Transcript of "Phonology contrastive por Estefanny Trelles"
HIGH SPREAD FRONT AREATHE VOWEL INVENTORY NEUTRAL TONGUE CENTRAL MID POSITION LIP LOW ROUNDED SHAPE BACK
areaSPANISH VOWEL PHONEME QUADRANT front central back m /i/ /u/ u high s t cl e e n mid /e/ /o/ s t e e n ti low /a/ o n Spread neutral rounded
area front central backENGLISH VOWEL PHONEME QUADRANT T /iy/ /uw/ tense m o high u n s g /I/ /ʊ/ cl e e mid /ey/ p /ə/ /ow/ /ɛ/ t o e si low n ti /æ/ /ɔ/ lax ti o /a/ o n n Spread neutral rounded
FRENCH VOWEL PHONEME QUADRANT Aigue-antérieure centralisée Grave-postériuere m Ferme /i/ /y/ /u/ Te u n d s Mi- ferme ue cl /e/ /ø/ /o/ e moyenne /ə/ t e R n Mi- /ɛ/ /œ/ /ɔ/ e ti ouverte / / /œ/ /ɔ/ l a o /ã/ /∝/ c ouverte n h é NA A Neutre NA A Lip shape
ENGLISH AND SPANISH VOWEL PHONEME QUADRANT With very few exceptions, no more than two vowels can occur together in Spanish. Vowel SPANISH VOWEL pairs are pronounced according to a few PHONEME simple rules. Firstly the vowels are grouped QUADRANT into strong or open sounds /a/, /e/ and /o/ and weak or closed sounds /i/ and /u/. The position of the articulatory organs in the production of the vowels is not as ENGLISH VOWEL easily specified as that of consonants. PHONEME This is mainly due to the linguistic points QUADRANT of view, researches, some backgrounds and dialects.
MONOPHTHONGSPHONEMIC AND PHONETIC VOWEL CONTRAST Vowel sounds are sorted as Contrast is the difference monophthongs and in pronunciation which is diphthongs. A monophthogs used by the apeaker to is a single vowel articulated distinguish different without change in quality utterances in a language. throughout the course of a syllable.
Spanish The fronto section of the tongue /i/ rises to make contact both sides ofSPANISH /i/ with ENGLISH /iy/ and /I/ the upper lateral teeth Tonge is positioned forward and English high in the oral cavity with the /IY/ sides in contact with the teeth laterally and the tip positioned behind the lower teeth. The tonge is positined forward and slightly lower, with the sides in contact with the teeth laterally English /I/ and the tip positineed behind the lower teeth.
The dorso section of the tonge reaches the English /ɛ/ borders of the hard palatal making a groove between the tongue and the palatal.SPANISH /e/ with ENGLISH /ey/ and /ɛ/ The tonge is positioned forward and high in English /ey/ the oral cavity with it is sides in contact with the lateral teeth. The lips are spread and retracted. The tonge is positioned forward and high in the oral Spanish /e/ cavity with the sides in contact with the lateral teeth and the tip placed behind the lower teeth. The lips are spread and retracted.
El dorso section of the tongue Spanish /a/ moves upwards gently to the central area of the oral cavity.SPANISH /a/ WITH ENGLSH The tongue is positioned slightly forward and low in the oral cavity /a/ , /æ/AND / Ə/ English /a/ with the apex positioned behind the lower teeth. English / æ / The tongue is slightly back and low in the oral cavity with the tip of the tongue placing behind the lower front teeth. English / Ə/ The tongue positioned in the middle of the oral cavity.
SPANISH /o/ WITH ENGLSH /Ͻ AND /ow/ The tongue is retracted backwards the Spanish /o/ oral cavity. / The tongue is positioned back in a low- English /Ͻ/ mide position with respect to the height. The dorso section of the tongue is moved English / ow/ backwards but lower than /Ʊ/.
ENGLISH DIPHTHONGS A diphthong A diphthong is a complex vowel, made of is a two components; a diphthong begins as phonologica one vowel and finishes as another.DIPHTHONGS l group consisting of a vowel sound followed by a non- Usually, the two components can be adjacent referred to as a nucleus and an off-glide. glide within the same syllable Happen in inital-diphthong position, they are semiconsonants, but when they occur in final-diphthong position, they are semivowels
VOWEL GRID 1 2 3 4 a Iy I i Ya b ey ɛ e aw c æ a ye Ɛǝ d ǝ Iyǝ oy Uwǝ e ɔ ow o yo f ʊ uw U Yu g ay Aw ɔy ew
Used primarilyfor breathing It refers to the wayand eating, that sounds aresecondarily for formed or uttered.speaking. THE VOCAL ARTICULATORY TRACT BASIS THE CONSONANT INVENTORY VOICED VOICELESS CONSONANTS CONSONANTS Voiceless consonantsThis is easy to test by putting do not use the voice.your finger on your throat, if They are percussiveyou feel a vibration the and use hard sounds.consonant is voiced.
It refers to the way how air flows out during the production of a sound. The sound might be stop Manner ofARTICULATOR AND POINT OF ARTICULATION fricative nasal lateral vibrant affricateor a articulation continuant. The manner of consonants describes the manner in which airflow is restricted. It concerns the place where air goes cavity through. It can be the mouth or nasal cavity. Point the Is any part of the mouth that can be reached articulation by the articulator. It is also known as Major passive articulator The articulator Is the doer of the articulation and moves freely enough to be active in the apeech. It is also known as Major Active Articulator
/p/ Voiced/p-b/ PRODUCTION English and Spanish /p/ and /b/ use the same organ to be uttered. /b/ voiceless
English Spanish Positi /p/ [ph ] [p] [pˈ] [p-]Position /p/ [p] on I I X X X M M X X X F X X F X XThe /p/ phonemic distribution is The /p/ phonemic distribution is: total: partial The /p/ phonetic distribution is : partial,The /p/ phonetic distribution is: complementary and free variation.partial
/ʧ/ /ʤ/ English affricates includes Can be seen as aContrast of English and sequence of a stop and fricative which have the Spanish affricates same or similar place of articulation. To emphasize the affricate as a “single” sound, and tie symbols can be used to join the stop. They are transcribed using the symbols for the stop and the fricative creating a diagraph Spanish /ʧ/
/tʃ/ /dʒ/ PRODUCTION ENGLISH-SPANISH Apico alveolar lamino fronto palatal oral Voiceless /tʃ/ Africative Voiced /dʒ/ /tʃ/ there are in Spanish and English. It is voiceless,apico alveolar, lamino , fronto , palatal, oral affricate. Its phoneme [tʃ]
Contrast of english and spanish nasals Soft palate can be lowered, English allowing air to flow out spanish through nasal cavityInclude /n//m//ŋ/ Include /n//m//ɲ/ All of them are voiced occlusive continuant.
Both languages have the /ŋ/ sound. It is voiced, dorso – velar, nasal, occlusive,continuant. In Spanish, /ŋ/ is anallophone of /n/. In English, /ŋ/ is a phoneme. The /ŋ/ has to possible allophones. Continuan Occlisive / ŋ/ PRODUCTION PICTURE English spelling: <n> (before <k> and <g>). Spanish spellings: [ŋ]is an allophone of /n/ Nasal voiced Dorso velar
/m/ PRODUCTION ENGLISH-SPANISH The /m/sounds is similar in both languages:[m] voiced, bilabial, nasal, occlusive, continuant. English SpanishThe /m/ phoneme has threeallophones: The /m/ phoneme has one [m] allophone:voiced, bilabial, nasal, occlusive, continuant [m] voiced, bilabial, nasal,[-ɱ-] occlusive, continuantvoiced, labiodental, nasal, occlusive, continuant which occurs before thevoiceless labiodental fricative. [m̩ ]voiced, bilabial, nasal, occlusive, continuant, occurs in a word finally syllable
CONTRAST OF ENGLISH AND SPANISH LATERALS When an /l/ is formed, the tongue tip touches the alveolar ridge (or maybe the upper teeth)Sounds like this with English lateral only airflow along the incluides /l/. Spanish sides of the tongue laterals includes /l/ are called lateral and /ʎ/