how to establish n maintain supervisor student relationship
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how to establish n maintain supervisor student relationship

how to establish n maintain supervisor student relationship

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  • 1. How to establish and maintain a constructive supervisor- student relationship AP Dr. Ernest Cyril de Run Faculty of Economics and Business Universiti Malaysia Sarawak Ernest Cyril de Run Who am I?• Businessman• Joined Unimas in 1996 as a Tutor• Degree from UKM; Masters from Waikato, NZ; PhD from Otago, NZ• Have supervised many undergraduate and some postgraduate• Promotions, Cross cultural studies• http://de-run.blogspot.com/• Facebook – Ernest C de Run Ernest Cyril de Run
  • 2. Some of My StudentsPhDDwi Sunu KantoFathan SoetrisnoHeriyadi KusnaryadiHiram TingMung Ling VoonTariq JalesEng Hock LeeAhsan Mahmood AhmadIftikhar AhmedMuhammad Mohsin ButtJee Teck Weng Ernest Cyril de Run Format• Understanding culture; forms of communication; self, other and relationship• Supervisory styles and roles vs student roles• Strategies and tips – how to relate, getting feedback, 1st meeting• Stages of relationship and tips Ernest Cyril de Run
  • 3. CultureCulture is "that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, law,morals, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as amember of society.” Tylor, Edward (1924) [orig. 1871]. Primitive Culture. 7th ed.New York: Brentanos.Only exist in our mindsThree layers of culture: Cultural traditions - shared language, traditions, and beliefs Subculture Cultural universals Ernest Cyril de Run Culture PDI IDV MAS UAI LTO Malaysia (M) (WA) (M) (WA) Asia Average (WA) (M) World Average (WA) (M) (WA) Figure 1: Hofstede’s Cultural Profile for Singapore and Malysia Hofstede 2001, 2003 *Note: PDI = power distance index; IDV = individualism; MAS = masculinity; UAI = uncertainty avoidance index; and LTO = long term orientation (no score for Malaysia) Ernest Cyril de Run
  • 4. Forms of Communication• Linear• Osgood Schramm• Kotler’s Ernest Cyril de Run Self, Other and Relationship• 3 paradigms that look at cultural issues (individualistic and collectivist) as well as communications in discussing relationships. – Paradigm 1: Individual Selves loosely Connected view of relationship – Paradigm 2: The Embedded Self view of relationship – Paradigm 3: Nonseparable Self / Other / Relationship view of relationship Ernest Cyril de Run
  • 5. Supervisory Styles Ernest Cyril de Run Supervisory Styles• Excellent supervisors made a transition from one style to the other during candidature, in the main: – when the candidate was in crisis; – when the candidate made a transition through various stages.• In the majority of cases, styles between supervisors and students were relatively congruent. http://www.learning.ox.ac.uk/supervision/supervisor/styles/ Ernest Cyril de Run
  • 6. Supervisor’s Roles• The main supervisors role should be detailed in your universitys regulations, http://www.postgrad.unimas.my/images/regulation_2009/graduate%20studies%20regulations%202011%20.pdf, page 23 Ernest Cyril de Run
  • 7. Students Roles• Students role should be detailed in your universitys regulations, http://www.postgrad.unimas.my/images/regulation_2009/graduate%20studies%20regulations%202011%20.pdf, page 22 Ernest Cyril de Run
  • 8. (Adapted from materials provided by Geoff Mortimore, CEDAM, ANU.) How to relate • Balance between benign neglect to taking over Balancing Empowerment I disempower myself: withdraw, become Empowered communication: appropriately I disempower the other person: being more passive; rely too much on the other assertive; not disempowering the other overly directive; controlling; or even to take the initiative; or provide the person; actively empowering the other coercive. impetus - laissez faire. person. Effective Listening Focus too much on the other person. Balance attention on myself and other Too preoccupied with my own agenda. Listen too much. person. Listen too little. Task vs Relationship Focus so much on feelings, needs and the Balance between focus on task and the Focus so much on the task that I lose sight relationship that I lose sight of the task. focus on the relationship/process. of feelings, needs and the relationship. NOTE: Positioning yourself ‘in the centre’ will involve: 2. An openness to alternative perspectives 3. A collaborative, problem solving mind- 1. Not focusing on ego-issues (taking it and new information set. personally) Strategies for getting best feedback • Be prepared. • Know what you want. • Ask questions. • Seek feedback from as many sources as possible. Ernest Cyril de Run
  • 9. Tips for First Meeting• Be punctual & greet your supervisor is usually a good start and remember to smile. After the usual chit-chat, introductions & warm welcome... 1. Work schedule 2. Work style 3. Facilities/Support available to you 4. Budgets 5. Bring the proposal you submitted during PhD application 6. Meeting times with supervisor. Set a routine. 7. Next meeting objective - "Why are you having a meeting?" And while all this is going on...put out all your virtual-feelers-tentacles to get a feel vibe chemistry between you & your supervisor. Good working relationships make the journey even enjoyable. Its just like THE first date... *smile*Zia Ibrahin in Doctorate Support Group, Closed Group — doctsupp@groups.facebook.com, 011111 Ernest Cyril de Run Initial Stage• You will want to discuss your ideas, to try them on, to see if they will work, are feasible, etc.• Here you need the experience of your supervisor and therefore his or her serious feedback on your proposals. Ernest Cyril de Run
  • 10. Middle Stage• You will need to discuss the results you are beginning to get, what they mean, what is the best way to analyze them, and how you use this evidence for your argument.• It is also the time when you are likely to discover that some things are not working and you need help to explore ways of overcoming the obstacles. Ernest Cyril de Run Writing Stage• Feedback is vital.• No matter how many discussions you have had with your supervisor and how well you think everything is going, it is only through your written work that you and your supervisor can judge the progress and quality of your research.
  • 11. Viva• Some would like to have their supervisor at the Viva, others don’t. You decide. Ernest Cyril de Run Viva Tips• Try to learn some social ‘niceties’ n social etiquette• Learn how to introduce yourself concisely.• Take your time when responding to questions.• Ask for clarification and/or repetition if you do not understand what is said.• Keep your answers relatively brief and concise.• If the examiner wants to talk to you about something, let them talk.• Look at both examiners,• Treat the viva as a professional event and a job to be done.• Do not speak too loudly or too quietly.• Avoid over-use of humour.• Avoid extremes of emotion.• Do not be unnecessarily deferential.• Draw attention to things in your thesis that you particularly like• Hold your head up high.• Be philosophical. Most students get minor corrections in their thesis• Remember that whatever happens, you will be getting valuable feedback• Finally, hard though it may seem, do look as if you are enjoying the viva! Ernest Cyril de Runhttp://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/al/learning_english/leap/listeningandspeaking/skills/tips_for_viva/
  • 12. End Stage• Do consider if you want to develop a long term relationship with your supervisor• Future publications, joint research, introductions, etc.• Is it really worth while to burn bridges? Ernest Cyril de Run Thank You Ernest Cyril de Run