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  • 1. English
  • 2.
    • Simple Present. Yes-No and Wh questions.
    • Subjecy and object pronouns. Possessive adjetives.
    • Adverbs of frequency: always, almost always, usually, often, etc.
    • Present continuous. Yes-No and WH questions.
    • Past tense. Yes-No and Wh questions.
    • Past continuous and Past Simple.
    • Comparative and superlative of adjetives.
    • Future with “be going to” and “will”. Yes-No and Wh questions.
    • Properties and shapes.
    • How is electricity made?
    THEMES: EXIT
  • 3.
    • We use the present simple:
      • To talk about customs.
      • To talk about habits and routines.
      • To say how often you do things.
      • To describe something that is true for a long time.
    Present Simple Form: Infinitive + verb for third person singular Examples: In the United States people leave work at five in the afternoon. I walk every days I often go to the cinema.
  • 4. Wh-questions Who people When time What things Where places Examples: * Who is he? He is Jonathan * What do you study? Classical music * When do you usually get up? At 7:30 * Where do you live? In Machala
  • 5. You use the subject pronoun when the subject carries out the action Example: I I am studying you You are very patient with the people he He is very careful with the things she She is a nice girl it It is an interesting book we We are the ten better students you You are selected for the competition They hey are presidents and members of the NASA Subject Pronouns
  • 6. Wh-questions
    • We use:
    • Who with people Who is that? It´s Jack
    • What with things What are you looking for? A pen.
    • When with time When are you leaving? At 6:00
    • Where with places Where do you live? In that house
    Present Simple When do you usually get up? Present Continuous What are you doing? Present Perfect Why have you stopped? Past Simple How did you feel? Past Continuous Where were you going?
  • 7. SHORT ANSWERS
    • When do you usually get up? At 7: 30
    • What are you doing? Writing a letter.
    • Why have you come? To give you a present
    • How did you feel? Terrible
    • Where were you going? Home
  • 8. SUBJECT AND OBJECT QUESTIONS
    • We use What and Who to ask questions about the subject or the object.
    • Questions about the subject do not use the auxiliary do (does, did).
    • Example:
    • What do cats eat? Cats eat fish Object question
    • What eats fish? Cats eat fish Subject question
  • 9. EXAMPLE
    • SUBJECT QUESTIONS
    • What makes people happy? Love makes people happy!
    • Who sits in this seat? Helen sits in this seat.
    • OBJECT QUESTIONS
    • What do you wear in winter? I wear an overcoat.
    • What are you reading? I´m reading Oliver Twist.
    BACK
  • 10.
    • Always
    • Almost Always
    • Usually
    • Often
    Adverbs of frecuency:
  • 11. We use the present simple to describe general facts, repeated actions and habits, facts that are always true.
    • general facts
    • I like milk They speak Turkish
    • María play basketball We live in Australia
    • Repeated actions an habits
    • Harry often arrives late I usually get up at 7.30.
    • Things that are always true
    • The sun rises in the east The earth goes round the sun
  • 12. Statements I walk to scholl every day.My brother usually walks with me. Spelling go goes miss misses watch watches wash washes relax relaxes Always, Usually,often, Sometimes, never I walk we walk You walk they walk BUT he walk s she walk s it walk s Always 100% Tim always wear jeans. Usually 80% I usually go to bed at 9.30 Often 60% Sue often goes to the cinema. Sometimes 40% Sam sometimes walks to school. Never 0% It never rains here in August.
  • 13. EXERCISE
    • 1 Choose the correct word underlined in each sentence.
    • a) Juan and Carmen live /lives in Madrid.
    • b) Harry watch/ watches televisión every evening.
    • c) I usually go /goes to scholl by bus.
    • d) It never snow/ snows in this city.
    • 2 Complete esach sentence. Use the verb and frequency asverbs in brackets.
    • a) Tina (miss, sometimes) sometimes misses the bus to scool.
    • b) I (never, get up) never get up before 6.00.
    • c) We (have, usually) usually have a holiday in August.
    • d) Pat (play, sometimes) sometimes plays football on Sunday.
    BACK
  • 14. Prensent continuous
  • 15. We use the present continuous to talk about things happening at the moment. Subject + V to be + V (ing) + O I He She It You We They am is are
  • 16. EXAMPLES: Jhon is runn ing Mary is not study ing . They are talk ing about science. They are danc ing pop music.
  • 17. YES-NOT QUESTIONS:
    • Are you waiting for the school bus?
    • Yes. I am.
    • Is Mishell playing football?
    • No, she isn’t. She is playing basketball.
    V tobe - Subject - V ing - O - ?
  • 18. Wh questions Information word - V tobe - Subject - V ing - ? * Where is Peter studying? He is studying in the Harvard University. * What are you doing here? I am waiting the school bus.
  • 19. BACK Why is the baby crying? He is crying because he is hungry . Who is driving my car? Manuel is driving your car.
  • 20. PAST TENSE
  • 21.
    • Regular Verbs
    • Past simple regulars verbs add ed to the bare infinitive. Verbs ending in e simply add d.
    • Example: I loved the music.
    • Spelling problems
    • Verbs ending in consonant + y change y to ie. Example:
    • Try – tried cry – cried
    • Verbs ending with one vowel and one consonant double the final consonant. Example:
    • Regret – regretted fit – fitted
  • 22.
    • Irregular Verbs
    • Eat- ate drink- drank wake- woke
    • Questions
    • Questions are formed with did and the simple form of the verb .
    • Did you enjoy the film?
    • What did you do yesterday?
    • Why did she leave?
  • 23.
    • Negatives
    • Negatives are formed with did not and the simple form of the verb. This is contracted to didn’t in speech and informal writing.
    • The coat didn’t fit me.
    • Carol didn’t eat very much.
    BACK
  • 24. PAST CONTINUOUS and past simple When we used past continuous and past simple? When we often contrast a continuing situation with a sudden event.
  • 25. EXAMPLES
    • Simple Past
    • Past Progressive
    • She was working when her mother heard something.
    • While I was doing my homework, I had a good idea.
  • 26. EXAMPLES
    • Past Progressive
    • Simple Past
    • I saw an old friend while I was waiting the bus.
    • Someone took Peter’s bag while he was making a phone call.
    • I broke my pen while I was doing my homework.
  • 27. REMEMBER
    • PAST PROGRESSIVE AND PAST SIMPLE, use WHILE TO SEPARATE A SENTENCE.
  • 28. PAST CONTINUOUS OR PROGRESSIVE When we used past continuous or progressive? When we often contrast a continuing situation with a sudden event.
  • 29. AFFIRMATIVE
    • I/He/She/It was working
    • You/We/They were working
    • EXAMPLES:
    • She was playing soccer last Friday.
    • He was drinking soda last night.
    • They were swimming in the pool yesterday.
  • 30. NEGATIVE
    • I/He/She/It wasn’t working
    • You/We/They weren’t working
    • EXAMPLES:
    • She wasn’t playing soccer last Friday.
    • He wasn’t drinking soda last night.
    • They weren’t swimming in the pool yesterday .
  • 31. QUESTIONS AND LONG ANSWERS
    • EXAMPLES:
    • What were they doing at 9 p.m.?
    • They were playing tennis.
    • What was she doing yesterday?
    • She was doing her English homework .
  • 32. QUESTIONS AND SHORT ANSWERS
    • EXAMPLES:
    • Were you listening music yesterday?
    • No, I wasn’t.
    • Was Sandra drinking a lot of beer?
    • Yes, she was.
    • Were they watching tv?
    • Yes, they were.
  • 33. REMEMBER
    • PAST CONTINUOUS OR PROGRESSIVE, use ING at the final or the verb.
    • Work – working Go - going
    • Play – playing Listen - listening
    • Drink – drinking Watch - watching
    • Do – doing Walk - walking
    BACK
  • 34. Comparative and Superlative of Adjective
  • 35. Adjectives It is used to describe a noun COMPARATIVE ADJETIVES : Are used to compare two separate things. Mary is a better player than Monica. SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES: Compare one thing in a group with the other things in that group. Sarah is the best player in the team.
  • 36. SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES: With one syllable are normally formed by adding –est. COMPARATIVE ADJETIVES : With one syllable are normally formed by adding -er Adjetives Small Smart Long Intelligent short Interesting Large Expensive Hot cheap cold comfortable Big
  • 37. COMPARATIVE ADJETIVES : With two or more syllable are normally formed with more SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES: With two or more syllable are normally formed with most Modern more modern most modern Interesting more interesting most interesting
  • 38. Formation of comparative adjective:
      • One syllable words add – er to the adjective.
      • long – longer
      • One syllable words ending with one consonant, double the final consonant.
      • big - bigger
      • Words ending in consonant + y change y to i.
      • dry – drier
      • Two or more syllable use more .
      • modern – more modern
      • interesting – more interesting
  • 39.
    • Exceptions:
      • Adjectives ending in consonant +y.
      • happy – happier
      • Some adjectives with two syllables can be formed in either way.
      • healthy – healthier more healthy
      • Others include: quiet, tired and words ending -ow, -y, -le and –er.
    • Irregular adjectives:
      • Good – better
      • Bad – worse
      • Little – less
    • Old for family members:
      • Old – elder -
      • This is my elder sister.
  • 40.
    • Adjectives
      • Add –est to the adjective and put the before the noun.
      • This is the longest river in our country.
      • I am the greatest!
      • Long – longest big – biggest dry – driest
      • Adjectives with two or more syllables use most.
      • modern – most modern
      • interesting – most interesting
    • Exceptions
      • Adjectives ending in consonant +y.
      • happy –happiest (NOT most happy)
      • Some adjectives with two syllables an be formed in either way.
      • common – commonest - most common
      • Others include: quiet, tired and words ending –ow, -y, -le and –er.
    Formation of superlative adjectives
  • 41.
    • Irregular Superlatives
      • Good – best
      • Bad – worst
      • Little – least
      • Old – oldest (for family members)
  • 42.  
  • 43. 2 .. Y changes to i before the ending –er and –est Easy easier easiest Heavy heavier heaviest Lucky luckier luckiest Dry Drier driest
    • If an adjetive ends in –e, we add –r and –st for the comparative and superlative:
    • Wide Wider widest
    • Late later latest
    • Large larger largest
  • 44. 3. Before the endings –er/-est we double the consonat at the end. Big bigger biggest Wet wetter wettest Thin thinner thinnest 4. We do not double the final consonant if there are two vowel letters before it (oil, eed, etc.) Cheap cheaper cheapest Lound louder loudest Quiet quieter quietest 5 . We do not double y or w the end of words. New newer newest BACK
  • 45. Future with “Be Going To ”
    • You use going to + infinitive.
    • To talk about future intentions or plans.
    • I’ m going to see my friends more often.
    • I’ m not going to take work home.
    • To talk about something which we can see now is sure to happen in the future.
    • I’ m going to have a baby.
    • I' m going to water the plants in the afternoon
  • 46.
    • You can join two sentences with because to describe a reason.
    • Judy and Frank are going to move because their house is small.
    • I’m going to change my job because I hate my work.
    • You can join the same two sentences with so to describe a consequence.
    • Judy and Frank’s house is too small, so they’re going to move.
    • I spend too much so I’m going to save money.
  • 47. Future Simple: ( Will) for decisions
    • You form the future simple with will or won’t + infinitive.
    • I
    • You ’ll (will)
    • He/She/It Won’t (will not) go on Thursday
    • We
    • They
    • You use will when you make a decision at the time of speaking.
  • 48.
    • I’ll take business class.
    • I’ll use my credit card.
    • I’ll try as hard as I can.
    • Questions
    • What will you like to be in the future?
    • I’ll like to be an economist.
    • Where are you going to study?
    • I'm going to study in Guayaquil.
    • Where will you work?
    • I’ll work in a great company.
  • 49.
    • What color are you going to paint it?
    • I'm going to paint it yellow.
    • Yes-No Questions
    • Are you going to travel to Spain?
    • No, I’m not going to travel.
    • Will you be able to have a room by yourself in Manhattan?
    • No, I won’t.
    • Are they going to watch the soccer game?
    • Yes, they’re going to watch it.
    • Will you be able to practice golf at school?
    • Yes, I will practice.
    BACK
  • 50. PROPERTIES AND SHAPES
  • 51.
    • BE + ADJECTIVE
    • A circle is curved.
    • BE + SHAPED LIKE + NOUN
    • A ruler is shaped like a rectangle.
    • COMPOUND ADJECTIVES
    • A groove is V-shaped.
    • HAVE + NOUN
    • A triangle has three angles.
    • WITH
    • A letter with two horizontal lines.
    • ADJECTIVES AND VERBS
    • A combustible material burns easily.
    • WHY AND BECAUSE
    • Why is butter easy to cut? Because it is soft.
    MAIN LANGUAGE ITEMS
  • 52. PROPERTIES QUALITIES WHICH DISTINGUISH ONE THING FROM ANOTHER
    • INCLUDE:
    • WHAT WE CAN SEE
    • WHAT WE CAN FEEL
    • WHAT WE CAN TASTE
    • WHAT SOMETHING IS CAPABLE OF DOING.
    BACK
  • 53. HOW IS ELECTRICITY MADE ?
  • 54.  
    • The electricity we use in our homes, shops, schools and factories is made in power stations. There are different types stations, oil-burning power stations, hydroelectric power stations, solar power stations and atomic or nuclear power stations
    POWER STATIONS
  • 55.
    • In a hydroelectric power station like the one in Paute in Ecuador , the water rotates the turbines and the turbines turn the generators that make electricity. In a thermal power station, like the one in Emeraldas, gas is burned. The gas heats water and and turns it into steam. The steam rotates the turbines. Nuclear power stations have a nuclear reactor which heats the water, but in Ecuador there are no nuclear power stations .
  • 56.
    • Form power stations the electricity travels along thick wires, called power cables. These cables are carried by metal towers called pylons. Near towns and cities are then divided into thinner power cables and the power of the electricity is reduced . The thinner cables run along streets and are supported by concrete or wooden electricity posts. In some places, for example in Cuenca, the cables are inside special covers, and they are buried under the streets.
    • Finally, thin wires go into each house through a small box, called a meter. This measures how much electricity you use. Then they connect to the electrical circuit of the house.
  • 57. BACK

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