><li>Classical examples: Imperial administration, Shogunates. </li></ul><ul><li>Present examples: emperor, companies, government administration, ministries. </li></ul><ul><li>Decisiveness and speed can be an issue </li></ul>
  18. 19. Classical Expression <ul><li>Poetry, calligraphy, painting, perfumes, flowers, music, theatre, gardens, architecture. </li></ul><ul><li>Life, love and art of the courtly life (miyabi-refinement & mono no aware-sadness at things passing). </li></ul><ul><li>Samurai emulation, practice and sponsorship. </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhism: Monastic, Salvation, Zen(cultivated poverty of simplicity and rusticity). </li></ul>
  19. 21. Cooperation amongst competitors: Buddhism and Shinto <ul><li>Competing for followers </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhism incorporated Shinto practices and offered new ones </li></ul><ul><li>Shinto adopted Buddhist use of arts and texts </li></ul><ul><li>Shared space and followers </li></ul><ul><li>Most Japanese remain both Shinto and Buddhist; people and groups can compete and cooperate at same time </li></ul>
  20. 23. Samurai spirit: loyalty & self-discipline <ul><li>Samurai expected to sacrifice himself for lord in battle and obedience </li></ul><ul><li>Loyalty to lord based on return of favor in land, defense, gains from war. </li></ul><ul><li>The role of Zen: military training & arts </li></ul><ul><li>Developed into Bushido , administrative performance, corporate loyalty </li></ul>
  21. 24. Summing Up: A Merging of Cultures <ul><li>To what extent did the Japanese adopt Chinese culture? </li></ul><ul><li>In what ways were the cultures compatible or incompatible? </li></ul><ul><li>What behavioral legacies have they left for today? </li></ul>
  22. 25. Historical Background II: Feudalism to Modernism Hierarchic organization of society 1603-1868 The spread of individualism and nationalism 1868-1900
  23. 26. Introduction <ul><li>How did Japanese society become structured in the Tokugawa period? </li></ul><ul><li>What were the conflicting bases of this structure? </li></ul><ul><li>How did that structure begin to change after the opening of Japan? </li></ul><ul><li>How was centralization reinforced after the opening of Japan? </li></ul>
  24. 27. Main Events <ul><li>Tokugawa Period </li></ul><ul><li>Unification and centralization </li></ul><ul><li>Social stratification </li></ul><ul><li>Meiji Restoration Period </li></ul><ul><li>“The opening of Japan” </li></ul><ul><li>The drive for Modernization </li></ul>
  25. 28. Behavioral Legacies <ul><li>The formalization of the Ie (household system) </li></ul><ul><li>The culture of the floating world </li></ul><ul><li>Private property and individualism </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalism </li></ul>
  26. 29. Unification and Centralization <ul><li>Three Generals: Oda Nobunaga, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Tokugawa Ieyasu </li></ul><ul><li>Land survey and allocation </li></ul><ul><li>Alternate attendance of lords (daimyo) </li></ul><ul><li>Establishment of a system of cities </li></ul><ul><li>Closure of the country </li></ul>
  27. 30. Transportation, Alternate Residence and the Creation of a System of Cities
  28. 32. Social Stratification <ul><li>Samurai and Nobility ( Shi ) </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers ( No ) </li></ul><ul><li>Craftsmen ( Ko ) </li></ul><ul><li>Merchants ( Sho ) </li></ul><ul><li>(Floating world ( Ukiyo) people and Eta ) </li></ul>
  29. 33. “The Opening of Japan” <ul><li>The degradation of the Tokugawa system </li></ul><ul><li>The Black Ships </li></ul><ul><li>The Meiji restoration </li></ul><ul><li>The unequal treaties </li></ul>
  30. 35. The Drive for Modernization <ul><li>“Rich country, strong army” </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign delegations and expertise </li></ul><ul><li>Reform of government institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Business takes over industrialization </li></ul>
  31. 36. Behavioral Legacies <ul><li>Tokugawa </li></ul><ul><li>The formalization of the family system to the Ie (household system) </li></ul><ul><li>The culture of the floating world </li></ul><ul><li>Meiji Restoration </li></ul><ul><li>Private property and individualism </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalism </li></ul>
  32. 37. Formalization of the Ie (household system) <ul><li>Samurai kinship became model for family and other organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Passing on of household heritage intact more important than individual </li></ul><ul><li>Main and branch households </li></ul><ul><li>Graves, Iemoto systems of arts, businesses </li></ul>
  33. 38. The culture of the floating world <ul><li>Expression in wood block printing, bunraku, kabuki, sumo, haiku, netsuke, gardens, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Merchant wealth, commoner creativity </li></ul><ul><li>Samurai sensibilities, merchant emulation </li></ul>
  34. 44. Private property and individualism <ul><li>The end of formal feudal stratification </li></ul><ul><li>Extension of private property </li></ul><ul><li>Beginnings of constitutional rights </li></ul>
  35. 45. Nationalism <ul><li>From preservation of Shogun lineage to preservation of nation </li></ul><ul><li>The Emperor as god and national symbol </li></ul><ul><li>The military connection </li></ul><ul><li>Reaction against westernization </li></ul>
  36. 46. Summing Up <ul><li>How did Japanese society become structured in the Tokugawa period? </li></ul><ul><li>What were the conflicting bases of this structure? </li></ul><ul><li>How did that structure begin to change after the opening of Japan? </li></ul><ul><li>How was centralization reinforced after the opening of Japan? </li></ul>
  37. 47. Historical Background III: Authoritarianism to Democracy The military takes control 1900-1945 Democracy becomes rooted 1945-Now
  38. 48. Introduction <ul><li>How authoritarian was Japan before World War II? </li></ul><ul><li>What legacies of authoritarian Japan remain today? </li></ul><ul><li>How strongly is democracy rooted in Japan? </li></ul><ul><li>How did group orientation and individual expression develop in Japan’s post-war economy? </li></ul>
  39. 49. Main Events <ul><li>Fragile democracy crushed by militarism </li></ul><ul><li>Defeat in World War II </li></ul><ul><li>American Occupation and reforms </li></ul><ul><li>The political and economic miracles </li></ul>
  40. 50. Behavioral Legacies <ul><li>Entrenched authoritarianism and nationalism </li></ul><ul><li>Entrenched opposition to authoritarianism and nationalism </li></ul><ul><li>Universal expansion of individual rights </li></ul><ul><li>Corporatism and entrepreneurialism </li></ul>
  41. 51. Fragile Democracy Crushed by Militarism <ul><li>The constitution and its weakness </li></ul><ul><li>The growth of party politics </li></ul><ul><li>Japan’s imperialism </li></ul><ul><li>The army gets out of control </li></ul>
  42. 54. Defeat in World War II <ul><li>American reaction to Japan’s expansion </li></ul><ul><li>Pearl Harbour, Hong Kong, and Singapore </li></ul><ul><li>The Asia-Pacific War </li></ul><ul><li>The Atomic Bombs </li></ul>
  43. 56. American Occupation and Reforms <ul><li>Supreme Allied Command Pacific (SCAP) </li></ul><ul><li>Social, economic & political reforms </li></ul><ul><li>The peace constitution </li></ul><ul><li>The reverse course </li></ul>
  44. 57. The Political and Economic Miracles <ul><li>The solidification of democracy </li></ul><ul><li>The income doubling plan </li></ul><ul><li>Japan as Number One </li></ul><ul><li>The bursting of the bubble </li></ul>
  45. 58. Behavioral Legacies <ul><li>Entrenched authoritarianism and nationalism </li></ul><ul><li>Entrenched opposition to authoritarianism and nationalism </li></ul><ul><li>Universal expansion of individual rights </li></ul><ul><li>Corporatism and entrepreneurialism </li></ul>
  46. 59. Entrenched Authoritarianism & Nationalism <ul><li>American preservation of wartime bureaucracy </li></ul><ul><li>Recapture of central power </li></ul><ul><li>A directed and protected economy </li></ul><ul><li>A few fanatics </li></ul>
  47. 60. Entrenched Opposition to Authoritarianism & Nationalism <ul><li>Rejection of wartime values and support of democracy </li></ul><ul><li>The rise of the socialists and communists </li></ul><ul><li>Support for peace constitution and fight against flag and anthem </li></ul>
  48. 61. Universal Expansion of Individual Rights <ul><li>Expansion of voting rights </li></ul><ul><li>End of family registration system </li></ul>
  49. 62. Corporatism & Entrepreneurialism <ul><li>Development of Japanese management system </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of salaryman middle class </li></ul><ul><li>Reliance on small and medium sized firms </li></ul><ul><li>Entrepreneurial tradition </li></ul>
  50. 63. Summing Up <ul><li>How authoritarian was Japan before World War II? </li></ul><ul><li>What legacies of authoritarian Japan remain today? </li></ul><ul><li>How strongly is democracy rooted in Japan? </li></ul><ul><li>How did group orientation and individual expression develop in Japan’s post-war economy? </li></ul>
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×