Evolution of Pakistan's Foreign Policy (1947 2012)

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  • @Harish Khanna He just explained the phases only.
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  • No depth in presentation. Poor
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  • Pakistan Zinda bad..:)
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  • pakistan zenda bad
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Evolution of Pakistan's Foreign Policy (1947 2012)

  1. 1. Main Themes ofPakistan Foreign Policy1. National Security2. Economic Interest3. Islamic Solidarity4. Peaceful Co-existence5. Non Alignment6. Bilateralism7. United Nations
  2. 2. Evolution from 1947-CurrentFirst phase• 1947-53:Exploration andFriendship withAll• 1953-62:Alignment withthe WestSecond phase• 1962-71:Transition• 1972-79:Bilateralism andNonalignment• 1980-90:Afghanistan andPartnership withthe UnitedStatesThird Phase• 1990-2001: PostCold War Eraand PakistansDilemmas• 2001 Onwards:CounterTerrorism
  3. 3. First Phase1. 1947-53: Exploration and Friendship with All2. 1953-62: Alignment with the West
  4. 4. 1947 – 1953: Exploration andFriendship with all• Foundations of the Foreign Policy• Relations with India• Relations with Afghanistan• Relations with U.S.A and U.S.S.R• Relations with Muslim Countries
  5. 5. 1953-62: Alignment with the West• Alignment with the West• Mutual Defence Assistance Agreement• SEATO• The Baghdad Pact / CENTO• Defence and Economic Assistance from the U.S.• Cost of Alignment with the West• Relations with China
  6. 6. Second Phase1. 1962-71: Transition2. 1972-79: Bilateralism and Nonalignment3. 1980-90: Afghanistan and Partnership withthe United States
  7. 7. 1962- 1971 Transition• Rethinking about the Alignment Policy• Improving Relations with the Soviet Union• Improving Relations with China• Diminishing Ties with the U.S.• Pluralistic Perspective• Relations with India• Crisis in East Pakistan and International Response
  8. 8. 1972- 1979 Bilateralism andNonalignment• Pakistan withdrew from commonwealth and SEATO• Became a member of NON-allied summit in 1979• East –Pakistan break up as a separate state• India signed a peace agreement with Pakistan due to thisbreak up• Pakistan ties their relationship with China .• Zulficar Ali Bhutto visited to Russia to strengthen theirrelationship. Bhutto also visited United states with intentionto strengthen the relationship between two countries.• Due to Pakistan’s nuclear project and Burning down USembassy in 1979 their relationship was put to the lowest point
  9. 9. 1980-1990 Afghanistan andPartnership with the United States• Pakistan supported Afganistan in Soviet invasion• Pakistan hosted Afgan refugees during this war• However due to soviet invasion USA supported Pakistan with military andfinance. ISI of Pakistan and CIA of USA worked together in this period.• China also assisted Pakistan during Afgan war with regard to financial andsecurity matters• Organization of Islamic conference supported Pakistan with finance forhosting refugees of afgan war• During Afgan war Indo – Pakistan relationship existed with negative andpositive manner• Putting ending to the Afgan war Pakistan , Russia , USA and Afganistansigned Geneva accord which was a result of United nation interference
  10. 10. Third Phase1. 1990-2001: Post Cold War Era and PakistansDilemmas2. 2001 Onwards: Counter Terrorism
  11. 11. 1990-2001: Post Cold War Era andPakistans Dilemmas• Another Drift in Pak-US Relations• Continuation of the Afghanistan Problem• Insurgency in Kashmir• Going Nuclear
  12. 12. 2001 Onwards: Counter Terrorism• September 11 and Fight Against Terrorism• Increased U.S. Support• Pakistans Relations with China and Russia• Muslim World and Pakistan• Drone strikes and covert warfare , national espionage
  13. 13. Concluding RemarksPakistan Foreign Minister Hina Rabbani Khar speaks out on U.S. relations on CNN ,2013(00:02.15 mins)

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