ATHENA Access to cultural heritage networks across Europe
eContentplus programmeATHENAAccess to cultural heritagenetworks across EuropeMaria Teresa NataleMinistero per i beni e le attività culturaliIstituto centrale per il catalogo unicodelle biblioteche italianeBrussels, 16 December 2009ATHENA Workshop: Europeana and the accessibilityof the digital cultural heritage
The Europeana Family Judaeica MIMO STERNA BHL Museum A Archive A Library A Library X National Digital LibraryEuropeana Film Archive 1 Film Archive 2 Connect Archive X ACE Film Archive 3 Film Archive X EFG v1.0 EuropeanaLocal EDL Museum X Museum 1 ICOM The European Europe Museum 2 Library CENL EURBICA MICHAEL NL 1 NL 2 NL 3 APENET National Archive 1 National Archive 2 IASA VideoActive FIAT National Archive 3 Europeana Sound Sound Travel Archive 1 Archive n Television Television Archive 1 Archive 2 Presto EUScreen Prime
Basic informationATHENA is a network of good practices financed by the eContentplusprogramme a 30 month project (2008-2011) coordinated by MiBAC a result of the MINERVA projectATHENA involves: 20 EU Member States, Israel,Russia and Azerbaijian 109 museums and other importantcultural institutions in Europe
The museums’ scenarioin the field of standardisation
Towards standardisationThe state of the artEuropean museums havedifferent approaches:•in cataloguing•in digitisation•in the use of metadata standardsOften standards are local instead than national
Towards standardisationIn the Internet age, things are beginning to change There is more willingness to share the knowledge on objects and exhibitions not only during the real visit but also through digital media But…
Towards standardisationIt is not an easy task!!!!
ATHENA activitiesWP3 – IDENTIFYING STANDARDS AND DEVELOPING RECOMMENDATIONSTASKS:Collection of data on the application of standards by European museumsIdentification of standards and common harvesting formats and the publication of recommendationsReview of requirements and specification of tools to support the conversion of proprietary museum data WP3: coordinated by Royal Museums of Arts and History (RMAH), Belgium Collections Trust, United Kingdom
Towards standardisation LIDO Basics• LIDO = Light Information [for] Describing Objects;• Uses CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model (CRM);• Has Display elements and Indexing elements;• Full support for Multilinguality;• Aligned to Getty’s CDWA Lite schema;• Informed by SPECTRUM;• In ‘use’ in BAM Portal.
Towards standardisation LIDO Top Level Elements• Identifier • Event:• Category • Event Set• Object Classification: • Relations: • Object / Work Type • Subject Set (mandatory) • Related Works • Classification • Administrative Metadata:• Object Identification: • Rights • Title / Name (mandatory) • Record (mandatory) • Inscriptions • Resource • Repository / Location • Record (mandatory) • State / Edition LIDO vs. ESE • Object Description The added value • Measurements of ATHENA
ATHENA activitiesWP4 – INTEGRATION OF EXISTING DATA STRUCTURE INTO EUROPEANATASK:To develop and broaden the integration of all kinds of resouces used by museums and other cultural heritage domains in Europeana, focussing in particular on terminologies and semantic toolsCURRENT ACTIVITIES:• Analysis and comparison of existing dictionaries, terminologies, thesauri, classifications, taxonomies etc.• Analysis and comparison of existing multilingual tools (thesauri, technical solutions etc.)• Recommendations for data providers in order to facilitate semantic integration of their content into Europeana WP4: coordinated by Michael-Culture (Aisbl), International Association
ATHENA activitiesWP4 Survey Some figures: Typ e o f t e r m in lo g y Ont ology • 24 countriesClassif icat ion/ Tax onomy • 105 terminologies GlossarySimple Term list • 40% thesaurus Thesaurus 0 10 20 30 40 50 • 30% multilingual
ATHENA activitiesWP4 current steps:• Identification of cases • to cover all kind of problems • from the simplest to the most complex• A cooperation platform, a Wiki • to contribute to the first steps of an ATHENA thesaurus • to share and discuss the results• Editing of recommendations for museums
ATHENA activities• Prefer the use of thesauri • SKOSifiable • Structurally rich enough • Rather adopted in museums• Prefer domain‐specialization and create bridges in‐between • Specialized domain of description • Little dimension (number of terms)• Be “general‐user‐oriented” • Access and retrieval concern • Combined with professional requirements
ATHENA activitiesWP7 – DEVELOPMENT OF THE ATHENA INGESTERTASK:Development of a tool able to integrate the different standards and harvesting formats, focussing also on semantic interoperability WP7: coordinated by Institute of Communication and ComputerIn order to practically bring Systems-National Technical University of Athens), ICCS-NTUA, Greece the ingested content of the Ministrstvo za Kulturo Republike Slovenije content providers into Europeana (MKRS), Slovenia
ATHENA activities Import, ValueHarvesting, Semantic Export Parsing, Versioning Mapping, Enrich Delivery Mapping Publish Indexing Normalization Structured Data Europeana Delivered Interoperable Interoperable Indexed with reapplied Enabled Data Semantics Structure Data enrichment Data Presentation & Search Analysis & Statistics Quality Control Re-iterate
ATHENA ingester 1st step: Registration of the content provider: •Museum •Library •Aggregator •Etc.
ATHENA ingester How LIDO will work with the Athena system• LIDO is the heart of the ATHENA system.• It is the concrete result of ATHENA to enable the potentially rich metadata that museums have about their objects, together with links to digital surrogates for them.• Museums will be able to:• Provide their metadata in the LIDO schema for direct import into the system• Map metadata exported from their system.
ATHENA ingester 3rd step: mapping between one’s own standard and LIDO
ATHENA ingesterTechnical features• Implementation in Java• Database in PostgreSQL• Queries made with Hibernate• WebServer Tomcat• Full Text Index via Lucene
ATHENA activitiesWP5 – Coordination of contents Belgian NCP Barbara DierickxMAIN TASKS: Rony Vissers1) Creation of a network of the NCP responsible for: (Packed) • the data collection • the involvement of new content providers • the local dissemination • the support to the WPs activities WP5: coordinated by 2) Coordination of the content provision MiBAC, Italy 3) Investigation of national coordination mechanisms in terms of creation of aggregators (thematic, regional, national)
ATHENA activitiesWP6 – Analysis of IPR issues and definition of possibile solutionsCURRENT ACTIVITIES:Overview of IPR legislation with respect to Europeana goalsIdentification of possible solutions for conflicts among content providers and Europeana, also with regard to the Europeana Licensing FrameworkEditing of a step-by-step guide WP6: coordinated by Packed, Belgium Panepistemion Patron - University of Patras (UP), Greece
ATHENA activitiesWP1 – Management WP2– Awareness and disseminationThey work in close cooperation to:• Enlarge the network• Disseminate the results• Produce promotional materials and publications• Organise training workshops for the content providers WP1: coordinated by MiBAC, Italy WP2: coordinated by Stiftung PreußischerJanuary 2010: Training Workshops in Rome and Berlin Kulturbesitz (SPK), Germany Stowarzyszenieon LIDO and the ATHENA Ingestion tool Miedzynarodowe Centrum Zarzadzania Informacja (ICIMSS), Poland
Network enlargement with Belgian museums Signing a cooperation agreement, you can: • participate in working groups activities • be a content provider Two possibilities of providing contents to EuropeanaSome Belgian museums have already joined us • Rhine Release (July 2010)• Museum van Hedendaagse Kunst (MuHKA), Antwerpen • Danube Release (July 2011)• Stedelijk Museum voor Actuele Kunst (S.M.A.K.), Gent• Agentschap Kunsten en Erfgoed, Collectievan de Vlaamse gemeenschap
Network enlargement with Belgian museumsATHENA gives to interested museums:• Information• Technical helpdesk• Traininginfo@athenaeurope.org