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Life on earth (updated) (2)

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  • 1. LIFE ON EARTH!
  • 2. http://www.gamequarium.org/cgi-bin/search/linfo.cgi?id=7698
  • 3. Biosphere !
    • LIFE on Earth=
      • THE BIOSPHERE!
    • Biosphere includes:
      • Hydrosphere
      • Lithosphere
      • Atmosphere
  • 4. Challenge !
      • What does a biosphere include?
    • The hydrosphere, lithosphere, and atmosphere.
  • 5. Biosphere !
    • Abiotic Factors
      • Nonliving elements in the biosphere
      • Ex.) Water, atmospheric gases, rocks, snow, etc.
    • Biotic Factors
      • Living elements
      • Ex.) Plants, animals, bacteria, etc.
  • 6. Challenge !
  • 7. The Life Cycle ! BABY ADOLESCENT BIRTH ADULT REPRODUCTION
  • 8. The Life Cycle !
    • Important Note!
    • Not ALL living things have the same life cycle!!
  • 9. Challenge !
      • What are the steps of the life cycle?
    • Birth, adolescent, adult, reproduction, starts over.
  • 10. Challenge !
      • What are the steps of the life cycle?
    • Birth, adolescent, adult, reproduction, starts over.
  • 11. Important Life Functions !
    • 1.) Nutrition
    • - Having the necessary food to help grow and do activities.
    • 2.) Adaptation
    • - Being able to adapt to the environment for survival.
    • 3.) Reproduction
    • - Creation of new life to continue existence
  • 12. Challenge !
  • 13. Ecosystems !
    • Biotic and abiotic factors combine to make ecosystems.
    • Ecosystem : community of living and nonliving things and their habitats .
  • 14. Ecosystems !
    • Habitats
      • Places where animals & plants live together naturally.
      • Includes water, air, sunlight, temperature
      • Ex.) Savannas, forests, ocean, lakes, etc.
  • 15. ECOSYSTEM! Community Habitat Living & Non-living things, Animals, Plants Water, Air, Sunlight Temperature
  • 16.
    • Community
      • Giraffes, elephants, zebra, rhinocerous, lions, antelope, birds
      • Trees, grass, hay
    • Habitat
      • A little bit of water
      • Sunny
      • Most likely warm temperature
  • 17. Challenge !
  • 18. 5 Animal Kingdoms !
    • 5 Animal Kingdoms
      • Moneran
      • Protist
      • Fungus
      • Plant
      • Animal
  • 19. 1. Monera Kingdom !
    • One cell
    • No nucleus
    • Ex.) Bacteria
  • 20. 2. Protist Kingdom !
    • One cell
    • Has a nucleus
    • Ex.) Algae, amoeba
  • 21. 3. Fungi Kingdom !
    • A lot of cells
    • Cannot move
    • Absorb nutrients from other things
    • Ex.) Mushrooms, mold
  • 22. 4. Plant Kingdom !
    • A lot of cells
    • Cannot move
    • Use energy from the sun to make sugars
    • Ex.) Trees, flowers, grass, etc.
  • 23. 5. Animal Kingdom !
    • A lot of cells
    • Can move
    • Get energy by eating other living things
    • Ex.) Fish, birds, animals
  • 24. 5 Kingdoms !
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5uJ8QeFRvJA
  • 25. Challenge !
    • Which is a picture of a protist?
    • Describe the 2 characteristics of Protist Kingdom.
      • It is one cell and has a nucleus.
  • 26. Challenge !
    • Which is a picture of a fungi?
    • Describe the 3 characteristics of the Fungi Kingdom.
      • It is a lot of cells, cannot move, and absorbs the nutrients from other things.
  • 27. Challenge !
    • What are the 5 ANIMAL KINGDOMS ?
      • Monera
      • Protist
      • Fungi
      • Plants
      • Animals
  • 28. Organisms Animals Plants Monera Protists Fungi Jellyfish, worms, arthropods, molluscs, echinoderms, amphibians, fish, reptiles, birds and mammals. Seed bearing plants and non-seed bearing plants Bacteria, single-cell Single-cell, has a nucleus, algae Molds, mushrooms
  • 29. Animals ! Animals Vertebrates Invertebrates
  • 30. Animals: Vertebrates !
    • Vertebrates
      • Have a spinal column
        • “ Back-bone”
      • Have nerves along their back
      • **5 CLASSES OF VERTEBRATES**
  • 31. Vertebrates: 1.Mammals !
    • Mammals
      • Have body hair or fur
      • Produce milk
      • Warm-blooded
      • Give birth to live young
  • 32. Vertebrates: 2. Fish !
    • Fish
      • Live in water
      • Have scales/fins
      • Breathe with gills
        • Kind of like noses throughout their body
      • Boney-skeleton
      • Cold-blooded
      • Lay eggs
  • 33. Vertebrates: 3. Reptiles !
    • Reptiles
      • Dry, scaly skin
      • Breathe with lungs
      • Cold-blooded
      • Lay eggs
  • 34. Vertebrates: 4. Amphibians !
    • Amphibians
      • Moist skin
      • Larvae (babies) have gills & live in water
      • Adults have lungs & live on land
      • Cold-blooded
      • Lay eggs in water
      • Webbed feet
  • 35. Vertebrates: 5. Birds !
    • Birds
      • Feathers & wings
      • Breathe with lungs
      • Warm-blooded
      • Lay eggs with hards shells
  • 36. Invertebrates !
    • Invertebrates
      • Do NOT have a backbone
      • MULTI cellular
    • **7 CLASSES OF INVERTEBRATES**
    http://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/animals/invertebrates-animals/octopus-and-squid/octopus_giant_kills_shark/
  • 37. Invertebrates: 1. Insects !
    • Insects
      • Have an exoskeleton
      • Head: antennae, eyes and mouth
      • Thorax: six legs, wings
      • Abdomen: where they breathe, excrete, and reproduce
      • Lay eggs
      • Ex.) Beetles, ants, butterflies
  • 38. Invertebrates: 2. Arachnid !
    • Arachnid
      • 8 legs
      • Eat other insects
        • They are hunters.
      • Ex.) Spiders, ticks, scorpions
  • 39. Invertebrates: 3. Crustaceans !
    • Crustaceans
      • Live in water
      • 10 legs
      • No exoskeleton
      • Ex.) Crabs, shrimp, lobsters
  • 40. Invertebrates: 4. Centipedes !
    • Centipedes
      • Many body parts
      • Many legs
      • Each segment with one pair of legs
      • Fast runners
      • Eat insects and spiders
      • Have antennae
  • 41. Invertebrates: 5. Millipedes !
    • Millipedes
      • Many body parts
      • Each segment with TWO pair of legs
      • Eat mold on vegetables and rocks
      • Lay eggs
  • 42. Invertebrates: 6. Worms !
    • Worms
      • Live in the ground
      • No lungs, breathes with its skin
  • 43. Invertebrates: 7. Molluscs !
    • 1. With Shell
      • Eat mostly plants
      • Move by gliding
      • Ex.) Snails and shell fish
    • 2. Without Shell
    • - Ex.) jellyfish, slugs, octopus