v See more essay samples onESSAYSHARK.COM Expository Essay Sample CURRENT TRENDS AND ISSUES THAT AFFECT TODAYS AGED POPULATION EssayShark.com - Online Academic Assistance
v See more essay samples onESSAYSHARK.COMIn a world where everything seems to be achieved by the youthful and vigorous, ageing hasbecome a challenge. Late adulthood, old age, and eventual death are inevitable for everyone,yet the subject, irrespective of its inescapability, can be found difficult to discuss orunderstand. This discussion makes an attempt to view these three life events or milestones, toshow how one’s circumstances and attitudes can affect the ways in which they are handled bythe family and society.In her book Development Through the Lifespan, Laura E Berk (2009) demonstrates throughcase histories, interviews and anecdotes that although growing old occurs everywhere toeveryone, they are not handled in the same way by all. There are marked cultural, societaland personal differences in the ways different adults, the two genders, and families treatageing. The biological and psychological changes that accompany the onset of late adulthood,which include forgetfulness, fatigue, detachment, and helplessness as well as the pain anddiscomfort of rheumatism, cardiac and respiratory conditions, all contribute to issues thatconfront people (Berk 608). Acceptance of change, especially when it seems sudden andirrefutable, is seen to be extremely difficult by some, and yet others handle the sameconditions with agreeableness and resistance. The reasons for this difference in the ability forsome to accept changes in themselves or in their relatives better than others are not alwaysclear (Berk 610).One negative life change in ageing women is loss of self-esteem when they are no longer ableto care for loved ones because of failing health. When men retire, they feel a sense of loss ofidentity if they associate character with occupation (Berk 611). Psychological well-being inboth men and women can be restored through social support. Society provides this through anumber of organizations, associations, religious groups and cultural establishments. It isfound, however, that for social support to provide well-being for elders, it needs to beaccompanied by a sense of control. Sometimes, Berk asserts, a trade-off can be madebetween life aspects older people can control and those they cannot, in order to feel in chargeof their own lives. For example, stamina can be reserved for enjoyable occupations such asdancing or bowling by leaving shopping and housework to helpers and carers.The sense of one’s mortality is not as remote in old age as before, and as one’s friends beginto pass away, approaching death can depress or alarm some old people. Although it is easy toagree with the author of this book when she states that death is necessary in the life of anyspecies to ensure its survival, humans do not always find it easy to accept. Death, dying and
v See more essay samples onESSAYSHARK.COMbereavement are strong life milestones sustained by cultural attitudes, outlooks and customs.Modern society seems to be more distanced from the reality of death than earlier generations,simply because people no longer die at home as often they used to (Berk 642). In addition,when people are depressed or in pain, they are more likely to suffer from death anxiety,which can be accompanied by reluctance to discuss it with others, which could bring aboutrelief of the condition.When a loved one passes away, older people are likely to be worse affected than others,because their own mortality and transience is emphasized by the event. Their grief is mademore personal by becoming a presage of what is inevitable. In some cultures and religions,what Berk terms ‘symbolic immortality’ that comes from belief in an everlasting soul, helpsolder people to regard life as worthwhile and enjoy their ability to pass on wisdom and skillsto the next generation, even if their life is necessarily finite. This sense of worth avoidsanxiety about death becoming extreme or debilitating (Berk 643).Coping with ageing, approaching death, dying and bereavement are not easy for anyone, butfor the elderly, they can seem a defeating part of life. To avoid this becoming problematic orpathological, a feeling of self- and societal-worth must be emphasized in the lives of allelderly people. In this way, they can approach the twilight of their lives with optimism, graceand dignity.
v See more essay samples onESSAYSHARK.COM ReferenceBerk, Laura E. 2009 Development Through the Lifespan 5th Edition. Allyn& Bacon (Pearson Education)