Person talked about Replaces -ar at the end Yo o T ú as É l/Ella/Usted a Nosotros amos Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes an
Present (ar, er, ir) CONT.
In the present tense for verbs ending in -ir.
Pereson talked about Replaces -ir at the end Yo o T ú es É l/Ella/Usted e Nosotros imos Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes en
Also called “Boot Verbs”, it changes in all but the nosotros .
More than just the ending changes. The vowel in the stem changes.
3 catergories: e ei, o ue, and e i
Common e ie verbs: Tener, Preeferir
Common o ue verbs: Dormir, Poder, Jugar
*Common e i verbs: Decir, Repetir, Servir.
*This stem change only happens in -ir verbs
Caber (to fit): yo quepo
Caer (to fall) yo caigo
Conducir (to drive): yo conduzco
Conocer (to know): yo conozco
Escoger (to choose): yo escojo
Dirigir (to direct): yo dirijo
Hacer (to do, to make): yo hago
Poner (to put, to place): yo pongo
Saber (to know something-a fact): yo s é
Salir (to leave): yo salgo
Traer (to bring): yo traigo
Valer (to be worth): yo valgo
Ver (to see): yo veo
Saber v. Concer
When using saber , it mean that you know a fact or how to do something.
When using conocer , it means you know a person or are familiar with something.
When referring to a person doing an action.
Person talked about Reflexive Pronoun Yo me T ú te É l/Ella/Usted se nosotros nos Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes se
“ Se” impersonal
The impersonal “se” is used with a third person singular verb. (one, you, people, or they).
Used to indicate people in general, not one person.
¿C ó mo se dico rjo en espa ñ ol?
How does one say red in Spanish
Verbs like Gustar
“ Gustar” is unique because it's only conjugated two ways: “Gusta” and “Gustan”. Which form of gustar used depends on whether the direct object is singular or plural
Gustar To like Molestar To be bother Fascinar To be fascinating to Aburrir To bore Importar To be important to Interesar To be interesting to Disgustar To hate something Doler (e-ue) To be painful Encantar To “love” something Quedar To remain
Dipthong with Accents
The stronger weak vowels in the word next to each other.
“a,e,o” are the strong vowel sounds
“i,u,y” are the weak vowel sounds
P ue rto
T ie rra
S ie te
L ab io
H ac ia
p ai sano
Verbs, like –ger/-gir/-uir/-guir, -cer/-cir
For verbs that end in ger/gir , in the first person changes the “g” to a “j”.
In guir verbs, in the “yo” form, the gu changes to “g”.
In uir verbs add a “y” before “a”,”e”, and “o”.
For cer/cir verns, in the “yo” form, change the “c” to a “z”
The first blank is filled with an expression of time.
While, the second blank is to be filled with a verb in eith the present or preterite form.
Shows length of time in which the action has taken place.
Hace+ (time) + que +(Present tense form of verb)
A past tense form for events without a specific time.
For -er/-ir ending
Person talked about Replaces -er/-ir at the end Yo í a T ú í as É l/Ella/Usted í a Nosotros í amos Ellos/Ellas/ustedes í an
For -ar endings.
Person talked about Replaces -ar at the end Yo aba Tú abas É l/Ella/Usted aba Nosotros á bamos Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes aban
Trigger Words Translations A meundo Often A veces Sometimes Cada d Í a Everyday Cada a ñ o Every year Siempre Always Ser Ir Ver Era iba Ve Ía Eras ibas Ve Ías Era iba Ve Ía É ramos Íbamos Ve Íamos Eran iban Ve Ían
Preterite é amos aste ó aron í imos iste í o ieron
Preterite is used for actions that were completed in the past. The ending for preterite are conjugated by being affixed to the end of the infinitives.
- ar -er/ir
Trigger Words: Ayer
La semanaa pasado
Car/Gar/ Zar Verbs
Verbs ending -Car, -Gar, and -Zar have their endings replaced in the “yo” form in order to keep the diphthong.
Saqu é Sacamos Sacaste Sac ó Sacaron -car becomes -qu é Pagu é Pagamos Pagaste Pag ó Pagaron Sacar (To get) Pagar (To pay) -gar becomes -gu é Cruc é Cruzamos Cruzaste Cruz ó Cruzaron Cruzar (To cross) -zar becomes -c é
Cucarachas Verb Infinitive Andar Anduv- Estar Estuv- Poder Pud- Poner Pus- Querrer Quis- Saber Sup- Tener Tuv- Venir Vin- Conducir Conduj- Producir Produj- Traducir Traduj- Traer Traj- Decir Dij-
Cucaracha verbs are irrregular preterite verbs that have the infinitive changed/