Knowledge is the Common Property of Mankind, Oslo, 30 Nov 2013

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Knowledge is the Common Property of Mankind, Oslo, 30 Nov 2013

  1. 1. Knowledge is the common property of mankind: #AllezCulture: Creating a new Commons 30 November 2013 Twitter: @JilCos Wednesday, 4 December 2013 I think we are creating a new digital commons, a place where culture can be found in digitised form, for knowledge, for play, for reuse, openly available to everyone, respecting of the rights of the creators. Parliament and MS behind europeana connects culture, culture available for everyone Robert Schumann Should not underestimate the importance of culture, how it makes us view the world, how it helps understand each other and hence its effects on society and cohesion. It is therefore important that culture can be available to all. I therefore want to talk about the vision, Europeana as a catalyst for change, the need for further reform, some ideas on how we are going to get there i.e what can we do?
  2. 2. Vision: ʻThe Union shall respect its cultural and linguistic diversity, and shall ensure that Europeʼs cultural heritage is safeguarded and enhancedʼ- Article 3 Lisbon Treaty Wednesday, 4 December 2013 Europeana was born as a political vision to create social and economical capital
  3. 3. Vision: Openly accessible digital cultural heritage will foster the exchange of ideas and knowledge, lead to a better mutual understanding of our cultural diversity and support a thriving knowledge economy in Europe -Council of Europe 2008- Wednesday, 4 December 2013 It sort to create a new enlightenment, new republic of letters
  4. 4. www.dreams.europeana.eu 4 Wednesday, 4 December 2013 locked down in building, hard to discover, hand it over, europeʼs fabulously rich culture, no access to important culture resources, to work, to play, to reuse, hand over to the people, digitally available but disconnected, unlock, more widely available, what stuff to be used, new things based on We have a much more enlightened society due to the digital shift we need to make sure that everyone gets to see and use our cultural heritage
  5. 5. Vision/Mission Europeana Vision: we believe that openly accessible digital cultural heritage, fostering the exchange of ideas and knowledge, leads to a better mutual understanding of our cultural diversity and contributes to a thriving knowledge economy for Europe Mission: Europeana is a cultural heritage sector catalyst for change. Together with the network of Libraries, Museums, Archives, Audio Visual Collections and Creative Industries we work to create new ways for people to engage with their cultural history for work, learning or pleasure. 5 Wednesday, 4 December 2013 From Europeanaʼs point of view it starts with our vision and mission statements
  6. 6. A Catalyst for Change What is Europeana, What impacts has it had? Wednesday, 4 December 2013
  7. 7. Wednesday, 4 December 2013 Europeana is not the standalone portal you see here. And it is not really about technology that is just the enabler
  8. 8. Wednesday, 4 December 2013 It is an ecosystem of contributors of cultural heritage data, researchers and technologists who can manipulate and enrich that data, a network of professionals who create policy for the use and reuse of the data and recently a growing group of creatives, developers and entrepreneurs who will exploit that data, under open, fair and agreed conditions. It has developed repositories of metadata and content from actually 2300 museums, libraries, archives and audio visual institutions from all European Union & EFTA countries. This data is standardised, harmonised, multilingual, rights labelled and made interoperable. And is now beginning to be used in classrooms, in augmented reality tourism, in serious games, etc. It is an underlying resource to be further distributed and exploited. It is already in Commission speak a “digital service infrastructure” and is on the cusp of helping to create new things from old clothes. i.e fuel for economic growth Fundamentally it is a set of people who believe in the same thing - making culture available to all and have agreed to try to do this under a set of common principles.
  9. 9. European Cultural Commons Principles Access Mutuality Engagement Attribution Consistency Wednesday, 4 December 2013 All of which is based on some shared principles, that are in many ways similar to those of the Age of Enlightenment and certainly reflect the concept that Knowledge is the common property of mankind. via a series of workshops with policy makers and the network we have arrived at the following principles for our European Cultural Commons Mutuality - Create a community, based on the principles of achieving mutual benefit, acting in good faith and presuming it on behalf of others Access - Provide a set of high-quality re-usable content, tools and services to enable creativity and innovation Attribution - Commit to the principle of respecting rights through acknowledgement and attribution Consistency - Build on the existing values and principles of our sector Engagement - Commit, as members of the community proactively to use the commons and to contribute to it
  10. 10. 10 Wednesday, 4 December 2013 This is the business process of Europeana. It pulls cultural stuff in, it makes that stuff work together and it pushes stuff and information out And it aims to have impact in 3 areas
  11. 11. Europeana supports economic growth: Creative Industries in Europe are growing fast (estimated 7% per annum) and they need fuel. Europeana provides that. To date 770 businesses, entrepreneurs, educational & cultural organisations are re-using our data in websites, apps and games. Wednesday, 4 December 2013 Actually one of the more selfish reasons why many in this audience might consider supporting our campaign for funding #allezculture - is the ability to get your hands on the stuff that Europeana brings together and makes sure that you know if you can reuse it or not. Mckinsey
  12. 12. Impact 1: Europeana Supports Economic Growth 12 Wednesday, 4 December 2013 We have some great examples in the API being reused by the memory institutions themselves to take back content that is about their countries heritage, that belongs or contributes to their collections, Or its reuse in education such as this site of the national science museums which is powered by Europeana or our wonderful Open Culture App which came out of Glimworm, our next speaker, developing Muse in a Europeana Hackathon and launching it as the Rijksmuseum reopened physically being able to apply the same basic software and idea to a wider set of Europeana data.
  13. 13. Impact 1: Europeana Supports Economic Growth 12 Wednesday, 4 December 2013 We have some great examples in the API being reused by the memory institutions themselves to take back content that is about their countries heritage, that belongs or contributes to their collections, Or its reuse in education such as this site of the national science museums which is powered by Europeana or our wonderful Open Culture App which came out of Glimworm, our next speaker, developing Muse in a Europeana Hackathon and launching it as the Rijksmuseum reopened physically being able to apply the same basic software and idea to a wider set of Europeana data.
  14. 14. Impact 1: Europeana Supports Economic Growth 12 Wednesday, 4 December 2013 We have some great examples in the API being reused by the memory institutions themselves to take back content that is about their countries heritage, that belongs or contributes to their collections, Or its reuse in education such as this site of the national science museums which is powered by Europeana or our wonderful Open Culture App which came out of Glimworm, our next speaker, developing Muse in a Europeana Hackathon and launching it as the Rijksmuseum reopened physically being able to apply the same basic software and idea to a wider set of Europeana data.
  15. 15. Impact 1: Europeana Supports Economic Growth 12 Wednesday, 4 December 2013 We have some great examples in the API being reused by the memory institutions themselves to take back content that is about their countries heritage, that belongs or contributes to their collections, Or its reuse in education such as this site of the national science museums which is powered by Europeana or our wonderful Open Culture App which came out of Glimworm, our next speaker, developing Muse in a Europeana Hackathon and launching it as the Rijksmuseum reopened physically being able to apply the same basic software and idea to a wider set of Europeana data.
  16. 16. Europeana connects Europe: Wednesday, 4 December 2013 To our second impact: The importance of our second impact harks back to Robert Schumanʼs statement. Bringing together our shared cultural heritage, requires that we work together, we collaborate as museums, libraries, archives, audio visual archives. But we need to engage citizens in our heritage, to encourage them understand its place in our lives today, to celebrate its richness and diversity and to do this Europeana has launched a series of events across Europe, raising awareness of Europeana and ability to participate in culture. Two of the better known are: Europeana 1914-1918 and Europeana 1989
  17. 17. Impact 2 Europeana connects Europe: open, democratised access to culture helps all communities across Europe to understand the past and to appreciate cross-cultural differences. 14 Wednesday, 4 December 2013
  18. 18. Europeana makes Europe’s culture available for everyone: 30 million records under a Creative Commons Zero public domain dedication (CC0) means Europe’s heritage becomes available for re-use for everyone, young and old Wednesday, 4 December 2013 This is partly about creating the conditions so that data can be seen and reused – hence the importance of all contributing cultural heritage institutions agreeing to deliver their metadata under CC0 We are now starting to extend our licensing framework to agree on common conditions of access to digital content which is why we have a large scale rights labeling of the content campaign going on now and why Europeana plays a role in the copyright discussions within the EU and would like better solutions to cross border access particularly for AV material.
  19. 19. Impact 3: Europeana makes Europe’s Culture available for everyone 16 Wednesday, 4 December 2013 It is about ensuring as stated in our public domain charter that things that were in the public domain in analogue form remain in the public domain in digital form It is about standardising the data so that it can be redistributed. This in my view, is the long term impact of Europeana. The behind the scenes work that makes the data talk to each other, that ensures it work in a machine readable form so that developers can take the data and create new things with it. But it is also about making culture work online, showing data in context to specific interest groups, making sure that it is found on Wikipedia, via Google This is why sites such as Europeana Fashion are so important. By standardising the data it can be distributed, culture can be made available to everyone, in a democratic manner via media they use. Europeana Fashion engages an audience of girls with museums and archives and to become wikipedians contributing to the massive encyclopedia in ways they have not done to date.
  20. 20. Impact 3: Europeana makes Europe’s Culture available for everyone 16 Wednesday, 4 December 2013 It is about ensuring as stated in our public domain charter that things that were in the public domain in analogue form remain in the public domain in digital form It is about standardising the data so that it can be redistributed. This in my view, is the long term impact of Europeana. The behind the scenes work that makes the data talk to each other, that ensures it work in a machine readable form so that developers can take the data and create new things with it. But it is also about making culture work online, showing data in context to specific interest groups, making sure that it is found on Wikipedia, via Google This is why sites such as Europeana Fashion are so important. By standardising the data it can be distributed, culture can be made available to everyone, in a democratic manner via media they use. Europeana Fashion engages an audience of girls with museums and archives and to become wikipedians contributing to the massive encyclopedia in ways they have not done to date.
  21. 21. Impact 3: Europeana makes Europe’s Culture available for everyone 16 Wednesday, 4 December 2013 It is about ensuring as stated in our public domain charter that things that were in the public domain in analogue form remain in the public domain in digital form It is about standardising the data so that it can be redistributed. This in my view, is the long term impact of Europeana. The behind the scenes work that makes the data talk to each other, that ensures it work in a machine readable form so that developers can take the data and create new things with it. But it is also about making culture work online, showing data in context to specific interest groups, making sure that it is found on Wikipedia, via Google This is why sites such as Europeana Fashion are so important. By standardising the data it can be distributed, culture can be made available to everyone, in a democratic manner via media they use. Europeana Fashion engages an audience of girls with museums and archives and to become wikipedians contributing to the massive encyclopedia in ways they have not done to date.
  22. 22. Impact 3: Europeana makes Europe’s Culture available for everyone 16 Wednesday, 4 December 2013 It is about ensuring as stated in our public domain charter that things that were in the public domain in analogue form remain in the public domain in digital form It is about standardising the data so that it can be redistributed. This in my view, is the long term impact of Europeana. The behind the scenes work that makes the data talk to each other, that ensures it work in a machine readable form so that developers can take the data and create new things with it. But it is also about making culture work online, showing data in context to specific interest groups, making sure that it is found on Wikipedia, via Google This is why sites such as Europeana Fashion are so important. By standardising the data it can be distributed, culture can be made available to everyone, in a democratic manner via media they use. Europeana Fashion engages an audience of girls with museums and archives and to become wikipedians contributing to the massive encyclopedia in ways they have not done to date.
  23. 23. What do people want? Wednesday, 4 December 2013 The people in Cultural Heritage Institutions In the Creative Industries, You, Me, Our kids, or Grandparents
  24. 24. Wednesday, 4 December 2013 You know this....End users want ease of access - in their subject area, curated to their needs, to be able to download, blog, find the picture, piece of music, share with others, find out about where they are going or where they are, be inspired - to learn.....they start mostly at a search engine, or via Wikipedia
  25. 25. What do we still need to solve to achieve this? Shift from portal to platform Copyright for the web Multilinguality Quality of data Wednesday, 4 December 2013
  26. 26. 1. Shift from Portal to Platform 20 Wednesday, 4 December 2013 While a portal can present its aggregated content in a way that invites exploration, the experience is always constrained pre-determined by a set of design decisions about what is necessary, relevant and useful. Portal to platform: we will shift our focus from inviting individuals to explore their heritage on the europeana.eu portal, to developing a community of professional organisations  who re-use the data, content, knowledge and technology that Europeana and its partners make available for them.   Will the portal still exist? Yes, we will still have a service that can be used as a search interface for our collective memory. But it will be used more by professionals who are searching for re-usable data and content than by individuals searching for culture. Development, maintenance and marketing of the search portal will take no more than 20% of our efforts. 80% of our efforts will be spent on developing the platform and instruments of re-use such as APIs, LOD, etc.
  27. 27. 2. Copyright for the web 21 Wednesday, 4 December 2013
  28. 28. 2. All Public Domain material freely available for re-use Public Domain Rijksmuseum22 Wednesday, 4 December 2013 Continue to Work with our data providers and other stakeholders to ensure that all digitised Public Domain material is freely available for re-use without any restrictions. In order to achieve this goal the principles established by the Europeana Public Domain Charter and the New Renaissance report should be applied to all publicly funded digitisation projects in Europe.
  29. 29. 2. Develop ‘open, unless’ policies for public material (without 3rd party rights) to allow re-use 23 Wednesday, 4 December 2013 Work with our data providers on promoting ʻopen unlessʼ policies in the cultural heritage sector that ensure that digital content that is not subject to third party rights is made available under conditions that allow re-use. 
  30. 30. 2. Ensure that new EU copyright framework allows easy noncommercial and cross border access 24 Wednesday, 4 December 2013 Work with our data providers on ensuring that the interests of publicly accessible libraries archives and museums and their users are properly represented on the European level during the upcoming review of the EU copyright framework. Specifically this means that an updated copyright directive needs to contain provisions that allow publicly accessible libraries archives and museums to make available works in their collection for non commercial purposes. 
  31. 31. 3. Multilinguality: promote solutions so that you can discover my culture in your language CC-BY-NC Nothrills Wednesday, 4 December 2013 Keep pushing for good long term and public solutions to deal with multilingual issues. 25
  32. 32. 4. Improve the quality of access: direct unbroken links to decent quality images CC-BY-NC-ND Rossco Wednesday, 4 December 2013 26
  33. 33. 27 Wednesday, 4 December 2013 Meta-data exceeds minimum requirements and the titles are in two languages increasing discoverability. 
  34. 34. 28 Wednesday, 4 December 2013 No rights label,  no description, no date, no creator, no thumbnails, etc.
  35. 35. 10,928 items in collection National Library of Wales 3,298 views 3,298 click-throughs 29 Wednesday, 4 December 2013
  36. 36. 12,658 items in collection 139 views 29 click-throughs 30 Wednesday, 4 December 2013
  37. 37. Strategic Plan 2020 What will we do? Wednesday, 4 December 2013
  38. 38. Agenda for change Wednesday, 4 December 2013 ʻEuropeana needs to continue to play a catalysing role in solving the barriers to access. We will keep pushing to make all PD material freely available for re-use, for ʻopen unlessʼ policies for content not subject to 3rd party rights, finding multilingual solutions and to create an infrastructure that allows others to curate, to interpret the material in places the user uses. We will move from portal to platform.ʼ
  39. 39. The Vision p uro E Library Museum Archive Lab a ea n s p Euro Europeana Platform u na.e ea Europeana Fashion AV Collection Europeana 1914-18 Eur o Res peana earc h Library Museum Archive Museum Wednesday, 4 December 2013 So this is the first dream, we hope to have up and running within the next 18 months. Where cultural content institutions place their material to be enriched and where all types of uses, professional, gamer or fashionista can view their own heritage in ways they want and contribute back. So memory institutions reach a wide and varied set of users, by working together on solving issues and making use of the multiplier effects We are at the forefront of the Digital Shift. Europe has done amazing things funding Europeana and preparing its cultural heritage so that it might be fuel for the future, but it is also continuing the tradition under which the union was begun: to connect Europe and democratise access to our common heritage. #AllezCulture!
  40. 40. The Vision p uro E Library Museum Archive Lab a ea n s p Euro Europeana Platform u na.e ea Europeana Fashion AV Collection Europeana 1914-18 Eur o Res peana earc h Library Museum Archive Museum Wednesday, 4 December 2013 So this is the first dream, we hope to have up and running within the next 18 months. Where cultural content institutions place their material to be enriched and where all types of uses, professional, gamer or fashionista can view their own heritage in ways they want and contribute back. So memory institutions reach a wide and varied set of users, by working together on solving issues and making use of the multiplier effects We are at the forefront of the Digital Shift. Europe has done amazing things funding Europeana and preparing its cultural heritage so that it might be fuel for the future, but it is also continuing the tradition under which the union was begun: to connect Europe and democratise access to our common heritage. #AllezCulture!
  41. 41. Europeana Labs Natural History Game 34 Wednesday, 4 December 2013 accessible via our new site to be launched in 2014 - Europeana Labs - a place for Developers, Creatives Media Artists, connected into real physical labs such as the schools one.
  42. 42. For Creatives CC-BY 2.0 Alex Wednesday, 4 December 2013 making the material available for the creatives 35
  43. 43. Tools to build specific interest For people channels CC-By-SA Sigfrid Lundberg (#hack4europe National Librar CC-By-SA Sebastiaan ter Burg (Editathon Utrecht) 36 Austria) Wednesday, 4 December 2013 with tools on the platform so that people can build their own versions of culture
  44. 44. with the Europeana Network 37 Wednesday, 4 December 2013
  45. 45. 38 Wednesday, 4 December 2013 So that our past enlightners become part of our future knowledge
  46. 46. 38 Wednesday, 4 December 2013 So that our past enlightners become part of our future knowledge
  47. 47. Spinoza 38 Wednesday, 4 December 2013 So that our past enlightners become part of our future knowledge
  48. 48. Spinoza 38 Wednesday, 4 December 2013 So that our past enlightners become part of our future knowledge
  49. 49. Spinoza Voltaire 38 Wednesday, 4 December 2013 So that our past enlightners become part of our future knowledge
  50. 50. Spinoza Voltaire 38 Wednesday, 4 December 2013 So that our past enlightners become part of our future knowledge
  51. 51. Spinoza Voltaire Newton 38 Wednesday, 4 December 2013 So that our past enlightners become part of our future knowledge
  52. 52. “Instead of policy-makers deciding on what ‘European heritage’ is, the Europeana project allows its users to research European history themselves, create new transnational links between cultures, look at historic events from different national angles, and put history in new contexts.” Joris Pekel Jill.Cousins@kb.nl   Twi3er:  JilCos                        following  EuropeanaEU Wednesday, 4 December 2013 #AllezCulture!
  53. 53. re tu of policy-makers deciding on what l“Instead u C ‘European heritage’ is, the Europeana project z lle A allows its users to research European history # themselves, create new transnational links between cultures, look at historic events from different national angles, and put history in new contexts.” Joris Pekel Jill.Cousins@kb.nl   Twi3er:  JilCos                        following  EuropeanaEU Wednesday, 4 December 2013 #AllezCulture!

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