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Neurology
Neurology
Neurology
Neurology
Neurology
Neurology
Neurology
Neurology
Neurology
Neurology
Neurology
Neurology
Neurology
Neurology
Neurology
Neurology
Neurology
Neurology
Neurology
Neurology
Neurology
Neurology
Neurology
Neurology
Neurology
Neurology
Neurology
Neurology
Neurology
Neurology
Neurology
Neurology
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  • 1. Is a chronic disease characterized by one or several neurological disorders that leaves a predisposition in the brain to generate recurrent seizures, which often results in consequences neurobiological, cognitive and psychological. NEUROLOGY
  • 2. SYMPTOMS Involuntary contractions of muscle groups Shaking hands with involuntary movements Possible tongue biting abundant salivation TREATMENTWas based on the use of non-specific depressant of the nervous system Currently there have been a number of new antiepileptic drugs that try to increase treatment efficacy and reduce side effects. NEUROLOGY
  • 3. Alzheimer’s disease is the mostcommon form of dementia, aserious brain disorder thatimpacts daily living throughmemory loss and cognitivechanges. NEUROLOGY
  • 4. SYMPTOMSAt first, there are small and subtle memory loss, but over time, this deficiency isbecoming more noticeable. and disabling for the individual who will have troubleperforming everyday tasks and simple, and also other more intellectual, such asspeaking, understanding, reading, or writing. TREATMENT At present, there is no cure for Alzheimers disease. However, there are medications that can help control your symptoms There are four drugs Cholinesterase inhibitors slow used, called the metabolic degradation of cholinesterase inhibitors acetylcholine NEUROLOGY
  • 5. Parkinsons disease is aneurodegenerative process of themotor pathways that exert animportant influence on spinal motorcircuits, the brain stem andcerebellum. TREATMENT SYMPTOMSmedications ;to be effective, medicationshould be taken exactly as prescribed byyour doctor. NEUROLOGY
  • 6. Is a neurodegenerative geneticdisorder that affects musclecoordination and leads to cognitivedecline and dementia. The disease is caused by anautosomal dominant mutation.It is much more common inpeople of Western Europeandescent than in those of Asian orAfrican ancestry. NEUROLOGY
  • 7. SYMPTOMS AND SIGNS Quick, suddenjerking movements of the arms, legs, face impatience Irritability and other body parts Changes in Disorientation Psychosis language or confusion Loss of memory NEUROLOGY
  • 8. TREATMENT There is no cure for Huntingtons disease.  treatment is to reduce symptoms and help people to fend for themselves for as long and as comfortably as possible. NEUROLOGY
  • 9. It is an autoimmune disease thataffects the brain and spinal cord(central nervous system)Multiple sclerosis (MS) affectsmore women than men.The disorder is most commonlydiagnosed between 20 and 40 yearsof age NEUROLOGY
  • 10. SYMPTOMS AND SIGNSLoss of Muscle Problems withbalance spasms walking uncontrollable Double vision rapid eye movements NEUROLOGY
  • 11. TREATMENT There is no known cure for multiple sclerosis at the time, but there are therapies that can slow the progression of the disease. The important thing is to control symptoms and help maintain a normal quality of life. NEUROLOGY
  • 12. Refers to any brainabnormality, the product ofa pathological process thatcompromises the bloodvessels. NEUROLOGY
  • 13. SYMPTOMS AND SIGNSMotor deficit. Sensory deficit Dizziness Headache ataxia, incoordinación, temblor Nausea and vomiting NEUROLOGY
  • 14. TREATMENTCerebrovascular diseasehas no cure.Possible treatmentsinclude hospitalcare, medicines, transcatheter interventions, surgeryand rehabilitation. NEUROLOGY
  • 15. NEUROLOGY
  • 16. Refers to imaging by sections orsectioning, through the use of anykind of penetrating wave.A device used in tomography iscalled a TOMOGRAPH.The image produced is aTOMOGRAM. NEUROLOGY
  • 17. Radio- Electron- frequency positron waves annihilation Gamma Electrons rays Tomograms are derived using severalX-rays different Ions physical phenomena listed. NEUROLOGY
  • 18. Is a procedure that uses a special dye (contrast material) and x- rays to see how blood flows through the brain. NEUROLOGY
  • 19. Is a medical imagingtechnique used in radiology tovisualize detailed internalstructures. NEUROLOGY
  • 20. One advantage of an MRI scan is thatit is harmless to the patient.In clinical practice, MRI is used todistinguish pathologic tissue (such as abrain tumor) from normal tissue. NEUROLOGY
  • 21. Is performed in order to collect asample of cerebrospinal fluid(CSF) for: Biochemical, microbiological, and cytological analysis. Very rarely as a treatment ("therapeutic lumbar puncture") to relieve increased intracranial pressure. NEUROLOGY
  • 22. Is the removal of a small piece of brain tissuefor the diagnosis of abnormalities of the brain NEUROLOGY
  • 23. It is used to diagnose: Alzheimer s disease Other brain Tumors disorders Inflammation Infection NEUROLOGY
  • 24. A 35 year old white female she had noticed some significant changes in neurologic functions heat intolerance precipitating a stumbling gait and a tendency to fall visual acuity change periodically She got sick with a flu and her neurologic condition worsened. NEUROLOGY
  • 25. the patient abruptly developed a right hemisensory deficit after several days of workThe MRI scan was performed at that time and revealed a multifocal white matterdisease - areas of increased T2 signal in both cerebral hemispheres. NEUROLOGY
  • 26. • high blood pressure FAMILY HISTORY • cancer • heart disease PERSONAL HISTORY • anemia and allergies • had a tubal ligation. NEUROLOGIC EXAMINATION• mild vibratory sense loss in the distal lower extremities Diagnosis: Multiple Sclerosis NEUROLOGY
  • 27. PATIENT : 33 Years old / femalewho was well until 2 years agowhen she noticed an onset ofnumbness in the left arm She was able to walk normally but a few weeks later developed a relapse of neurologic dysfunction NEUROLOGY
  • 28. How many possible demyelinating lesionscould be suspected in this patient basedupon the clinical history? At least 4 areas of the CNS may be involved: •abnormal vision with blind spots •optic pallor •diplopia NEUROLOGY
  • 29. What is the most likely location of Which 2 major neurological the demyelinating lesion that is systems (or tracts) are quite causing these problems in the apparently affected in this patient? patient? Spinal cord, around T4-T5A. pyramidal systemB. dorsal columns- medial lemniscus system NEUROLOGY
  • 30. IN CONCLUSION , WHAT’S THEMEDICAL DIAGNOSIS FOR THISPATIENT ? NEUROLOGY
  • 31. NEUROLOGY

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