Alastair Dunning, Breaking the waves, The European Library

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Alastair Dunning, Breaking the waves, The European Library

  1. 1. Breaking the Waves Alastair Dunning (The European Library / Europeana) Discovery Summit London, Feb 2013 @alastairdunning
  2. 2. “There is a tsunami of data that is crashing onto the beaches of the civilized world. This is a tidal wave of unrelated, growing data formed in bits and bytes, coming in an unorganized, uncontrolled, incoherent cacophony of foam…. we see graphic designers and government officials, all getting their shoes wet and slowly submerging in the dense trough of stuff…. they walk stupidly into the water, smiling—a false smile of confidence and control. The tsunami is a wall of data—data produced at a greater and greater speed … in amounts that double, it seems, with each sunset ....
  3. 3. ... [Thankfully] Google mastered the technical art of the search.” http://intdev.stc.org/2012/02/question-information-quest-inform/
  4. 4. But Europeana’s aims are different Trusted data from European cultural heritage
  5. 5. Before that - a quick aside
  6. 6. Europeana - Europe’s cultural heritage portal • 26m (Feb 2013) metadata records from 2,200 European galleries, museums, archives and libraries • Books, newspapers, journals, letters, diaries, archival papers... Paintings, maps, drawings, photographs… Music, spoken word, radio broadcasts… • • • • Only links to digitised content 31 languages Started in 2007 Based in National Library of Netherlands
  7. 7. The European Library (TEL) Europe’s library aggregator • Centrally indexes 115m bibliographic records, plus 16m digital links • • • 48 National Libraries of Europe • Started in 1990s - ‘Mother’ of Europeana. Now aggregates content for Europeana • Also hosted in National Library of Netherlands Plus 19 research libraries Links to digitised content and bibliographic records at libraries
  8. 8. Libraries National Aggregator Museums Film & Sound National Aggregator Europeana Archaeological Heritage Archives Other Cultural Heritage
  9. 9. The European Library Culture Grid (UK) National Aggregator ATHENA Euro. Film Gateway Europeana CARARE ApeNet Other Aggregators
  10. 10. The European Library Culture Grid (UK) National Aggregator ATHENA Euro. Film Gateway Europeana CARARE ApeNet Other Aggregators
  11. 11. Italian National Libraries French National Library Spanish National Library German National Library British Library and another 43 national libraries 19 research libraries and RLUK The European Library Culture Grid (UK) National Aggregator Europeana
  12. 12. End of aside
  13. 13. The obvious way of exposing data: Europeana Portal
  14. 14. More contemporary dissemination: Europeana API
  15. 15. More contemporary dissemination: Europeana Linked Open Data
  16. 16. More contemporary dissemination: Europeana SPARQL Endpoint (experimental / temporary URL in 2013)
  17. 17. Linked Data & aggregation of data for others - source and quality of data is paramount
  18. 18. Europeana and TEL are testing the waters of resource discovery
  19. 19. Are we making progress? And what is impeding progress ?
  20. 20. The European Library to release >115m bibliographic records to be released as CC0 this year (2013) API and Linked Data to be published this year (2013) as well Working with RLUK to release members’ metadata as linked data
  21. 21. 22m+ metadata records released as CC0 by Europeana c.2,200 institutions
  22. 22. Some of largest cultural datasets in the world Hooray !
  23. 23. but ...
  24. 24. Cool URIs
  25. 25. 97% of links resolve properly
  26. 26. 660,000 (c.3%) of records have broken links
  27. 27. Licencing
  28. 28. 64% of records do not come with clear licensing about the content
  29. 29. a good example
  30. 30. Current licence distribution in Europeana (end of 2012) Europeana has launched a rights labelling campaign to improve this
  31. 31. and even when metadata is technically well formed ... it might not help user discovery
  32. 32. Quality of metadata ?
  33. 33. User path ? This example leads to the user to a copyright message in German, then then the jpeg without any metadata
  34. 34. Lack of context ? Again, the user is led to a jpg without any explanation of the image
  35. 35. Multiple records for one item
  36. 36. The perils of basic search
  37. 37. And of course semantic differences
  38. 38. Much of this is ‘basics’ - licencing, permanent URIs, quality of metadata intelligent URIs
  39. 39. More complex issues such as semantics and clustering of records and relevancy ... ... are being addressed by the Europeana Data Model
  40. 40. no point aggregating if you can’t reuse
  41. 41. for europeana and TEL, finding re(users) is critical
  42. 42. Europeana API: 77 prototypes based on Europeana data
  43. 43. Multimedia HTML5 Music Player
  44. 44. Stackathon - Artwork Audio Annotations
  45. 45. API Implementation by Royal Museum for Central Africa
  46. 46. API Implementation by Digital New Zealand
  47. 47. Europeana exposes content to HistoryPin, Wikipedia, Pinterest, among others
  48. 48. How do I get involved?
  49. 49. Text Culture Grid - UK Aggregator
  50. 50. The European Library - Europe’s library aggregator
  51. 51. Europeana Network Open forum for cultural heritage community
  52. 52. Following the guidelines form the Discovery Programme will also help
  53. 53. Adopting open licencing Ensuring data currency and accuracy Optimising data for reuse Clear and documented APIs
  54. 54. So rather than Canute holding back the waves ...
  55. 55. HMS Discovery charting new waters. Thank you !
  56. 56. Screenshots / Image Credits Slide 1 - http://www.bl.uk/onlinegallery/onlineex/vicpopmus/t/zoomify87477.html Slide 4 - http://www.googleartproject.com/en-gb/collection/freer-gallery-of-art-smithsonian/artwork/waves-at-matsushima-tawaraya-sotatsu/326469/ Slide 5 - http://www.google.com/culturalinstitute/browse/canute Slide 8 - http://digitalcollections.tcd.ie/home/index.php?DRIS_ID=MS1209_131 " Slide 21 - http://www.flickr.com/photos/visulogik/99768766/ Slide 22 - http://www.flickr.com/photos/ogil/25304809/ Slide 28-30 - http://www.flickr.com/photos/andreiz/1089900128/ Slide 31-32 - http://www.flickr.com/photos/ztephen/3923577405/ Slide 36 - http://www.theeuropeanlibrary.org/tel4/search?query=canute Slide 37 - Start at http://www.theeuropeanlibrary.org/tel4/record/2000082153642 Slide 38 - Start at http://www.theeuropeanlibrary.org/tel4/record/1000128081500? Slide 40 - http://www.theeuropeanlibrary.org/tel4/search?query=the%20ruler%20of%20the%20sea Slide 41 -http://www.theeuropeanlibrary.org/tel4/record/2000085282188?query=canute Slide 42 - http://www.theeuropeanlibrary.org/tel4/record/2000068816371 Slides 45,46 - http://www.flickr.com/photos/marcusq/3032678489/ Slide 47 - http://www.flickr.com/photos/epsiplatform/5579883591 Slide 60 - http://www.freezeframe.ac.uk/collection/photos-british-arctic-expedition-1875-76/ls99-3-9?mode=giant

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