To describe something that is true for a long time.
Present Simple Form: Infinitive + verb for third person singular Examples: In the United States people leave work at five in the afternoon. I walk every days I often go to the cinema.
Wh-questions Who people When time What things Where places Examples: * Who is he? He is Jonathan * What do you study? Classical music * When do you usually get up? At 7:30 * Where do you live? In Machala
You use the subject pronoun when the subject carries out the action Example: I I am studying you You are very patient with the people he He is very careful with the things she She is a nice girl it It is an interesting book we We are the ten better students you You are selected for the competition They hey are presidents and members of the NASA Subject Pronouns
We use the present simple to describe general facts, repeated actions and habits, facts that are always true.
I like milk They speak Turkish
María play basketball We live in Australia
Repeated actions an habits
Harry often arrives late I usually get up at 7.30.
Things that are always true
The sun rises in the east The earth goes round the sun
Statements I walk to scholl every day.My brother usually walks with me. Spelling go goes miss misses watch watches wash washes relax relaxes Always, Usually,often, Sometimes, never I walk we walk You walk they walk BUT he walk s she walk s it walk s Always 100% Tim always wear jeans. Usually 80% I usually go to bed at 9.30 Often 60% Sue often goes to the cinema. Sometimes 40% Sam sometimes walks to school. Never 0% It never rains here in August.
Adjectives It is used to describe a noun COMPARATIVE ADJETIVES : Are used to compare two separate things. Mary is a better player than Monica. SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES: Compare one thing in a group with the other things in that group. Sarah is the best player in the team.
SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES: With one syllable are normally formed by adding –est. COMPARATIVE ADJETIVES : With one syllable are normally formed by adding -er Adjetives Small Smart Long Intelligent short Interesting Large Expensive Hot cheap cold comfortable Big
COMPARATIVE ADJETIVES : With two or more syllable are normally formed with more SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES: With two or more syllable are normally formed with most Modern more modern most modern Interesting more interesting most interesting
2 .. Y changes to i before the ending –er and –est Easy easier easiest Heavy heavier heaviest Lucky luckier luckiest Dry Drier driest
If an adjetive ends in –e, we add –r and –st for the comparative and superlative:
Wide Wider widest
Late later latest
Large larger largest
3. Before the endings –er/-est we double the consonat at the end. Big bigger biggest Wet wetter wettest Thin thinner thinnest 4. We do not double the final consonant if there are two vowel letters before it (oil, eed, etc.) Cheap cheaper cheapest Lound louder loudest Quiet quieter quietest 5 . We do not double y or w the end of words. New newer newest BACK
The electricity we use in our homes, shops, schools and factories is made in power stations. There are different types stations, oil-burning power stations, hydroelectric power stations, solar power stations and atomic or nuclear power stations
In a hydroelectric power station like the one in Paute in Ecuador , the water rotates the turbines and the turbines turn the generators that make electricity. In a thermal power station, like the one in Emeraldas, gas is burned. The gas heats water and and turns it into steam. The steam rotates the turbines. Nuclear power stations have a nuclear reactor which heats the water, but in Ecuador there are no nuclear power stations .
Form power stations the electricity travels along thick wires, called power cables. These cables are carried by metal towers called pylons. Near towns and cities are then divided into thinner power cables and the power of the electricity is reduced . The thinner cables run along streets and are supported by concrete or wooden electricity posts. In some places, for example in Cuenca, the cables are inside special covers, and they are buried under the streets.
Finally, thin wires go into each house through a small box, called a meter. This measures how much electricity you use. Then they connect to the electrical circuit of the house.