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GIS enabled eGovernance


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  • 1. GIS enabled e-Governance“Citizen Centric e-Government”State Consultation Workshops in partnership with NASSCOM13th September 2012, IndiaNikhil KumarNIIT GIS Limited
  • 2. Agenda Growing Trend Evolving PatternAdvancing Geo Science Emerging Paradigm Guiding Vision
  • 3. GIS Is Changing Things . . . . How We Collaborate . . . How We Organize and Reason . . . How We Communicate . . . Shared Geographic Knowledge A Geospatial Spatially Integrated Language Thinking . . . Providing a New Platform for Integration
  • 4. GIS Is Also Changing The Way We Work • Systematic • Holistic • Analytic • Quantitative Visualizing Analyzing • Visual Designing & Planning Geo-Accounting Decision Making Measuring Acting Employs a science based approach
  • 5. Geospatial Data Is Growing Rapidly…….Supporting Many Applications• Satellite & Aerial Imaging• LIDAR• GPS and Location Aware Devices• Spatially Referenced DBMS’s• Sensor Networks• Crowd Sourcing . . . Providing a Foundation For GIS
  • 6. …And Proving Valuable In Decision MakingExtensively Used in Many Integrated Applications Social Security Conservation Employment Land Records Natural Congestion Defense/SecurityResources Agriculture Business Efficiency Water Disaster Management Pollution Land Use Climate Change Biodiversity Human Health Population Development Education Energy Logistics Urban Planning Energy/Power National Security Environment Infrastructure Improving Planning, Management and Decision Making . . . . . . Providing Critical Infrastructure 6
  • 7. Many Forces Are ConvergingEnabling a Pervasive Geospatial Platform . . . Opening Our World to Everyone
  • 8. Technology Is Advancing Structured and Multiple Client unstructured metadata PlatformsMash Up Feeds Business Modeling SOA
  • 9. We See Integration of Systems Web 2.0 Services Oriented Architecture (SOA) Web Desktop, Web, Client Mobile Clients • Interconnected • Interoperable • Integrative • DynamicHighest Point Highest Terrain Service Point Service Service Point-to-Point Services Loosely Coupled and Orchestrated Services
  • 10. Geo-Services Are Being Created • RESTful Services Shared Geospatial Resources • Easily Discovered• Open Standards Based • Easy-to-Use Clients • Customizable (API’s) Moving from Data Sharing To Shared Services (Maps, Models, Data . . . )
  • 11. To Serve Multiple Users/User groups• Authoritative Data• High Quality Maps• Analytics and Models• Rich Applications Knowledge Citizens Workers Field Workers Industry Experts Executives . . . And Other GIS Users Leveraging These Services . . .
  • 12. Resulting In an Integrated Geospatial Framework GIS Applications Gov. – Bus Gov. – Citizens Gov. – Gov. Gov. – Academia GIS Services Integrating All Levels of Government . . . Supporting Access, Collaboration and Transparency
  • 13. Agenda Growing Trend Evolving PatternAdvancing Geo Science Emerging Paradigm Guiding Vision
  • 14. A New GIS Pattern Is EmergingMaking GIS Accessible to Everyone Desktop Lightweight Server Mobile . . . Virtually Anywhere and on Any Device
  • 15. Addressing Common Aspects of Business Behavior Asset Planning & Field Operational Constituent Management Analysis Mobility Awareness Engagement A Complete Integrated SystemCollect, Organize, Transform Data Get Information Disseminate Get Feedback and& Exchange Data Into Actionable Into and Out of Information Where Make Informed Information the Field and When it is Decisions Needed
  • 16. This Pattern Will Open and Extend GISProviding Access to the Vast Network of Geographic Knowledge Knowledge Workers Managers Policy Makers GIS Professionals Citizens Extending the Reach of GIS . . . Empowering Others to Participate . . . . . . Providing Shared Understanding
  • 17. Agenda Growing Trend Evolving PatternAdvancing Geo Science Emerging Paradigm Guiding Vision
  • 18. Advancing Geographic ScienceNew Analytic Tools Providing New Insights Areal Interpolation Multi-scale Spatial Auto Correlation Empirical Bayesian Kriging ¼ Mile ½ Mile 1 Mile Grouping Exploratory Fast Drive Time Geodesic Analysis Space/Time Cluster Analysis Buffers Regression V1 V2 V3 V… V1 V2 V3 V… V1=f(V2)+f(V3)+f(V…) . . . Creating Better Understanding
  • 19. Image IntegrationSupporting Visualization, Analysis, Management and Dissemination Analysis Fast Visualization Advanced Processing Dynamic Mosaicking Any Imagery Massively Scalable Simplifies Workflows and Automates Processing
  • 20. Mobile GISRuggedized Devices, Smart Phones, Tablets Windows iOS(Phone/Mobile) Android GIS Connecting with Field-Workers and Citizens . . . . . . Supporting You Anytime You Are Not at Your Desk
  • 21. 3D GISImproving Modeling, Analysis, and Visualization Buffers 3D Editing Performance . . . Supporting Urban Planning, Facility Management, Landscape Planning . . .
  • 22. Content-Generation and Design Tools Content Creation Editing Analysis Rules Cars 2 CityEngineVisualization Design Geodatabase Afghanistan (Thales) • Integrating GIS, Urban Design, and Advanced Visualization
  • 23. Web Applications Assuming SignificanceMany Web Viewers and APIsFlex Silverlight JavaScriptExplorer SharePoint Easily Configured and Deployed . . . Fueling an Explosion In Accessibility
  • 24. Agenda Growing Trend Evolving PatternAdvancing Geo Science Emerging Paradigm Guiding Vision
  • 25. Cloud based GIS Portal– The New GIS ParadigmAn Open Platform for Maps and Geographic Information Cloud / WebDesktop Server Intelligent Web Maps . . . Easy and Accessible by Everyone
  • 26. Ex: ArcGIS OnlineA Cloud Based Portal • High Quality Maps • Sharing Apps • Search • Communities • Free Viewers • Mashups • Open Web API’s • Hosting Maps Distributed Services For Sharing, Discovery and Use…. …Providing a Ready-to-Use Geospatial Platform
  • 27. Intelligent Web Maps Can Be Used Everywhere Smart Phones Social Media Any Device Tablets Web Sites Desktop Browsers One Map ArcGIS Online . . . Enhancing Access and Collaboration
  • 28. Agenda Growing Trend Evolving PatternAdvancing Geo Science Emerging Paradigm Guiding Vision
  • 29. Key Components for GIS Implementation Data GIS- services Business process Interface BUSINESS TECHNICAL Applications Architecture Scalability IT-Domain ADMINISTRATIVE IT-Strategy ITIL Operations
  • 30. GIS Enabled e-Governance Structure GIS enabled-Nation GIS enabled-States GIS enabled-Districts GIS enabled-Panchayats Enabled CitizenEnabled GovernanceEnabled Enterprise
  • 31. Constitution of State GIS Body Steering Committee Geospatial Advisory Committee Coordinating Committee Cross Cutting Working Geospatial Line of Business Work Groups Groups User / Architecture Lifecycle Grants & Geo- MetaData Common Historical Data Standards & Management Contracts Enabled Services Technology Business Cadastral Demographic Statistics State Departments Water Transportation Environment Education Health Law Enforcement
  • 32. Key Consideration Converged solution for Interoperable with Standards Database different decision National SDI bodies Integrated interoperable Standardization and converged solution Security Integration with state agencies Protocols STATE GIS Sharable GIS Accessible by resources Citizens Accessibility Accessible by state agencies
  • 33. Typical GIS System Architecture for State Implementation
  • 34. Revenue / Tax Collection• Land Assessment• Revenue Scenarios• Track payment status per plot• Record valuation histories and information• Aid to policy decisions
  • 35. Municipal GIS - KNN
  • 36. Municipal GIS - KDMC
  • 37. Building Clearances & NoC
  • 38. Geo-enabling Cadastral & Land Records • Parcel Inquiry • Cadastral Data Management • Property Valuation • Integrated Assessment • Integrating Old Maps • Construction Permission • Land Mutations 44
  • 39. Land Records
  • 40. Health Care
  • 41. Case Study – KSNDMC
  • 42. Suggestion on Road Map to gis enabled e– Governance  E-Governance Projects should be Geo-enabled  Set standards and framework  Emphasis on Applications developed centrally, deployed over central application servers  Prioritize data collection and creations  Use as federated model for effective sharing and usage of data  Focus on Training and Capacity Building on a continuous basis.
  • 43. Thank You