5 Things Every WesternGardener Should Know Before   Planting Native Plants        Madeline Mazurski      Montana Native La...
What is a ‘native’ plant?• A plant species that occurs naturally in a  particular region, ecosystem, and/or habitat  witho...
Cultivars• A cultivar is a plant or group of plants selected for  desirable characteristics that can be maintained by  pro...
Native plant taxonomy• Common names:  – Sagebrush  – Mountain Big Sage  – Big sagebrush• Scientific/botanical names:  Arte...
Local Provenance• “Native plants with local provenance (place of origin) will be genetically better suited to your local g...
Why use native plants?•   Lower maintenance•   Water conservation•   Sustainability•   Lower your carbon footprint•   Mini...
Native Plant GardensOnly native                              Only exoticplants                                   (alien) p...
Where Does That Plant Grow and Why Does It Matter?
Where Does That Plant Grow?         Sun & Shade       Moisture & Dryness       Timing of Moisture               Soil      ...
Mount Sentinel, Missoula MT                                  High Elevation North-facing,                       & MoistSte...
Ponderosa Pine                                 WoodlandSparse Douglas Fir                                              Woo...
Why does it matter?We can use this          same information                             to create our home landscape
The Home Landscape     Sun & Shade   Moisture & Dryness   Timing of Moisture           Soil        Elevation         Aspec...
Map Your Microclimates:           Potential Plant CommunitiesExisting Ponderosa Pines                                     ...
Identify Your Plant Communities• Which do you have?• Which can you re-create?• Can you incorporate   more than one?
Where To From Here?         Design your garden!Why Design?
Design ProcessSite Assessment:       Needs Assessment:   Possible Plant       What You Want & Need   Communities          ...
Your Design with Native Communities                                  Existing Ponderosa Pines        New Ponderosa Pines t...
Example of Plant Community in     Missoula area - Grassland• Grasses: Idaho Fescue, Bluebunch Wheatgrass,  Prairie Junegra...
Example of Plant Community in  Missoula area - Grassland
Missoula area - Grassland• Idaho Fescue (Festuca idahoensis)
Missoula area – Grassland       wildflowers
Missoula area – Grassland       wildflowers
Missoula area – Grassland       wildflowers
Hints for Gardening with Native Plants                     Work with your Site Lewisia rediviva:    Bitterroot
Hints for Gardening with Native Plants              Abundance
Hints for Gardening with Native Plants            Plant Architecture
Hints for Gardening with Native Plants          Community Structure
Hints for Gardening with Native Plants          Provide for Everyone                                 People too!
Hints for Gardening with Native Plants              Seasonality                            August       June
Hints for Gardening with Native Plants            Sprawl & Spread
Hints for Gardening with Native Plants                           Regulations “In situations involving parcels of land that...
Hints for Gardening with Native Plants                Maintenance  EVERY      GARDEN               NEEDS                  ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

5 Things Every Western Gardener Should Know Before Planting Native Plants by Kathy Settevendemie and Madeline Mazurski

993

Published on

5 Things Every Western Gardener Should Know Before Planting Native Plants by Kathy Settevendemie and Madeline Mazurski

Published in: Self Improvement, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
993
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

5 Things Every Western Gardener Should Know Before Planting Native Plants by Kathy Settevendemie and Madeline Mazurski

  1. 1. 5 Things Every WesternGardener Should Know Before Planting Native Plants Madeline Mazurski Montana Native Landscapes Kathy Settevendemie Blackfoot Native Plants Nursery
  2. 2. What is a ‘native’ plant?• A plant species that occurs naturally in a particular region, ecosystem, and/or habitat without direct or indirect human intervention• A species that evolved over time with its biotic community• A species that has not been genetically altered
  3. 3. Cultivars• A cultivar is a plant or group of plants selected for desirable characteristics that can be maintained by propagation.• A cultivar is given a cultivar name, which consists of the scientific Latin botanical name followed by a cultivar epithet. The cultivar epithet is usually in a vernacular language. For example, the full cultivar name of the Amber Wheels Blanket Flower is Gaillardia aristata Amber Wheels’. The Amber Wheels‘ part of the name is the cultivar epithet which, according to the Rules of the Cultivated Plant Code, is bounded by single quotation marks.• Created by selection, hybridization or genetic engineering.
  4. 4. Native plant taxonomy• Common names: – Sagebrush – Mountain Big Sage – Big sagebrush• Scientific/botanical names: Artemisia tridentata v. vaseyana Genus – Artemisia Species – tridentata Variety – vaseyana
  5. 5. Local Provenance• “Native plants with local provenance (place of origin) will be genetically better suited to your local growing conditions than one that is indigenous to another part of the country with very different growing conditions.” -Wasowski
  6. 6. Why use native plants?• Lower maintenance• Water conservation• Sustainability• Lower your carbon footprint• Minimize environmental effects of herbicides and pesticides• Decline in pollinators• Preserving sense of place• Concern about invasive species• Have a role in preserving species• Part of natural ecosystems
  7. 7. Native Plant GardensOnly native Only exoticplants (alien) plants Integrating natives with non-native species Where are you now?
  8. 8. Where Does That Plant Grow and Why Does It Matter?
  9. 9. Where Does That Plant Grow? Sun & Shade Moisture & Dryness Timing of Moisture Soil Elevation Aspect Exposure Slope
  10. 10. Mount Sentinel, Missoula MT High Elevation North-facing, & MoistSteep & Rocky Drainage Area: Moist & Protected Hot & Dry: Exposed
  11. 11. Ponderosa Pine WoodlandSparse Douglas Fir Woody Draw with Shrubs & Pines Grassland
  12. 12. Why does it matter?We can use this same information to create our home landscape
  13. 13. The Home Landscape Sun & Shade Moisture & Dryness Timing of Moisture Soil Elevation Aspect Exposure Slope
  14. 14. Map Your Microclimates: Potential Plant CommunitiesExisting Ponderosa Pines North Moist Dry Flat Open Area Compact RESIDENCE Soil Shady Entry Sunny Steep Slope STORAGE Wind
  15. 15. Identify Your Plant Communities• Which do you have?• Which can you re-create?• Can you incorporate more than one?
  16. 16. Where To From Here? Design your garden!Why Design?
  17. 17. Design ProcessSite Assessment: Needs Assessment: Possible Plant What You Want & Need Communities In Your Garden& Other Site Factors Garden Design
  18. 18. Your Design with Native Communities Existing Ponderosa Pines New Ponderosa Pines to block wind NorthForbs, Grasses, Sedges, Low Shrubs for Moist Shade Dry Shade Pine Woodland Low Shrubs, Forbs, Grasses & Sedges Riparian Shrubs RESIDENCE New Back Mesic Patio Grassland Meadow Dry Grassland Douglas Fir Meadow Entry Court Dry ShadeForbs & Grasses ShrubsFrom Dry Area STORAGE
  19. 19. Example of Plant Community in Missoula area - Grassland• Grasses: Idaho Fescue, Bluebunch Wheatgrass, Prairie Junegrass, One-spike Oatgrass…• Wildflowers: Arrowleaf Balsamroot, Silky Lupine, Little Larkspur, Yellow Bells, Sagebrush Buttercup, Wild Bergamot, Showy Fleabane, Shaggy Fleabane, Clarkia, Blanket Flower, Twin Arnica, Goldenrod, Shooting Star, Mountain Sandwort…
  20. 20. Example of Plant Community in Missoula area - Grassland
  21. 21. Missoula area - Grassland• Idaho Fescue (Festuca idahoensis)
  22. 22. Missoula area – Grassland wildflowers
  23. 23. Missoula area – Grassland wildflowers
  24. 24. Missoula area – Grassland wildflowers
  25. 25. Hints for Gardening with Native Plants Work with your Site Lewisia rediviva: Bitterroot
  26. 26. Hints for Gardening with Native Plants Abundance
  27. 27. Hints for Gardening with Native Plants Plant Architecture
  28. 28. Hints for Gardening with Native Plants Community Structure
  29. 29. Hints for Gardening with Native Plants Provide for Everyone People too!
  30. 30. Hints for Gardening with Native Plants Seasonality August June
  31. 31. Hints for Gardening with Native Plants Sprawl & Spread
  32. 32. Hints for Gardening with Native Plants Regulations “In situations involving parcels of land that are maintained and designated or designed as natural parks/gardens, the owners may request exemption from the Director of Public Works or designated representative. The exemption will be in the form of a Managed Natural Garden/Park Agreement. The purpose is to recognize that private owners may have managed naturalized, less water intensive gardens and lawns. It shall be the duty of such persons to maintain their property so that it shall not be considered a fire hazard, a public safety visibility hazard at street or alley intersections, a public health hazard or a public/private nuisance. Parcels of land designated or designed as natural parks/gardens may lose the designation of exempt, under this ordinance, if the property is not managed as stated in the management agreement.”
  33. 33. Hints for Gardening with Native Plants Maintenance EVERY GARDEN NEEDS MAINTENANCE! (But it can be less with native plants)

×