American english vs british english 1Presentation Transcript
American English vs. British English
American English (AmE) - the form of English used in the United States. It includes all English dialects used within the United States.
British English (BrE) - the form of English used in the United Kingdom. It includes all English dialects used within the United Kingdom
Differences between the two include: Pronunciation Grammar Vocabulary (lexis) Spelling Punctuation Idioms Formatting of dates Numbers
Differences in pronunciation between American English (AmE) and British English (BrE) can be divided into: Differences in accent Differences in the pronunciation of individual words in the lexicon
Differences in Grammar Use of the Present Perfect: In British English it is used to talk about past actions that have an effect in the present In American English past simple and present perfect are used in the same situations. I have lost my pen. Can you borrow me yours? (BE) I lost my pen. OR I have lost my pen. (AE)
Other differences Other differences include the use of: already, just and yet. The British use the present perfect with these adverbs of indefinite time. In American English simple past and present perfect are both possible.
Examples: Yet: She hasn't come yet. (BE) She hasn't come yet. OR She didn't come yet. (AE) Already: I have already seen this movie. (BE) I have already seen this movie. OR I already saw this movie. (AE) Just: He has just gone home. (BE) He just went home. OR He has just gone home. (AE)
British English - American English Vocabulary British English American English Biscuits Block of flats Bonnet (clothing) Bonnet (car) Boot Car park Chemist's shops Chips The cinema Cookie Apartment building Hat Hood Trunk Parking lot Drugstore, pharmacy Fries, French fries The movies
AmE: Cookie BrE: Bisciuts
BrE: Block of flats AmE: Apartment biulding
BrE: Bonnet AmE: Hat
BrE: Bonnet AmE: Hood
BrE: Boot AmE: Trunk
BrE: Car park AmE: Parking lot
BrE : Chemist’s shop AmE : Drugstore,Pharmacy
AmE : Fries, French Fries BrE : Chips
BrE : The cinema AmE : The movies
Spelling Differences Many of these spelling differences result from French influence on English. British English has a tendency to keep the spelling of many words of French origin. Americans try to spell words more closely to the way they sound phonetically and they tend to omit some letters.
Spelling Differences British American Armour Behaviour Colour Favourite Flavour Harbour Honour Humour Armor Behavior Color Favorite Flavor Harbor Honor Humor