Unidad 3 prefijos y sufijos

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Prefijos y Sufijos

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Unidad 3 prefijos y sufijos

  1. 1. Inglés Prefixes and Suffixes UNIDAD 3 MSc. Eudymar Rodríguez
  2. 2. <ul><li>A prefix (affix) is a word, or letter(s) placed at the beginning of another word (a base word) to adjust or qualify its usage or meaning. </li></ul>Prefix
  3. 3. <ul><li>A prefix is placed at the beginning of a word to modify or change its meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>You can find more detail or precision for each prefix in any good dictionary. The origins of words are extremely complicated. You should use this list as a guide only, to help you understand possible meanings. But be very careful, because often what appears to be a prefix is not a prefix at all. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Suffix <ul><li>A suffix or ending is an affix which is placed at the end of a word. Common examples are case endings, which indicate the grammatical case of nouns or adjectives, and verb endings, which form the conjugation of verbs </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Suffixes can carry grammatical information (inflectional suffixes), or lexical information (derivational suffixes). </li></ul>
  6. 6. Some examples from English: <ul><ul><li>Girl s , where the suffix -s marks the plural </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He make s , where suffix -s marks the third person singular present tense </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He clos ed , where the suffix -d marks the past tense. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Inflectional suffixes <ul><li>( Inflection change grammatical properties of a word within its syntactic category) </li></ul><ul><li>In the example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The weather forecaster said it would clear today, but it hasn't cleared at all. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>the suffix - ed inflects the root-word clear to indicate past tense. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Some inflectional suffixes in present day English: <ul><li>- s third person singular present </li></ul><ul><li>-ed past tense </li></ul><ul><li>-ing progressive/continuous </li></ul><ul><li>-en past participle </li></ul><ul><li>-s plural </li></ul><ul><li>-en plural (irregular) </li></ul><ul><li>-er comparative </li></ul><ul><li>-est superlative </li></ul><ul><li>-n't negative </li></ul>
  9. 9. Derivational suffixes <ul><li>In the example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;The weather forecaster said it would be clear today, but I can't see clearly at all&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>the suffix - ly modifies the root-word clear from an adjective into an adverb. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Derivational suffixes <ul><li>In the example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;The weather forecaster said it would be clear today, but I can't see clearly at all&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>the suffix - ly modifies the root-word clear from an adjective into an adverb. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Derivation can also form a semantic distinct word within the same syntactic category. In this example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;The weather forecaster said it would be a clear day today, but I think it's more like clearish!&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>the suffix -ish modifies the root-word clear , changing its meaning to &quot;clear, but not very clear&quot;. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Some derivational suffixes in present day English: <ul><li>-ize/-ise </li></ul><ul><li>-fy </li></ul><ul><li>-ly </li></ul><ul><li>-able </li></ul><ul><li>-ful </li></ul><ul><li>-ness </li></ul><ul><li>-ism </li></ul><ul><li>-ment </li></ul><ul><li>-ist </li></ul>

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