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“the most important word in
community garden is not garden”
-Jack Hale, quoted in Mark Winne’s “Closing the Food Gap: Rese...
BEYOND
RAISED BEDS:
HOW CITIES + TOWNS
BENEFIT FROM
COMMUNITY GARDENS
Beyond Raised Beds: How cities and towns benefit from...
1: Seeing community gardens
as part of their context
2: Seeing community gardens
as multi-functional tools
3: Seeing munic...
Beyond Raised Beds: How cities and towns benefit from community gardens!
February 19, 2014!
1: Seeing community gardens
as part of their context
Beyond Raised Beds: How cities and towns benefit from community garden...
Beyond Raised Beds: How cities and towns benefit from community gardens!
February 19, 2014!
2: Seeing community gardens
as multi-functional tools
from “Cities, Poverty, and Food: Multi-Stakeholder Policy and Planni...
Of 766 adults surveyed in a Flint, Michigan study,
how likely were families to eat 5 or more fruits and
vegetables a day?
...
SOCIAL BENEFITS
Public Health:!
• Food access!
• Physical activity!
• Obesity prevention!

Zick et al., Harvesting More th...
SOCIAL BENEFITS
Public Health:!
• Food access!
• Physical activity!
• Obesity prevention!
Friendship, neighborhood
connect...
SOCIAL BENEFITS
Public Health:!
• Food access!
• Physical activity!
• Obesity prevention!
Friendship, neighborhood
connect...
SOCIAL BENEFITS

In Philadelphia, “burglaries and thefts
in one precinct dropped by 90% after

Public Health:!
• Food acce...
ECONOMIC BENEFITS
Surrounding residential
property value increases!
up to

Voicu, Ioan and Been, Vicki, The Effect of Comm...
ECONOMIC BENEFITS
Surrounding residential
property value increases!
Home ownership is higher
around community gardens!

Vo...
ECONOMIC BENEFITS
Surrounding residential
property value increases!
Home ownership is higher
around community gardens!
Eco...
ECOLOGICAL BENEFITS
Composting reduces trash
to landfill!
Gardens provide biological
diversity: Bees, insects,
birds, worms...
3: Seeing municipal government as
partners in community gardening
Beyond Raised Beds: How cities and towns benefit from com...
MUNICIPAL POSITIONS ON
COMMUNITY GARDENS

Non-engaged!

Beyond Raised Beds: How cities and towns benefit from community gar...
MUNICIPAL POSITIONS ON
COMMUNITY GARDENS
Actively
participating +
promoting!

Non-engaged!

Citizen voices; !
Municipal re...
Are there examples of cities and towns being
proactive partners in community gardens?

https://www.seattle.gov/neighborhoo...
Are there examples of cities and towns being
proactive partners in community gardens?

http://www.cityofsacramento.org/par...
Are there examples of cities and towns being
proactive partners in community gardens?

http://charmeck.org/mecklenburg/cou...
Resources on the benefits of Community
gardening:
1: Gardening Matters, Multiple Benefits of Community Gardening.!
http://w...
Common elements in local food
systems (or alternative food systems)
Beyond Raised Beds: How cities and towns benefit from c...
Home gardens

Vertical systems

Community gardens
Farm training

Community composting

Urban farms
Local aggregators

Muni...
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2014 02-19 BeyondRaisedBeds

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Community Gardens bring diverse benefits to towns and cities.

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Transcript of "2014 02-19 BeyondRaisedBeds"

  1. 1. “the most important word in community garden is not garden” -Jack Hale, quoted in Mark Winne’s “Closing the Food Gap: Resetting the Table in the Land of Plenty” 2008! This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.! http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/deed.en_US! Beyond Raised Beds: How cities and towns benefit from community gardens! February 19, 2014!
  2. 2. BEYOND RAISED BEDS: HOW CITIES + TOWNS BENEFIT FROM COMMUNITY GARDENS Beyond Raised Beds: How cities and towns benefit from community gardens! February 19, 2014!
  3. 3. 1: Seeing community gardens as part of their context 2: Seeing community gardens as multi-functional tools 3: Seeing municipal government as partners in community gardening Beyond Raised Beds: How cities and towns benefit from community gardens! February 19, 2014!
  4. 4. Beyond Raised Beds: How cities and towns benefit from community gardens! February 19, 2014!
  5. 5. 1: Seeing community gardens as part of their context Beyond Raised Beds: How cities and towns benefit from community gardens! February 19, 2014!
  6. 6. Beyond Raised Beds: How cities and towns benefit from community gardens! February 19, 2014!
  7. 7. 2: Seeing community gardens as multi-functional tools from “Cities, Poverty, and Food: Multi-Stakeholder Policy and Planning in Urban Agriculture”,Marianne Dubbeling et al. Beyond Raised Beds: How cities and towns benefit from community gardens! February 19, 2014!
  8. 8. Of 766 adults surveyed in a Flint, Michigan study, how likely were families to eat 5 or more fruits and vegetables a day? SOCIAL BENEFITS Public Health:! • Food access! • Physical activity! • Obesity prevention! FAMILIES WITHOUT A COMMUNITY GARDENER FAMILIES WITH A COMMUNITY GARDENER 3.5x more likely How many people in an Oregon garden study reported eating vegetables “several times a day”? BEFORE COMMUNITY GARDENING 18% 85% AFTER COMMUNITY GARDENING People in the Oregon study that reported frequently worrying that monthly food money would run out? Alaimo et al., Fruit and Vegetable Intake among Urban Community Gardeners. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior (2008). Carney et al., Impact of a Community Gardening Project on Vegetable Intake Food Security, and Family Relationships: a community-based research study. Journal of Community Health (2012). Beyond Raised Beds: How cities and towns benefit from community gardens! February 19, 2014! 31% BEFORE COMMUNITY GARDENING AFTER COMMUNITY GARDENING 3%
  9. 9. SOCIAL BENEFITS Public Health:! • Food access! • Physical activity! • Obesity prevention! Zick et al., Harvesting More than Vegetables: The potential weight control benefits of community gardening. American Journal of Public Health (2013). Beyond Raised Beds: How cities and towns benefit from community gardens! February 19, 2014!
  10. 10. SOCIAL BENEFITS Public Health:! • Food access! • Physical activity! • Obesity prevention! Friendship, neighborhood connections! London Capital Growth: 71% of people have made a new friend because they started growing food Growing Success: The impact of Capital Growth on community food growing in London. 2008. found here: http://www.sustainweb.org/publications/?id=264 Beyond Raised Beds: How cities and towns benefit from community gardens! February 19, 2014!
  11. 11. SOCIAL BENEFITS Public Health:! • Food access! • Physical activity! • Obesity prevention! Friendship, neighborhood connections! Strengthened community leadership, outreach, and volunteerism ! Teig, E., Amulya, J., Buchenau, M., Bardwell, L., Marshall, J., Litt, J.S, Collective efficacy in Denver, Colorado: Strengthening neighborhoods and health through Community Gardens. Health and Place. 15 (2009), 1115-1122. Beyond Raised Beds: How cities and towns benefit from community gardens! February 19, 2014!
  12. 12. SOCIAL BENEFITS In Philadelphia, “burglaries and thefts in one precinct dropped by 90% after Public Health:! • Food access! • Physical activity! • Obesity prevention! police helped residents clean up vacant lots and plant gardens” Friendship, neighborhood connections! Strengthened community leadership, outreach, and volunteerism! Crime reduction ! Englander, D. (2001). New York’s community gardens – A resource at risk. Retrieved October 31, 2006, from http://tpl.org Beyond Raised Beds: How cities and towns benefit from community gardens! February 19, 2014! vs.
  13. 13. ECONOMIC BENEFITS Surrounding residential property value increases! up to Voicu, Ioan and Been, Vicki, The Effect of Community Gardens on Neighboring Property Values. Real Estate Economics, Vol. 36, Issue 2, pp. 241-283, Summer 2008. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1127945 or http:// dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-6229.2008.00213.x Beyond Raised Beds: How cities and towns benefit from community gardens! February 19, 2014! 9.4% property value increase den s Gar iu ity n rad 00’ ommu 0 C 1 of a
  14. 14. ECONOMIC BENEFITS Surrounding residential property value increases! Home ownership is higher around community gardens! Voicu, Ioan and Been, Vicki, The Effect of Community Gardens on Neighboring Property Values. Real Estate Economics, Vol. 36, Issue 2, pp. 241-283, Summer 2008. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1127945 or http:// dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-6229.2008.00213.x Beyond Raised Beds: How cities and towns benefit from community gardens! February 19, 2014!
  15. 15. ECONOMIC BENEFITS Surrounding residential property value increases! Home ownership is higher around community gardens! Economic impact at the family level: value of food grown! every $1 invested in a community garden plot yields approximately $6 worth of vegetables a community garden can yield between $500 and $2,000 worth of produce per family per year Hagey et al. Growing Urban Agriculture: Equitable Strategies and Policies for Improving Access to Healthy Food and Revitalizing Communities (2012) http://www.policylink.org/atf/cf/%7B97C6D565-BB43-406D-A6D5ECA3BBF35AF0%7D/URBAN%20AG_FULLREPORT_WEB1.PDF Beyond Raised Beds: How cities and towns benefit from community gardens! February 19, 2014!
  16. 16. ECOLOGICAL BENEFITS Composting reduces trash to landfill! Gardens provide biological diversity: Bees, insects, birds, worms! Organic soils slow stormwater runoff! ecological benefits to neighborhood + city Green space reduces urban heat island effect! The Freshwater Society. Urban Agriculture as a Green Stormwater Management Strategy (2013) http://www.arboretum.umn.edu/UserFiles/File/ 2012%20Clean%20Water%20Summit/Freshwater%20Urban%20Ag%20White %20Paper%20Final.pdf Beyond Raised Beds: How cities and towns benefit from community gardens! February 19, 2014! sales of food grown on the sites
  17. 17. 3: Seeing municipal government as partners in community gardening Beyond Raised Beds: How cities and towns benefit from community gardens! February 19, 2014!
  18. 18. MUNICIPAL POSITIONS ON COMMUNITY GARDENS Non-engaged! Beyond Raised Beds: How cities and towns benefit from community gardens! February 19, 2014! Actively participating + promoting!
  19. 19. MUNICIPAL POSITIONS ON COMMUNITY GARDENS Actively participating + promoting! Non-engaged! Citizen voices; ! Municipal recognition of benefits! Beyond Raised Beds: How cities and towns benefit from community gardens! February 19, 2014!
  20. 20. Are there examples of cities and towns being proactive partners in community gardens? https://www.seattle.gov/neighborhoods/ppatch/ Beyond Raised Beds: How cities and towns benefit from community gardens! February 19, 2014!
  21. 21. Are there examples of cities and towns being proactive partners in community gardens? http://www.cityofsacramento.org/parksandrecreation/parks/community_garden.htm Beyond Raised Beds: How cities and towns benefit from community gardens! February 19, 2014!
  22. 22. Are there examples of cities and towns being proactive partners in community gardens? http://charmeck.org/mecklenburg/county/HealthDepartment/MCFVC/Pages/ CommunityGardens.aspx Beyond Raised Beds: How cities and towns benefit from community gardens! February 19, 2014!
  23. 23. Resources on the benefits of Community gardening: 1: Gardening Matters, Multiple Benefits of Community Gardening.! http://www.gardeningmatters.org/sites/default/files/Multiple %20Benefits_2012.pdf! 2: Centers for Disease Control, Community Gardens! http://www.cdc.gov/healthyplaces/healthtopics/healthyfood/ community.htm! 3: American Community Gardening Association! https://communitygarden.org! 4: NC Community Garden Partners!! http://www.nccgp.org! Beyond Raised Beds: How cities and towns benefit from community gardens! February 19, 2014!
  24. 24. Common elements in local food systems (or alternative food systems) Beyond Raised Beds: How cities and towns benefit from community gardens! February 19, 2014!
  25. 25. Home gardens Vertical systems Community gardens Farm training Community composting Urban farms Local aggregators Municipal compost Farmers markets Farmstands Festivals Food incubators Co-op groceries City Food markets Farm to table Common elements in local food systems (or alternative food systems) Beyond Raised Beds: How cities and towns benefit from community gardens! February 19, 2014! Cottage industry
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