05 daguerrobase


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05 daguerrobase

  1. 1. Daguerreobase Europeana Project Group Assembly September 25-26, 2013 Den Hague
  2. 2. Best Practice Network • CIP 297250 • 1 Nov 2012 - April 2015 (30 months) • Three reporting periods (10, 20, 30) • First technical review: October 8, 2013, Paris.
  3. 3. Short history • NFM – 2004: filemaker database – 2009: online application with information on daguerreotypes • FoMu – Daguerreotype restoration project funded by the Flemish government (2007-2009)
  4. 4. • Online database (2009)
  5. 5. What is a daguerreotype? • The daguerreotype was the first commercially successful photographic process (1839-1860) in the history of photography. Named after the inventor, Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre, each daguerreotype is a unique image on a silvered copper plate. In contrast to photographic paper, a daguerreotype is not flexible and is rather heavy. • The daguerreotype is accurate, detailed and sharp. It has a mirror-like surface and is very fragile. Since the metal plate is extremely vulnerable, most daguerreotypes are presented in a special housing. Different types of housings existed: a cassette, a folding case, jewelry, …
  6. 6. Portrait Jozefina Nelsen (1853-1865) Picture André F.J. Dupont – Letterenhuis Antwerpen Illustration T. Pritchard © FoMu
  7. 7. Importance • Numerous portrait studio’s opened their doors from the 1840ies onward. Daguerreotypes were very expensive, so only the wealthy could afford to have their portrait taken. Even though the portrait was the most popular subject, the daguerreotype was used to record many other images such as topographic and documentary subjects, antiquities, still lives, natural phenomena and remarkable events. • European daguerreotypes are scarce. They are scattered in institutional and private collections all over the world. Many aspects of the daguerreotype still need to be discovered. They can help us to understand the impact of photography on Europe’s social and cultural history.
  8. 8. Example of a European cassette/package J.G. Eynard-Lullin (ca. 1842-1863) Example of an Anglo-American daguerreotype (folding case) Unknown photographer (ca. 1840-1865) ©FoMu © FoMu
  9. 9. Convent of Beaumont Le Roger en Haute-Normandie, France Unknown photographer (ca. 1840 – 1855) Unidentified portrait Unknown Photographer (ca. 1840-1855) © FoMu © FoMu
  10. 10. FoMu collection Detail of the façade of the Duomo di Siena Unknown photographer (ca. 1840 – 1855) © FoMu© FoMu Unidentified couple Unknown Photographer (ca. 1855)
  11. 11. •Silver Hallmarks ©FoMu
  12. 12. General objectives • To aggregate high quality images and descriptions of mainly European type daguerreotypes and daguerreotype related objects; • To enable access to at least 75% of the still existing highly significant but scattered institutional and private daguerreotype collections in Europe via Europeana; • To enhance the quality of both new and existing Europeana content, in terms of its metadata richness, its re-use potential and its uniqueness; • To enable improved search, retrieval and use of Europeana content, both within the Europeana portal and by third parties via the Europeana API.
  13. 13. Outcomes (1) • A standard for the description and the preservation of the daguerreotype objects. • A standard for the high quality digitization of daguerreotype objects (workflow, digitization parameters, documentation of the digitization). • A multilingual set of thesauri or entries lists for the description of daguerreotype object. • A renewed version of the existing Daguerreobase Portal (www.daguerreobase.org) • A metadata aggregator for historical and contemporary daguerreotypes that interoperates with Europeana and is complementary to Europeana.
  14. 14. Outcomes (2) • Improved quality of the content, the metadata and the service delivery • Software tools for aggregation of daguerreotypes and daguerreotype related objects • Engagement of the photography and heritage community. This aspect will also be realized by the founding of The European Daguerreotype Association (EDA). All the content providers of the Daguerreobase Consortium will become a member of this organization. • A business model for the management and maintenance of Daguerreobase when the project ends. • A Europeana virtual exhibition of European daguerreotype masterpieces to celebrate the 175th birthday of photography
  15. 15. Total number of content – 25566 Daguerreotype descriptions – 6945 Pages from documents, letters and manuals – 23 Equipment or tools
  16. 16. Participant number Short name Participant Name Country 1 FoMu FotoMuseum Provincie Antwerpen Belgium 2 NFM Stichting Nederlands Fotomuseum Netherlands 3 ARCP Ville de Paris France 4 MLK Stadt Koln Germany 5 TSD Landeshauptstadt Dresden Germany 6 CNA Ministère de la Culture Luxembourg 7 IPR Institut fur Papierrestaurierung Schloss Schonbrunn Mag. Markus Klaszund Mitgesellschafter IPR Austria 8 FMP Finnish Museum of Photography SVM FMP Finland 9 NB Nasjonalbiblioteket Norway 10 UiB Universitet i Bergen Norway 11 PIM Picturae bv Netherlands 12 eDAVID Expertisecentrum DAVID Belgium 13 MOCED Ortelee Marinus JAN*M J Ortelee – Fotojournalist MOCED Netherlands 14 SMP S.M.P. Di Petrillo Sandra Maria*SMP Conservazione e Restauro di Fotografie Italy 15 MCS Museum Conservation Services LTD United Kingdom 16 NTM Narodni Technicke Muzeum Czech Republic 17 UPV Universitat Politecnica de Valencia Spain 18 KBDK Det Kongelige Bibliotek, Nationalbibliotek og Kobenhavns Universitetsbibliotek Denmark
  17. 17. Work packages • WP 1 - Project Management • WP 2 - Awareness, dissemination and networking activities • WP 3 - Best practice and standards description • WP 4 - Renewed Daguerreobase and service delivery • WP 5 - Content aggregation and aligning with Europeana • WP 6 - Project performance and evaluation • WP 7 - Long-term sustainability and IPR issues
  18. 18. Daguerreobase: join us! • Daguerreobase is still looking for daguerreotypes. We invite you to share your treasures in a secured digital environment. • Everyone can benefit from this cooperation: • Museums and private-collectors can show their daguerreotype collection to a wider public • You can search with a multilingual tool through Europe’s finest daguerreotypes • The main body of still existing European daguerreotypes will be assembled in one user-friendly database • You can exchange information and raise your level of knowledge
  19. 19. www.daguerreobase.org Belgium FotoMuseum Provincie Antwerpen Waalse Kaai 47 2000 Antwerpen Belgium Tel.: +32 (0)3 242.93.27 Sabine.Cauberghs@fomu.be Netherlands Nederlands Fotomuseum in Las Palmas Wilhelminakade 332 3072 AR Rotterdam The Netherlands Tel.: +31 (0)10/203.04.08 hmaes@nederlandsfotomuseum.nl
  20. 20. • This project is partially funded under the ICT Policy Support Programme (ICT PSP) as part of the Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme by the European Community. • This document reflects only the author’s views. The European Community is not liable for any use that might be made of the information contained therein. THANK YOU