PEDRO RUIZ GALLO NATIONAL UNIVERSITY Human Medicine School Medical English Dr. Rosa Gonzales LlontopTEA Your LogoM9
Alcoholism is the addiction to or dependency upon drinking excessive amounts of alcoholicbeverages. Since the late 20th century, it has been considered an addictive disorder. It is characterized by compulsive and uncontrolledconsumption of alcohol, usually to the detriment of the drinkers health, personal relationships,and social standing. Like other drug addictions, alcoholism is medically defined as a treatable disease.
Alcoholwithdrawal Set of symptoms that can occur when a person suddenly stops drinking after been drinking too much alcohol every day.
Causes •Alcohol withdrawal occurs more frequently in adults but can occur in teenagers or children. The more you drink each day is more likely to exhibit the symptoms of alcohol withdrawal when stopping.
Symptoms •The alcohol withdrawal symptoms usually occur within 5 to 10 hours after the last drink, but can occur days later. Symptoms worsen in 48 to 72 hours and may continue for weeks.
Common symptoms include: Ups and Trouble Anxiety or downs in thinkingnervousness mood clearly shocks orDepression Fatigue tremors Irritability
Exams and Tests The doctor will perform a physical exam. This may reveal:Insufficiency Abnormal eye Abnormalof body fluids movements heart rhythms(dehydration) Rapid Rapid heart Fever breathing rate Hands trembling
Treatment Treatment goals include: To reduce withdrawal symptoms or withdrawal. Prevent complications. Therapy to get you to stop drinking (abstinence).
Treatment may include:Monitor blood pressure, body Sedation using temperature, Liquids or drugs calledheart rate and medications benzodiazepinesblood levels of through a vein. until withdrawal different is complete. chemicals in the body.
Alcoholic liver disease
Alcoholic liver disease is damage to the liver and itsfunction due to alcohol abuse
CAUSESby binge occursdrinking after years of drinking too much
Hallucin ations VomitingNausea Symptoms blood Redness on feet or hands
An alcohol rehabilitati on program Vitamins,stop using especially alcoholcompletely Treatment B-complex and folic acid liver transplant
Cirrhosis is the result of damageaccumulated in the liver, characterizedby the accumulation of fibrosis ("scars")in liver tissue and decreased functioningliver tissue.
Excessive consumption of alcohol. Prolonged bile Hepatitis B ductvirus, hepatitisC and hepatitis CAUSES obstruction, such as D. sclerosing cholangitis. Prolonged exposure to toxic agents in the environment.
MalaiseLoss of appetite Nausea and vomiting Ascites or fluid buildup Weight loss SYMPTOMS in the abdomen Vomiting blood, broken veins Enlargement of the liver(varices) in the lower esophagus.