Basketball training spring 2012

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Basketball training spring 2012

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  • Ball is on Lead side in front court
  • Ball is opposite Lead
  • Each official MUST be aware of these primary coverage areas.
    T (in frontcourt) has division line and their sideline.
    C has their sideline only
    L has the entire end line
  • Each official MUST be aware of these primary coverage areas.
    T (in frontcourt) has division line and their sideline.
    C has their sideline only
    L has the entire end line
  • Each official MUST be aware of these primary coverage areas.
    T (in frontcourt) has division line and their sideline.
    C has their sideline only
    L has the entire end line
  • L & T are in normal F/C positions
    Lead must move around corner to observe lateral movement and possible contact. If corner player on that side drives to basket, lead can cut across corner to observe action near basket
  • Basketball training spring 2012

    1. 1. MISSOURI S&T INTRAMURAL SPORTS Basketball Officials Training – 1/11 and 1/12/12
    2. 2. Learning Outcomes   Understand the Basic Mechanics and Positioning of Basketball Officiating Be able to demonstrate how give proper mechanics for fouls and violations
    3. 3. Who Are We?  Professional Staff    Sarah Moore – Intramural Director Nick White – Intramural Manager  whitenic@mst.edu  573-341-4106 (office) or 770-361-1145 ( Nick’s cell) Clinicians        Mitch Jones Casey Bollmann Ethan Shackelford Josh Busche Meghann Morrow Kristen Drage Austin Fitzpatrick
    4. 4. Length of the Season 3-4 Game League  Play Begins Tuesday, January 17th  Playoffs will begin  Week of February 12th 
    5. 5. Employee Expectations Professionalism  Courtesy/Customer Service  Outstanding Conduct When Participating!  Responsibility  HUSTLE, HUSTLE, HUSTLE  HAVE FUN   http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GaELjIA5BFY
    6. 6. Evaluations    Evaluations are constructive and for your benefit!  None of us know everything  Always room for improvement Types of Evaluations:  Verbal – All season  Written – Starting the 2nd week Questions/Concerns?  Nick White
    7. 7. When do I work?     Tentative Schedule:  Sunday 5:00-10:00 PM  Monday – Thursday 6:00-10:00 PM Availability Sheets  Completed today before you leave  Can update when needed (must be done by Wednesday at 11:00pm) Schedules  Where and when (Friday by noon via email) Substituting
    8. 8. What do I Wear  Provided By Intramural Sports    You Provide     Whistle Officials Jersey Shorts/Wind Pants (black preferred) Sneakers (Dark preferred) All other essential clothing items You are Expected to look professional at ALL times!!!
    9. 9. Scoresheets – Pre-Game    Players  All players must check in with a photo ID (S&T ID or Driver’s license)  Count the players on the court to see if the number matches the amount on the score sheet Numbers  All players must have a unique, whole digit number, marked on the score sheet Captains  Captains should be noted on the score sheet
    10. 10. Game Time!!     Forfeit Time  Game Time! One Team Present  Additional 10 Minutes choice Neither Team Present  Double Forfeit When do I start the game clock?
    11. 11. Game Time – cont’d       Two 20 minute halves of continuous running time. Clock stops for time outs or official time outs (e.g. for injuries or retrieving a ball). Clock is not stopped for violations. During the last two minutes of the second half, the clock will be stopped for all dead ball situations (e.g., violations, turnovers, time outs, fouls, etc.). Half-time = 3 minutes Time-out = 1 minute  2 Time-outs per half  You can only call a time-out when your team is in possession of the ball, or during a dead ball period During playoffs if necessary, a 2 minute overtime shall be played to determine a winner. Clock stops on all dead ball situations. The overtime period will be repeated until a winner is declared. There will be a 1 minute break between each overtime.
    12. 12. Scoresheets – Post Game    Scorekeepers  Write the result of the game and circle the winning team.  Ensure that any ejected players are noted as such on the sheet Signatures  Both captains sign the sheet after the game to verify the score and the winning team Team Sportsmanship  Get sportsmanship ratings for both teams from the score keeper, officials, and opposing team’s captain
    13. 13. Emergency Situations  Your roles:      Crowd Control Directing/Meeting EMS Personnel Gathering Information Getting games stopped, and then re-started as appropriate Not your roles:       Diagnosis Primary Care Ensuring the ‘show must go on’ Assigning Blame (Publicly) Suggesting care, or other options for injured person Breaking up Fights
    14. 14. The Meat and Potatoes with a side of Jello Let’s Talk Basketball One version of mechanics
    15. 15. Basketball Fundamentals Violations   Open Hand Common Violations: Definitions/Demonstrations  Traveling  Double Dribble  Carry/Palming  Timing Violations      3 Seconds in the lane 10 Seconds in the back court 5 Seconds out of bounds 5 Seconds Closely Guarded Free Throw Violations
    16. 16. Basketball Fundamentals Fouls   Closed Hand Common Fouls: Definitions/Demonstrations  Blocking  Charging (Player Control)  Holding  Hand Checking  Pushing  Illegal Use of Hands  Technical  Intentional/Flagrant
    17. 17. Reporting a Foul   Don’t make a call on the run  Come to a complete stop, then make the signal Stay calm, don’t hurry  Raise arm  Verbalize the call  Foul – White 34 w/ the push (signal push)  Have a confident voice  Remember who was fouled and who committed the foul
    18. 18. Quick Basketball Rules    Penalties are awarded in  the order they occur A player cannot dribble and travel at the same time  Bonus:  Shoot 1 and 1 after 7th team foul  Shoot 2 after 10th team foul  Don’t shoot after a player control foul A shooter that leaves the ground is in the act of shooting until they return to the ground A try for goal is a shot or attempt to score and it ends when the ball enters the basket, is certain to miss, or hits the floor
    19. 19. Technical's, Intentional, Flagrant Fouls  Technical Foul Enforcement  Two Free Throws  Ball will be put in play at half court…Opposite scores table  Intentional and Flagrant Fouls   Award the person fouled 2 free throws. Ball is put in at point of interruption
    20. 20. 3 Person Mechanics Objectives for Using 3-Person Objectives for Using 3-Person Remember To Officiate! Officiate Your Primary! Trust Your Partners!
    21. 21. Primary Coverage Areas- basic L C T
    22. 22. Primary Coverage Areas- LEAD L LEAD SHOULD: Start wide Close Down Not be afraid to rotate Rotate based on post play C Not stop in the lane During rotation, look for the 1st competitive match up, not the ball After rotation, stay in your new primary T
    23. 23. L Primary Coverage Areas- CENTER CENTER SHOULD: Be Active…with “W Eyes” ide Be prepared to call your side of the lane C Stay with the drive all the way to the basket Not give up a play or player until picked up by one of your partners Not back out on rebound…stay put T
    24. 24. Primary Coverage Areas- TRAIL L TRAIL SHOULD: Be Positioned at the 28 ft. line Officiate play/ shots in free throw half circle Stay with the drive all the way to the basket C Not give up a play or player until picked up by one of your partners T
    25. 25. L Primary Coverage Areas- three point try Lead assists Center Lead assists Center and Trail in and Trail in transition transition C Trail and Center mirror Trail and Center mirror successful attempt successful attempt There should not be two There should not be two preliminary signals preliminary signals Official with the Official with the preliminary signal preliminary signal stays with the stays with the shooter, off official shooter, off official takes other action takes other action T
    26. 26. Rotation: When & Why  Lead initiates rotation based upon:     Post Play Ball Location Majority of Players Avoid rotating     During a drive to the basket When a shot is going up During rebounding action When partners are not in the front court
    27. 27. Rotation: When & Why cont’d   Recognizing rotation are crucial because everyone’s primary is changing Recognize the type of offense/defense technique being used…(perimeter play, zone, man-to-man)
    28. 28. Terminology: W Angle/Close down ide L Close down is (usually) the pre-requisite for rotation to the weak side C T
    29. 29. L Basic rotation Rotation is (usually) initiated by the Lead C C Lead will initiate rotation based upon: post players T ball majority of players partners are in front court T
    30. 30. Looking for Angles Spaces Three person requires you to work for “good looks.” Particularly as C and T you Particularly as C and T you must move to get a good must move to get a good angle- but- movement is angle- but- movement is mostly parallel to sideline mostly parallel to sideline rather than toward the center rather than toward the center of the floor as in 2-person of the floor as in 2-person Officials must not get lazy Officials must not get lazy and allow themselves to get and allow themselves to get straight lined….looking at a straight lined….looking at a play through the offensive play through the offensive player’s backside! player’s backside!
    31. 31. L Play situation: X C Trust Your Partner! Trust Your Partner! See the W HOLEplay! HOLE play! See the W This is Center’s call This is Center’s call T
    32. 32. L Play situation: X C See the W HOLEplay! HOLE play! See the W Double W histleis Good histle is Good Double W T & L have dual coverage T & L have dual coverage Trail should have this call Trail should have this call T
    33. 33. Coverage on fast breaks/ transition T L T In transition, the Center official can extend their vision across the court between the 3-point arcs C Table L
    34. 34. Foul- Front Court- Lead- Stays in front court C L L L T T Table
    35. 35. Foul- Front Court- Center - Stays in front court C C L This works for situations where there will be a freethrow…the Trail is at the 28’ line, not halfcourt T T W if the ball is to be hat taken out of bounds? Lead goes to ball side which forces Center back to Trail. Table
    36. 36. Foul- Front Court- Lead – Goes to back court C L T T Table L
    37. 37. Foul- Front Court- Center – Goes to back court C L T L T C Table
    38. 38. Foul- Front Court- Trail – Goes to back court C L T T Table L
    39. 39. Foul- Front Court- Trail Opposite – Goes to back court T T L L C Table
    40. 40. Foul- Front Court- Lead Opposite – Goes to back court T L T L C Table
    41. 41. Miscellaneous Notes…      Opposite is responsible for last second shot T and/or C are responsible for bringing in substitutes…(all of us are ultimately responsible) When the ball is in your primary…take the drive all the way to the basket Lead officals must learn to trust their Center official on weak side plays “Active Lead…Strong Center and Trail”
    42. 42. Miscellaneous Notes…    You can’t be a ball watcher and be an effective 3-person official Double whistles are good…Who gets the call?  Primary! Position of the Trail during Free Throws?   28 ft. line Where is the “C” during a press???  Freeze after a rebound/made basket to see if there if there is a press or trap.  Think: “Center stay put”
    43. 43. 2 Person Mechanics Objectives for Using 2-Person Objectives for Using 2-Person Remember To Officiate! Officiate Your Primary! Trust Your Partner!
    44. 44. BALL COVERAGE – PRIMARY COVERAGE AREAS TEAM BENCH T L The Lead has on-ball coverage. TEAM BENCH The Trail is off-ball and officiating action in the shaded area.
    45. 45. BALL COVERAGE – PRIMARY COVERAGE AREAS TEAM BENCH T L The Lead has off-ball and officiating action in the “red” area. TEAM BENCH The Trail has onball coverage.
    46. 46. BALL COVERAGE – PRIMARY AREAS HOME BENCH VISITOR BENCH The Trail has on-ball coverage and is officiating the high action in the lined area. T L The Lead is off-ball and must help with off-ball coverage by extending to the other side of the key because the ball is up high.
    47. 47. BALL COVERAGE – PRIMARY AREAS HOME BENCH VISITOR BENCH The Trail has on-ball coverage and is officiating the high action in the lined area. T L The Lead is off-ball and must help with off-ball coverage by extending to the other side of the key because the ball is up high.
    48. 48. AREA OFF BALL COVERAGE – 3 POINT IN LEAD HOME BENCH VISITOR BENCH The Trail official positions to cover the significant action off the ball. T T o x o x x o The Lead moves to a position to get the 3-point line covered when the ball is in the area. x o x o L L
    49. 49. LEAD “BALL SIDE” PRIMARY CHANGED LEAD ROTATES ACROSS TO GET BETTER POST COVERAGE. ASSUMES ADDITIONAL COVERAGE TEAM BENCH L L TEAM BENCH LEAD PRIMARY COVERAGE T The coverage area for the ball-side lead is now extended to the area between the 3-point arc and the closest lane line below the F/T line extended. It is important to note that the extended coverage only applies when the lead moves ball-side. If the Lead stays opposite the floor is balanced.
    50. 50. DELAY OFFENSE L L When offensive player drives to basket, L should cut corner to observe action and get the angle. O X TEAM BENCH TEAM BENCH X O X O X X When teams go to a spread or delay officials MUST go to new positions on floor T O O T Lead & Trail are in proper position for a normal frontcourt offense COVERAGE FOR THE “DELAY” OR “FOUR CORNER” OFFENSE.
    51. 51. FREE THROW LINEUPS
    52. 52. Free Throw Lineup  Team B (team without the ball) must be located two lower block   above (New Rule 08-09) Lane area from the end line to, and including, the neutral zone marks shall remain vacant  Maximum 4 Defensive and 2 Offensive on lane line  All other players   Above the 3 point line Above the FT lane line
    53. 53. Table Maximum Line up Configuration T A A B Bench A C B A A B L B B
    54. 54. Table Team A vacates the lane T C Bench A B B L B B
    55. 55. Table Team B vacates lane spaces T C Bench A A B L A B
    56. 56. Table Team B must occupy first lane spaces T C Bench A B L B
    57. 57. Free Throw Lineup    Team B (opponent of free thrower) must set up in the first space (closest to basket allowed) If Team B does not set up on the first shot, then it is a violation on Team B After violation on Team B, you have a technical foul on Team B
    58. 58. Table FT Restrictions Ends When Ball is in the Cylinder T Bench A C B A A B L B B
    59. 59. FREE THROW RULES
    60. 60. Free Throw Rules   10 Second Limit on thrower Free Throw Restrictions begin   Ball is at the disposal of the thrower Free Throw Restrictions end   When the ball is in the cylinder When the ball hits the backboard
    61. 61. Free Throw Rules  Free Throw Restrictions involve    Thrower Players on the Lane Line Players not on the Lane Line
    62. 62. Free Throw Rough Play  Players must stay in their lane line  Players cannot push to get better position
    63. 63. TWO PERSON MECHANICS
    64. 64. Basic Mechanics  Trail       Always opposite table Signals to table what kind of FTs are awarded Has 10 Second count responsibility Aware of players not on the FT lane Chops in clock on rebounding action Close Down on shot attempt
    65. 65. Basic Mechanics  Lead     Always table side Signals to players what kind of FT has been awarded Administers all free throws Chops in clock after made FTs during throw in
    66. 66. Basic Free Throw Coverage (New Rule Implementation) Primary Coverage on Free Throw  Trail/Center    Has Free Throw Shooter First player closest to T/C and players on opposite lane line Lead  First player closest to Lead and players opposite lane line
    67. 67. Table 2008-2009 Rule Coverage Responsibility T T/C Bench A B A A B L B B
    68. 68. THREE PERSON MECHANICS
    69. 69. Basic Mechanics  Center Official      Always Opposite Table Has 10 Second Count “Chops” clock on missed free throw Rebounding responsibility Close Down on attempt
    70. 70. Basic Mechanics  Lead Official     Always Table Side Administers all Free Throws After made basket (and final Free Throw) is responsible for “Chopping” Clock on throw in Rebounding responsibility
    71. 71. Basic Mechanics  Trail Official        Always Table Side Primarily responsible for substitutions Helps with all Free Throw coverage issues May have to watch players not on the Free Throw Lane Also has rebounding responsibility Close Down on attempt Assist partners on coverage
    72. 72. Basic Mechanics  All Officials (2 or 3 Officials)       Knowing the correct amount of Free Throws awarded Making sure subs are properly entering the game Making sure all players are lined up properly If anything is wrong get it corrected before anything is started Call Obvious Violations Know the clock status!!!
    73. 73. Table T 3 Person Coverage Bench A L C
    74. 74. Table 2 Person Coverage Bench A L T
    75. 75. FREE THROW VIOLATIONS
    76. 76. Free Throw Violations      10 seconds for thrower to shoot Free thrower and players on lane marked spaces cannot fake to cause violation No disconcertion Enter or leave a marked lane space Free thrower shall not have either foot beyond the vertical plane of the edge of the FT line which is farther from the basket or the free throw semi-circle
    77. 77. Free Throw Violations   A player not the FTer who does not occupy a marked lane space, may not have either foot beyond the vertical plane of the FT line extended and the 3 point line which is farthest from the basket A player occupying a marked lane space may not have either foot beyond the vertical plane of the outside edge of any lane boundary or beyond the vertical edge of the space designated by a neutral zone
    78. 78. Free Throw Violations  Violations committed by:  Free Thrower team  First violation or only violation  Play becomes dead immediately  No FT can be awarded  Second violation is ignored
    79. 79. Free Throw Violations  Violations committed by:  Opponents of Free throw team  Commits first violation  Play continues  FT is successful violation is disregarded  Second lane line violation is ignored
    80. 80. How to be a Good Official!!!         Show up on time (15 minutes prior to your game is on time) Dress properly Blow your whistle with some authority HUSTLE… HUSTLE… HUSTLE… Have fun, enjoy the game Communicate with your partners Ask questions and accept feedback Be loud and confident
    81. 81. Questions??? ?

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