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Using two examples from the genre of horror examine what a „classic                        Formatted: Font: (Default) Aria...
“Invasion of Body Snatchers” and “The Thing”. Among such genius of cinema I              Comment [U7]: We added a quote   ...
19932:39). Probably sSuch changes adaptations are probably caused by the                 Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial,...
Reagan‟s declaration of the war on the „empire of evil‟ when the situation very            Formatted: Font: 12 pt         ...
moral conflict of the detective story. Such films inhabit “shadow worlds and hoverwithout resolve between the supernatural...
result of time changes because in the 1980s, due to the development of computertechnologies and more sophisticated technic...
It is reinforced by the reigning atmosphere of tension, even paranoia that             Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 1...
people of the 20th century. because in my opinion This is because the aliens              Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial...
Extremists from Beyond the Center.” In Seeing Is Believing: How HolliwoodTaught US to Stop Worrying and Love Movies. Panth...
Formatted: Line spacing: DoubleBiskind, Peter, „The Mind Managers: Invasion of the Body Snatchers and the             Form...
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The bad essay

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  1. 1. Formatted: Left: 2.54 cm, Right: 2.54 cm, Header distance from edge 1.25 cm, Footer distance from edge: 1.25 cm Essay Madness Formatted: Centered ‘Save the Essay"Jonnie Miller: Presentation and Dissemination Shauna Quilligan: Content Creation Danielle Warren: Project Manager Hollie Scales: Researcher 1
  2. 2. Using two examples from the genre of horror examine what a „classic Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 13horror‟ film is. Examine the features of classic horror, using two examples Formatted: Leftfrom the genre. Comment [U1]: I changed the title the essay so it was structured more l an essay question. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 13The horror genre is one of the most popular film genres and we may say it can be Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 Formatted: Justified, Line spacing:argued that it has started to develop flourish practically immediately with the Double Comment [U2]: The original senten was too colloquial.development of show business and a free access of wide audience to cinemas Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12and television. There are many reasons why this genre is popular, We can find alot of causes of the popularity of this genre but it is still not so easy to explain itsphenomenon, namely why it is so attractive for to people, despite all its unreality Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12the element of fantasy. „The horror genre is most recognisable by the emotional Comment [U3]: „Unreality‟ doesn‟t properly into this sentence in terms o making sense, and it doesn‟t soundeffect it tries to arouse. The horror film aims to shock, disgust, repel –in short, to academic enough when speaking ab film.horrify. This impulse is what shapes the genre‟s other conventions.‟… „The Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12horrifying emotional effect, then, is usually created by a character convention: athreatening unnatural monster.‟ (Bordwell and Thompson, 2010: 340-342) Comment [U4]: We added a releva quote to back up his/her argument wi academic evidence.However, it would be a great mistake to say that horror movies are plain or even Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12primitive. Naturally, there are some movies which that are really so stereotyped,unbearably plain, and absolutely thoughtless. But in my opinion, it is simply aminority exclusion or of films that were created by specialists, who are far from Comment [U5]: „Exclusion‟ didn‟t make sense in this sentence so I changed it to minority.reputable real moviemaking moviemakers and they can create nothing but films Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12of low quality regardless of its their genre. Also I‟d say that as aAny other branch Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 Comment [U6]: Real wasnt used iof art cinema has its genius and its mediocre majority because good films may be the right way when describing the moviemakers, so I changed it to reputable.created only by a good crew and therefore the genre is not so important as Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12significant. „In some cases, films may seem to straddle two genre Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12classifications….War of the Worlds combines horror, science fiction, and family Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12melodrama‟. (Bordwell and Thompson, 2010: 329)This can be seen in the films, 2
  3. 3. “Invasion of Body Snatchers” and “The Thing”. Among such genius of cinema I Comment [U7]: We added a quote back up his/her argument with resear we had found.would name the crews that worked on the two films, of horror genre, they are Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12“Invasion of Body Snatchers” and “The Thing”,. among such geniuses of cinema, Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italicin particular of the horror genre. I said crews not because I do not want to agree Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12with those who believe that Donald Siegel and John Carpenter were outstanding pt, Italic Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12directors, on the contrary I am glad that people and the crews who worked on Comment [U8]: From our research we found that the director is called Dthese two films were led by such well-qualified professionals. So, we may say that Siegel, and the person writing this essay has just assumed that he/she can write Donald, so I changed it“Invasion of the Body Snatchers” and “The Thing” are classics of the horror genre. back. Formatted: Font: 12 ptand the best ones. But what I would like to analyze is the reason why they are Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 Comment [U9]: I put the titles of th films in italics, as that it the academictreated as such and in which what ways they are similar or different. way to write when speaking about books or films, so as it is easier to rea and understand.Firstly, of all, it is necessary to say that these two films were created at different Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italic Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12times,. “Invasion of the Body Snatchers” was created in the middle 1950s, more Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italicprecisely in 1956 whereas “The Thing” was created in 1982. It seems that such a Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 Formatted: Font: 12 pttime difference should make the films completely different but, strangely enough, Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12they also have a lot of common aspects. That is why at the beginning I would like Formatted: Line spacing: Double Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italicto dwell upon similarities of both films. First of all, wWe may say that, to a certain Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12extent, the themes are similar. is close. Both films focus on the problem of thehuman invasion by invasion of human or just alive bodies by some aliens thattends to control the personality;, the hosts, actions, judgments, etc. In the case of“Invasion of the Body Snatchers”, , we deal with creatures that “haves to wait for Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italicthe perfect moment when the target is asleep), and spend the next few hours Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12consuming and taking on that form. If the host wakes up when the process is notcomplete, the whole procedure is a failure” (LeGacey 1978:288). On the otherhand, the thing alien needs just a few minutes to do it consume because “it canassimilate the host while its still conscious, against the host‟s will” (Landon Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 3
  4. 4. 19932:39). Probably sSuch changes adaptations are probably caused by the Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12changes of time. or epoch. It is obvious that the rhythm of life in the 1980s wasmuch faster than in the 1950s;, certainly it found its expression in the perceptionof the idea of possible alien assault. or attempts to invade human minds.By the way, I think that bBoth films express the trend that took place in the societywhen the idea of total control of a human mind became more and more widelyspread. „The horror film has sustained an audience for over 30 years, and itslongevity has set scholars looking for cultural explanations. Many critics suggestthat the 1970‟s subgenre of family horror films, such as The Exorcist andPoltergeist, reflects social concerns about the breakup of American families.Others suggest that the genres questioning of normality and traditional categoriesis in tune with both the post-Vietnam and the post-Cold War eras: viewers may beuncertain of their fundamental beliefs about the world and their place in it.‟(Bordwell and Thompson, 2010:340-342). It means that symbolically by aliens Comment [U10]: We found this qu during our research and thought it wa appropriate at this part of the essay tThis meant that by using the symbol of the alien, creators of the films tried to back up what the perosn was writing about.imply portray those powers either politically or economically. that by different Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12means It is aimed at the total control of public conscious through the invasion of Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12the mind of a separate individual. It was quite actual if we take into account iIf wetake into consideration the time when both films were released;, 1952 it was theyear of the beginning of the cold war when the tension between the well-developed democratic world and the communistic Soviet Union grew. and tThegovernments of many countries, including the most democratic, had started tostruggle for the control of public opinion and even each particular individual. At thesame time, 1982 it was a period when the cold war reached new levels of Comment [U11]: I changed this sentence as the original was toointensity, that year being achieved its apologe and the world was on the eve of the confusing and didnt really make sens 4
  5. 5. Reagan‟s declaration of the war on the „empire of evil‟ when the situation very Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12much resembled was very resembling to that of the early 1950s. Furthermore, thedegree of surveillance grew and specialists began to speak spoke about the totalcontrol of certain organizations over people. In such a situation the peopletransformed in pods in the horror films I‟ve just named Both films look like aprophecy and warning against such dangerous practice. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12One more thing that makes Another feature that makes “Invasion of the Body pt, Italic Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12Snatchers” and “The Thing” quite different to eachother is the degree of Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italiccombination of reality and sense of fantasy. unreality as I would call it. In my Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12opinion, aAt this point “The Thing” is a much more radical thing film in the sense Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italicthat it the film is full of fantastic elements and the state of paranoia overwhelms Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12the audience and keeps people in such a state during throughout the whole film. pt, Italic Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12On the other hand, in “Invasion of the Body Snatchers,” it is quite difficult to Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italicdistinguish whether what we see is real or unreal fictional. Personally, when I Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 Comment [U12]: Unreal isnt academic enough to use when writingwatched both films I had a permanent doubt in For example, it is hard to about film so I changed it to fictional Formatted: Font: 12 ptdistinguish if the mental health of its the main characters is it was quite difficult to Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 Comment [U13]: You can‟t usesay whether it was something really unusual, extraordinary things that happen to personal opinion in an essay. Formatted: Font: 12 ptpeople in the city or it was a simple hallucination, illusion, or just a nightmare. and Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12oOnly at the end it becomes clear that the whole city was really transformed in Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12pods people. Whereas in “The Thaing,”, it is evident practically from the very Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italic Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12beginning. Everyone realizes that the characters act in a fictional an unreal Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12situation; they really confronting some aliens that intend to control their bodies Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italicand their minds. Probably, tThe cause of such a difference lies in the history of the Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12origin of the films. For we know that “Invasion of the Body Snatchers” was Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italic Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12significantly influenced by preoceeding films noir that tended to externalised the Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 5
  6. 6. moral conflict of the detective story. Such films inhabit “shadow worlds and hoverwithout resolve between the supernatural and mundane rationalism. In the samesense “Invasion of the Body Snatchers” and the other alien takeover films…psychologically externalised the central conflict of the alien invader film – theywere less films about aliens than they were about alienation” i (Bisking Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12Biskind,1983 PP.139). However, the director tries to keep us in suspense for a pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscriptwhile and inrushes fills the film with rationalism and realism but however, when Comment [U14]: We didnt think inrushes was a word so I changed itthe nightmare becomes the reality he widely uses film noir techniques such as fills to help the sentence make more sense.shots down tight corridors, silhouettes running against streetlights, close ups on Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscriptsweaty faces,and tilted angles. Though Although, he does not forget aboutclassical horror films scenes such as “shots up from under the plank, under which Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ SubscriptMcCarthy and Winter hide, with the pod people crossing calmly assuring themthere is nothing to fear, the wide-angled shots out of the office window down ontothe public square, which becomes inexplicably frightening the moment all visitorsare cleared and the bustle of everyday chaos suddenly turns into somethingordered and people start organizing the pods to be distributed about the country”(Baskind 1983:141). Whereas in “The Thing” its creators used the experience of Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscriptpast works in the field of horror films, and I would say this film is „pure‟r horror in Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italic, Not Superscript/ Subscript Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12the sense that the psychological tension here is weakened by a certain pt, Not Superscript/ Subscriptsimplification. due to which we We should not guess whether it is a kind of due tothe psychological problems of the characters or a paranormal phenomenon. forthe latter is quite obvious. Also, I want to add that “The Thing” is much richer in Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italic, Not Superscript/ Subscriptspecial effects, particularly when we see the victims of aliens who “transform into Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscripttwisted versions of themselves, complete with claws, spider-like limbs, teeth andlots of flailing tentacles” (Landon 19923:36). And again I think that This is the Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript 6
  7. 7. result of time changes because in the 1980s, due to the development of computertechnologies and more sophisticated technical equipment, impressive specialeffects became an essential part of any good successful horror film. pretending tobe interesting and popular. Whereas, in the 1950s not only were the technical Comment [U15]: We added thisopportunities were not so good, but the tradition of film shooting was a bit quote to add more academic researc into the essay.different. „Heavy makeup is usually prominent in the iconography of horror. A furry Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12face and hands can signal transformation into a werewolf, while shrivelled skin pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12indicated a mummy.. More recently, computer special effects have supplemented pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12makeup in transforming actors into monsters.‟ (Bordwell and Thompson, Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript2010:340-342). More attention was usually given to psychological side aspects Formatted: Justified, Line spacing: Double Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12and could only be enforced by special effects. which were not very „special‟ pt, Italic, Not Superscript/ Subscript Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12though in comparison with 1980s. pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italic, Not Superscript/ SubscriptAs for some more similarities of both In terms of similarities between the Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscripttwo films, “Invasion of the Body Snatchers” and “The Thing”, we may find Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12not only are alike in their themes and probably the ideas used in both of pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12the films can also be compared. There is also a noticeable link in but pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12also the atmosphere in both of these films. pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ SubscriptAs I have already said these films deals with the The idea of alien Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12intrusion is emphasized with the invasion into human life, into human pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12body, mind and consciousness. These films also may may also serve as pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12a warning about the danger of such a situation,; of a total control of Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscripthuman consciousness when people become pods but not thinking Formatted: Justified, Right: 2.11 c Line spacing: Doublebeings. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 7
  8. 8. It is reinforced by the reigning atmosphere of tension, even paranoia that Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscriptmakes us forget about the unreality fantasy of the events and deep into Formatted Formattedthe action. It is obvious that the creators of these films had similar aims. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 Formatted FormattedFinally, I would like to add a few words about the way occurance of alien Formattedinvasion. is important in both films. This is because it it may be a bit Formatted Formatteddifferent by its in form but the principle of such an invasion remains Formatted Formattedsimilar, whilst the aliens in both films. What I mean is the fact that Formatted Formattedcertainly aliens in “Invasion of the Body Snatchers” and “The Thing” act Formatted Formatteddifferently,; I have already mentioned that the latter act rapidly without Formattedhuman will and they can act in it any time, while the former are quite long Formatted Comment [U16]: The originalreacted beings,; they cannot attack mencan only attack men if they are Formatted Formatted: Font: 12 ptnot asleep.awake. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 Formatted FormattedBut we see that there is one common principle in that the aliens in these this films Formatted Formattedattack from the inside,; I mean they want to invade human bodies and minds but Formattednot their land, or property,. they They do not threat directly to their physical Formatted Formattedwealth. It seems that the human inner world is much more important for to them Formatted Formattedthan anything else, because they try to control human‟s memory, and Formatted Formattedconsequently our feelings, emotions, our state of mind, perception of the world, Formatted Formattedour present and our past. Moreover, they “have access to the being‟s memories, Comment [U17]: Two different type Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12allowing them to blend in almost perfectly without being detected by future target Formattedhosts who may know the person who has now been replaced by these horrible Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formattedalien creatures”ii. Thus, we see that unlike many other films about alien invasion, Formatted Formatted“Invasion of the Body Snatchers” and “The Thing” pay much more attention to the Formatted Formattedinner world of people, implying that the spiritual emptiness that threatens to the Formatted Formatted 8
  9. 9. people of the 20th century. because in my opinion This is because the aliens Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscriptsymbolize all those complicated processes that took place in our society in the Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript20th century and still continues to exist, and that lead leading to moral Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12degradation of people to symbolized by their transformation into pods. pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ SubscriptTaking into account all above mentioned above, I can come to the conclusion that Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12“Invasion of the Body Snatchers” and “The Thing” are real masterpieces of the pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12horror genre and we have can perceive them not only in the proper sense but we pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12should also realize what the creators of these films implied. In my paper I have pt, Italic, Not Superscript/ Subscript Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscriptnamed a lot of things that are either similar or different in these films There are Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italic, Not Superscript/ Subscriptmany similarities and differences between the films, but what is the most Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscriptimportant is the fact that they both were and remain extremely popular. and the Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscriptfilm that would be better than them can be hardly imagined. One of the evidences Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscriptof my idea is the fact that there There are numerous remakes of these films that, Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12in their its turn, tells us about the actuality of the plot, themes and ideas, conveyed pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12with the help of in “Invasion of the Body Snatchers” and “The Thing”. Thus, I can pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12say that it could be argued that both films should be regarded as classics of the pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12horror genre and their traditions should be continued, but not blindly copied that pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscriptwould lead leading to the development and prosperous future of this genre. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italic, Not Superscript/ Subscript FormattedReference: Formatted FormattedBiskin, Peter. “The Mind Managers: Invasion of the Body Snatchers and the FormattedParanoid Style in American Movies.” In Seeing Is Believing: How Holliwood Formatted FormattedTaught US to Stop Worrying and Love Movies. New York: Pantheon, 1983. Formatted Formatted Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 Formatted Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12Biskin, Peter. “The Russians Are Coming, Aren‟t They? Them! The Thing, and the Formatted 9
  10. 10. Extremists from Beyond the Center.” In Seeing Is Believing: How HolliwoodTaught US to Stop Worrying and Love Movies. Pantheon; NY:, 1983. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ SubscriptGregory, Charles. “The Pod Society Versus the Rugged Individualists.” TheJournal of Popular Film 1. Winter 1972. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ SubscriptLandon, B. „The Thing in All Its Guises: Reconsidering a Science Fiction Classic.‟Chapter 2 of The Aesthetic of Ambivalence: Rethinking the Science Fiction Film inthe Age of Electronic (Re)production. Greenwood Press Westport, CT:, 1993. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ SubscriptLeGacy, Arthur. “Invasion of the Body Snatchers: A Metaphor for the Fifties.”Literature/Film Quarterly 6.2, 1978. Comment [U18]: Firstly, it was title Reference instead of Bibliography, and even though it was in alphabetic order, there were too many mistakes included, so we just deleted it and typed up a new bibliography. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12i Bisking 1983 PP.139 Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formatted: Line spacing: Doubleii Gregory, Charles. “The Pod Society Versus the Rugged Individualists.” The Journal Formatted: Font: 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscriptof Popular Film 1. Winter 1972. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formatted: Not Superscript/ SubscrBibliography Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ SubscriptBordwell, David, Thompson, Kristen, Film Art: An Introduction, 9th edn (New York,Mcgraw-Hill Companies, 2010) p329-342 10
  11. 11. Formatted: Line spacing: DoubleBiskind, Peter, „The Mind Managers: Invasion of the Body Snatchers and the Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12Paranoid Style in American Movies‟, in Seeing is Believing: How Hollywood Taughtus to Stop Worrying and Love the Fifties (New York, Patheon Books, 1983)Biskind, Peter, „The Russians are coming, Aren‟t They? Them! The Thing, and theExtremists from Beyond the Centre‟, in Seeing is Believing: How Hollywood Taughtus to Stop Worrying and Love the Fifties (New York, Patheon Books, 1983)Gregory, Charles, T, „The Pod Society Vs. the Rugged Individualists‟, in The Journalof Popular Film and Television, Volume 1 (winter,1972) 3-14Landon, Brooks, „The Thing In All Its Guises: Reconsidering a Science FictionClassic‟ in The Aesthetic of Ambivalence: Rethinking the Science Fiction Film in theAge of Electronic (Re)production, (Westport CT, Greenwood Press, 1992)LeGacy, Arthur „Invasion of the Body Snatchers: A Metaphor for the Fifties‟ inLiterature/Film Quarterly, Volume 6.3 (Summer, 1978) Formatted: Font: 12 pt 11

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