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The next hundred million by joel kotkin

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  • 1. The Second World By Parag Khanna The Next Hundred Million by Joel Kotkin Rosy Caito History 141
  • 2. The Next Hundred Million: America in 2050
    • By 2050, the United States will be home to at least 400 million people, one hundred million more than there already are today.
    • America’s population growth will be in its racial minorities , specifically Asians and Hispanics and in mixed-race population.
    • This new diverse population will bring along many of our future society’s new ideas, technological innovations, and cultural expressions.
    • The basic faith in the individual, family, and community will remain fundamental instruments for securing our country’s future.
  • 3. Growth and new cities
    • The nation will be dominated by 10 different megalopolitan areas, which include Los Angeles, Phoenix, Houston, Dallas, Atlanta, and Miami.
    • The most amount of growth will take place in these areas and they will be multipolar, dependent on autos, and geographically vast.
    • The new cities in 2050 will have to depend on the revival of traditional institutions and ancient ideals.
    • In order for these new cities to grow and flourish, social networks and technology will promote more contacts in different communities.
    • “ Sense of community” will be main in supporting urban communties.
  • 4.
    • The next hundred million Americans will move to rural America and live in suburbs instead of clustered cities.
    • These suburbs will have a more racially diverse population with a diversity of housing types, town centers, and cultural and religious institutions.
    • People will have more of an opportunity to walk around, ride bikes, and work at nearby companies.
  • 5. The Second World
    • Khanna believes that “America’s future depends on its ability to compete with the European Union and China to forge relationships with the Second World.”
    • The Second World are the countries that are growing in influence and economic strength.
    • The three superpowers of the United States, the European Union, and China all want energy and natural resources.
    • These 3 regions already possess most of the total power in the world and are trying to prevent all others from gaining ground around them.
  • 6. China moving up as a leading power
    • The Pacific Era is destined to be the greatest of all and will be led by China.
    • Even though China lacked the military and economic prerequisites, it still acted as a global power
    • China would supplant the US as the world’s leading power because of its incalculable potential of population growth.
    • China plans on a “peaceful rise.” It will rise as a non threat and will create major economic opportunities for its alliances.
    • Japan, Korea, Australia, and Singapore are slowly shifting their strategies and becoming more interdependent with China.
    • China’s expansion is silent and economic, provoking not military counterstrategies, but generating goodwill.
  • 7. America – rise or decline?
    • America’s global esteem and self promotion took place based on its status as the military defender of freedom
    • It has the wealthiest society and vibrant democracy.
    • The future of the United States is uncertain though, with decline in economy and world dominance.
  • 8. The European Union
    • The EU is a revolutionary institution with the potential to reverse the westbound rotation of geopolitical centrality.
    • EU laws supersede the majority of national laws, and most of European trade goes on with the EU.
    • 1 country per year is absorbed into the EU.
    • EU expansion has also become a virtuous circle of tapping into new markets to decrease reliance on exports to the US- this has been a crucial step in building an independent superpower.