Alcohol related diseases


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Alcohol related diseases

  1. 1. Your Logo PEDRO RUIZ GALLO NATIONAL UNIVERSITY Human Medicine School Medical English Dr. Rosa Gonzales Llontop TEA M 9
  2. 2. Alcoholism is the addiction to or dependency upon drinking excessive amounts of alcoholic beverages.[1] Since the late 20th century, it has been considered an addictive disorder. It is characterized by compulsive and uncontrolled consumption of alcohol, usually to the detriment of the drinker's health, personal relationships, and social standing. Like other drug addictions, alcoholism is medically defined as a treatable disease.
  4. 4. Set of symptoms that can occur when a person suddenly stops drinking after been drinking too much alcohol every day. Alcohol withdrawal
  5. 5. Causes •Alcohol withdrawal occurs more frequently in adults but can occur in teenagers or children. The more you drink each day is more likely to exhibit the symptoms of alcohol withdrawal when stopping.
  6. 6. Symptoms •The alcohol withdrawal symptoms usually occur within 5 to 10 hours after the last drink, but can occur days later. Symptoms worsen in 48 to 72 hours and may continue for weeks.
  7. 7. Common symptoms include: Anxiety or nervousness Ups and downs in mood Trouble thinking clearly Depression Fatigue shocks or tremors Irritability
  8. 8. Exams and Tests The doctor will perform a physical exam. This may reveal: Insufficiency of body fluids (dehydration) Abnormal heart rhythms Abnormal eye movements Fever Rapid breathing Rapid heart rate Hands trembling
  9. 9. Treatment To reduce withdrawal symptoms or withdrawal. Prevent complications. Therapy to get you to stop drinking (abstinence). Treatment goals include:
  10. 10. Monitor blood pressure, body temperature, heart rate and blood levels of different chemicals in the body. Liquids or medications through a vein. Sedation using drugs called benzodiazepines until withdrawal is complete. Treatment may include:
  11. 11. Alcoholic liver disease
  12. 12. Alcoholic liver disease is damage to the liver and its function due to alcohol abuse
  13. 13. CAUSES by binge drinking occurs after years of drinking too much
  14. 14. Symptoms Hallucin ations Vomiting blood Redness on feet or hands Nausea
  15. 15. Treatment An alcohol rehabilitati on program Vitamins, especially B-complex and folic acid liver transplant stop using alcohol completely
  16. 16. Cirrhosis
  17. 17. Cirrhosis is the result of damage accumulated in the liver, characterized by the accumulation of fibrosis ("scars") in liver tissue and decreased functioning liver tissue.
  18. 18. Excessive consumption of alcohol. Prolonged bile duct obstruction, such as sclerosing cholangitis. Prolonged exposure to toxic agents in the environment. Hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C and hepatitis D. CAUSES
  19. 19. SYMPTOMS Loss of appetite Malaise Nausea and vomiting Weight loss Enlargement of the liver Ascites or fluid buildup in the abdomen Vomiting blood, broken veins (varices) in the lower esophagus.
  20. 20. TREATMENTtotal abstinence balanced diet drugs vitamins supplemental fat liver transplantation
  21. 21. Your Logo Korsakoff´s syndrome
  22. 22. KORSAKOFF'S SYNDROME Korsakoff's syndrome is a neurological disorder caused by the lack of thiamine (vitamin B1) in the brain. Its onset is linked to chronic alcohol abuse and/or severe malnutrition.
  23. 23. SYMPTOMS Anterograde amnesia Retrograde amnesia , severe memory loss Confabulation Meager content in conversation Lack of insight Apathy
  24. 24. Signs Apathy AtaxiaComa Confabulation Paralysis of muscles controlling the eye Retrograde and anterograde amnesia Tremor Anosognosia
  25. 25. TREATMENT Treatment involves the replacement or supplementation of thiamine by intravenous (IV) or intramuscular (IM) injection, together with proper nutrition and hydration .
  26. 26. • Conditions resulting in the vitamin deficiency and its effects include chronic alcoholism and severe malnutrition.CAUSES