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Early modern europe 15th and 16th century
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Early modern europe 15th and 16th century

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  • 1. Major political and economic characteristics Early Modern Europe 15 th and 16 th century - Authority shifted from the nobles in the Feudal system to the Divine Right of Kings during the Middle ages
    • Serfdom was abolished
    • -serfs (unfree peasants) would no longer have to be forced to work in the fields of landowners in exchange for protection.
    • Mercantilism dominated the Western European economic policies and started in the 16 th century
    • Mercantilism is an economic theory that claims that the prosperity of a nation is dependent upon its supply of capital
    • It encourages exports and discourages imports
  • 2. In 1485, the Battle of Bosworth Field took place -Henry Tudor became the first English monarch of the Tudor Dynasty after Richard III ( last king of the House of York) was killed in the battle Fall of Constantinople- - in 1453, the capital (Constantinople) of the Byzantine Empire was overtaken by the Ottoman Empire which was under the command of Sultan Mehmed II - Capitalism first started to show up in Italian republics like Genoa and Venice and later in France, Germany, and England -Capitalism is a kind of economic system in which the means of production and distribution are privately owned and there is private profit
  • 3.
    • European colonization of the Americas
    • In 1492, there was a Spanish expedition to the Americas led by Christopher Columbus
    • Eventually, the entire Western Hemisphere would come under the control of European nations
    - In 1494 the French king Charles VII invaded Italy - several important books were also written during the early modern period - Machiavelli wrote “The Prince” (1513) -he emphasized the need for stability in a prince’s principality -he claimed that the greatest moral good is a virtuous and stable state
  • 4.
    • Thomas More wrote “Utopia” (1516)
    • The book describes a fictional island society and its religious, social, and political customs
    • Within the book, he discusses social issues in Europe by comparing the island’s unusual political ideas to the chaotic politics of his own day
    • The Elizabethan Era was from 1558- 1603 when Queen Elizabeth I reigned
    • This was a “Golden Age” period for England where there was peace, harmony, stability, and prosperity