UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL PEDRO RUIZ GALLO FACULTAD DE MEDICINA HUMNA
• 1. CONCEPT AND ORIGIN Marijuana is a psychoactive substance obtained from the cannabis sativa. His most important psychoactive component is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol.2. TYPES2.1. RAW: This is the type most widelyconsumed.2.2. PROCESSED FORMS: Quifa Hashish, Hash oil, Resin Waste
3. MODES OF ADMINISTRATION 4. ADDICTIVE involve inhaling smoke from small pipesPeople who have consumed marijuana for a longtime report irritability, difficulty sleeping,decreased appetite, anxiety and cravings, all ofwhich makes it difficult to stop using it.
1. CONCEPT AND ORIGINCocaine is an alkaloid derived from thecoca plant. Its a nervous system stimulantand hunger suppressant, was used inmedicine as an anesthetic. 2. STYLES Cocaine salts Crystals of cocaine
3. EFFECTS AND MEDICAL PURPOSES 4. ADDICTION • Heart problems, including heart1.Nasal congestion, • Respiratory effects, includingulceration of the respiratory failuremucous membrane, • nervous system problems, includingto even perforation strokeof the nasal • Digestive problems includingseptum. constipation 2.Cocaine is the best known local anesthetic3.Transient paranoia
DependenceA drogue is a phenomena that Tolerance can generate 3 withdrawal syndrome
PHYSICAL EFFECTS The first oxidation is the liver, which breaks down approximately 50% of alcohol consumed in one hour. The rest remains in the bloodstream to be eliminated slowlyEFFECTS OF ALCOHOL PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS interferes with higher mental processes so that visual perception is distorted, motor coordination, balance, speech and visionimpairments also suffer strong
At Nervous System In Digestive In the immune systemPHYSICAL EFFECTS In the cardiovascular system In pregnant women In the skeletal system
Nicotine facilitates concentration, memory and active to some extent, controlling weight gain by increasing energy PSYCHOLOGICAL expenditure, reduce the sense of smell and taste, and keep busy in the smokersmoking instea d of eatingEFFECTSOF SNUFF PHYSICAL Nicotine increases heart rate, respiratory rate, blood pressure and coronary flow
Psychoactive drug with stimulantproperties and empathogens bitter taste In the United States: E, Euphoria or Adam, in Mexico: Cross, in Spain: Dolphin Pasti, Pajarito, sun, tulip, Star 1912 the company accidentally isolated Merck MDMA (3,4- metilendioximetanfeta-mine
ingesting it orally(form of pills) INTAKE placed under the tongue capsules: dissolve in water or fruit juices FORMS through aspiration uncover repressed memoriesTHERAPEUTIC several psychologists and psychiatrists to cure fears, increase self-esteem and USES facilitates communicationEFFECTS OF Physical: ECSTASY Psychological:
Affects the Loss of control domestic body production of the temperature and neurotransmitter "heat stroke" and serotonin dehydrated Agitation, Muscle aches. seizures, Loss of appetite,dehydration, Insomnia, Loss ofvomiting and concentration,hallucinations HEALTH Depression HAZARDS- ECSTASY
Highly addictive drug and illegal in most countries Is made from morphine, which is found naturally in the Papaver somniferum In 1883, Heinrich Dreser ,isolated a new opiate Morphine Clorhidrato thanks
sedation, euphoria, analgesia, respiratoryEffects of depression feels an outbreak of euphoria ("rush") heroin warm flushing of the skin, dry mouth and heavy extremities fatal overdose Health spontaneous abortion, collapsed veins Hazards infectious diseases, including HIV / AIDS and hepatitis Abstinence, as in the regular addictTolerance, can occur as early as several hoursaddiction after the last administration of heroin
Lysergic acid diethyla Discovere mide, LSD or d in 1938 LSD-25Other names: Trip and gut The drug was used by scientists and psychiatrists to his experiments with schizophrenic patients
What are inhalants? What are the risks and harm associated with inhalant abuse? INHALANTSWhat are the motives What are the effects and forms of use of of inhalants? inhalants?
• The crack is a drug derived from cocaine. • Produces a feeling ofMECHANISM euphoria, central nervousOF ACTION system stimulation almost immediately.
• Euphoria• Burning sensation in eyes.• Palpitations• Headache , muscle twitching• Increase in reflexes and dilated pupils.•hypertension, cardiac arrhythmia• cause cardiac arrest or respiratory
• Its not a drug, it is worse than that: it is the waste of a drug. • It performs home through pipes where the product is mixed withCONSUMPTION metal shavings and snuff cigarette ash.
• Euphoria.• Sensation of pleasure.• Ecstasy.• Hyperexcitability.• Feeling of anxiety, depression and insecurity.• sadness, apathy.• sexual indifference.• PBC consumption can cause psychosis or loss of contact with reality.
Amphetamines are substances derivedfrom the "Beta-phenyl-isopropylamine." Drug are drugs, addictive(Moderate-High) and neurotoxic.The most common are: Benzedrine,Dexedrine and methylamphetamine.They are a strong stimulant and inappropriate relationship withall sports to reduce fatigue. One of its most common applicationis to aid in weight reduction.
How Theyre Used: Amphetamines are swallowed, inhaled or injected.The risk of dependence andaddiction is as high as that ofcocaine, as their tolerancelevels are low, requiringincreasingly higher doses toachieve the same effect.
: Increases Stimulation of alertness. Aggressive and the cerebral violent cortex. behavior. Increased Increased energy and heart rate. motor activity. Increased blood Feeling ofpressure and body wellbeing. temperature It Increased suppresses security and the confidence. appetite. Increase the Decreased speed of sleep and thought and fatigue language.
Amphetamine is a directagonist of presynapticreceptors fornoradrenaline (NA) anddopamine (DA) tocentral nervous system.
Amphetamine stimulates the central nervous system to improvewakefulness and increasing levels of alertness and ability to concentrate.Promotes higher cognitive functions such as attention and memoryReinforcing effects produced by associating specific behaviors withpleasurable emotions (reward).A behavioral level, reinforces the systems involved in the regulation ofresponses to specific emotions, reduces levels of impulsivity (self), in thecase of obesity, it has been used due to its action on the hypothalamiccenters that regulate appetite.