A list of procedures and steps, or a lecture slide with media.
Conclusion to course, lecture, et al.
EUCLID ACA-401 presentation (LOT3)
ERITREA LOT3PRESENTATIONWRITING ACADEMIC PAPERSTamer BahloulEUCLID University - LOT3 -EuropeAid/126931/D/SER/ER
Introduction What is an excellent paper? The details matter Start from the EUCLID Word template Why? Have the right styles What are styles? Why are they important What if I don’t have Word?
More about the ideal paper… Save your file with the proper name format Tamer Bahloul MED-677 FE.doc Choose US or UK spelling (and punctuation) and be consistent! Remember, US has punctuation inside quote, e.g. “this is important.” or “can you help?” Always run a spell check! Learn how to use the comma.
About citations… Citations (Quotes) are important – they show that you have read the material and that you know how to format a citation. Sometimes, the citation is a separate paragraph. In this case use the “Quote” style in word. You will notice the indent and the small font There are two ways to make references: (1) the footnotes reference and (2) in-text.
Footnote Referencing Part 1 Example of (1): Make your citation either in the sentence between “” or as a separate paragraph using the Quote style. After the punctuation, do Insert > Reference > Footnote reference (in Word 2003) or References > Insert Footnote (in Word 2007). Make sure that you use Footnotes, not Endnotes. They will automatically be numbered.
Footnote Referencing Part 2 In the footnote area, enter your reference with a standard format and consistent. Typically the format is: Perkins, John. Und e rs ta nd ing A s e s s m e nt. s (London: Penguin, 2008), 78. If you use this method, you do not need to add a “Works Cited / References” at the end of your paper.
In-Text Referencing Part 1 In this method, you do not use footnotes to provide references, but you can use footnotes to add comments, etc. When you make your citation, you add after it (Author Last Name, Year: Page). For instance, Gary Right makes the point that “the teacher must in fact learn (or act as if he or she is learning) in front of the students to be an effective teacher.” (Right, 2006: 76).
In-Text Referencing Part 2 If you use this method, you must add a “Works Cited / References” at the end of your paper. In this section, list your title sorted by last name of author. Enter your reference with a standard format and consistent. Typically the format is: Perkins, John. 2008. The A o f Te a c hing . rt (Paris: New City Press).
In-Text Referencing Part 3 In-Text referencing is used in the US in social sciences EUCLID does not approve the use of In-Text referencing expect if approved in advance by the course instructor.
More about citations You can only make citations with papers that you prepare independently (not supervised exam). In a Reading Journal / Response Paper, we recommend making one citation In a Mid-Term or Final Exam, we recommend making 2 or 3 citations.
Citations vs. Plagiarism Plagiarism is using text from a source in your paper (1) without providing a source and (2) when it is not needed. Only make citations to illustrate a point from an authoritative source or expert, not to provide general information which you could write yourself. Plagiarism results in a failed grade.
Personal vs. Academic style Never use contractions such as “can’t” “won’t” “isn’t” etc. Write in a formal academic style, and sometimes, provide personal examples. Find the right balance between the 2! Academic style means (among other things), using logical connectors so that there is flow in your papers.
Achieving “Logical Flow” For longer papers, use Headings. Start with the headings (section titles) to organize your paper and then write the text inside the sections. Learn how to use “However,” “Nevertheless,” “On the one hand,” “On the other hand,” “In spite of this,” “For this reason,” “As a result,” “Moreover,” “Furthermore,” etc.
Conclusion Make sure that this presentation and the EUCLID Word template are available to you. Imitate the style you find in the textbooks and in academic journals. It is best to learn by example! Thank you!