Tragic hero presentation
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Tragic hero presentation Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Introduction to
    Greek Drama
  • 2. Why did the Greeks create drama?
  • 3. DIONYSUS
    • Drama was used to worship Dionysus
    • 4. god specifically associated with wine and wine miracles
    • 5. Started drunkenness
    • 6. God of wild nature
    • 7. Related with panthers, leopards, lions, bulls, and snakes
    Worshipped in dancing
  • 8. Maenads
    • Dionysus’
    women followers
    • Thename means ravening (like rave)
    • 9. They were dancers
    in trance like state
  • 10. What are the elements
    Of drama?
  • 11. Comedy
    • Satire
    • 12. Subtle humor
    • 13. Mirrored life in Athens
    • 14. Intellectual
    • 15. Not like modern comedy, (not slapstick)
  • Tragedy
    literary work in which the
    main character is brought to
    ruin or suffers extreme
    sorrow, especially as a
    consequence of a tragic flaw, moral weakness, or inability to cope with unfavorable circumstances
  • 16. Aristotle's Rules of the Tragedy
  • 17. 1. Tragedy is meant to reaffirm the fact that life is worth living, regardless of the suffering or pain   that is part of human existence.
  • 18. 2. Tragedies are about people in conflict with the universe (spiritual conflicts, never about every day events).
  • 19. 3. Tragic actions arise from a character's inner conflict.
    a. a tragic protagonist must have magnitude; his struggles are great because he is important to     society.
  • 20. 4. The tragic protagonist must fall from high to low; they will have a noble soul.
    a. The audience must care about the tragic protagonist.
  • 21. 5. The tragic protagonist is a good man, but not perfect.
     a. He usually suffers from hubris (Pride) as shown through hamartia (character flaw or error in judgment).
     b. once the transgression is realized, the character enters the stage of anagnorisis  (recognition) and will undergo a peripeteia (reversal of fortune or fall from high to low).
  • 22. 6. The protagonist's actions should arouse feelings of both pity and fear in the audience.
      a. Pity because the protagonist is better than we are, so we place ourselves into his position (empathy)
      b. Fear because we too do not know our future or fate.
  • 23. 7. By the end of the play, the audience should be purged of pity and fear, so they go through a catharsis.
       a. Catharsis = purgation of pity and fear
  • 24. 8. The tragic protagonist must ask the first and last of all questions: What does it mean to be?
    He must face the world alone, and kick against his fate.
     b. He can never escape his fate, but he will insist upon accepting fate on his own terms.
  • 25. What is a tragic hero?
  • 26. Traits of the
    Tragic Hero
    1. virtue of birth, nobleness or wisdom
    2. hamartia(translated as tragic flaw, somewhat related to hubris,
    but denoting excess in behavior or mistakes),
    and a discovery that is made by his own actions.
     
    3. He must suffer more than he deserves.
    4. He must be doomed from the start, but bear no responsibility
    for possessing his flaw.
    5. He must be noble in nature, but imperfect so that the audience
    can see themselves in him.
  • 27. 6. He must have discovered his fate by his own actions,
    not by things happening to him.
    7. He must see and understand his doom,
    as well as the fact that his fate was discovered by his own actions.
    8. His story should arouse fear and empathy.
    9. Physically or spiritually wounded by his experiences, often resulting in his death.
    10. Ideally, he should be a king or leader of men, so that his people experience his fall with him.
  • 28. AN Example of a
    Tragic Hero
    Oedipus
    The King