Facilitating Access and Reuse of Research Materials: the Case of The European Library
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Facilitating Access and Reuse of Research Materials: the Case of The European Library

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The European Library provides access to research materials from the collections of Europe’s national and research libraries, representing members from 46 countries. This paper presents the current ...

The European Library provides access to research materials from the collections of Europe’s national and research libraries, representing members from 46 countries. This paper presents the current status, on-going work, and future plans of the resource dissemination services provided by The European Library, covering resources such as national bibliographies, digital collections, full text collections, its access portal and API, open linked data publication, and integration in digital humanities infrastructures. In the coming years, The European Library will work to provide the means and tools for digital humanities researchers to easily use research materials from libraries in their research activities.

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  • In order to provide the means and tools for digital humanities researchers to exploit the cultural heritage materials, a new research infrastructure, Europeana Research, will be created by extending the currently existing portal of The European Library. Early stages of the project will analyse how academic users locate data and how they perceive the value of the content within Europeana. This analysis will be the basis of the content strategy of the Europeana Research platform, and will also provide the understanding of scholarly workflows which will be supported by Europeana Research. This analysis will be carried out jointly with the DARIAH network of arts and humanities researchers, and with the Council of European Social Science Data Archives (CESSDA). Academics working in these domains will be the most fertile exploiters of Europeana cultural content, therefore they have key roles to play in shaping the future of Europeana Research. This analysis will allow the identification of tools that allow researchers to manipulate and exploit cultural heritage materials in innovative ways. The project will therefore develop a suite of tools that allows scholars to interact with the content that they require from Europeana Research. The areas to be approached are: Accessing and Analysing Big Data - permitting scholars to download, manipulate and analyse large data sets. Annotation - allowing researchers to annotate documents and to share these annotations Transcription - allowing users to transcribe and interpret documents Discovery and Access - ensuring that services are tailored so that research material is discoverable by the scholarly community, possibly with integration in other research infrastructures in the field of Digital Humanities.
  • In order to provide the means and tools for digital humanities researchers to exploit the cultural heritage materials, a new research infrastructure, Europeana Research, will be created by extending the currently existing portal of The European Library. Early stages of the project will analyse how academic users locate data and how they perceive the value of the content within Europeana. This analysis will be the basis of the content strategy of the Europeana Research platform, and will also provide the understanding of scholarly workflows which will be supported by Europeana Research. This analysis will be carried out jointly with the DARIAH network of arts and humanities researchers, and with the Council of European Social Science Data Archives (CESSDA). Academics working in these domains will be the most fertile exploiters of Europeana cultural content, therefore they have key roles to play in shaping the future of Europeana Research. This analysis will allow the identification of tools that allow researchers to manipulate and exploit cultural heritage materials in innovative ways. The project will therefore develop a suite of tools that allows scholars to interact with the content that they require from Europeana Research. The areas to be approached are: Accessing and Analysing Big Data - permitting scholars to download, manipulate and analyse large data sets. Annotation - allowing researchers to annotate documents and to share these annotations Transcription - allowing users to transcribe and interpret documents Discovery and Access - ensuring that services are tailored so that research material is discoverable by the scholarly community, possibly with integration in other research infrastructures in the field of Digital Humanities.

Facilitating Access and Reuse of Research Materials: the Case of The European Library Facilitating Access and Reuse of Research Materials: the Case of The European Library Presentation Transcript

  • Facilitating Access and Reuse of Research Materials: the Case of The European Library Nuno Freire The European Library 17th International Conference on Electronic Publishing June 2013
  • Presentation outline • Introduction of The European Library • Resources aggregated by The European Library • Bibliographic resources • Full-text contents • Resource dissemination and reuse services • APIs and Linked Open Data • Intelectual property rights infrastructures • Research infrastructures
  • Introduction of The European Library
  • The European Library  The European Library provides access to research materials from of Europe’s national and research libraries • Its most visible service is the portal www.theeuropeanlibrary.org
  • The European Library - Council of Europe representation
  • The European Library  Provision of services based on exploiting the centralization of pan-European bibliographic data and digital content • A portal and an API • Library domain aggregator for Europeana • Promoting the re-use of these digital resources in many contexts
  • The European Library and the Europeana Network 1 Data providers: libraries, museums, archives and audio-visual archives 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Aggregators (domain, national, etc.) 12 10 11 9 Service providers 13
  • Resources aggregated by The European Library
  • Resources aggregated by The European Library  Bibliographic data: • National bibliographies • Comprehensive databases of all publications in a country • Traditional library catalogues • Research collections from national and research libraries (photographs, manuscripts, historical pamphlets) • May refer to digital and non-digital materials
  • Resources Aggregated byResources Aggregated by The European Library  The European Library hosts a centralized index of textual resources: • It currently contains over 24 million pages of full-text content, originating from 14 national libraries • These textual resources were created mostly from OCR • The quality of the text varies, depending on the quality of the original material, and the use of special fonts in older materials. • An heterogeneous resource in terms of types of materials, languages and publication periods
  •  Textual resources: Country of origin Material type Pages Temporal coverage Languages Austria Newspapers, governmental material 534.000 1862 – 1925 German Czech Republic Books, newspapers 2.579.511 1800 – 1989 Czech, German Estonia Newspapers, journals 713.933 1821 – 1940 Estonian France Books, periodicals 8.242.908 1650 – 1930 French (some others) Hungary Periodicals, newspapers, journals, books, monographs, pamphlets 237.914 1590 – 1992 Hungarian, Latin, English, German Iceland Newspapers, journals 5.727.149 1773 – 2002 Icelandic, Faroese, Greenlandic Latvia Newspapers, books 195.075 1900 – 1952 German, Latvian Lithuania Newspapers 125.477 1904 – 1940 Lithuanian Norway Books, journals 1.600.000 By authors dead for more that 70 years Norwegian (others) Poland Newspapers, books 436.198 Before 1939 Polish, German, Czech, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Yiddish Slovakia Newspapers 185.000 Before 1918 Slovak, Hungarian, German Slovenia Newspapers, books, journals 328.502 1500 – 1945 Slovenian Spain Newspapers, books 3.033.525 17th – 19th Century Spanish Sweden Newspapers, books, journals, printed ephemera 253.653 Until the 20th century Swedish Resources Aggregated byResources Aggregated by The European Library
  •  Textual resources: Resources Aggregated byResources Aggregated by The European Library
  • • These textual resources will be expanded during 2013, thanks to the Europeana Newspapers project • http://www.europeana-newspapers.eu/ • A group of 17 European institutions will provide more than 18 million newspaper pages for The European Library and Europeana. • Availability of material varies: • Some are orphan works • Some are public domain. • Public domain works will be accessible for download and reuse  Textual resources: Resources Aggregated byResources Aggregated by The European Library
  • Resource dissemination and reuse services
  • Data dissemination channels by The European Library  Commitment to provide ease of access to data: • Search APIs • Linked Open Data • To be publicly available during 2013  Expected benefits • Higher Profile – raising data providers’ profile and driving web traffic to data provider’s websites. • Establish Authority - to become an authority for library data • Positioning The European Library as a data hub
  • 16 ARROW – Accessible Registries of Rights Information and Orphan Works towards Europeana  ARROW is a tool to facilitate rights information management in any digitisation project involving text and image based works  ARROW infrastructure allows to determine for a work: • The authors, publishers and other right-holders • Whether it is orphan • Whether it is in or out of copyright • Whether it is still commercially available
  • 17 ARROW - Motivation  To support mass digitisation projects with automated ways to clear the rights of the books to be digitised.  To identify and clear the rights associated with a book a complex process needs to be undertaken: • Determine the work(s) contained within the book • Identify all the other expressions of the same work(s) • Identify the publisher(s) and contributor(s) involved • Determine the dates of publication at work level • Determine whether that work(s), and not the book itself, is still in commerce • If necessary, obtain any licenses from the rights holders or collective rights organizations
  • The ARROW Workflow
  • The ARROW Workflow ONIX for Rights Information Services (ONIX-RS) used for data exchange between ARROW participants ONIX for Rights Information Services (ONIX-RS) used for data exchange between ARROW participants
  • The role of The European Library Allow the identification of the bibliographic record describing the manifestation whose rights are to be cleared Allow the identification of the bibliographic record describing the manifestation whose rights are to be cleared
  • The role of The European Library Identify all other manifestations that potentially share intellectual work with a manifestation Identify all other manifestations that potentially share intellectual work with a manifestation
  • The role of The European Library Match work contributors against VIAF to gather more information for the ARROW process (Name forms, birth and death dates, nationality) Match work contributors against VIAF to gather more information for the ARROW process (Name forms, birth and death dates, nationality)
  • Projects Towards Enabling the Use of Research Materials from Libraries  CENDARI Collaborative European Digital Archive Infrastructure • Research Infrastructure for the study of Medieval Manuscripts and World War I • http://www.cendari.eu/  Europena Cloud • Started in February 2013
  • Project Europeana Cloud  This project builds up on the Europeana infrastructure to make cultural heritage materials available for research  It will setup a research infrastructure providing discovery services and tools: • A cloud infrastructure for data and contents • The licensing framework for reuse of content • A new research platform: Europeana Research
  •  A research platform will be created by extending the currently existing portal of The European Library  The project will analyse how academic users work with data and how they perceive the value of the content in Europeana • Will be the basis of the content strategy of Europeana Research • Will provide understanding of scholarly workflows to be supported  To be carried out jointly with: • DARIAH - Network of arts and humanities researchers • CESSDA - Council of European Social Science Data Archives Project Europeana Cloud A new research platform: Europeana Research
  •  The project will also address tools for scholars to interact with the content from Europeana Research.  The areas to be approached are: • Accessing and Analysing Data permitting scholars to download, manipulate and analyse data sets. • Annotation allowing researchers to annotate documents and to share annotations • Transcription allowing users to transcribe and interpret documents • Discovery and Access ensuring that research material is discoverable, possibly with integration in other research infrastructures in the field of Digital Humanities. Project Europeana Cloud A new research platform: Europeana Research
  • Thank you Contacts: Nuno Freire - nfreire@gmail.com