Putting civil society on the economic and policy map of the world

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Presentation by renowned civil society academic Lester Soloman

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Putting civil society on the economic and policy map of the world

  1. 1. OUT OF THE SHADOWS: Putting Civil Society on the Economic and Policy Map of the World Lester M. Salamon Euclid Meeting London, September 18, 2009 The Johns Hopkins Center for Civil Society Studies
  2. 2. TREATMENT OF NONPROFIT INSTITUTIONS IN THE SNA The Johns Hopkins Center for Civil Society Studies N 4 N 3 N 2 N 1 Nonprofit Institutions N 5 H Households G Government Units NPISH Sector S.15 Households Sector S.14 General Government Sector S.13 Nonfinancial Corporations Sector S.11 Sectors of the SNA System Type of Institutional Unit Financial Corporations Sector S.12 C 1 Corporations C 2
  3. 3. C N P The Johns Hopkins Center for Civil Society Studies
  4. 4. Project Countries Venezuela Colombia Brazil Chile Mexico Argentina Slovakia Hungary Romania Poland Japan United States Australia Israel Ireland The Netherlands Austria Spain Germany Finland Belgium France Norway Italy United Kingdom Russia New Zealand Canada Denmark Egypt Kenya Tanzania Uganda South Africa India Pakistan The Philippines Korea Thailand Portugal Morocco Ghana Peru Lebanon Switzerland Sweden Czech Republic Denmark The Johns Hopkins Center for Civil Society Studies
  5. 5. Global Civil Society, Volume Two Order Information : Kumarian Press, www.kpbooks.com
  6. 6. If the civil society sector were a country... The Johns Hopkins Center for Civil Society Studies Country GDP (trillion $) United States $11.7 Japan 4.6 Germany 2.7 China 1.7 United Kingdom 2.1 France 1.9 Italy 1.2 Civil Society Land Expenditures (40 Countries) 1.9 * Canada 1.0 Spain 1.0 Brazil 0.6 Russia 0.6 * In 2004 U.S. Dollars Source of GDP Figures: World Bank
  7. 7. CSO workforce as a share of the economically active population, by country The Johns Hopkins Center for Civil Society Studies
  8. 8. CSO workforce as a share of the economically active population, by country The Johns Hopkins Center for Civil Society Studies
  9. 9. The Johns Hopkins Center for Civil Society Studies
  10. 10. KEY REFINEMENTS IN HANDBOOK MEASUREMENT OF NPIs The Johns Hopkins Center for Civil Society Studies <ul><li>Satellite Account </li></ul>
  11. 11. TREATMENT OF NONPROFIT INSTITUTIONS IN THE SATELLITE ACCOUNT The Johns Hopkins Center for Civil Society Studies Nonprofit Sector N=  NPI Closing Balance Sheet Generation of income account NPISH Sector S.15 Households Sector S.14 General Gov’t Sector S.13 Nonfinancial Corps Sector S.11 Sectors of the SNA System Variable Financial Corps Sector S.12 Production Account NPI NPI TOTAL NPI TOTAL TOTAL TOTAL NPI
  12. 12. KEY REFINEMENTS IN HANDBOOK MEASUREMENT OF NPIs The Johns Hopkins Center for Civil Society Studies <ul><li>Volunteer labor </li></ul><ul><li>Identify government portion of </li></ul><ul><li>market sales and transfers </li></ul><ul><li>Satellite Account </li></ul>
  13. 13. PUTTING VOLUNTEER WORK ON THE ECONOMIC MAP OF THE WORLD Johns Hopkins, International Labour Organization, and United Nations Join Forces April 30, 2007 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE The Johns Hopkins Center for Civil Society Studies
  14. 14. U.N. Handbook Implementers and Target Countries The Johns Hopkins Center for Civil Society Studies Cameroon + Ghana+ Kenya +** Mali ** Morocco +** Israel + India ** Philippines +** Kyrgyzstan +** Australia + Japan+ Korea + Argentina + Brazil +** Peru + Mexico+** Canada + United States + Czech Republic + Slovakia+ Belgium + Italy France + Portugal+ Norway+ + committed target As of June, 2008 Egypt Mozambique ** Nigeria Tanzania Hong Kong Chile Uruguay Hungary Poland Russia Denmark Germany ny Netherlands Spain U.K. ** = UN Volunteers countries (9) Europe Central Europe North America Latin America Asia Asia Other Africa and Middle East New Zealand + South Africa +** Uganda + Thailand + Vietnam + Korea+ Bangladesh China Pakistan Developing and Transitional Countries Developed Countries
  15. 15. <ul><li>Australia Israel </li></ul><ul><li>Belgium * Italy (partial) </li></ul><ul><li>Canada * Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Czech Republic United States * </li></ul><ul><li>France New Zealand </li></ul><ul><li>* Multiple satellite account editions available </li></ul>Completed Satellite Accounts (10) The Johns Hopkins Center for Civil Society Studies Argentina Brazil Release of Satellite Account Imminent (2)
  16. 16. 5.0% 2.4% 5.6% 7.0% The Johns Hopkins Center for Civil Society Studies NPI Sector 8-Country Average Electricity, Gas and Water supply Construction Financial Intermediation Transport, Storage and Communication Contribution to GDP, NPI vs Other Industries, 8-Country Average 4% 7% 6% 5% 8% 3% 2% 1% 0% 5.1%
  17. 17. Let’s not lose this opportunity… <ul><li>For more info: </li></ul><ul><li>www.jhu.edu/ccss </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>The Johns Hopkins Center for Civil Society Studies
  18. 18. LISTENING POST PROJECT: GOALS, ACCOMPLISHMENTS, NEXT STEPS Lester M. Salamon, Director JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY The Johns Hopkins Listening Post Project
  19. 19. BACKGROUND <ul><li>Major changes in nonprofit funding and operations </li></ul><ul><li>Growing for-profit competition </li></ul><ul><li>New accountability demands </li></ul><ul><li>Significant nonprofit adaptations </li></ul><ul><li>Little systematic information </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge lagging practice </li></ul>The Johns Hopkins Listening Post Project
  20. 20. APPROACH <ul><li>1,000 – 1,500 organizational “listening posts” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1000 “directed” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>500 “random” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State component </li></ul></ul><ul><li>5 fields </li></ul>The Johns Hopkins Listening Post Project
  21. 21. ACCOMPLISHMENTS: PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS <ul><li>Alliance for Children and Families </li></ul><ul><li>American Association of Homes and Services for the Aging </li></ul><ul><li>Theatre Communications Group </li></ul><ul><li>American Association of Museums </li></ul><ul><li>United Neighborhood Centers of America </li></ul><ul><li>National Council of Nonprofit Associations </li></ul><ul><li>Alliance for Nonprofit Management </li></ul><ul><li>Independent Sector </li></ul><ul><li>Lutheran Services of America </li></ul><ul><li>League of American Orchestras </li></ul><ul><li>Michigan Nonprofit Association </li></ul>The Johns Hopkins Listening Post Project
  22. 22. 11 “SOUNDINGS” <ul><li>Major challenges I and II </li></ul><ul><li>Budget cuts/ financial health </li></ul><ul><li>Health benefit costs </li></ul><ul><li>Governance and accountability </li></ul><ul><li>Capital needs </li></ul><ul><li>Workforce </li></ul><ul><li>Advocacy </li></ul><ul><li>Presidential Agenda </li></ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Economic downturn </li></ul>The Johns Hopkins Listening Post Project
  23. 23. DISSEMINATION <ul><li>11 Communiques </li></ul><ul><li>Roundtables on finances, capital, advocacy </li></ul><ul><li>Extensive press coverage </li></ul><ul><li>34,000 hits per month on web site </li></ul>The Johns Hopkins Listening Post Project
  24. 24. News Coverage The Johns Hopkins Listening Post Project
  25. 25. LISTENING POST PROJECT <ul><li>“ … a Bloomberg News for the </li></ul><ul><li>charitable sector.” </li></ul>The Johns Hopkins Listening Post Project

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