Life on earth (updated)

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Life on earth (updated)

  1. 1. LIFE ON EARTH!
  2. 2. http://www.gamequarium.org/cgi-bin/search/linfo.cgi?id=7698
  3. 3. Biosphere ! <ul><li>LIFE on Earth= </li></ul><ul><ul><li>THE BIOSPHERE! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Biosphere includes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hydrosphere </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lithosphere </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Atmosphere </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Challenge ! <ul><ul><li>What does a biosphere include? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The hydrosphere, lithosphere, and atmosphere. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Biosphere ! <ul><li>Abiotic Factors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nonliving elements in the biosphere </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex.) Water, atmospheric gases, rocks, snow, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Biotic Factors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Living elements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex.) Plants, animals, bacteria, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Challenge !
  7. 7. The Life Cycle ! BABY ADOLESCENT BIRTH ADULT REPRODUCTION
  8. 8. The Life Cycle ! <ul><li>Important Note! </li></ul><ul><li>Not ALL living things have the same life cycle!! </li></ul>
  9. 9. Challenge ! <ul><ul><li>What are the steps of the life cycle? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Birth, adolescent, adult, reproduction, starts over. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Challenge ! <ul><ul><li>What are the steps of the life cycle? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Birth, adolescent, adult, reproduction, starts over. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Important Life Functions ! <ul><li>1.) Nutrition </li></ul><ul><li>- Having the necessary food to help grow and do activities. </li></ul><ul><li>2.) Adaptation </li></ul><ul><li>- Being able to adapt to the environment for survival. </li></ul><ul><li>3.) Reproduction </li></ul><ul><li>- Creation of new life to continue existence </li></ul>
  12. 12. Challenge !
  13. 13. Ecosystems ! <ul><li>Biotic and abiotic factors combine to make ecosystems. </li></ul><ul><li>Ecosystem : community of living and nonliving things and their habitats . </li></ul>
  14. 14. Ecosystems ! <ul><li>Habitats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Places where animals & plants live together naturally. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes water, air, sunlight, temperature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex.) Savannas, forests, ocean, lakes, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. ECOSYSTEM! Community Habitat Living & Non-living things, Animals, Plants Water, Air, Sunlight Temperature
  16. 16. <ul><li>Community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Giraffes, elephants, zebra, rhinocerous, lions, antelope, birds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trees, grass, hay </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Habitat </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A little bit of water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sunny </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most likely warm temperature </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Challenge !
  18. 18. 5 Animal Kingdoms ! <ul><li>5 Animal Kingdoms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Moneran </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fungus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Animal </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. 1. Monera Kingdom ! <ul><li>One cell </li></ul><ul><li>No nucleus </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.) Bacteria </li></ul>
  20. 20. 2. Protist Kingdom ! <ul><li>One cell </li></ul><ul><li>Has a nucleus </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.) Algae, amoeba </li></ul>
  21. 21. 3. Fungi Kingdom ! <ul><li>A lot of cells </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot move </li></ul><ul><li>Absorb nutrients from other things </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.) Mushrooms, mold </li></ul>
  22. 22. 4. Plant Kingdom ! <ul><li>A lot of cells </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot move </li></ul><ul><li>Use energy from the sun to make sugars </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.) Trees, flowers, grass, etc. </li></ul>
  23. 23. 5. Animal Kingdom ! <ul><li>A lot of cells </li></ul><ul><li>Can move </li></ul><ul><li>Get energy by eating other living things </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.) Fish, birds, animals </li></ul>
  24. 24. 5 Kingdoms ! <ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5uJ8QeFRvJA </li></ul>
  25. 25. Challenge ! <ul><li>Which is a picture of a protist? </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the 2 characteristics of Protist Kingdom. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is one cell and has a nucleus. </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Challenge ! <ul><li>Which is a picture of a fungi? </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the 3 characteristics of the Fungi Kingdom. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is a lot of cells, cannot move, and absorbs the nutrients from other things. </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Challenge ! <ul><li>What are the 5 ANIMAL KINGDOMS ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monera </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fungi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Animals </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Organisms Animals Plants Monera Protists Fungi Jellyfish, worms, arthropods, molluscs, echinoderms, amphibians, fish, reptiles, birds and mammals. Seed bearing plants and non-seed bearing plants Bacteria, single-cell Single-cell, has a nucleus, algae Molds, mushrooms
  29. 29. Animals ! Animals Vertebrates Invertebrates
  30. 30. Animals: Vertebrates ! <ul><li>Vertebrates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have a spinal column </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Back-bone” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have nerves along their back </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>**5 CLASSES OF VERTEBRATES** </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Vertebrates: 1.Mammals ! <ul><li>Mammals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have body hair or fur </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Produce milk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Warm-blooded </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Give birth to live young </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Vertebrates: 2. Fish ! <ul><li>Fish </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Live in water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have scales/fins </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Breathe with gills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kind of like noses throughout their body </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boney-skeleton </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cold-blooded </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lay eggs </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. Vertebrates: 3. Reptiles ! <ul><li>Reptiles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dry, scaly skin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Breathe with lungs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cold-blooded </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lay eggs </li></ul></ul>
  34. 34. Vertebrates: 4. Amphibians ! <ul><li>Amphibians </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Moist skin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Larvae (babies) have gills & live in water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adults have lungs & live on land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cold-blooded </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lay eggs in water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Webbed feet </li></ul></ul>
  35. 35. Vertebrates: 5. Birds ! <ul><li>Birds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Feathers & wings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Breathe with lungs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Warm-blooded </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lay eggs with hards shells </li></ul></ul>

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