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Projects in Action: cooperation through the eyes of journalists in the South


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Cooperation between the European Union and the countries participating in the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) and benefiting from the European Neighbourhood Partnership Instrument (ENPI) exists on …

Cooperation between the European Union and the countries participating in the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) and benefiting from the European Neighbourhood Partnership Instrument (ENPI) exists on two levels.

The first is the political. The meetings where leaders get together to decide the policy areas on which emphasis should be given. The second deals with turning these decisions into actions on the ground, through the funding of projects, offering the Partners practical support in their efforts to bring about change and modernization.

This support is given to Partners mainly on a bilateral level. However, there is a regional dimension, whereby funds are allocated to projects involving more than one Neighbourhood country. This regional cooperation programme ismanaged by EuropeAid.

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  • 1. Projects in Action SOUTHERN NEIGHBOURS Regional cooperation through the eyes of journalists People Environment Energy Transport
  • 2. FOREWORDA flavour ofNeighbourhoodcooperation “What exactly are you achieving with all this money?” This is a key question we are asked on a daily basis when we talk about cooperation with our Neighbours in public. Explaining projects in their specific context is difficult enough. But what is even more difficult is to show the concrete added value of our Regional cooperation. Our best link to the public in the Neighbourhood countries is the media that can capture, analyse, and finally, tell a story. I’m therefore proud to present this first story magazine, written through the ENPI Info Centre under the Regional Information and Communication Programme. The Partnership through “the eyes of the journalists” is meant to give readers a flavour of our cooperation in the 16 countries benefiting from the European Neighbourhood Partnership Instrument. And, hopefully, it will help to give an answer to the recurrent question on what exactly we achieve. Marcus Cornaro Director Europe, Southern Mediterranean, Middle-East and Neighbourhood Policy EuropeAid Development and Co-operation Directorate-General
  • 3. IndexA flavour of Neighbourhood cooperation 3Regional cooperation through the eyes of journalists 6Our network of journalists 8 People Education as a tool to curb Jordan’s deadly domestic accidents by Mohammad Ben Hussein – Jordan 11 A bridge of knowledge across the Mediterranean by Maurice Aaek – Syria 14 Breaking the wall of silence by Elias Zananiri – Occupied Palestinian Territory 17 Sharing experiences to bring equal opportunities by Yair Quedar – Israel 20 Familiarising civil servants in Partner Countries with EU Affairs Interview with Stéphanie Horel 23 Combating discrimination and violence against women by ENPI Info Centre/ANSA – Lebanon, Israel, Occupied Palestinian Territory 24 A pioneering scheme that transformed the Medina by Lotfi Touati – Tunisia 27 Putting the hammam back at the heart of the community Interview with Andreas Oberenzer 30 A research and education network to tackle the oldest affliction by Lofti Touati – Tunisia 31 Local authorities – a bridge across the neighbourhood Interview with Frank Samol 34 EU-funded Samir Kassir Award for Press Freedom improves journalists’ lives by ENPI Info Centre/ANSA 35
  • 4. Environment Guardians of Water: EuroMed Heritage project in Morocco and Tunisia by ENPI Info Centre – Morocco and Tunisia 39 Battling to beat pollution in the Mediterranean Sea Interview with Michael Scoullos 42 Water, a link to the Mediterranean identity by ENPI Info Centre – Algeria 43 Working across borders to bring people together Interview with Bodil Person 46 Energy Tracking the sun by Dalia Chams – Egypt 49 Sharing a good energy by ENPI Info Centre 52 An energetic collaboration across the Mediterranean Interview with Alessandro Ortis 55 Building for the future by Maurice Aaek – Syria 56TransportRoads of hopeby Hicham Houdaïfa – Morocco 61Blending loans and grants to finance investmentsfor the Neighbourhood Interview with Richard Weber 64A new vision for cargo freightby Yair Qedar – Israel 66Maritime security: reducing imbalances around a shared seaInterview with Albert Bergonzo 69Building the Motorways of the Seaby ENPI Info Centre – Morocco and Tunisia 70Euromed Common Aviation Area: An economy boosterInterview with Olivier Turcas 73EGNOS airport security system shown in Moroccoby ANSA/ENPI Info Centre – Morocco 74EuroMed Transport programme: Making an Impacton People’s Lives Interview with Dalila Achour Limam 77Find out more 78
  • 5. Regional cooperationthrough the eyesof journalists Cooperation between the European Union and the countries participating in the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) and benefiting from the Euro- pean Neighbourhood Partnership Instrument (ENPI) exists on two levels. The first is the political. The meetings where leaders get together to decide the policy areas on which emphasis should be given. The second deals with turning these decisions into actions on the ground, through the funding of projects, of- fering the Partners practical support in their efforts to bring about change and modernization. This support is given to Partners mainly on a bilateral level. However, there is a regional dimension, whereby funds are allocated to projects involving more than one Neighbourhood country. This regional cooperation programme is managed by EuropeAid. It brings partner countries around the table to discuss and act upon issues of common interest, be they economic, political or cultural. It supports over 80 programmes and projects in both the Eastern European Neighbour countries and in the Southern Neighbours. These programmes have a direct or indirect impact on the lives of ordinary citizens. Through the projects funded, new poli- cies and actions are promoted within the countries themselves, an on-going dialogue is maintained and relationships and networks are built. Regional cooperation is truly a “Channel of Change” in 16 countries, namely: Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Egypt, Georgia, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Moldova, Morocco, Occupied Palestinian Territory, Russia, Syria, Tunisia, Ukraine. 6 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 6. Telling the storyThe ENPI Info Centre, in cooperation with journalists and photogra-phers in the partner countries, has tracked down, written about and All the stories are available on the “Featurephotographed some of the projects funded. The journalists researched Section” of the ENPI Info Centre’s websiteprojects’ activities and spoke to the people who have benefited from in English, French, Russianthem about their experiences, what they have gained, their consider- and Arabic, depending on the country.ations and thoughts about the future. On their part, the photographers Detailed information on and news from thecaptured the story with their lens. Regional projects funded is also available on the ENPI Info Centre Website.This magazine includes stories covered in 2010, and gives a flavour ofNeighbourhood Cooperation on the ground. The reportages are divid-ed into four main categories: people, energy, environment, transport.They tell the story of a Partnership. Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 7
  • 7. Our networkof journalists Tarik HAFID – AlgeriaJournalists collaborating with the ENPI Info Centre. Winner of the Euromed HeritagePartner news agency: ANSA/ANSAMED. Journalist Award 2007 with his article «Si la Grande Poste nous était contée», Mr. Hafid has been writing in one of the main French-speaking newspapers in Algeria “Le Soir d’Algerie” since 2002. He contributed to the previous EU-funded project Euromed Info Centre with features and articles. Hicham HOUDAIFA - Morocco Freelance journalist in Casablanca, he worked at the « Hebdomadaire » Lotfi TOUATI – Tunisia newspaper where he wrote features After having worked as a journalist and reports on human rights and and reporter for Tunisian French- society related stories. Between 1999 speaking newspapers “L’Action” and and 2003, Mr. Houdaifa was the New “Le Renouveau”, Mr. Touati is now York correspondent of the French Editor in chief of “Le Quotidien”. He has, international magazine “Jeune Afrique”. throughout his career, participated in He currently collaborates with a several workshops on EU affairs and is number of magazines, websites and currently lecturing at the Arab Science TV channels as well as communication University in Tunis. EU-funded projects. 8 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 8. Dalia CHAMS – EgyptHaving started as a TV reporter and presenter, Mrs. Maurice AAEK – SyriaChams has been working at the art, profiles and Mr. Aaek has a wide-ranging journalisticculture pages of the French-speaking “Al-Ahram experience having worked at severalHebdo” for many years. She media outlets including newsalso works at the social features agencies, websites and magazines. Hesection at the Arabic-speaking currently writes reports andAl-Chourouq daily newspaper. features at a youth magazineShe won the Euromed Heritage based in Damascus. He hasJournalist Award in 2005. participated to many national and international workshops on media, journalism and communication. Yair QEDAR - Israel As a freelance writer and filmmaker, Mr. Qedar currently writes for various Israeli Mohammad BEN HUSSEIN – Jordan newspapers including Ha’aretz, Yediot Mr. Ben Hussein is the correspondent Aharonot, and produces documentary of the Italian news agency ANSA and films. He wrote scripts and edited ANSAmed in Jordan, where he also several audiovisual productions and works as a TV producer for Thomson was awarded a special Reuters. He also writes in the “Jordan notice of the jury for Times” and produces the Euromed Heritage political analysis articles Journalist Award 2005. for the “Lang Institute”. Mr. Ben Hussein won the 2007 Natalie Lorenzo award on the Arab world, Elias ZANANIRI– Israel and Iran. Occupied Palestinian Territory Mr. Zananiri has 31 years of media experience as a reporter, journalist, editor, Antoine B. AJOURY - Lebanon teacher/ trainer, radio/TV programme Journalist in the Lebanese French- producer, and public relations consultant speaking newspaper “L’Orient Le throughout the Middle East. He is currently Jour” since 2003 and Head of its the CEO of MAHARAT PR and Media Talents International News section since 2008, Empowerment, a public relations consulting Mr. Ajoury has contributed to the and media training company he established EU-funded project Eurojar with several in the Palestinian Territories articles on cooperation between the in 2005. European Union and its partner countries in the South of the Mediterranean. Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 9
  • 9. PeopleEnergyEnvironmentTransport 10 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 10. JORDANEducation as a toolto curb Jordan’s deadlydomestic accidents Domestic accidents are claiming the lives of more and more children in Jordan’s poor and overcrowded neighbourhoods. For the Kingdom’s Civil Defence Department, providing children with a safe environment is a top priority, and education is the key, under a project financed by an EU programme on Prevention, Preparedness and Response to Natural and Man-made Disasters (PPRD South). Text and photos by Mohammad Ben Hussein AMMAN – Situated in a politically unstable region, battling water scarcity and an unsure peace process to the west, officials say that Jordan is facing another much more dangerous everyday threat: deadly domestic accidents. Sameera, who lives in the Sweileh neighbourhood in northwest Amman, lost her seven-year-old son af- ter leaving him unsupervised near the stove. “I put the food on the stove and went to hang wet clothes and left my son to watch the food to make sure it didn’t burn. “Children like The next thing I heard was my son’s screams, with fire all over his body,” said the to play, so 23-year-old mother. “I should not have left him alone,” she admitted. Leaving chil- we will give dren on their own is a common practice in Sameera’s neighbourhood, and many awards other areas in Jordan where high birth rates and crowded conditions can be a to those who deadly mix. In the Baqaa refugee camp, children play near makeshift fires they ar- give the best range to cook tea. Twelve-yearold Ahmed says his parents never tell him what he answers to should avoid while playing. “I spend most of my day playing with friends. I have six encourage brothers and my mother is often busy with the house and my younger brothers,” the learning he said. process” Education is key According to the Jordanian Civil Defence Department, education is key to halt- ing the rising number of child victims of such accidents. Waleed Al-Soub, Director General of the Civil Defence Department, said the major issue was lack of aware- ness of household risks, particularly in areas of poverty and high unemployment. Soub said a €5 million EU-funded programme on Prevention, Preparedness and Response to Natural and Man-made Disasters (PPRD South) was key to raising Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 11
  • 11. awareness on the hazards women face in the home and how to prevent acci- dents. The programme, which aims to improve the civil protection capaci- ties of Mediterranean partner coun- tries, contributes to the development of a civil protection culture based on risk mitigation and prevention, rather than purely response. The three-year project works with national civil pro- tection authorities and is managed by a consortium of the Civil Protection Authorities of Italy, France, Egypt and Algeria as well as the UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction. Un-N Children in the Baqaa der the initiative, each partner country identifies its priorities. For Jordan, provid-refugee camp. ing children with a safe environment was the top concern, according to Soub. “The civil defence department will soon start distributing booklets across the Kingdom to alert housewives to fundamental principles that can help protect their children and to prevent hazards in the daily environment including electricity, gas leaks and fires,” he said. The project, which is financed within the PPRD South with a budget of €40,000, is one of five regional initiatives carried out in Jordan, Lebanon, Egypt, the Occupied Palestinian Territory as well as Montenegro. “Jordan’s population has increased sharply and the programmes we have are for households. We want to tackle bad practices, such as housewives and caretakers unable to deal with gas cylinders or electronic appliances,” said Soub. The civil defence department is also trying to reach mothers directly, Soub said, adding that in August, they would or-“In order for ganise seminars across the country for hundreds of women of all backgrounds.people to be “Experts will explain to women how to do safe housekeeping and what the bestinformed, practices are.” Meanwhile, nearly 1,000 children will be targeted through bookletsyou need an explaining everyday risks, and experts will hold child safety-themed competitions.awareness “Children like to play, so we will give awards to those who give the best answers tocampaign, and encourage the learning process,” Soub said.this is what thePPRD South istrying to do” N Ali, a 10-year-old boy who lost four of his fingers while playing with sharp objects. 12 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 12. Focus on prevention PRRD South officials highlighted the importance of such programmes to help partner countries mitigate risks by building the capacities of civil defence staff to provide better services for com- munities. Milojka Saule, Euromed PPRD“I still have my South communications expert, notedfour sons as well that Jordan is implementing for the firstas nephews and time a project that focuses not only onniece who remain response, but on prevention and pre-vulnerable. paredness, which means educatingWe need to people on the risks they encounter inprotect them their daily lives, and how to act when afrom themselves natural disaster such as a flood or earthquake happens. “In order for people to be N Mariam, a 56-year-oldand the world” informed, you need an awareness campaign, and this is what the PPRD South is mother of ten children. trying to do,” she said. A similar project is taking place in Lebanon, where a local company will be distributing 125,000 CD-ROMs with computer games teaching children how to avoid accidents, at home, on the street or outdoors. The launch of the game will be accompanied by a media campaign to increase awareness. Meanwhile, an ambitious project funded by the EU is under way in the West Bank, where young residents are encouraged to join volunteer work, as civil defence cadres are scarce in the occupied territory. Egypt, the most populous country in the Middle East, has identified children and households as its priority target area to prevent domestic accidents, Saule said. For Sameera, although her own son is gone, it is not too late to save the lives of thousands of other children through such badly-needed awareness programmes. “I still have my four sons as well as nephews and niece who remain vulnerable. We need to protect them from themselves and the world,” she said. Civil Protection (PPRD South) Programme for Prevention, Preparedness and Response to Natural and Man-made Disasters (PPRD South) Participating countries Objective Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, The “Programme for Prevention, Preparedness and Response to Natural and Man- Lebanon, Morocco, Occupied made Disasters” (PPRD South) contributes to the improvement of the civil protection Palestinian Territory, Syria, capacities of Mediterranean partner countries at international, national and local Tunisia, Albania, Bosnia- levels. Building on the achievements of two previous programmes it contributes Herzegovina, Croatia, to the development of a civil protection culture based on prevention rather than Montenegro and Turkey. response. It works with the Civil Protection Authorities of the participating countries Libya and Mauritania are and is managed by a consortium consisting of the Civil Protection Authorities of observer countries Italy, France, Egypt and Algeria as well as the UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN/ISDR). Timeframe 2009-2011 Find out more PPRD South fiche > Budget ENPI Info Centre Civil society and local authorities Thematic Portal > € 5 million (ENPI/IPA) Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 13
  • 13. SyRiA A bridge of knowledge across the Mediterranean In Syria the Tempus program has financed 35 projects allowing the mobility of 300 Syrian Academics to European Universities. Tempus or (Trans-European Mobility Program for the University Studies) is based on transfer the experiences from European educational institutions to their counterparts in neighbouring countries. Erasmus Mundus was inspired by the highly successful Erasmus programme, an internal EU programme supporting co- operation and mobility between European higher education institutions. It offers a valuable framework for exchange and dialogue between cultures and gives many Syrian students the opportunity to complete their education in European universities. Text and photos by Maurice Aaek DAMASCUS – It’s a dream for many Syrian students, the dream of studying in Eu- rope. On the other shore of the Mediterranean, there is another dream, that of sharing Europe’s higher education with its neighbours – a dream of intercultural “Travelling to dialogue among students, ultimately leading to a better world. On Study in Europe Europe has Day, organised recently by the EU Delegation in Syria, students brought with them enhanced my their dreams, but also their concerns and fears – financial, linguistic and cultural. experience in As EU-funded student exchange programmes seek to address the financial difficul- dealing with ties, additional efforts are being made to address the fears of adapting abroad. other cultures, From this perspective, growing student mobility between countries is of particular it showed meN According to official importance, as Pascal Restel, administrator of the cultural section of the Swedishstatistics, 62% of all Syrian a differentstudents abroad are studying Embassy in Damascus, expained: “The Syrian who has never been to Sweden will lifestyle andat European universities, and build a picture that is not based on personal experience, so it will be unreal, justmore than 75% of academics differentwere educated in the EU. like the Swedish student who has never been to Syria.” Restel said the experience of research one or two students would make little difference, but the mobility of methods” thousands would lead to a better understanding, a better integration across cultures. Such personal experience is exactly what Ziad Naser has gained. Ziad, an IT student, spent nine months at the University of Brighton in the United Kingdom, as part of the Erasmus Mundus exchange programme. 14 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 14. N The “Study in Europe Day” was organised by the EU Delegation in Syria.The Dream of Studying in Europe “On the basis ofZiad had never thought of going to Britain, especially given the international po- the positive resultslitical climate – “How could Arabs be accepted in Europe?” he wondered. But his achieved, weexperience was an eye-opener: “Travelling to Europe has enhanced my experience reached manyin dealing with other cultures, it showed me a different lifestyle and different re- agreementssearch methods… It’s an unforgettable experience.” Tempus and Erasmus Mundus between Syrianare EU-funded programmes for the exchange of students and academic expertise and Europeanbetween Europe and its Neighbourhood, including Syria. Tempus is specialised in universities”promoting higher education in participating countries, while Erasmus Mundusis based on financing scholarships to exchange students between participatinguniversities in Europe and its neighbours. Tempus is based on transferring exper-tise between European educational institutions and their counterparts in partnercountries. In Syria, Tempus has financed about 35 projects over eight years, mostof them at Damascus and Aleppo Universities, allowing Syrian academics valu-able exchanges with European universities. The programme, says its coordinatorin Syria, Rami Ayoubi, is an important opportunity for dialogue and to stimulateacademic networking. “If we want to talk about a programme that transfers knowl-edge from more advanced countries into Syria, we won’t be able to measure itquickly, it is an accumulated process and it takes time… Tempus works to financethat process.” The programme, which allocated about €10 million to Syria from2002-2006, has been extended to 2013. The new orientation of Tempus in Syria,Ayoubi explains, is moving from developing curricula, to giving greater support tocomprehensive sectoral and structural evolution projects, benefiting Higher Edu-cation in general.Stimulating the academic dialogueErasmus for its part gives students the opportunity to spend time at European N Rami Ayoubiuniversities, offering scholarships for both undergraduates and postgraduates. Tempus programme coordinator in Syria.According to Ayman Hemada, the project coordinator at Aleppo University, Eras-mus aims to bridge the cultural, linguistic, and social divide, while also supportingconvergence between Middle Eastern and European students through a mobilityscheme between eleven EU universities and nine in Jordan, Syria, and Lebanon.Hemada says the scholarships cover all expenses, from tickets to tuition fees andhealth insurance, as well as a monthly stipend ranging from €1,000 for undergrad-uates, up to €2,500 for members of the faculty. During the last three years, theproject provided 35 scholarships a year, 20 for Syrian students to study in Europe,and 15 for European students coming to Syria. Rand Quwatli, Erasmus Munduscoordinator at Damascus University, is enthusiastic: “We were able to send Syrianstudents of all disciplines to European universities, where they showed very highstandards. At the same time, we received students from EU universities. Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 15
  • 15. On the basis of the positive results achieved, we reached many agreements be- tween Syrian and European universities.” Speaking at Study in Europe Day, Maher“Most students Kabakibi, Syria’s Deputy Higher Education Minister, underlined the importance ofattending cooperation with Europe, revealing it was the government’s goal to see formalSyrian collaboration with foreign research institutions before the end of 2010. A new lawuniversities had been passed, he said, allowing the creation of joint programmes with Euro-dream of pean universities that would allow students to get degrees from both universi-studying in ties. According to official statistics, 62% of all Syrian students abroad are studyingEurope” at European universities, and more than 75% of academics were educated in the EU. Most students attending Syrian universities dream of studying in Europe. With Tempus and Erasmus, that dream is one step closer. N In Syria, Tempus has financed about 35 projects over eight years, allowing Syrian academics valuable exchanges with European universities.Erasmus Mundus II – Action 2 PartnershipsPromotes cooperation between higher education institutions through encouragingpartnerships, mobility and exchanges of students, researchers and academic staff countries ObjectiveArmenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, The Erasmus Mundus II - Action 2 Partnerships seeks to promote betterMoldova, Russia, Ukraine (East) Algeria, Egypt, understanding and mutual enrichment between the EU and third countries and inIsrael, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Occupied the medium term strengthens political, cultural, educational and economic links.Palestinian Territory, Syria, Tunisia (South) Find out moreTimeframe Budget Erasmus Mundus fiche > €29 millionErasmus Mundus II – Action 2 PartnershipsSupports the modernisation of higher education, creates opportunities for cooperationamong actors in the field and enhances understanding countries ObjectiveArmenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, The Trans-European Mobility Scheme for University Studies (Tempus) supports theMoldova, Russia, Ukraine (East) Algeria, effort of the Partner Countries to modernize their higher education systems and createsEgypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, opportunities for cooperation among higher education actors of the EU and theoccupied Palestinian participating countries through joint projects. It also enhances understanding betweenterritory, Syria, Tunisia (South) cultures as it promotes a people-to-people approach and promotes convergence with EU developments in higher education leading to more jobs and growth.Timeframe Budget2008-2013 aprox €35-39 million Find out more per year (ENPI) Tempus fiche > ENPI Info Centre – Education and Training thematic portal > 16 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 16. OccupiED pAlEStiNiAN tERRitORyBreakingthe wall of silenceWomen in the Occupied Palestinian Territory have long lived inthe shadow of their male relatives, often suffering untold abuse.Now, an EU-funded film project, ‘Masarat’, has given them a voice,shattering taboos in the most dramatic way.Text by Elias ZananiriPhotos by Elias Zananiri “People were encouraged and many demanded that similar films be made in the future. I think we broke the wall of silence”EAST JERUSALEM – When local TulkaremTV station Al Fajr Al Jadid showed GoldenPomegranate Seeds, a short film made byGhada Terawi under an EU-funded project topromote Palestinian women film directors,the impact was immediate. Just minutes intothe film, furious viewers began to call in pro-testing that “the film had crossed red lines”says the channel’s Raja Nafee. “I told my staffnot to respond but simply to ask the viewersto wait until the end and then talk.” By thetime the film was over, 15 minutes later, themood had changed. “People were encour-aged and many demanded that similar filmsbe made in the future.” “I think we broke thewall of silence.” Golden Pomegranate Seeds juxtaposes the folk-tale of a girl whose N Ghada Terawi on the set of Golden Pomegranate Seeds.silence in the face of what she saw would always haunt her, with real stories of realwomen, who dare to speak out about the sexual abuse they have suffered in thefamily. The message from the women is stark: “If you’re silent once, you’ll stay silentforever.” A taboo had been shattered, said Nafee: a few days later, a police officercalled to tell her that in less than 24 hours, 14 cases of sexual abuse by relativeshad been reported by girls to the local police station. Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 17
  • 17. N The Masarat project included not only the production of four films but also 58 screenings, like this one in Beit Fajjar village. Snowball effect What happened in Tulkarem was repeated all over the occupied Palestinian territo- ries, where the film was shown at community centres and on local channels. Farha Abu Alheija of Farah TV in Jenin said people called her afterwards asking that such cases be addressed more in the future. And secondary schools have taken up the challenge, asking to show the film to their students, while the United Nations Relief and Work Agency (UNRWA) and the Palestinian Ministry of Health have asked to “From the use it in their gender outreach and counselling programmes. Golden Pomegran- outset, ate Seeds was one of four films made by Palestinian women under the ‘Masarat’ I thought the project, fully funded under the EU’s Regional Information and Communications festival should programme with €120,000. The project has been a spectacular success for Shashat, not be directed a Palestinian cinema NGO with emphasis on capacity building for Palestinian film- exclusively makers, mostly women. Not all films touch such a raw nerve, but they do thrust to the elite women to the fore, in a deeply conservative, patriarchal society. In Far from Loneli- intelligentsia… ness, Sawsan Qaoud draws on the inspiration of an accidental meeting to follow but reachN The poster of theMasarat film project. three old farming women on the tough pre-dawn journey from their fields to the the largest market. Mahasen Nasser-Eldin tells the story of Samia, a feisty, audience active and committed 71-year-old woman, whose struggle to possible” remain in Jerusalem and to promote girl’s education marks her personal and professional life. The fourth film, Dima Abu Ghoush’s First Love, tells the story of tender love blooming in the lives of young girls, who speak of the importance of their parents’ role in dealing with their emotions and dilemmas. Alia Arasoughly, the director general of Shashat and Masarat proj- ect director, says women should be given the chance not only to consume, but also to create culture. Culture, she explains, goes far beyond knowledge, entering deep into emotions and feelings. Women, therefore, can and must play a major role in cultural outreach. The EU funding for Masarat included not only the production of four films but also 58 screenings, 25 showings in community and cultural centres in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, and some 168 local community TV broadcasts, followed by live talk shows. Following every showing, feedback forms were distributed to the audience. Out of 7,790 respons- es, 7,285 were positive (2,139 said the showings were excel- 18 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 18. lent, 2,934 very good and 2,212 good). With such a result, Shashat feels Masarat is “The films have important enough to produce every year. helped to open up a debate Reaching out to a wide audience on the role of “From the outset,” said Arasoughly, “I thought the festival should not be directed women – and we exclusively to the elite intelligentsia of society nor concentrate its activities in the have much to centre of the West Bank, but reach the largest audience possible.” She wanted a learn from how wide platform, through screenings in multiple and socially diverse locations, ac- they managedN Alia Arasoughly companied by discussions. For the EU, the project has “exceeded all expectations to raise suchthe director general of Shashat in touching people’s hearts and prompting debates on difficult, even taboo sub-and Masarat project director difficult issues jects,” says Alix de Mauny, who as Press and Information Manager at the Europe- so positively and an Commission Technical Assistance Office for the West Bank and Gaza Strip was constructively” closely involved with Masarat. “Because the local women film directors themselves came up with the subjects and decided how to approach them, they were able to tap into the real issues facing Palestinian women, and found a way to ask search- ing questions without ever preaching to their audience.” Masarat has given women a voice: “It exploded in us what we do not say, and gave us the confidence to think that there are options!” one Bethlehem woman said after a screening of Golden Pomegranate Seeds. “These things should be talk- ed about.” Indeed, De Mauny is struck how many of the issues raised find echoes in other parts of the world, including Europe. “The films have helped to open up a debate on the role of women – and we have much to learn from how they managed to raise such difficult issues so positively and con- structively.” N A scene from Golden Pomegranate Seeds. Regional Information & Communication Programme Aims at boosting public awareness and understanding of the EU and its relations in the ENPI area, through support to journalists and media outlets for material production, as well as training Participating countries Objective Armenia, Azerbaijan, The Programme seeks to increase public knowledge and awareness of the EU and its Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, relationship with the Neighbourhood countries and create a local sense of involvement Russia, Ukraine (East) and shared ownership. It clarifies policies but also highlights the development aid Algeria, Egypt, Israel, implemented by the EU in the region It facilitates cooperation between journalists and Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, media organizations, helps build sustainable communication networks and assists the Occupied Palestinian continued development of free opinion and freedom of expression in a bid to contribute to Territory, Syria, Tunisia the creation of an environment conducive to dialogue and mutual understanding. (South) Find out more Timeframe Shashat website - 2008-2011 Regional Information & Communication Programme fiche - Budget €19 million European Commission Technical Assistance Office for the West Bank and Gaza Strip - (€12 million ENPI South, €7 million ENPI East) Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 19
  • 19. iSRAEl Sharing experience to bring equal opportunities In the two years since it was founded, Israel’s Equal Employment Opportunities Commission has begun to make a real difference in the fight against discrimination at work. Now, the Commission is gaining valuable experience through its partnership with a UK expert, sent to Israel under an EU-funded Twinning initiative. Text and photos by Yair Qedar Tel Aviv –You could have cut the air with a knife in the Tel Aviv Labour Court in September 2009. Abdelkarim Kadi stood nervously before the judge, who slowly began to read the verdict. In the lawsuit of Kadi against Israel Railways on the basis of discrimination… the state finds the Railways at fault. This moment was the end of a long process, which began in tragic circumstances. A train had caused the deaths of five people at a level crossing. As a result, the Railways decided to change the way they hired the watchmen who serve as lookouts at level crossings, excluding all those who had not served in the army. Kadi is an Israeli Arab. He did not serve in the army and therefore could not be a watchman. But he did not giveN Bob Niven up. With the help of the Equal Employment Opportunities Commission in IsraelResident Adviser at the Equal (EEOC), he sued Israel Railways for discrimination. “This is a very interesting case –Employment OpportunitiesCommission, Jerusalem, Israel. and a successful one from our point of view,” says Tziona Koenig Yair, the National Commissioner of the EEOC. “We won eventually. The court decided that the criteria of army service was not relevant to this position and therefore discriminatory, and now the way is open to Kadi to get his job.” Discrimination in employment Koenig Yair is the founder of the Commission – which is only two years old and is focused on tackling discrimination in employment in respect of gender, pregnancy, age, religion, ethnic origin, nationality, sexual orientation, personal status, opinion, party affiliation and reserve duty in the armed forces. “The EEOC’s current priorities 20 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 20. centre on women, the Arab Communities, Orthodox Jews and age,” says Koenig- Yair, noting that Israel has “wide-ranging progressive legislation on discrimination and equality, particularly in employment, but enforcement remains inadequate.” “In the attempt to improve our work, we applied for the Twinning project – and we won.” Twinning is an EU-funded initiative to twin a neighbouring country with“Israel has an EU member – where the experience and knowledge of the EU country can bewide-ranging put into practice through a mentor seconded to the partner country. In July 2009,progressive the European Commission in conjunction with the EEOC accepted a bid from the N Tziona Koenig-Yairlegislation on the National Commissioner Northern Ireland Equality Commission (NIEC) in conjunction with Northern Irelanddiscrimination of the Equal Employment Public Sector Enterprises (NICO), a body with extensive experience of administering Opportunities Commissionand equality, (EEOC) in Israel. Twinning projects. They sent over Bob Niven, who from 1993-2000, was Director ofparticularly in Equal Opportunities Legislation and Policy in the British Civil Service, covering allemployment, aspects of gender and disability, as well as race, in employment and education andbut enforcement the UK’s national childcare strategy.remainsinadequate” Raising awareness on equality at work “The programme is specifically concerned to promote good employment practice by employers,” explains Niven, “to design and implement a sustained awareness- raising campaign on equalities at work; to construct accessible, up-to-date data bases and reports on equalities in Israel as well as on leading legal cases here “I think and abroad; and to help the EEOC frame its longer term strategy with effect from working January 2012.” He says equality laws are impressive on paper, but more needs to be with the EU done to make them a reality. “There are marked difference in employment rates - in the and income - between various groups throughout Israel including with respect to Twinning women, Arabs, older people and orthodox Jews.” Changes cannot be brought to project is a Israel overnight, Niven admits: “It will be necessary to shift awareness and attitudes golden on the benefits of diversity; to boost the confidence of both employers and opportunity individuals that they can help to bring about change; to provide more information to promote on how to apply the legislation and good practice in straightforward ways; and, our aims” where necessary, to demonstrate that the law will be enforced. The EEOC can play a key role on all of that, working with employers, NGOs and the government. As I say, there are already signs of progress.” Does Koenig-Yair agree? “There is no N A shopping mall in Jerusalem - the new Equal Opportunities Commission aims to ensure equality to reflect the diversity. Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 21
  • 21. N Divesity in everydaylife: the Equal doubt that Israel should and can learn a lot from EU countries. Though Israel has “It will beOpportunities Commission progressive legislation, it has very little resources. I think working with the EU in the necessary toaims to safeguard theinterests of all groups in Twinning project is a golden opportunity to promote the aims of the Commission. shift awarenessIsraeli society. The Twinning is actually a way for us to build cooperation with employers and and attitudes prompt awareness in the Israeli public.” on the benefits Such experience can be invaluable in of diversity; cases like that of K, a young woman to boost the from the south. She worked in a factory, confidence of but when she became pregnant, the both employers company did all it could to make and individuals her go: they barred her from using that they can the computer, from talking to other help to bring workers, and eventually relocated her about change” to a spot where she was exposed to toxic environment. K, who spoke on condition of anonymity, contacted the EEOC. Her employers eventually fired her and soon the Commission will represent her at her trial, where she hopes to gain both justice and her job. Koenig-Yair has learned a lot from dealing with such cases: “I learned that real social change can come only with a combination of the layers involvers – the employers, the employed, civil society and the government. I see the role of the Commission in leading and make these processes possible.” TWINNING Twinning is an EC initiative originally designed to help candidate countries acquire the necessary skills and experience to adopt, implement and enforce EU legislation. Since 2004, Twinning has also been available to countries in the ENPI region. On a demand driven base, the projects bring together public sector expertise from EU Member States and partner countries, with the aim of enhancing co-operation activities. Twinning projects are joint projects, shared by the two partner administrations. The partner country retains ownership. Find out more Twinning fiche Multi-country cooperation instruments 22 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 22. Interview with Stéphanie HorelFamiliarising civilservants inPartner The EuroMed Training of Public Administration Programme’s mission is to reinforce the managementCountries capacity of the civil service in Mediterranean Partner Countries and train their civil servants on European affairs, in order to facilitate the implementation of thewith Association Agreements. One of its main achievements, its coordinator Stéphanie Horel told the ENPI Info Centre in anEU Affairs interview, is the development of some 60 training and networking activities which allowed over 1500 civil servants and experts from the Partner and the EU countries to exchange views and best practices on common public administrations issues.Q: What is the project trying to achieve? creation of durable working practices on topics of commonStéphanie Horel: The EuroMed Training of Public Admi- interest. This contributes to achieving better mutual unders-nistration Programme seeks to enhance the Euro-Med Par- tanding and confidence in a collective future.tnership by supporting the implementation of the Asso- Is it expected to have a long term impact or a ripple effect?ciation Agreements. As the main actors in this process are A ripple effect can already be seen in the creation of the ME-the public administrations, the Programme aims to support DPAN association comprising Euro-Mediterranean Schools oftheir familiarisation with the main aspects of EU affairs and Public Administrations. Its objective is to formalize the Networkreinforce cooperation between the public administrations created in the framework of the Programme and ensure theon both shores of the Mediterranean. Its first objective is the sustainability of its of civil servants of the Mediterranean Partners and What do you consider as your most important achievement?a second objective is the creation of a Euro-Mediterranean Definitely, the development of over 60 training and networ-Network of Schools of Public Administration to enhance king activities which allowed over 1500 civil servants and ex-cooperation at regional, national and local level. perts from the 10 Mediterranean Partners and the EU countriesHow does it achieve its objectives? to discuss and exchange views and best practices on commonIn the first phase, the programme focused on training activi- Public Administrations issues. We also manged to establishties on EU affairs. In total 49 training seminars took place, on durable relations and work practices in both South- North and5 modules: ‘EU basics’ covering the Union’s functioning EU South-South approach that will continue to be developed.advanced that focused on the implementation of the Asso- What is the biggest challenge you are facing in itsciation Agreements, EU Programmes discussing the mana- implementation?gement of EU funds, the European Neighbourhood Policy The implementation of the Programme has been smooth,explaining cooperation opportunities offered, with a focus however, like in all capacity building programme, the biggeston the three instruments for public administrations: SIGMA, challenge is to ensure the sustainability of the results obtainedTAIEX and Twinning, and the “Train the Trainers” module. In and to further deepen cooperation and exchanges betweenthe second phase we put more emphasis on networking Euro-Mediterranean Public Administrations, in particular inactivities. We organised conferences and activities for the view of the Union for the Mediterranean.Euro-Meditern ranean Schools of Public Administrationaround two topics: Territorial governance and Quality inTraining Civil Servants. “Over 60 training and networking activities wereWhat is the expected impact on the citizens of partnercountries? held and over 1500 civil servants and expertsOne of the expected impacts is the reinforcement of the ma- exchanged views and best practices on commonnagement capacities of their public administrations and the public administrations issues” Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 23
  • 23. lEbANON, iSRAEl, OccupiED pAlEStiNiAN tERRitORy Combating discrimination and violence against women Gender equality and stopping violence against women are at the focus of EU-funded Enhancing Equality between Men and Women programme (EGEP) that is assessing the situation in 9 Mediterranean partner countries. Stopping violence against women is a priority, team leader Judith Neisse said, adding another key issue is women’s representation. A general report and 9 country reports are being produced by the project, with an aim to establish priorities and carry out needs-based regional activities. Text by ENPI Info Centre/ANSA Photos by Cawtar/ EPEG/ Euromed Heritage II BRUSSELS – “Family law often does not allow charging husbands who commit “A top priority violent acts. It is said they are family disputes, tensions, there is a certain trivialisation for women in of the phenomenon,” Neisse explains. Israel is EGEP will support the conducting of a national study in Jordan and Lebanon. to challenge Another key issue is the role of women in the decision-making process, in public existing and private spheres. “In several countries, women have a lower status because restrictions on legislation, private law and family law is still based on religion. In several cases, the marriage and approach is archaic, especially for marriage or divorce,’’ Neisse says. Making family divorce still law lay is one of the aims. EGEP wants to create subgroups of EU Partner Countries handled in at regional level to work on training at sub-regional level. ‘’After gathering data and religious the priorities,’’ Neisse concluded, ‘’we will organise regional trainings on a series of courts”N Yael Slater priorities for groups of countries, between 2010-2011.’’ Yael Slaterresearcher at the The situation in the Mediterranean countries was discussed at a meeting in BrusselsAdva Center, Israel. (March 2010), where ANSA news agency spoke to some of the participants. 24 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 24. “Women in Lebanese women face double discriminationLebanon To achieve this goal, Montada has scheduled variousface twofold activities (communicating via a dedicated website anddiscrimination, newspapers, debate meetings, technical assistance forfirst by religious the renovation of buildings, education and Women inlaw Lebanon face twofold discrimination, first by religiousand then in law and then in numerous ways according to whichnumerous of the 18 communities they belong. Ghada Jabbour,ways according from the local NGO “Kafa (Enough) violence andto which of the 18 exploitation” says “women in Lebanon are subordinatecommunities they at home, thus they cannot take a lead role in society.belong” The current system, reflected in the penal code, is stillGhada Jabbour patriarchal.” Jabbour says “women’s associations are trying to reform the female status within the single communities, or else ask for a civil code that it is equal for all denominations.” Violence, especially domestic, “is fortunately no longer taboo,” she says, “and a draft law developed by us is at the Cabinet Office.” A little known issue, she adds, is “that of some 200,000 female immigrant domestic workers that are discriminated against and exploited for sexual reasons.” Women are also trafficked for the sex industry. N Ghada Jabbour NGO “Kafa (Enough) violence Religious courts in Israel and exploitation”, Lebanon. One of the top priorities for women in Israel is to challenge existing restrictions on marriage and divorce still handled in religious courts, said researcher at the Adva Center in Tel Aviv, Yael Slater. “Jews cannot marry non-Jews, for example, and the three religions are very strict on the issue of divorce, always favouring men.” Divorces have to be filed in religious courts. Janet Shalom, of the government equal rights commission, believes divorce is the main issue for the three religions. Slater said. Israeli women are also faced with a weak enforcement of employment regulations, a general deterioration of employment conditions, restrictions to their numbers in the army, abortion restrictions and a small number of female politicians. “Family law often does not allow the charging of husbands who commit violent acts. It is said they are family disputes, tensions” Judith Neisse N Judith Neisse EGEP programme team leader Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 25
  • 25. Palestinian culture discriminates The culture prevalent within Palestinian society discriminates against women and legitimises violence against them within families. According to Hanan Abu Goush, of the Women’s Centre for legal aid and counselling in Ramallah, although the fundamental law recognises equality, the situation is actually very different and the family law and the penal code must be modified if discrimination is to cease. “There are honour crimes, which basically lets men who kill women in their own family go unpunished,” she said. In order to marry, Goush continues, “a woman must ask for permission from the male head of the family, otherwise she has to appeal to the judge. The only exception is if she is divorced and over eighteen.“Although “Divorce and custody of children always favours the husband,” she says, addingfundamental another discrimination is inheritance which Sharia provides for though the law isPalestinian law never enforced.recognisesequality, thesituation isactually very N Hanan Abu Goush Women’s Centre for legal aiddifferent and and counselling, Occupiedthe family law Palestinian Territory.and the penalcode must bemodified”Hanan Abu Goush Enhancing Equality between Men and Women in the Euromed Region Supports gender equality and the full implementation of Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), increases knowledge on gender-based violence and backs the follow up to the Istanbul Ministerial Conference on Gender Participating countries Objective Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Aims at promoting three main priorities: support to the current dynamics that Jordan, Lebanon, favour gender equality and promote women’s rights, and to the full Morocco, Occupied implementation of CEDAW and related instruments; contribution to increased Palestinian knowledge of gender-based violence; backs the follow-up of the conclusions and Territory, Syria, Tunisia the action framework of the Istanbul Ministerial conference on “Strengthening the Role of Women in Society”. Timeframe 2008–2011 Find out more EGEP fiche Budget ENPI Info Centre Gender Press Pack €4.5 million 26 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 26. tuNiSiAA pioneering schemethat transformedthe medinaFor years, the medina of Mahdia suffered from the lack of aregular household waste collection service. Today, thanks toa series of urban cooperation programmes funded by theEuropean Union, waste disposal has become a reflex action forthe inhabitants, and the neighbourhood has been transformed.Text and photos by Lotfi Touati MAHDIA – It has become a reflex action for the inhabitants of this charming ancient medina in the Tunisian city of Mahdia. Each evening, for around ten years now, they have got into the regular habit of disposing of their household waste by leaving it outside their homes in bags which are then collected by municipal waste collection employees. This may appear to be an ordinary or even insignificant event at first glance, but it’s one which has required significant action and a large budget, the majority of which – 120,000 Euros – was funded by the European Union. In fact this part of the North African city of Mahdia suffered from the lack of a regular household waste collection service for years, due to a lack of vehicles. N Samir Gandoura The architecture of the streets constructed in the Fatimid era does undoubtedly director of the Association have a certain charm, but they were unable to accommodate the vehicles used by for the Protection of the Mahdia Medina. the municipal authorities to collect household waste. The city’s history dates back to the tenth century. It was built by the Caliph Fatimide, Obeid Allah El Mehdi, after whom the city is named and whose reign was a prosperous time for the city. The same period to which the great mosque, which is a source of immense pride among the inhabitants of the city, can be dated. The fact that the neighbourhood was built as a stronghold goes a long way towards explaining the narrowness of the streets and the difficulty its inhabitants encounter in meeting the demands of modern life. A long-term effort Mr. Samir Gandoura, the director of the Association for the Protection of the Mahdia Medina, explains that this action required long-term work, which has been undertaken in partnership with the European Union since 2004 as part of a series of urban cooperation programmes focusing on sustainable development. The first step was taken by the MED’ACT programme (2004-2006), with an overall budget, Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 27
  • 27. N The architecture of the narrow streets“The inhabitants in Mahdia does undoubtedly have aof the medina certain charm, butsee the positive they were unable to accommodate theresults every day” vehicles used by the municipal authorities to collect household waste. funded by the European Union, amounting to 567,530 Euros, “We were faced with a problem regarding the collection of household waste because the equipment available was unsuitable for the configuration of the medina. In cooperation with the European Union, we started off by carrying out a study to help determine the contents of household waste baskets as well as the rubbish bins belonging to the inhabitants of the medina in order to be able take action appropriate to their needs.” “The results concluded that 65% of the waste is organic waste, which is a much higher figure than the amount of organic waste produced by the average household in Europe. We then obtained a suitable vehicle, able to move comfortably through the labyrinthine medina and regularly collect the household rubbish.” It was important to educate the residents to leave out their rubbish in bags at a set time just before the rubbish removal team collected it in order to avoid the “The project is a contents spilling out onto the street – an important action, according to officials, success in the which now needs to be encouraged. Four years after the completion of this phase technical of the project, it is a fine example of the continuity of the action of the European sense. Union, forming part of a vision for long-term cooperation, which eventually allows We are even local authorities to assimilate the good practices introduced. The inhabitants of able to provide the medina see the positive results every day. Mohamed Turki, an employee in a assistance to soap manufacturing company, was born in the heart of the medina around fifty other cities as part years ago. He lives in a detached house inherited from his parents which he has of the cooperation passionately refurbished. “This neighbourhood is part of our heritage and I am N Four years after the start of project” pleased that the household waste collection project has been successful and has the waste collection project, both residents and officials allowed us to improve the appearance of the area and make it more attractive for agree that it is a fine example the benefit of both for residents and visitors. The disposal of bags of household of the continuity of the European Union action. waste has become an everyday automatic reflex for us.” Look how clean it is… This opinion is shared by Mr. Mohamed Fraj, who is 75 years old and retired. “I’ve lived in this neighbourhood and know it like the back of my hand. I can assure you that the rubbish collection project is deservedly deemed a success and has made the medina more beautiful. Look how clean it is,” he says, pointing to an alleyway. Following this success story, other projects funded by the European Union were launched, including the SHAMS and GODEM projects, the latter in the framework of European Interregional CIUDAD programme, which aims to help local authorities of neighbouring countries to address sustainable urban development issues in the long-term, encouraging 28 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 28. cooperation between local stakeholders and their EU counterparts. The SHAMS project - funded in Mahdia with 90,000 Euros from the EU within the framework of the MED-PACT programme (overall EU contribution € 600,000), the successor of MED’ACT - relates to the composting of organic waste from public and private gardens. Mr. Gandoura explained that this project is progressing well from a “Four years after technical perspective. A young entrepreneur has created a composting facility the completion of to provide a reliable product, expertise and support for which has come from this phase of the universities. However, the project has encountered a certain reluctance on the project, it is a fine part of the users. It is difficult to convince farmers who have been accustomed example of the to using conventional fertilisers for years to opt for a new product. “The project is continuity a success in the technical sense. We are even able to provide assistance to other of European cities as part of the cooperation project. But I think that raising awareness among Union action” users is necessary.” With regards to the GODEM project, it is progressing very well, with financial support from the EU amounting to 492,000 Euros. It tackles the optimisation of hotel waste in Mahdia, Sousse and Djerba. The agreements have already been signed and all that remains now is for the tangible phase of the work to begin, which will not take long. N Waste disposal became a reflex action for inhabitants of the medina of Mahdia and the neighbourhood has been transformedCIUDAD – Sustainable urban developmentCIUDAD aims to help local authorities of neighbouring countries to addresssustainable urban development issues, by encouraging cooperation betweenlocal stakeholders and their EU countries ObjectiveAlgeria, Egypt, Israel, The CIUDAD programme (Cooperation in Urban Development and Dialogue) aims to promoteJordan, Lebanon, mutual understanding, dialogue and cooperation between local stakeholders in the EU on the oneMorocco, the hand and partner countries in the South and East (ENPI region) on the other. For this purpose, itOccupied Palestinian supports capacity building for modernisation and improvement of local and regional governments.Territory, Syria, Tunisia; It also aims to establish new partnerships and strengthen existing partnerships between local andArmenia, Azerbaijan, regional authorities in the ENPI region (south-south, east-east and south-east) in order to sustainBelarus, Georgia, the achievements beyond the lifespan of the programme itself.Moldova, Russia, CIUDAD uses the work of previous initiatives to its advantage like the MED’ACT and MED-PACT,Ukraine funded by MEDA (South), and the TCAS and IBPP programmes, funded by TACIS (East), among others.Timeframe Find out more2009-2013 GODEM project fiche > CIUDAD project fiche > ENPI Info Centre Civil Society and Local Authorities portal >€ 14 million Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 29
  • 29. Interview with Andreas OberenzerPutting the hammamback at the heart ofthe community Once a centrepiece of the Islamic city, the hammam is at risk of dying out as a living public space. Hammamed, a €1.19 million three-year project under the EU-funded Euromed Heritage IV programme, is fighting to reverse the trend. In an interview with the ENPI Info Centre, deputy project coordinator Andreas Oberenzer explains how Hammamed is engaging with local residents to put the hammam back at the centre of the community.Q: What is the project trying to achieve? What is the impact on the citizens of partner countries?Andreas Oberenzer: The hammam is one of the key ele- Our workshops are bringing people from the neighbou-ments in the traditional Islamic city, historically playing an rhoods into the hammam, and we have had a very goodintegral role in public life, a place serving multiple purpo- response. In Damascus, we brought scouts, two groups,ses – hygienic, social, and religious. Today, it is in danger of boys and girls aged between 12 and 17, and showed themdisappearing. Across the region, hammams are falling into through the whole experience. Most had never used thedisuse, and while some buildings may have been restored, hammam before and said afterwards they would love tooften they have lost their function. We want to bring them come again and to bring their parents and friends. On theback to life, and make them work again within their histori- hammam exhibition days we are asking people to bring per-cal and social context; we want to bring people back to the sonal items that may relate to the hammam, reconnectinghammam, especially young people, reconnecting the buil- the space with personal objects that carry meaning acrossding with its unique social function in the neighbourhood. the generations.How does it achieve its objectives? What are the challenges you face in its implementation?The project conducts specific actions for two selected ham- One of the main challenges is simply social and economicmams, Hammam Ammuna in Damascus and Hammam Saf- evolution. For many people, the hammam was perceivedfarin in Fez. We aim to raise awareness of the hammam as just as a bath, and now with running water in every home,a common cultural heritage in the Mediterranean through it has lost its hygienic raison d’être. At the same time, therepublic activities, conferences and workshops, open days was the religious factor: many imams raised their voicesand exhibitions. We are planning two big events around against women using the hammams. We have worked a lotWorld Water Day on 22 March, in Damascus this year and with women to break the taboo – with the help of elderlyFez in 2011 – with films and exhibitions, and an open day, women who were carriers of the tradition, opening people’swhere people can speak to the experts, the hammam mana- eyes to rediscovered rituals – women for example used toger, the staff, tour through the neighbourhood, and see how go to the hammam in ritual ceremonies before their wed-the hammam is embedded in society. At the same time, the ding, and then 40 days after giving birth.project is producing an architectural guide on issues for What do you consider as your most important achievements?rehabilitation, and a business and management plan for Both the hammams, in Damascus and Fez, were in a veryhammam managers, with web-based business plan tools to bad state. Building on the work of our earlier project, HAM-ensure feasibility. By pooling the knowledge we have accu- MAM, we have managed to bring both back to life andmulated, we are able to share the tools to turn hammams through our activities local people are coming back. In Fez,into successful business ventures. In this way, the good the Seffarine Hammam had been closed for rehabilitationpractice generated through actions on specific hammams in the period between the two projects, and, recognisingcan be transferred and extended across the region. the contribution we could make, work was actually stopped for four months to allow us to contribute our knowledge.What we are doing is working on three levels: What we are doing is working on three levels: addressingaddressing the physical restoration, and the the physical restoration, and the sustainability of ham- mams as a viable business operation, while at the samesustainability of hammams as a viable business time re-establishing their role as a meeting place in theoperation, while at the same time re-establishing neighbourhood.their role as a meeting place in the neighbourhood. 30 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 30. tuNiSiA A research and education network to tackle the oldest afflictionHichem used to be an epileptic, working as a blacksmith. To start with, he tried toconceal his illness from his employer. He took medication for over ten years until theday it stopped having any effect. This is the story of a young Tunisian who was ableto banish the condition once and for all, and start to enjoy life once more. Thanks tothe Tunisian medical team who carried out the operation and the Eumedconnect2project being rolled out in several Mediterranean countries and enjoying EuropeanCommission funding of Euro 4 million. The initiative is based on exchanges ofinformation and scientific data between 700 institutions throughout North Africa andthe Middle East and 4,000 research and education bodies in Europe.Text and photographs by Lotfi TOUATI N A technician in front of a screen for electroencepahlografies. TUNIS –”My life has been completely transformed since the day I was admitted to Monastir hospital to undergo intricate brain surgery” says Hicham Bé- jaoui, a 29-year-old Tunisian who used to suffer from epilepsy. Nearly two years ago he agreed to have an operation. His closely shaven skull reveals a long scar on the right-hand side. Now running a Tunis- based engineering company producing wrought iron products, Hichem Béjaoui spent a long period of his life contending with severe epilepsy-related problems, which seriously hampered his social and, above all, professional fulfilment. A complex condition His woes began when he was 11 months old, the day he had his first convulsions subsequent to a Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 31
  • 31. “First of all I high fever. “Epilepsy involves a succession of fits caused by a tried to conceal shock owing to abnormal and uncontrolled brain activity. The my illness until pathology can be genetic or acquired as a result of a trauma,” the day arrived explains Hela Khiari, a neurologist at when the drugs Charles Nicolle Hospital, in Tunis Hichem is unable to shake no longer had off the memories of the dreadful experiences at work, times any effect when he would have blackouts in the company where he was on my body: employed as a blacksmith. “First of all I tried to conceal my ill- surgery was my ness, knowing that no employer would put up with one of his only hope” workers suffering from a chronic illness, especially if it upset the smooth running of his company’s activities. I took medication for N Future candidate for the surgery over a decade - continues Hichem - until it no longer had any effect on my body. I started to have more and more fits, with the result that my employer decided I would have to stop working for him.” The doctor then referred Hichem to Professor Amel Mrabet, departmental man- ager at Charles Nicolle hospital in Tunis. Once he had examined the case, and sub- jected the patient to various tests and EEGs the doctor asked Hichem if he would agree to undergo surgery. “I agreed without thinking too much about it and did so for two reasons – says Hichem – first of all, I am a firm believer, certain that my fate is in the hands of God. Second, the condition was becoming more and more difficult to cope with so I had to find the right cure once and for all.” Two millions users Hichem certainly did not know how lucky he was: 2005 was the year in which a partnership was forged between Charles Nicolle hospital in Tunis and the same hospital in Rouen under the “EUMEDCONNECT2” project. The partnership project covers scientific research communities active in institutions in seven countries in the southern and eastern Mediterranean - including Tunisia. An underground net- “It was in work of cables serves to link up the various institutions, so these countries are able 2006 that we to share data, documents and experiences in all areas. Thanks to the EUMEDCON- embarked NECT2 project, roughly two million users in nearly 700 institutions throughout upon a process North Africa and the Middle East are able to cooperate with their peers in more enabling us to than 4,000 research and education establishments in Europe. operate on 20 The neurology department at Charles Nicolle hospital in Tunis tapped into the net- or so Tunisian work to send EEG tracings to the neurology department at Charles Nicolle hospital patients in in Rouen. The aim was to be able to make more detailed investigations of the trac- Monastir ings of epilepsy patients so as to make a joint assessment of the chances of these hospital”N Old patient who has successfully patients being successfully operated upon to rid them of this condition for onceundergone surgery. and for all. Acquiring the know-how “This exchange is a great time-saver and, first and foremost, helps us to select the people who can benefit from surgery,” according to Professor Amel Mrabet, head of the neurology department at Charles Nicolle hospital, in Tunis, add- ing: “It was in 2006 that we embarked upon a process enabling us to operate on over 20 Tunisian patients in Monas- tir hospital. We are now in a position to claim having acquired expertise in the wake of this successful collaboration. We have a lot to thank the project for, as it has allowed us to make significant 32 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 32. progress in processing the cases of prospec- tive surgery patients. In the wake of the operation 90% of patients are able to live a normal life, without having fits, after a two-year period. So the way is now clear for many epileptics. In the meantime, Hichem has become the go-to-person on this score, because he is the individual all the pro- spective surgery patients turn to, seeking as-N Hela Khiari surances about the outcome of the operationneurologist, in chargeof looking after patients. and raising other concerns. One example is Brahim Bouzidi, a 29-year-old Tunisian, who is having an EEG tracing recorded during a week at Charles Nicolle hospital in Tunis. He very much hopes that he will qualify for an operation so he can be rid of the condition for once and all. “We have a lot to thank the project for, as it has allowed us to make significant progress in processing the cases of prospective surgery patients. In the wake of the operation 90% of patients are able to live a normal life.” N Monastir hospital. EUMEDCONNECT2 The partnership project covers scientific research communities active in institutions in seven countries in the southern and eastern Mediterranean. A network of cables serves to link up the various institutions, so these countries are able to share data, documents and experiences in all areas. Thanks to the EUMEDCONNECT2 project, roughly two million users in nearly 700 institutions throughout North Africa and the Middle East are able to cooperate with their peers in more than 4,000 research and education establishments in Europe. Participating countries Objective Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, The project seeks to underpin and boost cooperation between Europe and the Mediterranean Morocco, the partner countries in the field of research and education. The initiative aspires to ensure the longterm Occupied Palestinian sustainability of the Internet infrastructure established by EUMEDCONNECT 1 in 2004. The aim Territory, Syria, Tunisia. is also to create a sustainable support network able to narrow the digital divide between countries and facilitate cooperation. Timeframe 2008–2010 Find out more Site EUMEDCONNECT2 Budget A new high-capacity Internet network for research and education Euro 4 million Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 33
  • 33. Interview with Frank SamolLocal authoritiesa bridge acrossthe neighbourhood The Cooperation in Urban Development and Dialogue (CIUDAD) programme seeks primarily to promote cooperation and dialogue between local and regional authorities in the EU and ENPI partner countries. On the ground, CIUDAD aims to help local governments in the ENPI region enhance their capacity to plan for sustainable, integrated and long-term urban development using good governance principles. “Being implemented at local level, the ultimate beneficiaries of CIUDAD projects are citizens of urban communities in the partner countries,” explains Frank Samol, team leader of the CIUDAD Supporting Mechanism, in an interview with the ENPI Info Centre.Q: What is the programme trying to achieve? communities involved. CIUDAD encompasses 10 projectsFrank Samol: The Cooperation in Urban Development and in the South, 6 in the East and 5 interregional, i.e. involvingDialogue (CIUDAD) programme’s primary objective is to partners both from the South and the East. It is one of thepromote cooperation and dialogue between local and re- first programmes that encourage partnerships coveringgional authorities in the EU and ENPI partner countries. It both ENPI regions.aims to boost the exchange of experience and know-how,and strengthen the interaction between local authorities What is the expected impact on the citizens of the partnerand civil society actors in the beneficiary countries. It acts countries?at the local level (cities and municipalities), seeking thus Being implemented at local level, the ultimate beneficiariesto improve the level of involvement of local governments of CIUDAD projects are citizens of urban communities in theand the participation of civil society. On the ground, CIU- partner countries. Most projects aim to improve the qualityDAD aims to help local governments in the ENPI region of basic urban services in an environmentally sustainableenhance their capacity to plan for sustainable, integrated way, and thus benefit citizens of the city/municipality whereand long-term urban development using good governance they are implemented. A good example is a project being im-principles. By creating new partnerships and strengthening plemented in Algeria, Tunisia and Morocco, which promotesexisting ones among local and regional authorities in the the establishment of efficient systems of Solid Waste Mana-ENPI region (South-South, East-East and South-East), it also gement using a participatory community-based approach.hopes to achieve long-term benefits that would have an im- Some projects benefit a certain category of the population.pact beyond the life of the programme. One project, for example, promotes innovative and socially inclusive governance in sports and outdoor activities with aWhat are the areas on which the programme focuses? focus on women and youth as final beneficiaries.CIUDAD covers three main themes of urban development:Environmental sustainability and energy efficiency, Sustai- What are the challenges you expect to encounter in thenable economic development and reduction of social dis- implementation of the programme?parities, and Good governance and sustainable urban deve- Given CIUDAD’s broad scope and the many partners invol-lopment planning. A total of 21 grant projects address these ved, one of the biggest challenges will be to develop a com-themes. Each project will be implemented by a Consortium mon understanding of all stakeholders in working jointly to-of at least three partners including local authorities, thema- wards tangible achievements. Sustainability of the projectstic networks, academic and research institutions, and civil is another challenge, as one of the objectives of CIUDAD issociety organizations in a minimum of two ENPI countries. to build lasting partnerships that would survive beyond theThese work together on specific issues of relevance to all programme. 34 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 34. EU-fundedSamir Kassir Awardfor Press Freedomimproves journalists’lives “Here is the grand lesson of this adventure: it is rewarding to address people’s intelligence” Samir Kassir, 12 November 1996 Text by ANSA/ENPI Info Centre Photos by EU Delegation in Lebanon/Samir Kassir Award Winning last year’s edition of the EU-sponsored ‘Samir Kassir Award for Press Free- dom’ has improved the life of young Lebanese freelance journalist Carole Kerb- age, as she told ANSA news agency. “With the prize money (12,500 euros), I have improved my life. I’ve become more independent economically and I have gained N Samir Kassir. more confidence in my abilities,” says Kerbage, who is plan- ning on carrying on her journalism studies abroad. “I will use part of the prize money to continue to study and to educate myself in an independent way,” she says with pride. The dead- line for entries to the fifth edition of the ‘Samir Kassir Award for Freedom of the Press’, that takes the name of the Lebanese journalist, historian and intellectual who was assassinated in Beirut in June 2005, is March 30. The two categories for which 12,500 euros will be given by the EU for each are: best investi- gative reporting article and best opinion article. Kerbage won an award for a reportage dedicated to the underground world of sex for money in Lebanon published last year by the sup- plement for young people in the Lebanese daily newspaper, Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 35
  • 35. An Nahar. It was the result “Freedom of the of three years of work, dur- press is key to ing which this young wom- advancement an had to face the difficult of a country not task of entering brothels. only as a free The aim of the Award is and democratic to promote the right to society, but freedom of the press and also in terms of expression in North Af- development rica, the Middle East and in all its the Gulf regions. The ini- dimensions: tiative, established by the political, EU Delegation in Lebanon economic, social in collaboration with the and cultural” Samir Kassir Foundation, is Patrick Laurent open to articles on issues of human rights and the rule of law. “In my opinionN From left to right: freedom of the press is key to advancement of a country not only as a free andCarole Kerbage, PatrickLaurent, Mona Eltahawy. democratic society, but also in terms of development in all its dimensions: po- litical, economic, social and cultural,” says Patrick Laurent, Head of the EU Delega- tion to Lebanon. The popularity of the award has definitely increased since it was launched. “In 2006 there were some 25 contest applicants, whilst this year we have reached over 150 participants, six times more than in the first edition,” Sebastien Brabant, head of the initiative for the EU Delegation in Beirut and observer mem- ber of the jury since last year, told ANSA news agency. Whilst the competition was initially only open to journalists from the nine Mediterranean countries (Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Syria, Palestinian Territories and Tunisia), since 2008 writers from Iraq, Yemen and the seven Gulf countries have been ad- mitted. In this same edition, it was also decided to restrict the award to journalists only, in order to give prominence to the profession that is so often threatened. The jury is made up of eight members, one observer from the EU Delegation and seven with voting rights, who include Arab journalists who work in their own countries or abroad and two academics, as well as a member of the Samir Kassir Foundation.N Carole Kerbage. Apart from Kerbage who won last year for her investigative reporting, Egyptian journalist Mona Eltahawi was awarded the prize for the best opinion article and her piece denouncing the various forms of “I will use part of racism present not only in Egypt but in a large number of the the prize money Arab countries. “They were chosen because, as well as being to continue to well written, they are two articles that deal with important is- study and to sues which are at the same time taboo in Arab societies,” said educate myself in Brabant. The ‘Samir Kassir Award’ is open to all print journalists an independent (newspapers, weeklies, monthlies and online) citizens in 18 way” countries: Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Carole Kerbage Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, the Palestinian Territories, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen. The prize will be awarded at a ceremony in Beirut on June 2, anniversary of Kassir’s death. 36 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 36. SAMIR KASSIR AWARD REGULATIONS 2010 competition deadline: March 30th Two awards will be granted: • Best opinion article • Best investigative reporting article The contest is open to all print journalists (daily, weekly, monthly and online press), regardless of age, who are citizens of the following countries: Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Pales- tinian Territories, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, and Ye- men. Candidates must submit an opinion article or an investigative article related to the rule of law or human rights (good governance, fight against corruption, freedom of expression, etc.), published in the media of one of the countries listed above or one of the European Union member states. The submitted articles must not exceed 25,000 signs and must have been published between 15 March 2009 and 15 March 2010. Candidates can only apply for one category and on an individual basis (jointly- produced work will not be accepted). The winner of each of the two categories will be awarded €12,500. The European Union may reproduce and publish the awarded article or report in its own publications (non-commercial) and in other publications related to the Samir Kassir Award for Freedom of the Press. Find out more For any questions, a telephone line and an e-mail address are available to candidates: hotline: + 961 70 14 17 19 Kassir Journalist and Professor1960 Born in Lebanon.1980 Publishes his first article in French periodical Le Monde Diplomatique. Begins his Journalistic career. Con- tributes in several dailies, weeklies and periodicals including Lebanon’s leading An-Nahar daily, the pan- Arab London based Al-Hayat, and the Lebanese francophone daily L’Orient Le Jour.1984 Graduates in Philosophy and Political Philosophy from the Sorbonne University in Paris.1990 Obtains PhD in Modern History also from the Sorbonne University in Paris. Joins Department of Political Studies at the Université Saint Joseph in Beirut as a Lecturer.1992 Publishes his first book (see bibliography).1995 His weekly editorial in An-Nahar’s Friday edition begins to draw a lot of attention on him due to his political side-taking, particularly against the Syrian regime’s supremacy in Lebanon.1995 Release of the first of 27 issues of the magazine L’Orient-Express, of which he is the Chief Editor.2002 Appointed Professor at the Institute of Political Sciences of the Saint-Joseph University, Beirut.2004 Co-founds the Democratic Left Movement.2005 Murdered on the 2nd of June. His assassination brings to 28 the total number of journalists to be murdered since the hanging of several Lebanese and Syrian pro-independence journalists and activists in 1918 at the hands of the Ottoman Regime. His death triggers outrage both in Lebanon and throughout the world.Articles by Samir Kassir Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 37
  • 37. PeopleEnvironmentEnergyTransport 38 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 38. MOROccO AND tuNiSiAGuardiansof waterThe use of water touches at the heart of Mediterranean civilisation,a living memory of society’s relationship with its environment.Yet water heritage is staring extinction in the face, buckling underthe pressures of development and demographic change. In theface of this threat, a project funded by the European Union isworking to mobilise local communities through activities that aimto restore and raise awareness.Text by ENPI Info CentrePhotos by REMEE project “It is important to weave actions into local development – not to freeze the area in time, but rather reintroduce the social dimension”It is a project whose full title conjures up both nostalgia for a fleeting memory andat the same time determination to cling on to it. It would benefit from not beingso often reduced to its French acronym, REMEE, giving us time to reflect on thesentiment it conveys: Let’s work together to rediscover the memories of water.Speaking of memories of water goes to the heart of the challenge facing this projectfunded by the EU as part of the Euro-Mediterranean Heritage IV programme. For itrepresents not merely an everyday heritage, but an often intangible heritage linkedto how water has been managed down the centuries.Threatened from all sides, with no legal protection or the kind of efforts reservedfor monumental heritage, it is an essential legacy nonetheless, “a living memoryof Mediterranean societies and their relationship with the environment”, illustrat-ing good management techniques “in a situation where water is becoming moreand more scarce”, as Matthieu Guary, head of the project, emphasises. “Our aim isto raise awareness of what is at stake and the value of this resource, and to enablecommunities to reclaim their rightful heritage.” Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 39
  • 39. For water management lies at the heart of Mediterranean civilisation. In rural ar- eas, the landscape bears the marks of efforts to develop agriculture in a situation of water scarcity, with a disappearing heritage of terraces, wells, canals and aq- ueducts. In urban areas, Turkish baths, fountains, gardens and religious sites bear witness to individual and collective customs linked to the harness of water for do- mestic purposes.N Matthieu GuaryREMEE project manager. Raising public awareness Facing the urgency of fading memories of water, this project aims to highlight man’s “Our aim is to relationship with the resource and how it has been managed. First and foremost it raise awareness strives to emphasise its value, using pilot schemes involving local people, whose of what is at commitment is a measure of their success. In so doing it aims to raise public aware- stake and ness of the wider issues pertaining to water management in the Mediterranean and the value of thus the fragility of the environment. this resource, “It is important,” explains Matthieu Gaury, “to weave actions into local development – and to enable not to freeze the area in time, as it were, but rather reintroduce the social dimension, communities i.e. through tourism and other means… we hope to allow inhabitants to rediscover to reclaim the value of this resource, which they often consider antiquated.” This, moreover, is their rightful the best guarantee that efforts will continue and of finding the necessary invest- heritage“ ments to ensure sustainability beyond the 30 months of the REMEE project. A pilot scheme in Tunisia is focusing on the region of Hammamet, where mass tourism is threatening the area’s orange groves, which year by year give way to the pressures of demographic change and tourism. With the help of young volunteers and support from farmers, the project has created an orchard using traditional tech- niques, which, along with an ecological museum, offers a journey of discovery and entertainment. The scheme reflects the project’s basic principles: “We need to recognise ex- pertise so as better to promote a tra- ditional profession which left its mark on the landscape and to show how this heritage can still serve us today.” Furthermore, the Tunisian Agricultural Institute hopes to benefit from the op- portunity in order to test the compar- ative merits of traditional and modern irrigation techniques. The fountains of Marrakech The project also deals with urban heritage. In Marrakech (Morocco), the scheme aims to involve the locals of the Medina in preserving Turkish baths and fountains, with a ‘heritage invento- ry’, interactive workshops, renovation sites and an exhibition on the uses of water in the Medina. Young volunteers, N Heritage at risk: The el-Bahia fountain in Marrakech. 40 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 40. “Mobilising who take part across the region, “help rally the sup-people around port of communities”.the project is This is also the aim of a series of educational pro-the only way of grammes in all of the participating countries wheresalvaging such teams of organisers, in collaboration with locala vital piece of teachers, will work with groups of young peopleheritage” on one aspect of the ‘memories of water’ theme, such as the traditional profession of water carrier in Marrakech, or to highlight traditional drainage techniques used on the plains of Algeria. “Our aim is to get groups of young people together to rediscover their area’s heritage,” declares Mat- thieu Guary, who emphasises how, through them, word of the project may spread to friends and relatives. In this way they become guardians of the memories of water. “We are facing a risk inherent to any project deal- ing with small-scale heritage not protected by law. In Marrakech, there were a hundred fountains fifty years ago; today half have disappeared or face ne- glect. Mobilising people around the project is the only way of salvaging such a vital piece of the area’s heritage.” N The Hammamet orange groves: young people are key to raising local awareness. EuroMed Heritage IV Contributes to the exchange of experiences on cultural heritage, creates networks and promotes cooperation Participating countries Objective Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Based on the objectives defined in the “Strategy for the Development of Euro-Mediterranean Heritage: Jordan, Lebanon, priorities from Mediterranean Countries (2007-2013)”, it focuses on the appropriation by the local Morocco, Occupied populations of their cultural heritage and favours access to education and knowledge of cultural heritage. Palestinian Territory, It suports a framework for the exchange of experiences, channels for the dissemination of best practices Syria, Tunisia and new perspectives aimed at the development of an institutional cultural environment. A Regional Monitoring and Support Unit provides technical support to 12 projects, one of them is REMEE. Timeframe 2008–2012 Find out more EuroMed Heritage IV fiche > Budget ENPI Info Centre – Culture thematic portal > € 17 million Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 41
  • 41. Interview with Michael ScoullosBattling to beatpollution in theMediterranean SeaThe Mediterranean environment is one of the richest and at the same time most vulnerable in theworld. A staggering 80% of its pollution comes from land based sources. Rapid urbanisation togetherwith increasing and unsustainable coastal tourism development is causing significant environmentaland health problems – more than half the major urban areas do not have wastewater treatment plantsand most of the wastewater they produce is discharged into the sea. In 2006, European MediterraneanEnvironment Ministers meeting in Cairo committed to a programme of targeted de-pollution of theMediterranean Sea by 2020 – Horizon 2020 – providing appropriate financial resources and technicalsupport to facilitate its implementation. “H2020 tackles the sources of pollution that account for around80% of the overall pollution of the Mediterranean Sea: municipal waste, urban wastewater and industrialpollution”, explains Professor Michael Scoullos, Team Leader of the Horizon 2020 Capacity Building/Mediterranean Environment Programme, in an interview with the ENPI Info Centre.Q: How does the programme achieve its objectives?Michael Scoullos: Horizon 2020 is made up of three components: ding activities targeting stakeholders (including national and lo-investment; review, monitoring and research (RMR); and capacity cal administrations), while we also support the coordination andbuilding. Each component runs a project, respectively the Medi- operation of H2020 bodies, and ensure the visibility and properterranean Hot Spot Investment Programme (MeHSIP), the Medi- communication of H2020 activities.terranean Shared Environmental Information System (Med SEIS), What is the expected impact on the citizens of partner countries?and the Horizon 2020 Mediterranean Environment Programme We hope that the knowledge and effective use of tools (i.e. Stra-(H2020 MEP), in which I am involved. Through H2020 MEP, we aim tegic Environmental Assessment and Environmental Impact As-to enhance the capacities to address pollution at institutional and sessment) is developed in relevant institutions and organisationssociety level. It also promotes environmental mainstreaming by in the region, that the capacities and resources dedicated to envi-addressing the low political priority given to the environment, the ronmental protection are strengthened, and civil society is betterinsufficient integration of environment in different sector policies, sensitised and mobilised with an increased capacity to activelyand the insufficient capacities and resources at institutional and contribute to environmental protection. On the ground, five front-civil society level. In addition, through the H2020 MEP, a Hot Spot runner projects have been identified under the Mediterranean HotInvestment Programme (HSIP) for the West Balkans and Turkey - Spot Investment Programme in Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Moroccoas complementary to the Mediterranean HSIP (MeHSIP) – is being and Tunisia. The El Ekaider Dump Site in Jordan, for example, is aelaborated. national priority and part of the Jordanian government’s attemptWhat are the areas on which it focuses? to improve Solid Waste Management practices in the country. TheH2020 tackles the sources of pollution that account for around project will help eliminate an environmental disaster that threa-80% of the overall pollution of the Mediterranean Sea: municipal tens the health of local populations, by providing a proper sanitarywaste, urban wastewater and industrial pollution. Obviously pollu- landfill to receive solid waste and Industrial waste. In Israel, the Ne-tion is expected to be substantially reduced through the installa- tanya Landfill Mining and Reclamation project will definitely im-tion and proper functioning of major infrastructures (e.g. sewage prove the quality of life and environment of the city’s residents, bytreatment plants), installing pollution reduction technologies in preventing air pollution by biogas emissions to the atmosphere,industries, etc. However, this won’t work if institutional and indi- and preventing solid wastes residues and environmentally harmfulvidual capacities are not in place. This is what we aim to enhance. substances from reaching the coastal area. Concrete actions like thisWe build on existing institutions and results, filling gaps where we have a direct impact on the lives of individuals, and the overall statecould bring added value. We operate within the existing and de- of the Mediterranean, while the development of tools and good prac-veloping policy instruments, and support the implementation of tices represents a long-term investment for the future.the commitments undertaken in the framework of the European What are the biggest challenges you face in its implementation?Neighbourhood Policy as well as other regional agreements, while There are perhaps two major challenges: first, how better to dealcooperating, coordinating and synergising with all relevant (EU with environmental integration into other sectors due to the exis-and other) programmes. Along these lines, we aim to achieve our ting differences in countries’ institutional and legislative arrange-objectives mainly through advocacy and awareness raising, while ments; and secondly to ensure follow-up and continuity so that thestrengthening institutions on environmental mainstreaming and people trained through the project can further transfer and makeH2020 priority areas. At the same time, we have 140 capacity buil- the best use of the acquired knowledge within their countries. 42 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 42. AlgERiAWater, a link to theMediterranean identityWater heritage in the Mediterranean region reflects the way rural and urbanpopulations coped with the scarcity of water, and how they organised localstructures around water management. Today, most of this heritage is unprotected,and recent developments, both societal and economic, threaten its survival. An EUfunded regional cooperation project – REMEE – is promoting the preservation of thishistorical legacy and intensifying public awareness among the citizens. Because waterconstitutes a living memory of Mediterranean society and its relationship with theenvironment, as a group of young volunteers in Algeria has just found out.Text by ANSAmed and ENPI Info CentrePhotos by REMEE ALGER – They came to the campus from the North and the South of the Mediter- ranean: students and teachers, volunteers and professionals from Tunisia and Hun- gary, from Romania and Algeria. They came to clear up fountains and cisterns, to study legends, to put up signs. It wasn’t all about digging or dusting. Once the field experience was over, there was always an issue to be discussed around the table: how can we preserve our water legacy? Which poems and rites are traditionally linked to water? How can water be used to develop tourism? These people came to Algeria from very different countries with a final, common mission: to create a guide for the rediscovery and promotion of the thermal baths of the old Caesarea, Cherchell, as it is called today, a Roman archeological site 90 kilometers east of Algiers. The two-week campus, set up around the Cherchell site, was organised by the REMEE Euro-Mediterranean regional cooperation project “Rediscovering to- gether the memories of water”, in collaboration with the local association Area-Ed. The initiative was launched in 2009 and is funded to the tune of €1 million by the European Union as part of the Euro-Med Heritage IV programme. Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 43
  • 43. Digging at the heart of the Mediterranean civilization “Mobilising local The use of water touches at the heart of the Mediterranean civilization, and the people around the participants in the Algerian campus had an objective in mind: to produce a tool- project is the best kit for schools and an itinerary guide for the rediscovery and preservation of ca- way of salvaging“Our activities nals, wells, aqueducts and baths, built over the centuries in a region rich in Roman such a vital pieceaim at the re- archaeological sites. This regional project has organised its Algerian component of the area’sappropriation of around the thermal baths of Cherchell, in the Tipaza area. Other similar activi- heritage”the water by the ties have been set up by REMEE in Morocco - where an inventory of the fountainslocal population and hamamms of the medina of Marrakech and acitivities in the nearby village ofand at raising Tamesloht have been drawn up - and also in Tunisia, Greece, Turkey. “Our aim is toawareness get groups of young people together to rediscover their area’s heritage,” declaresof issues Matthieu Guary, the international head of Remee. At the heart of the project isnecessary to the the memory of the relationship between man and his environment. “Our overallpreservation of objective,” he adds, “is to make the citizens of the Mediterranean rediscover thethis increasingly importance of their historical heritage linked to the management of water.” Soscarce resource” not only does REMEE aim to repossess the Mediterranean’s archaeological, archi- tectural and landscape heritage; it also wants to raise awareness in society of the importance of a commodity as precious as water. As a matter of fact, due to the pressure of development and also to demographic changes, water heritage is risk- ing extinction, both in rural settings and in cities. Take Algeria for example. Canals, wells and underground drains known as “foggare” - the traditional water system of the M’Zab valley, 500 kilometres south of Algiers - in many cases are forgotten and threatened by the advance of modern society, like the mechanization of agri- culture. The same can be said for fountains, hammas, gardens and thermal baths in cities, where rural exodus and unruly urban expansion are threatening this his- torical treasure. “We are facing a risk inherent to any project dealing with small scale heritage not protected by law,” continues Guary. “In Marrakech, Morocco, fifty years ago there were more than a hundred fountains; today half have disappeared, or face neglect.” Local communities can make the difference In the face of this threat, REMEE is working to sensitise communities through ac- tivities that aim to restore and raise awareness. Mobilising local people around the project is the best way of salvaging such a vital piece of the area’s heritage. That is why on the last day of the campus in Cherchell, a brochure, a plan for thermal baths tours and a toolkit for schools were presented by the young volunteers toN Algeria, Roman aqueduct. 44 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 44. “Our aim is the public, inviting the community to take active part in the safeguard of theirto make the own water heritage. Still in Cherchell, last year a team of international volunteerscitizens of the together with local students had cleared the remains of a Roman villa belonging toMediterranean the site. “These actions,” Guary explains, – “aim at the re-appropriation of the waterrediscover the by the local population and at raising awareness of issues necessary to the preser-importance of vation of this increasingly scarce resource.” One thousand young people mobilizedtheir historical for the protection of water heritage In a period marked by growing water short-heritage ages throughout the world, but also in the region, it is necessary “to protect thislinked to the heritage linked to water, a commodity that brings together the various countriesmanagement in the Mediterranean area, which are characterised by common climatic condi-of water” tions and landscapes,” Guary adds. “This is also an example for modern practices in water management and for new development projects in the agricultural and tourism sectors.” Up to now, around 1,000 young people from the Mediterranean have been mobilized for the rediscovery and protection of water heritage. A travel- ling exhibition will be organised upon completion of the projects, which will end in June 2011. An educational DVD will also illustrate the work done in dif- ferent countries. N Algeria, young volunteers attending the campus EuroMed Heritage IV Contributes to the exchange of experiences on cultural heritage, creates networks and promotes cooperation Participating countries Objective Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Based on the objectives defined in the “Strategy for the Development of Euro-Mediterranean Heritage: Jordan, Lebanon, priorities from Mediterranean Countries (2007-2013)”, it focuses on the appropriation by the local Morocco, Occupied populations of their cultural heritage and favours access to education and knowledge of cultural heritage. Palestinian Territory, It suports a framework for the exchange of experiences, channels for the dissemination of best practices Syria, Tunisia and new perspectives aimed at the development of an institutional cultural environment. A Regional Monitoring and Support Unit provides technical support to 12 projects, one of them is REMEE. Timeframe 2008–2012 Find out more EuroMed Heritage IV – REMEE project website > Budget EuroMed Heritage IV – REMEE project sheet > € 17 million EuroMed Heritage IV fiche > ENPI Info Centre – Culture thematic portal > Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 45
  • 45. Interview with Bodil PerssonWorking “Cross-border co-operation is the only initiative with third countries embracing fullyacross balanced participation between Member States and the Partner Countries”borders to Q: What are the programmes trying to achieve? Bodil Persson Cross-Border Cooperation under the ENP (called ENPI CBC) is a whole family of programmes, whosebring main objective should be seen in the context of the EU’s big enlargement in 2004 and 2007. When the new Member States joined the EU, an ini- tiative was needed to prevent new dividing lines emergingpeople in Europe. So ENPI CBC was launched, building on the Inter- reg model of cross-border cooperation within the EU itself. The underlying concept is cooperation among regions defi- ned around a border rather than divided by a border.together What is the focus of ENPI CBC? We work with 13 main programmes along the EU’s external border; each programme will manage hundred of projects. The idea is to fund and help to develop border regions. In particular by: contributing to economic and social deve- lopment; assisting Partner Countries in tackling common challenges in fields such as the environment, education and health; helping to ensure efficient and secure borders while enhancing communication across those borders; andTo prevent the EU’s new external borders finally boosting people-to-people exchanges. Our aim is tofrom turning into dividing lines, the help local administrations in the border regions to deve- lop the necessary skills and capacities. These programmesEU put in place the comprehensive range from the North to the South and currently includeEuropean Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) 15 EU member states, 13 neighbouring Partner Countriesincluding an ambitious initiative focusing and Norway and Turkey in three types of programmes: land border, sea crossing and sea basin programmes.on cross-border cooperation (CBC)between outlying EU Member States and How are such complex programmes funded? The total budget is €1 billion for the period 2007-2013their neighbours. While the European (10% of the ENP budget). Those funds come from the Eu-Neighbourhood Policy targets external ropean Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI)relations with the neighbouring countries as well as from the EU’s European Regional Development Fund (ERDF). In fact, it is the first time that we are able toas a whole, the CBC programmes put the merge allocations coming from two different budget lines.focus on equal cooperation across borders There are also contributions from the participating coun-at local and regional level, explains Head of tries, which in some cases can be very substantial. Russia for example has decided to put €103 million into the CBC “pot”,CBC Sector at the European Commission almost 40% of the EU’s contribution for the programmes inBodil Persson in an interview with the which it participates. Russia differs from other neighbours,ENPI Info Centre: “It is a true partnership as it is not part of the ENP but wants to see its relations with the EU as a strategic partnership. Russia’s matching of CBCprogramme. Partners take joint decisions funding reflects these ambitions. The ENPI CBC programmeon how to spend the money within the budgets go to everything from smaller people to peopleidentified priorities, and jointly select the networking projects to large-scale projects investing in technical equipment, improving border crossings, and roadprojects themselves.” construction, etc. Projects are selected through calls being launched throughout 2010 to 2012 or awarded directly in the case of the large scale projects. However, the division of the budget and the types of projects vary from programme to programme. 46 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 46. “The idea is to help develop “Large scale investment projects neighbouring regions by tackling such as road construction have a common challenges in fields such as very direct impact on the citizens” environment, education and health, secure borders and boost people-to- people exchanges”Is CBC run from Brussels? What is the expected impact on the citizens of PartnerNot at all, it is a shared management system, with neighbou- Countries?ring Partner Countries on an equal footing with Member The main beneficiaries of the projects are local and regionalStates. They take joint decisions on how to spend the money administrations, but NGOs and civil society organizations –within the identified priorities, and select the projects them- from women’s groups to chambers of commerce – benefitselves. The role of the European Commission is to monitor as well. It’s their initiatives that largely underlie the projectthe implementation of the programmes. Each of our 13 pro- proposals. Those organisations act on behalf of the localgrammes has a Joint Managing Authority (often hosted by communities whose life eventually improves if a hospital isa local or regional administration), which is responsible for renovated or pollution is reduced due to CBC funding. Andlaunching the calls for proposals, the selection of projects, of course large-scale investment projects like road construc-signing the contracts and managing the projects. For the tion have a very direct impact on the citizens. What are thetime being, all of them are based in EU- Member States, as challenges the CBC programmes face today? One challengeyou need the technical capacities and experience to run a is the sheer magnitude of the programmes, with so manyprogramme. But in the next generation of CBC program- countries involved. Another is that regionalism and free-mes, we would like to see Joint Managing Authorities being dom of initiative are instrumental for successful CBC under-based also in the neighbouring Partner Countries. Each of takings. But that kind of culture is relatively new in neigh-the programmes answers to a Joint Monitoring Committee, bouring countries. Co-operation experience and capacitieswhich includes all the participating countries. In fact, the evolve over time. For example,CBC programmes are based on a fully balanced participa- when we started with Moldova in the late 90s, they came uption between EU Member States and Partner Countries. It with 3-4 project proposals under each call. Now lots of ideasis this body that decides when calls for proposals should be are being generated and lots of proposals coming from Mol-held, how much money to allocate for different types of pro- dovan organisations. The same happens in other countries.jects and after the call, which projects should be funded. People need time to build up experience.CBC - Cross-border cooperationCBC, a key priority of the ENPI, seeks to reinforce cooperation betweenEU Member States and Partner Countries along the external EU borders. regional-cooperation/enpi-cross-border/index_en.htmENPI Participating Countries ObjectivesArmenia, Belarus, Egypt, Georgia, Israel, CBC aims to promote economic and social development in borderJordan, Lebanon, Moldova, Palestinian areas. It strives to address common challenges, ensure efficient andAuthority, Russia, Syria, Tunisia and Ukraine. secure borders and promote peopletopeople cooperation.Timeframe Find out more2007-2013 ENPI Info Centre CBC fiche > Regional Capacity Building Initiative >€1,1 billion INTERACT ENPI > Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 47
  • 47. PeopleEnergyEnvironmentTransport 48 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 48. EgyptTracking the sun In the middle of the Egyptian desert, more than 100,000 mirrors are tracking the sun across the sky to capture its energy. This vast site promises to open the door to renewable energy in the region and is an initiative that the European Union is watching closely. Two EU-funded projects, MED-EMIP and MEDREG, are helping to integrate Euro-Mediterranean energy policies, primarily with a view to moving towards sustainable energy. Text Dalia Chams Photos Bassam Mounir Abdel-Rahmane Al-Zoghby A tiny field, in the middle of nowhere, planted full of sunflowers. Quite by chance, it can be credited with a certain symbolic significance for the future of the region. For just a few kilometres from this field of sunflowers, on the road leading south from the capital to Béni Séouf, Egypt’s first solar power plant is being built. The 130,000 mobile mirrors at the Koraymat site rotate to capture the full force of the sun, just like the heads of the sunflower plants with their bright yellow petals. These concentrator “We just lack mirrors are only idle at night, the rest of the time turning automatically to focus the awareness. sun’s rays upon a single point until the viscous liquid that fills the pipe (at the centre The internet of the mirror) reaches a temperature of 400°C. The energy generated can rotate the quiz How turbine. This power plant, designed to produce a total of 140 MW, will be connected Big Is Your to the electricity grid. Today, engineers employed by the private company, Orascom, Ecological are making a round trip to visit the site, located about 100 km from Cairo and covering Footprint more than 600,000 square metres. It is time for the monthly meeting with the German gives us a experts from their partners, the Flagsol company, who realised a similar project in good reason southern Spain. Klaas Rühmann, the project’s German director, stresses how the to think” hardest thing at first was to explain to the workers erecting the iron structures that they were building an optical instrument and that millimetric precision was vital. His Egyptian colleague, Mohamed Al-Dessouqui, says he is optimistic about the 250 million dollar project set to be inaugurated in 2010. “It is the first of its kind in Africa or the Middle East,” he adds proudly. “Only the pipes and the mirrors were imported, from a German factory that is unique on the international market. Soon there will be other factories producing them and that will put an end to the monopoly and bring down the costs. After this pilot project, on which about 80% of the work is now completed, we will turn our attention to the African market.” Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 49
  • 49. N 130,000 mobile mirrorsat the Koraymat. Site. Reinforcing dialogue and cooperation The project is being followed closely by a second German expert, Albrecht Kaupp, project leader of MED-EMIP (project to integrate the Euro-Mediterranean energy market). He has good reason to do so, as this project aims to facilitate energy dialogue with a view to reinforcing Euro-Mediterranean dialogue, integrating energy markets and moving towards sustainable and clean energy. The project is being financed by the European Union through the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI). Its headquarters in Cairo shares a building “The role of belonging to the Ministry for Electricity and Energy with an international think tank, government RCREEE (“Regional Centre for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency”). Albrecht has changed. Kaupp believes that Egypt (dependent on gas and oil to meet more than 94% of its It no longer needs) is now firmly on track. Solar energy is beginning to start up, wind power is“It is the first has to manage fast developing and the country is seeking to become competitive on the energyof its kind in power plants but market. Energy and economics remain linked, however. “The government subsidisesAfrica or the monitors them” electricity and rates are the lowest in the region. But recently they have beenMiddle East... increasing at the rate of 7% a year. We are trying to catch up and I believe the rateAfter this will soon be six euros compared with 2.5 euros at present. If we want to producepilot project, energy from other sources the consumer will have to pay.” He adds: “It took 60 yearson which to set up an industry based on gas and oil in this region and it will take us another 60about 80% of to truly exploit solar energy.”the work isnow completed,we will turn N Completion of activities is foreseen for October 2010.our attentionto the Africanmarket” 50 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 50. An integrated energy market Another ministry administrative building is the home of the regulator (ERA), set up in 2001 and headed by Hafez El-Salmawy. ERA is participating in a second European project, MEDREG, which is seeking to strengthen cooperation between energy regulators in the EU and those in the Mediterranean partner countries, with “Egypt wants to a view to possibly creating an integrated Euro- Mediterranean energy market. Its become a regional work is testimony to the Egyptian Government’s commitment to change. “The role energy centre, an of government has changed,” says El-Salmawy. “It no longer has to manage power electricity corridor plants but monitors them. It is therefore our job to tell the government how to vary in Africa” electricity resources, attract investors, achieve a public-private partnership and avoid a market monopoly.” By ratifying the Kyoto Protocol, Egypt undertook to meet 20% of electricity demand with renewable energy. Similarly, by signing a memorandum of understanding ropean Union on 2 December 2008, it must undertake energy reforms that are vital for the creation of a Euro-Mediterranean energy market. Furthermore, on 26 January 2009 it was one of 75 countries to sign the founding treaty of the International Renewable Energy Agency (Irena), designed to encourage a rapid global transition to renewable energy. El-Salmawy believes Egypt is entitled to aim high: “Egypt wants to become a regional energy centre, an electricity corridor in Africa.” N Mohanad Gaméa, 27, engineer on the building site.MED-EMIP – Cooperation in the energy fieldTimeframe2007-2010 Platform to encourage dialogue and the exchange of experience on energy policy with a view to reinforcing Euro-Mediterranean cooperation andBudget improving security and sustainability.4.1 million euro(MEDA) www.medemip.euMEDREG II – Energy regulatorsTimeframe MEDREG II supports the development of a modern and efficient energy2010-2012 regulatory framework in the Mediterranean partner countries and strengthens their cooperation with EU energy regulators.Budget€919,200 www.medreg.ipi.itParticipating countriesAlgeria, Egypt, Israel, Find out moreJordan, Lebanon, Project pagesMorocco, Syria, Territory,Tunisia, Turkey Energy Portal at ENPI Info Centre: Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 51
  • 51. Sharing a good energy Learning from each other’s experiences and mistakes is always a good thing, but when a project brings together national energy regulators, with the authority to implement changes on their own initiative, the value of such meetings takes on an added dimension. Since 2006, MEDREG has been preparing the ground for an integrated Euro-Mediterranean energy market. Text by ENPI Info Centre “If this project didn’t exist, we’d have to invent it!” insists Alessandro Ortis, President of MEDREG; and the more he talks about the project, the more he comes back to his theme: “When I see what our Association can achieve, as a European taxpayer, I am convinced it is one of the most rewarding investments of EU money possible.” What “As regulators, is the project in question? MEDREG – the Association of Mediterranean Energy Regu- our most lators for Electricity and Gas – set up in 2006, and co-funded by the EU since 2008 important as a platform to bring together national energy regulators from across the Medi- mission is terranean. Why is it so important? The project’s 2010-2012 action plan spells it out: customerN Sharing experience on protection.renewable energies is a “To promote the achievement of a consistent harmonised and investment-friendlykey objective. regulatory framework aimed at providing the maximum benefits to energy consum- Our upstream ers of the Mediterranean region.” “As regulators, work is pulled our most important mission is customer protec- by the need tion,” says the MEDREG President, who is also for customer President of the Italian Regulatory Authority for protection” Electricity and Gas. “Our up-stream work is pulled by the need for customer protection.” Underlining this priority, the recent MEDREG General Assem- bly, held in Cyprus, was briefed on the progress of the project’s task force on customers, which is drawing up a study on customer protection in the Mediterranean. “This issue is top of the regulatory priorities,” says the chairman of the MEDREG ad hoc group on Institutional issues, Mr Eric Dyèvre. 52 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 52. N Interconnections force “Our study will have an important political and media impact… Our Association canMediterranean partners to worktogether on energy issues. allow the collection of information across the region, providing a snapshot that will be a basis for developing best practice guidelines on customer protection.” Immediate impact In most projects, such ‘exchange of best practices’ is a long-term investment that can take years to filter through into concrete change, but in MEDREG, Alessandro Ortis points to its immediate effect: “Each of us have our own power as energy regula- tors, so we can implement changes on our own initiative,” he says, adding: “Each“In spite, or national regulator is a partner on a voluntary basis and we have a very committed N Alessandro Ortisrather because participation.” Beyond the obvious benefits of exchanging good practice, however, President of MEDREG: ‘If this project didn’t exist, we’d have to invent it!’of the sea, we are there is a practical need for cooperation. “In spite, or rather because of the sea, weinterconnected are interconnected and condemned to discuss common issues,” says Ortis. “Cablesand condemned to and pipelines force us to work together.” Ultimately, such strategic considerationsdiscuss common again feed into protection of the customer, for whom availability of supply at goodissues. Cables and prices is the most basic requirement. With energy security one of Europe’s top po-pipelines force us litical priorities, the value of MEDREG becomes increasingly apparent: “Our Associa-to work together” tion brings together energy consumer countries, energy producers (Algeria, Egypt) and countries crucial for transit (Turkey),” says the MEDREG President. Together with energy security, efficiency and environmental impact are top priorities. “Energy ef- ficiency is both a virtual energy and a virtuous energy,” says Ortis: “It is good for the individual consumer’s pocket, good for the national balance of trade and good for environmental protection.” But he admits that renewable energies still find it hard to compete with fossil fuels due to greater investment costs and dispersion and inter- mittence of some energy sources. Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 53
  • 53. Exchange of experience This is where the exchange of experience can prove invaluable: over the years, EU countries have developed a range of instruments to as- sist renewable energy, from investment support through grants and tax breaks, to operating sup- port through price subsidies and other mecha- nisms. To share this experience, another ME- DREG ad hoc group is examining how successful promotion mechanisms could be used in non- EU countries. According to a document submitted at the General Assembly, “The EU experience could be a good example in order to select the right mechanisms for each country, according to the particular economic and social situation of the dif- ferent members.” The Association’s President points to the example of a pioneering“We learn from Italian market based scheme to increase energy efficiency among energy suppli- “You can spendeach other’s ers through tradable ‘white certificates’, which has produced savings almost double lots of moneyexperiences… those envisaged – “this is something that can be transferred almost directly to other downstreamThere is a lot of countries,” says Ortis, again underlining the value of the Association he chairs. “We for a cable, butcross-fertilisation” learn from each other’s experiences… There is a lot of cross-fertilisation.” The project without the is now being extended by the European Commission for another three years, at a rel- framework of atively modest cost of €919,200 – an investment that brings value many times over: rules that gives “You can spend lots of money downstream for a cable, but without the framework of it a meaning it’s rules that gives it a meaning it’s just a one-off investment,” says Ortis. Over the years, just a one-off he has seen an evolution in the institutional position of regulators, with regards to investment” their powers and degree of independence, and a marked process of convergence towards EU levels: “Each meeting we hold is delivering an added value,” says Ortis. “There is a positive impact every time we come together.” MEDREG II – Energy regulators Supports the development of a modern and efficient energy regulatory framework in the Mediterranean Partner Countries and strengthens their cooperation with EU energy regulators Participating countries Objective Algeria, Egypt, Israel, The project aims at strengthening cooperation between the EU energy regulators and those of the Jordan, Lebanon, Mediterranean Partner Countries helping them to develop a modern and efficient regulatory Morocco, Occupied framework. This is important for the setting up of an integrated Euro-Mediterranean energy market. Palestinian Territory, The project “Support to Cooperation between the Euro-Mediterranean Energy Regulators (MEDREG Syria, Tunisia, Turkey II)” endeavours to facilitate information exchanges and concerted approaches between EU and Partner Countries’ regulators, assist the Mediterranean countries in establishing independent energy Timeframe regulators, empowering those which already exist, and developing the technical capacities of their 2010-2012 staff. This second phase follows up from work started under MED-REG I in 2008-2009. Budget Find out more €919,200 MEDREG II fiche ENPI Info Centre > Energy thematic portal 54 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 54. Interview with Alessandro OrtisAn energeticcollaboration Bringing together countries that areacross the energy producers, consumers and key transit links, MEDREG, the Association of Mediterranean EnergyMediterranean Regulators for Electricity and Gas, plays a crucial role in preparing for the future Euro-Mediterranean energy market. In an interview with the ENPI Info Centre, its President Alessandro Ortis underlines the enormous value“If MEDREG did not exist, we would have to of this EUfunded project, stressing itsinvent it. The project is one of the most rewarding direct impact on consumers across theinvestments of EU money possible” region.Q: What is the project trying to achieve? Is the project expected to have a long-term impact?Alessandro Ortis: MEDREG brings together national energy Without any doubt. You can spend lots of money downs-regulators with the aim of promoting a stable, harmonised tream for a cable, but without the framework of rules thatand investment-friendly regulatory framework bringing gives it a meaning it’s just a one-off investment. Our exchan-maximum benefits to consumers, and ultimately preparing ge of experience is building for the future, each meeting isthe ground for an integrated Euro-Mediterranean energy giving an added value, and we are seeing a positive impactmarket. every single time we come together. The ground is fertile and there is a lot of cross-fertilisation. At the same time, weHow does it achieve its objectives? have an immediate impact: each of us have our own powerOur Association fosters cooperation, information exchange and we can implement changes on our own initiative. Thisand assistance among our members, providing a framework gives a real value to our exchanges: good practices, succes-for discussion. We have voluntary collaboration, but we are sful experiences, innovative schemes from one country canalso producing important recommendations. We are very be adapted to another. Q: What do you consider as yourproactive in preparing for the future Mediterranean energy most important achievements? Since we have been wor-community. We work towards harmonisation through the king together, we have witnessed an evolution in the ins-exchange of experiences and learning from each other’s titutional position of regulators, their powers and degreemistakes and best practices, and also through more formal of independence. Over time, this makes a real difference totraining activities – like the training of Energy Regulators’ each individual household. At the same time, through ourstaff by the Florence School of Regulation. The transfer of exchanges, we have overseen a visible process of conver-knowledge takes place mainly through the General Assem- gence towards EU levels. The achievements of our Associa-bly and the four ad-hoc groups – on institutional issues, tion have earned us recognition on a global level. In Athenselectricity, gas, and environment, renewable energy sources in October 2009 we formed the International Confederationand energy efficiency. of Energy Regulators, in which MEDREG is considered oneWhat is the impact on the citizens of partner countries? of the most important regional associations, and our parti-We have a lot of emphasis on customer focalisation. As re- cipation in the G8+ energy regulators’ meeting confirmedgulators, our most important mission is customer protec- the worldwide acknowledgement of our role. If MEDREG didtion. The upstream is pulled by the customer protection not exist, we would have to invent it. The project is one ofneed. When we collaborate on strategic issues like security the most rewarding investments of EU money possible.and availability of supply, ultimately it is for the benefit ofthe consumer. The same goes with energy efficiency, whichis good for environmental protection but also for the indi- “When we collaborate on strategicvidual consumer’s pocket. An independent regulator over- issues like security and availabilitysees supply, prices, quality, environmental protection, the of supply, ultimately it is for theright to change supplier, clarity of billing – all issues whichare of vital importance to the consumer. benefit of the consumer” Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 55
  • 55. SyRiA Building for the Future Reducing energy consumption is a key objective in the battle against climate change. In Syria, the EU-funded MED-ENEC project has combined inspiration from the past with cutting-edge technologies in a visionary new housing project that promises huge energy savings to its residents. Text by Maurice Aaek Photos by Omar Sanadiki DAMASCUS - “What could be better than saving money on heating, cool- ing and hot water bills? It’s like a dream comes true when you compare with what we’re used to paying, especially given the cost of living today.” As she speaks, Yara Abdo looks up towards a new building of the EU-backed Youth Housing Project in a Damascus suburb. A young engineer, she hopes to be one of the lucky few chosen to live in one of the new apartments. “We need this kind of building more than ever before. These apartments are built specifically to provide lower energy consumption and reduce bills.” Yara has applied for an apartment in one of the housing estates built under the Youth Housing Project, along with some other 1,200 low-income youngN Jean-Marie Frentz. Syrians. “They have not distributed the apartments yet, but each time I pass in front of this unique building, I hope I might get one here,” she said. Only 30 low-income young Syrian people will have the opportunity to settle in this model building – constructed through a pilot project supported by the European Union, as a part of the MED-ENEC Project, implemented in ten Mediterranean coun- tries endeavoring to raise energy efficiency in the construction sector and encourag- ing the use of solar energy. 56 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 56. Reducing Energy Bills These Savings of 80% on the energy used to heat water, and 50% of the en- apartments ergy consumed in heating and cooling systems are the direct benefits. are built Yara stands to gain if she gets an apartment in this building. specifically “Reducing energy consumption is a significant economic benefit to our to provide country, as well as reducing greenhouse gas emissions from heating or lower energy cooling devices,” said Safwan Al Assaf, General Director of the General consumption Company for Engineering Studies and Consulting (GCEC), which car- and reduce ried out the project study and won the funding grant from the Euro- bills. pean Union. Assaf added, “The project was presented to the EU, after having con-N Maya Abdo. ducted comparative studies examining comfort in old Damascus houses and com- paring it to that of ordinary ‘modern’ houses. The results persuaded the team to promote the advantages of traditional building methods in old Damascus and to rediscover design measures from the past. The overall energy concept is based on passive building design measures combined with new energy efficient technologies and the use of renewable energies.” N Safwan Al-Assaf. Engineer Omayma Habash, Mechanical Engineering Department Man-The European ager in GCEC and jointly responsible for the supervision and implemen-Union and the tation of the study, proudly reeled off the technologies on which theMediterranean project depended, citing double glazing, PVC shutters, shading of thepartners rely building and windows by surrounding trees, glazed stairwells to en-on each other hance natural cross ventilation, solar water and space heating and en-to guarantee ergy efficient security. She said the company expected the savings from such new technolo- gies could recover the incremental building costs within five/eight years of the initial investment, adding studies would monitor the building forN Energy efficient buildings. a full year to know the amounts of energy efficiency on the ground. Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 57
  • 57. ‘In the same boat’ N EU-backed Youth Housing “We’re all in the same boat, that is why we need to keep up our efforts project in a Damascus suburb. in saving energy and reducing energy inefficiency,” said Jean-Marie Frentz, Programme Manager at the European Commission Delegation in Damascus, explaining the EU’s support to the project. “The European Union and the Mediterranean partners rely on each other to guarantee energy security, prosperity and a healthy environment while also fight- ing climate change together.” The project also has indirect benefits, he added: “In addition to reducing energy consumption, the project also reduces pollution, and encour- ages the creation of new jobs and investments in areas that serve thisN Omema Habach. type of construction.” He admitted the initiative had faced difficulties: “It is not easy to let people take the decision of developing their houses, especially when energy prices in general are subsidised, and are lower than on the international markets. But when energy costs are rising, people will seriously consider the use of clean technologies to reduce their energy bills.” As delivery date approaches, visitors flock around the Project’s building site, with dreams of moving in. But students and engineers also come simply to admire the concept. As Eng. Habash said, “The project had a lot of admiration in the engineering and environmental exhibitions. The building plans became famous in the construc- tion sector even before the construction work began.” She added: “Perhaps what has helped attract attention to such a building is the ris- ing energy cost in Syria. People had no interest in alternative energy when diesel 58 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 58. “High diesel prices were subsidised by the Syrianprices now government. However, higher dieselmake people prices now make people more inter-more interested ested in applying new technologies toin applying new reduce their bills.”technologies “Financial support is not the only bene-to reduce their fit the project has got from the EU,” Eng.bills” Habbash said, “We have also benefited from their technical and engineering support provided through workshops with other countries. We have gained plenty of experience from audit reports, as well as good experience in market- ing and promoting the project. It’s im- portant to share our experiences with other Mediterranean countries partici- pating in the project: when a project is implemented in ten countries, like this one, the benefits are not limited to the project only, but continue be used in the future.” N The MED-ENEC Project encourages the use of solar energy. MED-ENEC II – Energy efficiency in construction Encourages energy efficiency and the use of solar energy in the construction sector, through capacity building, fiscal and economic instruments and pilot projects Participating countries Objective Algeria, Egypt, Israel, The project encourages energy efficiency and the use of solar energy in the construction sector, playing a Jordan, Lebanon, major role in the design and implementation of cooperation efforts between the EU and its Mediterranean Morocco, Occupied Partners and among the Partners themselves. Palestinian Territory, The Energy Efficiency in the Construction Sector II (MED-ENEC) project, which follows on from MED-ENEC I, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey carried out between 2005-2009, also endeavours to raise public awareness and involve civil society in climate-oriented building techniques, energy efficiency and renewable energy use in buildings. Timeframe 2009-2013 Find out more MED-ENEC II – Energy efficiency in construction fiche > Budget ENPI Info Centre – Energy thematic portal > € 5 million Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 59
  • 59. PeopleEnergyEnvironmentTransport 60 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 60. MOROccORoads of hopeNot so long ago, the mountains hemming in Tislit meant thatthe village’s inhabitants had almost no access to medical centres.Today, its population has access to services and their economicproductivity can grow. The Neighbourhood InvestmentFacility (NIF) is a financial mechanism that aims, amongst otherthings, to reduce disparities between rural and urban areas.The modernisation of the road leading to Tislit village is a goodexample of this happening in practice.Text and photos by Hicham HoudaïfaRABAT – “During the winter this road is barely usable. Taxis refuse to come here.I come from the town of Azilal to teach in the village. Now, at least, the road hasbeen modernised.” Nadia, a teacher at Tislit’s primary school, travels to and from thevillage each day. Before, the 37 kilometres of road between Tislit and the regionalroad were a nightmare. But a journey that used to take three hours can now be donein half an hour. “Having finished levelling the terrain, today we’re at the last stage,which involves gravelling and surfacing the road,” proudly remarks Jawad Faghloumi,director for facilities and transport in the Provincial Authority of Azilal.The grave consequences of isolation N Abderahmane Ennaji member of the AssociationAzilal. The province is one of Morocco’s poorest and at the same time one of its most for Youths in Support ofisolated. A little over half a million people live there, with 14% inhabiting the towns Innovation and Development.and 86% living in rural areas. The entire province is mountainous,hence the need to open the region up. In many parts of theprovince, inhabitants have no access to health centres, particularlyduring the wintertime. Children are unable to reach schools andso drop out of education at an early age, whilst mothers often diein childbirth due to the lack of proper access to the main roads.The figures speak volumes about Azilal’s sit- uation: as one of thecountry’s most isolated provinces, Azilal has one of the highestlevels of illiteracy, especially amongst women. Furthermore,isolation helps maintain many ancestral customs, such as thetraditional marriage. These stultify the region since girls in rural Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 61
  • 61. “Opening up rural areas will put an end to the isolation ofN The inhabitants of entire regions,isolated douars (tent meaningvillages) still use narrowtrails across the mountains. better access to schooling communities marry at the age of 14 or 15 and are denied their right to education and healthcare, and to a dignified life. The Ministry for Facilities and Transport is working double- as well as a time to build a maximum number of roads in the region. It’s within the Provincial reduction in Authority for Facilities and Transport that that everything happens. A young team costs and an has been charged with implementing the National Programme for Rural Roads II improvement (Programme national des routes rurales II, PNRR II), earmarking a package of 770 in economic million dirhams (approximately €65.8 million) for the construction of 402 km of productivity” roads and the modernisation of a further 160 km of roads. The programme’s socio- economic impact is significant as it will connect the province’s rural communities to the main road network and will improve the level of accessibility from 50% to 80% by 2012. The Bank for Road Financing is in charge of managing the funds. Europe granted €9.8 million to the Bank within the framework of the Neighbourhood“If this road Investment Facility. “Opening up rural areas will put an end to the isolation of entirehas tarmac regions,” remarks Eneko Landaburu, Ambassador and Head of Delegation for theput down, European Union in Rabat, “meaning better access to schooling and healthcare, asit will allow well as a reduction in costs and an improvement in economic productivity.” Thethis beautiful European Commission created the Neighbourhood Investment Facility in June 2008region to with the aim of helping the European Union’s neighbours to its South and its Eastbenefit from fund important infrastructure investments where the private sector is unable to takeits natural these on. These investments relate principally to the provision of public servicesstrengths: to citizens, requiring large sums that can be difficult to obtain from the financialmountain markets in the form of loans, not least in the context of the current financial crisis. Intourism round such cases, the grants made available by the NIF can prove very useful. “The nationalthe Bouhrajen programme for rural roads,” Ambassador Eneko Landaburu continues, “is a perfectAmghizin N Modernisation of the roadpass, our between Azilal and Tislit.almondfarming…” 62 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 62. N Children leaving the example of the kind of initiatives prioritised by the NIF, that is, financing projects that “Before, whenprimary school in Tislit. reduce regional disparities, improve local development and access to services, and pregnant make public resources more productive.” women suffered complications, No easy task they had a one Nevertheless, building or modernising roads in Azilal is no easy task. “The pipes in two chance of carrying drinking water need to be redone and a compromise has to be reached with surviving due to the local population for widening the roads. In our jargon, we call these limitations. the poor state of What’s more, on numerous occasions here in Azilal we’ve had to use explosives the road” because of the rocks,” says Jawad Faghloumi, the engineer in charge of the road. Yet thanks to these works Tislit can see the light Neighbourhood Investment Facility (NIF) The NIF is an innovative mechanism which is part of the European Neighbourhood Policy and which aims to mobilise additional funding for infrastructure projects in neighbouring countries, bringing together grants from the European Commission and the Member States with loans from European public finance institutions. Participating countries Objective Algeria, Egypt, Israel, The Neighbourhood Investment Facility aims to mobilise additional funds for infrastructure projects Jordan, Lebanon, in neighbouring countries. The NIF promotes in particular the energy, transport and environment Morocco, Occupied sectors, but financial support can also be provided for projects focusing on developing SMEs or Palestinian Territory, infrastructure in the social sector. By encouraging unified European action, the NIF allows for the Syria, Tunisia, Armenia, real coordination of donors, the sharing of tasks and the harmonisation of procedures. Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, Find out more Russia, Ukraine MED-ENEC II – Energy efficiency in construction fiche > Description of NIF > Timeframe The people behind the projects > 2007-2013 C3%A8re-les-projets-:-entretien-avec-Richard-Weber---FIV Multi-country cooperation instruments > Budget €700 million Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 63
  • 63. Interview with Richard WeberBlending loansand grantsto finance investmentsfor the NeighbourhoodThe Neighbourhood Investment Facility Q: What is the NIF trying to achieve?(NIF) is an innovative financial instrument Richard Weber: The Neighbourhood Investment Facility is a young instrument. It was created by the European Com-of the European Neighbourhood Policy mission in June 2008 to try to help our neighbours in the(ENP), whose primary objective is to kick- East and South finance big infrastructural investment whenstart key infrastructure projects that require they cannot be directly financed by the private sector. These investments mainly concern public services to the citizens.considerable financial resources, as well Such public goods need large scale funding which eachas to support private sector development country may find difficult to obtain on the market in thein the neighbourhood region. The NIF is form of loans, especially in difficult times like the present financial crisis. Then grants of the type that the NIF providesaimed at creating a partnership, pooling can be very useful.together grant resources from the What are the priorities of the new facility?European Commission and the EU Member Could you give some examples?States and using them to leverage loans Environment, water treatment or drinking water, transport,from European Finance Institutions as well especially big infrastructure installations for ports and air- ports, interconnection between electricity networks, ener-as contributions from the partner countries. gy saving, renewable energy. The social sector is also highThe leverage effect of NIF contributions on the agenda, for example, construction of hospitals andis high: in 2009, €99.7 million of NIF schools. There is also support to SMEs through risk capital envelo-grants generated a total contribution pes, when the private sector perceives risks asfrom European Finance Institutions of too high to lend money to SMEs, and the NIF can promoteapproximately €2.5 billion – in other words innovation in our partner countries.almost €25 for each euro provided by the What are the challenges in implementing the NIF?NIF – and the total cost of the investments The biggest one is to reconcile the NIF funds with the coun- tries needs. In the first 18 months of operations, the facilityconcerned reached over € 5 billion. The had at its disposal +/- €150 million of grants. This is clearlyprojects chosen – from water treatment to not enough to subsidise all submitted investments in nei-hospitals – “have a direct impact on the life ghbouring countries, and a stringent selection, which is of course a challenge, had to be made.of the people,” explains Richard Weber,Deputy Director-General of EuropeAid What is the direct impact of NIF-funded projects on citizens in the Partner Countries?in an interview with the ENPI Info Centre. A project that funds a water treatment facility is a good example of impact. The people concerned will immediately feel the difference when the quality of the water is impro- 64 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 64. “Environment, water treatment or drinking water, big infrastructure installations for ports and airports, but also the construction of hospitals and schools are among “We have a global portfolio over the priorities of the NIF.” 18 months of roughly €9 billion of operation, which is the total amount of potential investments.”ved, or when they get direct access to drinking water. Their by these institutions, as well as the part that is financed byquality of life is improved as a result. In Egypt in the South the Partner Countries themselves. Of these, €5 billion areor Moldova in the East, the NIF is intervening to improve envisaged for the South and €4 billion for the East.water quality. Of the total amount, €4 billion is the part financed by theThe NIF is also, for example, financing with the Develop- loans of the IFIs, and the EU subsidies account for €170 mil-ment Bank of the Council of Europe, the refurbishment of lion. So you see that the leverage of our grant is very impor-the central hospital in Chisinau, which is the key medical fa- tant. With these +/- €200 million we generate investmentscility in the country. In parallel, in Ukraine, the NIF finances worth +/- €9 billion.the electricity networks and installations. All these projects Is there any conditionality attached to all these instruments?have a direct impact on the life of the people. Of course! A lot of money is at stake, so we need to nego-What is the distribution of funds for the East and the South? tiate with Partner Countries the matrix of cooperation. WeFor the time being we have a global portfolio over 18 agree on the objectives and expected results together. Butmonths of roughly €9 billion of operation, which is the total at the end of the day they are in the driving seat in imple-amount of potential investments. That includes the grants menting the reforms that will ensure a decent life for theirand loans from the IFIs and partners of the consortia formed citizens.NIF - Neighbourhood Investment FacilityTimeframe 2007-2013Bringing together grant funding from the European Commission and the EU Member States andloans from European Public Finance Institutions, the NIF (Neighbourhood Investment Facility) is aninnovative instrument of the ENP, aiming at mobilising additional funding for infrastructure projectsin the Neighbourhood area. The NIF focuses on the key sectors of energy, environment and transportwhile also providing support to SMEs development and social sector infrastructures.NIF operations constitute a practical lever focusing on countries with ENP Action Plans agreed withthe EU. On a case-by-case basis, other Neighbourhood countries may also benefit from NIF grantsupport for projects of cross border or regional nature to which the EU and its Neighbouring partnersattach particular interest. Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 65
  • 65. iSRAEl A new vision for cargo freight Imagine if you could take container traffic off the roads and put it onto boats and railways… Imagine if you could transform customs bureaucracy to achieve the paperless port… This what the EU-funded EuroMed Transport Motorways of the Sea project is doing through two pilot projects in Israel, transforming the approach to cargo transport, with substantial benefits to users, consumers and the environment. Text and Photos by Yair Qedar HAIFA – “The highways are one of the main problems,” says Prof. Yehuda Hayuth, sitting in a café in Haifa hilltop, watching on the one hand over a Mediterranean sunset and on the other over the Jezrael valley. “The highways in Europe are so congested. There is so much pollution, traffic jams, reliance on gasoline, and we“This system would like to solve it or at least to try. And the solution is in the sea and the railroads.can deliver over From ancient times, the Mediterranean Sea was an intersection between Europe,60 million Africa and Asia – in modern times we need to find a way to make good use of it thatmessages a would be a win-win solution”. Hayuth is the EU consultant for the Israeli part of theyear, much MEDA-MoS ‘Motorways of the Seas’ project, a unique international project aimedfaster and at improving trade between European and Mediterranean countries by furthermuch more developing the maritime leg of the future Trans Mediterranean Transport networkefficient. (TMN-T). It began when Mediterranean countries were asked by the EuropeanImagine, it is at Commission to initiate sustainable, safe and secure maritime intermodal transportleast 60 million projects, which would enhance trade between the EU and its southern neighbours.paper pages The Israeli pilot project – headed by a consortium composed of the Israel Ministrythat are saved” of Transport and Road Safety, Israel Ports Company, the Israelibased container shipping company Zim, one of the largest in the world, Agrexco, Israel’s foremost agricultural exporter, Trieste Marine Terminal and Alpe Adria from Italy – includes, among others, a combination of Port IT technologies, shifting containers from road to rail and introducing innovative efficient refrigerated high volume containers. 66 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 66. Taking trucks off the roadSo what is the project actually doing inIsrael at this stage ? “To simplify: we moveagricultural cargo from the southernArava area to Haifa port and from thereto Trieste. We ship a Zim vessel with 200refrigerated containers, take it to Triesteand there move it with a train. The resultis that we are actually taking trucks offthe roads of Europe, and also diminishinggreenhouse gas emissions. Some truckstravel 900km from Rotterdam downto Trieste and then take the cargo toMunich. You can imagine how much gasand emissions are saved – if you multiplythis by 200 trucks every week.” The next stage in the project is already on the way: N Yehuda Hayuth ‘Motorways of the Seas’ is another pilot that involves IT technologies and is officially named MAINSYS– Mediterranean Sea Commerce Converter (MSCC) – or the ‘Paperless Port’. Theidea underlying the project is that there is too much paperwork in the maritimeworld – for governments, for companies, for the consumer, for everyone involved.The result in bureaucracy, expenses, and ultimately higher prices. MAINSYS is the “The result is thatattempt to create a system that would allow ports to work with computerised we are actuallysolutions instead of papers, and also to allow different ports and countries to taking trucksinteract with the same language. off the roads of Europe, andReduced cost for end users also diminishing“This would permit the easier transfer of shipping trade information between greenhouse gasdifferent countries and systems in the Mediterranean basin,” says Amiram emissions”Heidecker, Director of Information Technology in Israel’s Port Company. “And thereare many beneficiaries from this cross-platform, cross-industry process – importers,exporters, all the middle men – the shipping agents, the cargo people – and thefinal benefit would be a reduced cost for the product.” Has this already begun?“Yes. It began in Israel, and the partners are the three maritime ports in Israel, allshipping agents functioning in Israel, Israel customs, main trucking companies,Israel railways, warehouses and depots. We are planning soon a pilot with a similar “We would like this project to allow us to develop sustainable commercial and professional liaisons with the EU countries and neighbouring countries” Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 67
  • 67. system in Europe – the first would be with the French company Gyptis and with the cooperation of Israeli and French customs”. “We are the representatives of the state in this project,” explains Zvika Shapira from the Shipping and Ports Authority of Israel’s Ministry of Transport and Road Safety. “We would like this project to allow us to develop sustainable commercial and professional liaisons with the EU countries and neighbouring countries. To learn about the needs and to implement the technologies in Israel.” “The Israeli system is already quite extended,” says Hayuth. “In a world of emails, people should not stand in line at customs. This system can deliver over 60 million messages a year, much faster and much more efficient. Imagine, it is at least 60 million paper pages that are saved. What we are trying do to now is to connect ourselves to Europe. We are trying to find a way thatN A vessel of the Israeli main the different national systems will communicate.” The interview with Prof. Hayuthcargo company, ZIM. ends, and I take my car to the beach. It’s almost evening. Looking out as the sun sets over the Mediterranean, I try to calculate the benefits of the projects – how much greenhouse gas emissions avoided, how many trees owe their lives to the transition to paperless ports. It is too many numbers, too many trees. I try to concentrate again on the last traces of the sun, saying goodbye to another day in the Mediterranean. Mediterranean Motorways of the Sea – Maritime transport connections Promotes the Motorways of the Sea concept and the creation of better maritime transport connections in the Mediterranean through support to Ministries, port authorities, customs and relevant private sector stakeholders Participating countries Objective Algeria, Egypt, Israel, It aims at improving transport connections between the EU and its Mediterranean neighbours Jordan, Lebanon, and to promote the Motorways of the Sea (MoS) concept and assisting the partner countries Morocco, Occupied in further implementing the maritime transport and port operations actions as adopted in the Palestinian Territory, Regional Transport Action Plan (RTAP), a road map for transport cooperation adopted in 2007 Syria, Tunisia, Turkey (covering 2007-2013). Acting as a catalyst for economic and social development, the MoS project seeks to make Timeframe maritime transport connections connecting the north and the south of the Mediterranean 2007-2012 more efficient and more reliable by improving and integrating intermodal and integrated port and transport services. Budget € 9 million Find out more Motorways of the Sea project fiche ENPI info Centre Transport Thematic Portal 68 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 68. Interview with Albert BergonzoMaritimesecurity: Around a shared sea, cooperation in maritime safety and security and the prevention of pollution assume crucialreducing importance. Hence the Safemed project, a reflection of the EU’s concern to develop Euro-Mediterranean cooperation. Its principal mission is to support partnerimbalances countries in their reforms, thereby seeking to reduce imbalances in practices in this key sector. The importance of the maritime sector lies in its impactaround a on other sectors, in particular the economy, trade and the environment. International conventions ensure that the sector operates properly and obstacles to theshared sea convergence of international maritime laws are also obstacles to trade and respect for the environment, explains Albert Bergonzo, manager with the Safemed II project, in an interview with the ENPI Info Centre.Q: What is the project’s aim? is also endeavouring to better equip par- We are working toAlbert Bergonzo: The Safemed project is a re- tner countries to prevent and combat pol-flection of the EU’s concern to develop Euro-Me- focus the project’s lution by ships through the effective ap-diterranean cooperation in the field of maritime actions on the plication of the MARPOL Convention thatsafety and security and the prevention of pollu- needs of countries. combats such environment-damagingtion from ships. The principal objective is to re- practices as degassing and lays down ru-duce imbalances between the EU countries and the partner les for shipbuilding. The importance of the maritime sectorSouthern Mediterranean countries in applying international lies in its impact on other sectors, in particular the economy,conventions by assisting them in their implementation. trade and the environment. International conventions en-What actions are being carried out to achieve this aim? sure that the sector operates properly and obstacles to theTo achieve harmonious maritime practices, the project is convergence of international maritime regulations are alsoconcentrating on five principal subjects: Flag state perfor- obstacles to trade and respect for the environment. Althou-mance and respect for international obligations by asses- gh this is not a project with a direct impact on citizens, itsing the present situation, identifying obstacles to applying most certainly has indirect effects by way of other sectors.its conventions, and providing shortand long-term training What is your biggest challenge?opportunities as well as support and preparation for volun- There is great disparity between the situations of the ma-tary audits; Increased port state control within the Mediterra- ritime authorities in the countries with which the projectnean regime, by updating the port state’s control procedures works. Safemed must therefore adapt its actions to the si-in the Mediterranean and providing training for inspectors; tuation in each country. For example, when training portNavigation safety, by providing equipment and expertise inspectors we must take into account a number of factors,with a view to implementing a sub-regional network for the such as type of traffic, because inspecting an oil tanker isexchange of information on maritime traffic; Protection of a very different matter to inspecting a passenger vessel orthe marine environment by concentrating on supporting a container ship. The same applies to equipment providedpartner countries in applying the MARPOL Convention (for by Safemed, which depends largely on the material needspreventing pollution by ships) ; and finally, Security of ships of each country. Other factors also come into play, such asand port installations with training programmes designed the length of a country’s coastline and thus the density ofto increase awareness of the importance of maritime safety its maritime traffic. We are therefore working to focus theand security and to transmit the necessary practices for ins- project’s actions on respective countries’ needs.titutions to operate effectively.What will be the effects of all this on the lives of citizens?As part of its aim to harmonise practices, the project is wor-king, among other things, on conventions relating to em- “Obstacles to the convergence of internationalployment in the maritime sector with the aim of offering the maritime laws are also obstacles to trade andbest possible working conditions for the sector’s workers. It respect for the environment” Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 69
  • 69. MOROccO AND tuNiSiA Building the Motorways of the Sea Opening up great maritime highways linking the shores of the Mediterranean is a key challenge for the EU’s cooperation with its southern partners. But to build the motorways of the sea, it’s the small details that make a big difference. Text by ENPI Info Centre Photos by ENPI Info Centre ‘Motorways of the Sea’ is a project with a magical name, evoking visions of major sea routes cutting across the waters of the Mediterranean, a sea no longer the obstacle but the engine room of trade. Marc Abeille is nevertheless keen to correct a popular misconception. The manager of this ambitious project, financed since 2006 with €4.8 million by the European Commission, does not like the way it is often reduced to a simple solution: “too many lorries on the road, let’s put them on boats.” He prefers to stress the need to transfer goods onto ships and the need for flexibil- ity to achieve this aim through the interconnection of modes of transport in line with local realities – “a combination of small things throughout the chain as part of a long-term vision.” In any event, Mediterranean routes are inevitably maritime:N Marc Abeilleteam leader of the Motorways bar a few exceptions, it is not a matter of easing the burden on land motorwaysof the Sea project. to transfer it to the sea, but rather of improving existing maritime links or creating new ones better suited to the logic of trade between partners in the south and north, east and west. This can of course translate into placing trucks, trailers and often containers onto ships, or even into providing a rail link at the port of arrival. “We are seeking to apply motorways of the sea solutions for all the links in the chain – identifying bottlenecks, working on infrastructure, equipment and organisations, facilitating partnerships, the exchange of experience between professions, developing and emulating good practice…” notes Marc Abeille, aiming for a genuine impact on transport efficiency and the development of economic ties. 70 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 70. N Smooth maritime traffic isthe key to Mediterranean trade. The first stage of the project, financed by the European Neighbourhood and Part- nership Instrument (ENPI) and managed by EuropeAid, ends in November 2009. De- spite the obstacles encountered along the way, Marc Abeille is proud of the results: several pilot projects have been adopted that illustrate the benefits of the concept, others are being finalised. All are integrated solutions acting as a reference for the future motorways of the sea. Agadir-Perpignan: cutting 3,000 km of road In Morocco, the project is focused on the Atlantic port of Agadir whose hinterland is one of the country’s most important agricultural production areas. This is moreover“We are seeking the only case of a conventional transfer of freight from land to sea. Instead of a round “It is a veryto apply trip of over 3,000 kilometres by lorry, up to the northernmost point of Morocco and successfulmotorways the Straits of Gibraltar and then right across the Iberian peninsula to reach southern pilot project, aof the sea France, a “motorway of the sea” running from Agadir to Perpignan now provides a great success;solutions for all direct link. the frequencythe links in the Marc Abeille is enthusiastic: “It is a very successful pilot project, a great success; the of departureschain” frequency of departures doubled during the last early fruit and vegetable season.” doubled “A test was carried out in Agadir recently to simulate the optimum stopover. All the during the parties were involved: the port, handling personnel, security, customs, the phytosan- last early fruit itary inspection service, together with an expert sent out by the project. We found and vegetable we were able to save several hours on a stopover that normally takes all day.” season” He is looking forward to the next step: “One of the main challenges is to switch to computing solutions, a paperless system, electronic signatures, the easing of procedures.” Achieving this will involve a combination of technical assistance, partnership be- tween all the actors, support, training, “and then bringing together all the parties in- volved who do not always speak directly, such as customs, phytosanitary inspectors, N The project aims to untie the knot in maritime transport. Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 71
  • 71. and others involved in port transit on both sides of the sea. That is very important,” stresses Marc Abeille, citing the example of another pilot project, between Tunis- Radès and the Port of Genoa. “This project has created closer ties between the Italian“Bringing and Tunisian customs authorities and the results will continue to be felt after our as-together all the sistance has come to an end. Customs clearance in Italy is now completed in underparties involved two hours and long-term undertakings have been given to this effect.”who do notalways speak Meetings essential for dialoguedirectly, customs, It is not always easy. Apart from the red tape and disparities in infrastructure or tech-phytosanitary nical conditions, the project sometimes comes up against a certain paradox. Whileinspectors, and the aim is to facilitate freight movement, difficulties are encountered in the move-others – that is ment of persons between the south and north of the Mediterranean. These can bevery important” an obstacle to the meetings which are essential for dialogue, the exchange of good practice and partnership – all keys to success. But Marc Abeille refuses to give up, stressing the value of the slightest contribution, particularly at human level. He notes that in Algeria, a country awaiting improve- ments to its port infrastructures, the project has received strong support from the actors on the ground in external trade, and the workshops organised have proved very successful. He pauses to reflect for a moment: “What we are doing is not always vis- ible.” In a way, it is this invisible work which represents the real success of the project, tracing the path of a col- laboration which will ultimately make it possible to bring closer the two shores of the Mediterranean. N Ports play an essential role in the chain.Mediterranean Motorways of the SeaPromotes the Motorways of the Sea concept and the creation of better maritimetransport connections in the Mediterranean through support to Ministries, portauthorities, customs and relevant private sector stakeholderswww.euromedtransport.orgParticipating countries ObjectiveAlgeria, Egypt, Israel, It aims at improving transport connections between the EU and its Mediterranean neighbours and to promoteJordan, Lebanon, the Motorways of the Sea (MoS) concept and assisting the partner countries in further implementing theMorocco, Occupied maritime transport and port operations actions as adopted in the Regional Transport Action Plan (RTAP), a roadPalestinian Territory, map for transport cooperation adopted in 2007 (covering 2007-2013).Syria, Tunisia, Turkey Acting as a catalyst for economic and social development, the MoS project seeks to make martime transport connections connecting the north and the south of the Mediterranean more efficient and more reliable byTimeframe improving and integrating intermodal and integrated port and transport services.2007-2012 Find out moreBudget Mediterranean Motorways of the Sea fiche >€ 9 million ENPI Info Centre – Transport thematic portal > 72 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 72. Interview with Olivier TurcasEuromed CommonAviation Area:an economy boosterThe Euromed Aviation Project’s main mission is to prepare the way for the creation of a Euro-Mediterranean Common Aviation Area (EMCAA) as decided by the Euro-Med Transport Ministers in2005 and outlined in the 2007 Regional Transport Action Plan (RTAP) for the Mediterranean. It aimsat elaborating a Road Map for the implementation of the EMCAA.The EMCAA will have a far-reaching impact on the Partners with benefits not only in the aviationsector, but also the tourism and economic sectors, the project leader Olivier Turcas says in aninterview with the ENPI Info Centre.Q: What is the project trying to achieve?Olivier Turcas: Euromed Aviation’s main mission is to elabo- Elaborating a Road Map for therate a Road Map for the implementation of an EMCAA throu- implementation of a Euro-Med Commongh the establishment of common harmonised aviation re- Aviation Area (EMCAA) is our main mission.gulations and regulatory convergence. It seeks to establishan open, healthy and competitive aviation market, promoteimproved aviation safety, security and environmental frien-dliness of air transport and works to boost regional air traffic What is the expected impact on the lives of citizens?management cooperation and harmonisation. The creation of an EMCAA implies the adoption of common practises which will undoubtedly result in the improvementWhat actions are carried out to achieve this goal? of air transport services and the modernisation of air traf-Eight one-week survey missions have been completed in fic control and safety/security in the Partner Countries. Theeight Partners Countries with the purpose of getting a clear liberalisation of air transport in the region promises largepicture of the situation in their civil aviation, in comparison economic gains, benefits from integrating a larger regionalto European regulations and standards. An examination market, new market opportunities will be created alongand gap-analysis of their existing aviation legislation, regu- with employment opportunities, while investment in thelations, procedures and current practices was carried out. aviation sector will be enhanced. This will also result in chea-Based on the outcome of these missions, 29 Training cour- per air travel and 19 Technical Assistance Actions have been defined The accomplishment of the EMCAA objectives will have anto address the 5 Project themes plus Civil Aviation Overall impact beyond the transport and economic sectors, enhan-Management, which were respectively implemented by In- cing exchanges between both sides of the Mediterraneanternational Aviation Training Institutes and 20 senior Avia- as well as facilitating the reciprocal understanding of cultu-tion Experts between June 2008 and November 2009. res and encourage contacts between civil societies. Further-A questionnaire was sent to the Partners Countries regarding more, initiatives like this promote human resources specia-their preference on the scope of the EMCAA and to evaluate lised training.their readiness to enter into negotiations of open sky agree-ments. Several workshops were held to define steps to be What is the biggest challenge you are facing?taken at national and regional levels, in relation to institu- This phase of the Project has been easy and has consistedtional reforms, market structure aviation safety and security, on raising awareness of the EMCAA benefits and on elabora-environment protection and air traffic management. ting the Road Map. The biggest challenge is the implemen- tation of the Road Map after its endorsement and securing a political endorsement, i.e. enabling the Partner Countries toThe accomplishment of the common aviation obtain the legal, financial, human and technical resources toarea objectives will have an impact beyond achieve all the actions identified in the Road Map.the transport and economic sectors. Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 73
  • 73. MOROccOEGNOSairport security systemshown in MoroccoBoosting safety and management efficiency for the vehicles in and around theairport area is one of the advantages which could stem from the introduction ofthe European Global Navigation Overlay System (EGNOS), the EU’s first contributionto global satellite navigation and a precursor of Galileo.Text by ANSA/ENPI Info CentrePhotos by METIS CASABLANCA – EGNOS was presented at the Mohammed V airport in Casablanca, Morocco, in October 2009 at a demonstration organised by the EU-funded METIS project (MEdiTerranean Introduction of European Satellite Navigation System – GNSS – Services). METIS aims to define a regional GNSS plan for a Euro-Mediterra- nean policy and prepare the introduction into the Southern Mediterranean area of both EGNOS and, in the coming 5-10 years, of Galileo. N EGNOS boosts airport safety. 74 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 74. © Fabrizio Guerra Moroccan interest The demonstration generated interest from the Moroccans. “We are very interested in the new European system,” Ismail Addarrak, air-traffic controller at Mohammed V. “At present our drivers go around the airport without any navigation or equipment“Using EGNOS on board. They have been trained to do so and they always need a written permityou can make before going onto any runway. EGNOS is without doubt a system we’d like to installgreat savings at Casablanca, even though other demonstrations will be required. Especially as farin terms of as the use of the system on the vehicles during take off and landing operations.” Theequipment” aim of EGNOS, a joint project between the European Space Agency (ESA), the EU Commission and Eurocontrol (the European air-safety organisation), managed by a team composed by private and public organisations, led by Telespazio (Italy), is to guarantee improved safety for craft moving around the airport premises. In practi- cal terms this means that any vehicle inside the airport will be equipped with an EGNOS receiver and will use a local wireless network to send its position to a control centre. The system, put together by European researchers, aims to improve on the GPS system which uses geo-stationary satellites via a terrestrial network of around 40 positioning stations. EU effort “Using EGNOS you can make great savings in terms of equipment,” said Michel Bos- co, Deputy Head of satellite navigation at the EU’s energy and transport division. He explained this “is because there is already a signal present along the coast off Casa- blanca: it will suffice to equip yourself with just one vehicle-borne device, whether “Boosting for commercial, passenger or container transport.” Thanks to EGNOS, the terrestrial safety and stations will be able to measure the GPS signals, send the data to the centres to be management calculated and returned via the satellites of the European system, thereby allowing efficiency for GPS receivers to calculate positions more accurately. Indeed, the new service offers the vehicles in positioning precision with error factors of under two metres compared to the 15-20 and around the metres for GPS signals. airport area is one of the METIS supports EGNOS advantages Through METIS, the Partner Countries gathered valuable information on the techni- which could cal and economic aspects of the service, especially transport efficiency and safety, stem from the and had the chance to contribute in sketching out the industrial and regulatory is- introduction of sues needed to define the roadmap to introduce EGNOS, in view of Galileo, in their EGNOS” country, says Antonella Di Fazio, coordinator of the METIS project at Telespazio. The project leader explained EGNOS is available in Europe and the North Mediterranean area, while its extension to the entire Mediterranean region is under implementa- tion. “Conceived for applications in the Civil Aviation user domain, EGNOS has inter- esting perspectives of commercial utilisation in other user domains: Maritime, Rail, Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 75
  • 75. “Through METIS, Road, Inland waterways, Personal mobility, GIS/High precision,” she says. Asked the Partner about the project’s most important achievements, she referred to the activities Countries in support of the implementation of GNSS (Global navigation Satellite Systems) gathered services in Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestinian Authority, valuable Syria, Tunisia and Turkey. “The project defined a GNSS Regional Plan and ten Na- information on tional plans for EGNOS services introduction in the years 2009-2019, in view of Gal- the technical ileo,” she said, adding “they take into account the particular needs of the region in and economic various user/application domains, and the social and economical benefits that the aspects of use of EGNOS and Galileo will generate.” Conceived as Euro-Mediterranean shared the service, policy for the implementation of GNSS services in the Mediterranean region, the especially Plans were jointly elaborated with stakeholders and shared with Authorities. The transport transport sector was identified as the most promising for the use of EGNOS to- efficiency and day, to prepare the market for Galileo in the future. “All ten countries have clearly safety” shown interest towards the exploitation of EGNOS services in the civil aviation, maritime and freight markets,” Di Fazio says. METIS run demonstrations aimed at experimenting EGNOS commercial utilisation in various application domains and making use of the EGNOS service. The demonstrations run in different countries and target applications in the priority markets identified in the Plan. A training programme was also carried out combined with the demonstration, to enable the countries to get involved with the Satellite Navigation, the enabling technology and the infrastructures, the services and applications, etc.N Any vehicle inside theairport will be equipped Text adapted from an ANSA story by the ENPI Info Centre, a project managed by Action Globalwith an EGNOS receiver. Communications. ANSA is a Consortium partner in the project. EuroMed Satellite Navigation (GNSS) / METIS Defines a common and shared policy towards the implementation of GNSS services in the Mediterranean Partner Countries Participating countries Objective Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, It aims at defining a common, shared Euro-Mediterranean policy on the implementation Lebanon, Morocco, Occupied of Global Navigational Satellite System (GNSS) services and to pave the way for the Palestinian Territory, introduction of EGNOS and GALILEO services in the Mediterranean region. Syria, Tunisia, Turkey Find out more Timeframe METIS project fiche > 2006-2009 ENPI Info Centre Transport webpage > Budget €2.5 million 76 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 76. Interview with Dalila Achour-LimamMaking anImpact The EuroMed Transport Programme is supportingon People’s the Partner Countries in achieving an efficient transport system, which will also impact on trade and regional economic integration. Its assistantLives manager, Dalila Achour-Limam says its effect on the lives of the citizens will be substantial: “Not only will people of the Southern Mediterranean countries benefit from a more modern, comfortable and safer transport system but the project’s impact goes beyond the transport sector and benefits other sectors such as trade, industry and the environment.” She stresses the Programme focuses on policy dialogue. “Euromed TransportQ: What are the main areas of focus? How are objectives achieved? has an ultimateDalila Achour-Limam: The EuroMed Transport Program- The starting point of any chan- impact on citizens…me’s main objective is to support the Partner Countries in ge or improvement is the policy. Apart from achievingimproving the functioning and efficiency of the Mediterra- Policy dialogue is an important an efficient transportnean transport system through promoting the harmonisa- aspect of the project in whichtion of operational norms and regulations and encouraging beneficiaries and stakeholders system, it will impactthe coordination of transport policies. This implies working are closely involved in defi- on trade and regionalon policy reforms and local capacity building in all areas in- ning activities and outcomes. economic integration”cluding infrastructure and equipment, customs and border EuroMed Transport regularlycrossing procedures, network management, environmental holds ministerial conferences, national counterpart teamprotection and human resources training. The Programme meetings, policy workshops and regional transport confe-involves all transport modes and sectors and works within rences in order to establish the dialogue necessary for thethe wider scope of facilitating and preparing the implemen- advancement of the project. Other EU-funded projects intation of related projects. the transport sector come under the umbrella of EuroMed Transport such as METIS, SAFEMED, EuroMed Aviation andWhat is the direct impact on the citizens of the Partner the Mediterranean Motorways of the Sea project. All workCountries? in very close collaboration to ensure a coherent implemen-Euromed Transport has an ultimate impact on citizens. tation of the EU’s cooperation policy in the sector.A basic example is the case of lorry drivers, who will haveaccess to training, licensing and working conditions to Eu- What is the biggest challenge in the implementationropean standards, will go through much lighter border cros- of the Programme?sing and customs procedures and will drive safer and more One of the objectives is the harmonisation of institutionalenvironment-friendly vehicles. Not only will people of the and regulatory aspects and regulations, which can only beSouthern Mediterranean countries benefit from a more mo- achieved through getting the beneficiary countries to signdern, comfortable and safer transport system but the pro- regional and international treaties and conventions and toject’s impact goes beyond the transport sector and benefits implement them. Of course, levels of compliance vary butother sectors such as trade, industry and the environment. the project works towards achieving a high level of com-For example, with more effective and unified customs and pliance in all the partner countries; for example, Morocco,border crossing procedures, the transit of goods will be Tunisia and Turkey are now amongst the countries thatquicker avoiding losses of perishable goods, which occur of- comply fully with the TIR and CMR conventions.ten due to the long waiting time at the borders and ports. “Improving transport efficiency implies working on policy reforms and local capacity building in all areas” Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 77
  • 77. Find out moreEuropean Neighbourhood Policy (ENP)It was developed after the EU’s enlargement in 2004 with 10 new countries, in order to avoidthe emergence of new dividing lines in Europe. Through it, the EU offers its neighbours a privi-leged relationship, building upon a mutual commitment to common values - democracy and hu-man rights, rule of law, good governance, market economy principles and sustainable develop-ment. The ENP offers a deeper political relationship and economic integration through reformsas a means of achieving peace, stability and economic prosperity. The participating countriesare: Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Egypt, Georgia, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Mol-dova, Morocco, the Occupied Palestinian Territory, Syria, Tunisia and Ukraine. Although Russia isalso an EU neighbour, and benefits from the ENPI, relations are developed through a StrategicPartnership.ENP Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI)The financial arm of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP), in place since January 2007. Itis the single financial instrument that replaced the MEDA (South), TACIS (East) and various otherfinancial instruments. The ENPI aims at supporting partner countries achieve sustainable devel-opment and approximation to EU policies and standards, based on agreed priorities. For thebudgetary period 2007-2013, approximately €12 billion in EC funding are available to supportreforms in neighbouring states.ENPI links Commissioner Enlargement and ENP ENP website EuropeAid External Action Service (EEAS) EU/ENPI Info Centre 2010-2011 78 Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours
  • 78. Projects in Action — Southern Neighbours 79
  • 79. This publication does not represent the official view of the EC or the EU institutions. The EC accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to its content. The ENPI Info Centre is an EU-funded Regional Information and Communication project highlighting the partnership between the EU and Neighbouring countries. The project is managed by Action Global Communications. printed by Grafiche Veneziane – Venice, ItalyENPI info centre graphic design Studio Scibilia